wordnet_ruler_110541229


# training instances: 41073
# testing instances: 5770
# true positives: 5507
# false positives: 410
# false negatives: 263
precision: 0.9307081291194862
recall: 0.954419410745234
F1: 0.9424146487550269
True Positives - False Positives - False Negatives

True Positives:

Anchor TextPreceeding ContextFollowing Context
Achilles... . In an almost identical line (X.391) that suggests a formulaic expression,tells the Myrmidons to sing the paean after the death of Hector
James I... ly. This was when, on the death of Robert III in 1406, his heir, who became, was a prisoner in England. James was eventually released and crowned in ...
Gustav III of Sweden... edish War against Sweden, a conflict instigated by Catherine's cousin, King, who expected to simply overtake the Russian armies still engaged in war ...
Malcolm, son of Kenneth II... ed mac Duib), who became Kenneth III on Constantine's death, or perhaps for(Máel Coluim mac Cináeda)
Gustaf Vasa... h a yellow cross date from the early 16th century, during the reign of King. This flag was a swallow-tailed (double-tailed), and the first legal desc ...
Henry Tudor... brother, Richard, (later Richard III) was famously killed in battle againstat Bosworth Field
Augustus... ndar. The calendar reforms were completed during the reign of his successor. Quintilis was renamed Iulius (July) in honour of Julius Caesar in 44 BC ...
Llywelyn the Great... ng and soon the archbishop was sent to Wales to negotiate peace with Prince
William the Conqueror... father Eustace II appeared at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 as an ally of, and is listed as a possible killer of Harold II; he is also believed to ...
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... ysis represented a key means of identifying the bodies. A blood sample from(a grandson of Alexandra's oldest sister, Princess Victoria of Hesse and b ...
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... arried Marie Amalie, Archduchess of Austria. Marie Amalie was a daughter ofand his wife Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her materna ...
Sigismund I the Old... ge was granted the title "Duke of Prussia" by his new feudal overlord, Kingof Poland, who was also his uncle. In a deal partially brokered by Luther, ...
Edward V of EnglandThe Princes in the Tower is a term which refers toand Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. The two brothers were the onl ...
GDRT... E, the South Arabian kingdoms were in continuous conflict with one another.of Aksum began to interfere in South Arabian affairs, signing an alliance ...
John III's... banners. Prior to this, a similar flag appeared in the Coat of Arms of Kingduchy, which is today Finland Proper. The same coat of arms is still used ...
Henry VIII... whom he seems to have been Yeoman of the Guard. He was Sergeant-of-Arms toin 1526, Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1532, and a Justice of the Peace f ...
Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of YorkThe Princes in the Tower is a term which refers to Edward V of England and. The two brothers were the only sons of Edward IV of England and Elizabet ...
Charles I... ent in an act of posthumous revenge for their part in the beheading of King
Domitian... he Jews, completed during the last year of the reign of the Emperor Flavius(between 1.9.93 and 14.3.94, cf. AJ X.267). In expounding Jewish history, ...
Louis XIV of France... rial army. The Pico family would reign as dukes until Mirandola, an ally of, was conquered by his rival, Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1708 and an ...
Robert III... able to be crowned more or less immediately. This was when, on the death ofin 1406, his heir, who became James I, was a prisoner in England. James wa ...
Pope John Paul II... guards, and palace guards. After the May 13, 1981 assassination attempt onby Mehmet Ali Ağca, the guards were given enhanced training in unarmed com ...
Lady Diana Spencer... dest son, Charles, counselling him to make up his mind to either propose to, or break off their courtship. Charles felt pressured by his father to ma ...
Kenneth, son of Dub... ed mac Maíl Coluim ("Kenneth son of Malcolm"), probably in error for either(Cináed mac Duib), who became Kenneth III on Constantine's death, or perha ...
King Henry II... de Montgomery, Earl of Arundel, the castle was seized by the crown in 1102., who added on to the castle, in 1155 confirmed William d'Aubigny as Earl ...
John III Sobieski... of Bavaria, and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska, and the grandson of Polish King
Cosimo de' Medici... llace Collection. This weapon is engraved with the personal coat of arms of, Duke of Florence
St Edward the Martyr... he solemn translation of the relics of King Eadward II, soon to be known as, from their grave at Wareham to a shrine at Shaftesbury Abbey. In 984, in ...
Edward IV of England... ard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. The two brothers were the only sons ofand Elizabeth Woodville alive at the time of their father's death. Sometim ...
Alexander the Great... t family was named Psittacus alexandri, meaning "Alexander's parrot", afterwhose armies introduced eastern parakeets to Greece. Linnaeus' trivial nam ...
Nero... centurion Marcus Superbus, Claudette Colbert as Poppea, Charles Laughton as, and Elissa Landi as Mercia, the Christian woman with whom Marcus falls i ...
Henri I... 06. The country was then divided between a kingdom in the north directed by; and a republic in the south directed by Alexandre Pétion, an homme de co ...
Herod Antipas... ore precise than Mark in the titles he gives to rulers, and initially givesthe correct title of "tetrarch", yet he lapses into calling him "king" at ...
Danaus... their wedding night, as her 49 sisters did. (See the myth at the entry for.) The author of the Bibliotheca, in his list of names for the Danaids, do ...
Mohammed bin Thani... tinctness of Qatar from Bahrain and explicitly acknowledged the position of, an important representative of the peninsula's tribes
Stephen of England... V (c. 1129 – 17 August 1153), count of Boulogne, was the eldest son of Kingand Countess Matilda I of Boulogne. When his father seized the English thr ...
Joshua... ereafter, Hebron is said to have been wrested from the Canaanites by either, Judah or Caleb. The town itself, with some contiguous pasture land, is t ...
Julius Caesar... of his successor Augustus. Quintilis was renamed Iulius (July) in honour ofin 44 BC and Sextilis was renamed Augustus (August) in honour of Augustus ...
DanausIn Greek mythology, Amymone (the "blameless" one) was a daughter of. As the "blameless" Danaid, her name identifies her as, perhaps, identica ...
John I of Castile... erdinand's only daughter. As heiress presumptive, Beatrice had married king, but popular sentiment was against an arrangement in which Portugal would ...
Holy Roman Emperor... nce and central Europe. In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist whenFrancis II kept Francis I of Austria as his only official title. These ach ...
Yuan Hao... n garrison towns, he sent his general Chen Qingzhi to support the pretender. Despite the fact that Chen was only given 7,000 troops, Chen still manag ...
Dhu Nuwas... d the Sabaean kingdom. They traded from the port of al-Muza on the Red Sea., a Himyarite king, changed the state religion to Judaism in the beginning ...
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... ntil Mirandola, an ally of Louis XIV of France, was conquered by his rival,, in 1708 and annexed to Modena by Duke Rinaldo d'Este, the exiled male li ...
Emperor Gong of Western Wei... AD). Afterwards, Yuwen Tai's son Yuwen Jue seized the throne of power from, establishing the Northern Zhou Dynasty (557–580 AD). The Northern Zhou D ...
Magnus Birgersson's... a combination of King Albert of Mecklenburg's coat of arms of 1364 and Kingcoat of arms of 1275, and is blue divided quarterly by a golden cross patt ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... ted with the Royal Family (for instance, immediately following the death of). However, recent polls show that around 70–80% of the British public sup ...
Haakon V... peared claiming to be her, known as the False Margaret; she was executed by, King Eric's brother and successor, in 1301
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... "S" on the duchy's coat of arms represented Albert's sovereign, Sigismund., and Pope Clement VII objected to the Prussian Homage, which was derided ...
Joseph IIOn Maria Theresa's death in 1780, she was succeeded by her son, already Holy Roman Emperor since Francis I's death in 1765. A reformer h ...
Baldwin of Bourcq... he travelled all the way to Apulia before learning that a distant relative,, had been crowned in the meantime. Eustace returned to Boulogne and died ...
Honorius... was the famous magister militum Stilicho, the chief minister of the Emperor
Crown Prince... Loerzer had been regularized. They were assigned as a team to FFA 25 in the's Fifth Army – "though it seems that they had to steal a plane in order t ...
Alfonso X of Castile... rst with the Old Fuero (Charter) and later with the Royal Fuero, granted byin 1262 and ratified by Alfonso XI in 1339. On the other hand, the town of ...
Hugh Capet#redirect
Xiang Yu... authority had collapsed in the face of rebellion. Two former rebel leaders,(d. 202 BCE) of Chu and Liu Bang (d. 195 BCE) of Han, engaged in a war to ...
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg... ncess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her maternal grandfather was. In 1725 Charles Albert visited Versailles for the wedding of Louis XV an ...
Henry IIILeiden was sacked in 1047 by Emperor. Early 13th century, Ada, Countess of Holland took refuge here when she w ...
Caracalla... atterns of urbanism, during the preceding century, by Septimius Severus and, who had already acknowledged its strategical importance. The city was th ...
Alexander the Great... o the age of heroes, extending from Manuchehr's reign until the conquest of(Sekandar). The main feature of this period is the major role played by th ...
Baldwin of Boulogne... 1096 with his brothers Godfrey of Bouillon (duke of Lower Lotharingia) and. He soon returned to Europe to administer his domains. He married Mary of ...
Alexander the GreatAdrian Veidt / Ozymandias: Drawing inspiration from, Veidt was once the superhero Ozymandias, but has since retired to devote ...
Alfred the Great... yfed, who became Bishop of Sherborne in the 890s. About 885 he was asked byto leave St David's and join the circle of learned men whom Alfred was rec ...
Richard... sumed killed) within a year of Edward's death. The king's youngest brother,, (later Richard III) was famously killed in battle against Henry Tudor at ...
Philip... Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Prince Charles, and Prince
Pope John Paul II... said that his religion was the "most important thing" in his life. In 1998,made him a Knight of the Order of St. Gregory the Great (KSG), the highest ...
Gustaf Vasa... 20, and became blue with a golden cross only during the early reign of King, who successfully liberated Sweden from the temporary rule of the Danish ...
Henry of Anjou... ssibility of a peaceful settlement between Stephen and his rival, the young. According to William of Newburgh, King Stephen was "grieved beyond measu ...
Catherine the Great... ntral Europe, faced with the alliance of Frederick the Great of Prussia andof Russia. The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 caused a serious crisis in e ...
Yazdegerd III... h Keyumars, the first man, and ended with his fiftieth scion and successor,, six thousand years of history of Iran. The task of Ferdowsi was to preve ...
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... his advisors went about arranging a marriage for him. Their eyes fell upon, the eldest child of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She w ...
Louis the German... ildren, but one illegitimate son, Hugh. The kings of East and West Francia,and Charles the Bald, agreed to divided Lotharingia between them, and in 8 ...
Nimrod... ified in the Recognitions (part of Clementine literature) with the biblical, who, the author says, taught the Persians to worship fire. In many moder ...
Elizabeth II... remain Commonwealth realms and share the same monarch. The present monarch,, succeeded her father, George VI, in 1952. Like her recent predecessors, ...
Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia... icholas was identified from DNA obtained from among others his late brother. Grand Duke George had died of tuberculosis in the late 1890s and was bur ...
Christian II... ho successfully liberated Sweden from the temporary rule of the Danish Kingin 1521
Offa of Mercia... ounding agricultural region from the early Middle Ages The Anglo-Saxon Kingwas buried in the town in 796. In 886 it became a boundary town separating ...
Pol Pot... Kampuchea, who were the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979, led by, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan. Democratic Kampuchea w ...
Edward I... tagonist, a fictional Englishman who journeys to China during the reigns ofand Kublai Khan. Costain's narration includes technology such as the compa ...
Anne of Denmark... 00. James VI and I, the King of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife,, the daughter of Frederick II of Denmark also lived at the Palace until t ...
Justin I... the Christian King of Aksum with the encouragement of the Byzantine Emperorinvaded and annexed Yemen. About fifty years later, Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan ask ...
Kim Il-sungIn April 1982,announced a new economic policy giving priority to increased agricultural ...
Matilda of Boulogne... cotland, and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Eustace and Mary had one daughter,
Hou Jing... n and Western Wei, Emperor Wu granted asylum to rebel Eastern Wei commander, sending him on Northern Expeditions against Eastern Wei. After some init ...
Casimir IV... tiated with Lithuania in the hope of placing itself under the protection of, King of Poland and Grand Prince of Lithuania, a would-be alliance regard ...
Augustus... ius Caesar in 44 BC and Sextilis was renamed Augustus (August) in honour ofin 8 BC
Duke of Halland... went on a private visit to Wuppertal, Germany; at the same time, H.R.H. thewas on a private visit to Sainte-Maxime, France. The Government therefore ...
Shah Jahan... ed the Mughal Emperor Jahangir that if the young and charismatic son Prince, the newly instated as the Subedar of Gujarat had turned the English out ...
Louis XVIII... e island of Elba, and restored the French Bourbon monarchy in the person of. They signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau (11 April 1814) and initiated th ...
Erichthonius... A remnant of archaic myth depicts her as the adoptive mother of Erechtheus/through the foiled rape by Hephaestus. Other variants relate that Erichtho ...
King Harold... shire and Monmouthshire, and traced his descent from an Owen of the time ofand a Sitsyllt of the reign of William Rufus. Sitsylt is the original Wels ...
Achilles... s married the Ocean goddess Thetis. Peleus later gave the horses to his sonwho took them to draw his chariot during the Trojan War
Frederick II of Prussia... a itself by Austrian troops; and, though the invasion of Bohemia in 1744 byenabled him to return to Munich, at his death on 20 January 1745 it was le ...
Constantine... he popes and the church of the line of emperors beginning with the Emperorsand Theodosius, later the Eastern Roman emperors, and finally the Western ...
Carl XVI GustafUnder H.M., the present King of Sweden since 1973, the plain triple-tailed flag has ...
Baldwin I of JerusalemWhen his youngest brother kingdied in 1118, the elderly Eustace was offered the throne. Eustace was at f ...
Marie Amalie, Archduchess of AustriaHe and his wifewere parents of seven children
another brother... d brother were killed at the Battle of Wakefield, while his grandfather andwere executed for treason. Edward's two sons were imprisoned and disappear ...
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland... on is 156,898. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for
Mahmud of Ghazni... reports that the final edition of the Shahnameh sent to the court of Sultanwas prepared in seven volumes
Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan... antine Emperor Justin I invaded and annexed Yemen. About fifty years later,asked for help from the Persians, so the Persians sent all of their crimin ...
Agustin de IturbideHonduras later joined the Mexican Empire of, a fact which lasted until the formation of the Federal Republic of Centr ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... t the Jewish religion." These were the charges brought by the government ofand Isabella I of Castile against the Jews. They constituted the grounds f ...
Hadrian... known to the Romans, and the foundation of the town refers to the emperor,, with an inscription of somewhat doubtful authenticity. The bath-consciou ...
Æthelred... accession was disputed by his stepmother, Ælfthryth, who wished her own sonto reign. Through the influence of Dunstan, Eadward was chosen and crowned ...
Kutalmish... e was succeeded by Suleiman, Alp Arslan's brother. Alp Arslan and his uncleboth contested this succession. Alp Arslan defeated Kutalmish for the thro ...
Maximilian IIn 1505, Holy Roman Emperorestablished a postal system in the Empire, appointing Franz von Thurn und ...
Daniel of Galicia... mogitia). Vykintas died in 1251 or 1252, and Tautvilas was forced to rejoin
Leopold II... roved a boon for Austria, as he was succeeded by his more sensible brother,, previously the reforming Grand Duke of Tuscany. Leopold knew when to cut ...
Theodosius... church of the line of emperors beginning with the Emperors Constantine and, later the Eastern Roman emperors, and finally the Western Roman emperor, ...
Xiang Yu... d copies of the forbidden books but most of these were destroyed later whenburned the palaces of Xianyang in 206 BC
James I of Scotland... e David II of Scotland (reign 1329-71), the son of Robert The Bruce in 1324;(reign 1406-37) in late 1394 and Charles I of England, King of England, S ...
David II of ScotlandA number of British monarchs were born in Dunfermline Palace. These include(reign 1329-71), the son of Robert The Bruce in 1324; James I of Scotland ...
Pope Paul VI... op Thuc had the power to ordain he did not have the authority to do so from, which is a requirement for licit episcopal holy orders in Roman Catholic ...
Vasili... rty three years, dying on 27 October 1505 and he left his empire to his son
Charles I of England... ert The Bruce in 1324; James I of Scotland (reign 1406-37) in late 1394 and, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (reign 1625-49) in 1600. James VI ...
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani... y over Qatar in 1913, and in 1916 the new ruler, Jassim bin Mohammed's son,, signed a treaty with Britain bringing the peninsula into the trucial sys ...
Emperor Wen of Sui... -lived, as the Northern Zhou was overthrown in 581 by Yang Jian, who became. With greater military power and morale, along with convincing propaganda ...
Julius Caesar... activity moved to the new Basilica Aemilia (179 BC). Some 130 years later,built the Basilica Julia, along with the new Curia Julia, refocusing both ...
Nero... Barrett incarnated Marcus Superbus, an old Roman patrician of the years of, who falls in love with a young woman and converts to Christianity for he ...
PeleusPoseidon gave the two horses to Kingof Phtia, as a wedding gift, when Peleus married the Ocean goddess Thetis. ...
Septimius Severus... ely rebuilt on Roman patterns of urbanism, during the preceding century, byand Caracalla, who had already acknowledged its strategical importance. Th ...
Caracalla... iption of somewhat doubtful authenticity. The bath-conscious Roman emperor,, once came here to ease his arthritic aches. Baden was also known as Aure ...
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of BavariaHe was born in Brussels as the son of, and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska, and the grandson of Polish King John III ...
Girolamo Savonarola... the courtly poet Girolamo Benivieni, and probably the young Dominican monk. For the rest of his life he remained very close friends with all three, ...
Henry VII... e best inn in Stamford. David somehow secured the favour of the first Tudor, to whom he seems to have been Yeoman of the Guard. He was Sergeant-of-Ar ...
Isabella I of Castile... se were the charges brought by the government of Ferdinand II of Aragon andagainst the Jews. They constituted the grounds for their expulsion and ban ...
Gustavus Adolphus... ame coat of arms is still used by the province. Not until the reign of Kingin the 1620s, there is reliable evidence of a double-tailed blue flag with ...
King George V... of the modern shopping area, built in 1912, commemorates the coronation of. In the late 1970s the London Borough of Bexley built its headquarters, t ...
Empress Matilda... ouis in an abortive raid upon Normandy, which had accepted the title of the, and was now defended by her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou
Malcolm III of Scotland... pe to administer his domains. He married Mary of Scotland, daughter of King, and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Eustace and Mary had one daughter, Matil ...
Augustus... nd his sons had ruled jointly, albeit not for long. Even the first emperor,, (r. 27 BC–AD 19), had shared power with his colleagues and more formal o ...
Elizabeth Woodville... ke of York. The two brothers were the only sons of Edward IV of England andalive at the time of their father's death. Sometime around 1483, it is ass ...
NestorAs the battle turned against the Greeks, thanks to the influence of Zeus,declared that the Trojans were winning because Agamemnon had angered Achil ...
Alexander III of Scotland... e was the daughter of King Eric II of Norway and Margaret, daughter of King. Margaret was born in Tønsberg, on 9 April 1283, while her mother did not ...
Khosrau IDuring the reign of the later Sassanid king(531–579), a gift from an Indian king (possibly a Maukhari Dynasty king of ...
brother... e members of his dynasty to die of natural causes. Both Edward's father andwere killed at the Battle of Wakefield, while his grandfather and another ...
FinarfinDorthonion was originally ruled by Angrod and Aegnor, two of the sons of, under the suzerainty of their older brother Finrod. The north-eastern ar ...
Marcus Aurelius... with his colleagues and more formal offices of co-emperor had existed from(r. 161–180) on
Charlemagne... or, he should rule in Aachen, the capital of the first Carolingian emperor,, and in Rome, the ancient capital of emperors. Middle Francia (Latin Fran ...
Artemisia I of Caria... iopian Apollo. In the early 5th century Halicarnassus was under the sway of(also known as Artemesia of Halicarnassus ), who made herself famous as a ...
Odin... e "-", anglicized as Hermod) is a figure in Norse mythology, the son of god
Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan... . One way to help get rid of the criminals in jail, and help their new ally
Drusus Germanicus... riot relays, the emperor Tiberius hastened in 24 hours to join his brother,, who was dying of gangrene as a result of a fall from a horse
Titus... pression of the Jewish revolt, Josephus would have witnessed the marches of's triumphant legions leading their Jewish captives, and carrying treasure ...
Edward the Elder... rating Wessex and Danelaw. It was the seat of the Barony of Bedford. In 919built the town's first known fortress, on the south side of the River Ouse ...
King Farouk I... ssador in Tehran. In the same year, Princess Fawzia of Egypt, the sister of, married Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then crown prince (later shah) of Ira ...
Carus... sily removed from power. In contrast, just a few years earlier, the emperorand his sons had ruled jointly, albeit not for long. Even the first empero ...
Frederick I of DenmarkOn 1 March 1526 Albert married Princess Dorothea, daughter of King, thereby establishing political ties between Lutheranism and Scandinavia. ...
Holy Roman Emperor... mber of the Wittelsbach family, was Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 andfrom 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. Charles was notably the only ...
Louis VII of France... ers dated no later than August 1131. In 1137, he did homage for Normandy to, whose sister, Constance, he subsequently married in 1140 (as a widow she ...
Eric II of NorwayShe was the daughter of Kingand Margaret, daughter of King Alexander III of Scotland. Margaret was bor ...
Henri Christophe... was the capital of the republic, under the leadership of Alexandre Pétion.renamed the city Port-aux-Crimes after the assassination of Jacques I at P ...
grandfather... ward's father and brother were killed at the Battle of Wakefield, while hisand another brother were executed for treason. Edward's two sons were impr ...
Pope Paul VI... m His sub-Vicar, with the automatic right of succession to the papacy after. On August 6, 1978, Pope Paul died and Domínguez claimed the papacy, proc ...
Ardashir I... and 7th centuries AD (Common Era). This ancient Persian text refers to Shah, who ruled from 224–241, as a master of the game
Henry VIII... ard Family were Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of. Both women were nieces of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, who played ...
Mohammed bin Thani... Empire into eastern Arabia in 1871, Qatar became vulnerable to occupation.opposed Ottoman designs on Qatar, but his son, Jassim bin Mohammed, accept ...
Pope Benedict XVI... reign affairs. Bertone and Mamberti were named in their respective roles byin September 2006
Edward (II) "the Martyr"... ar died two years after his coronation, and was succeeded by his eldest son. His accession was disputed by his stepmother, Ælfthryth, who wished her ...
Xiao Dong... ering. Despite Emperor Wu's assurances, Hou decided to rebel in the name of, the grandson of the former crown prince Xiao Tong who died in 531 AD and ...
Shah Jahan... en he must expect we would do our justice upon the seas". Fearing the worstsealed an official Firman allowing the English to trade in Gujarat in the ...
Xiang Yu... s of the Grand Historian, after the collapse of the Qin Dynasty the hegemonappointed Liu Bang as prince of the small fief of Hanzhong, named for its ...
Harald I of Norway... tacks upon the Viking peoples. Another possible contributing factor is that("Harald Fairhair") had united Norway around this time, and the bulk of th ...
Henry VIII... e of Repeal Act (1553); the Protestant religious laws passed in the time ofwere repealed; and the Revival of the Heresy Acts were passed in 1554. The ...
ClaudiusThe Emperorpaid a visit while Britain was being conquered and was honoured with the a ...
Napoleon I... as a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) who led his army againstat the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Water ...
Ferdinand IOn the death of his half-brotherwithout a male heir in October 1383, strenuous efforts were made to secure ...
Henry Tudor... ncastrian line had virtually been extinguished, and the only rival left was, who was living in exile
Alfonso IX of León... i had established himself in the city of Cordoba. Sensing the vacuity, bothand Sancho II of Portugal opportunistically ordered their own raids into A ...
Septimius Severus... ntury the Roman Empire was plunged into a civil war. When the dust settled,emerged as emperor, establishing the Severan dynasty. Unlike previous empe ...
Memnon... of Patroclus, Achilles' closest companion was Nestor's son Antilochus. When, king of Ethiopia slew Antilochus, Achilles once more obtained revenge on ...
George Tupou VIn July 2008, three days before his coronation, Kingannounced that he would relinquish most of his power and be guided by his ...
Merewalh... h and Hlothhere's accession. Another Mercian connection to Kent was through, the king of the Magonsæte, and hence a subking under Wulfhere. Merewalh, ...
Ferdinand III of Castile... aeza. He set up a rebel camp and forged an alliance with the hitherto quiet. Sensing his greater priority was Marrakesh, where recusant Almohad sheik ...
Louis IV... emperor at Frankfurt. Charles VII was the second Wittelsbach Emperor afterand the first Wittelsbach King of the Romans since the rule of Rupert of G ...
Pope John Paul II... protected by a bubble of clear bulletproof glass, such as the Popemobile of– built following an attempt at his life. Politicians often resent this ne ...
Conan the Barbarian... nearly century-old house (now a museum) of Robert E. Howard, author of thebooks
Laius... of Oedipus takes place before the opening scene of the play. In his youth,was a guest of King Pelops of Elis, and became the tutor of Chrysippus, yo ...
Elizabeth IIQueenapproved in Regina, Saskatchewan on July 4, 1973 a new badge for the RCMP, ...
John II of France... mongst Edward's successes were the battles of Crécy and Poitiers where Kingwas taken prisoner, and the capture of the King David II of Scotland at Ne ...
Numa Pompilius, the second of the seven traditional kings of Rome, reformed the calendar ...
Emperor Charles VII... a to the Prussians. In 1745, following the reign of the Bavarian Elector as, Maria Theresa's husband Francis of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was ...
Queen Elizabeth I... G (13 September 1521 – 4 August 1598) was an English , the chief advisor offor most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) ...
Cephalus... nal Orion could be made immortal, as well as an astronomical scene in whichis thought to stand in for Orion and his constellation, also reflecting th ...
Beatrice... ber 1383, strenuous efforts were made to secure the succession for Princess, Ferdinand's only daughter. As heiress presumptive, Beatrice had married ...
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany... left with the prisoners. Alexandra kept only two bracelets which her uncle,, had given her as a child and which she could not take off. He did not kn ...
Cephalus... mage:Cephalus and Aurora - Poussin - 1627-30 National Gallery, London.jpg |and Aurora - Nicolas Poussin - 1627 - National Gallery, London
TalausHe was a son ofand Lysimache. Pausanias calls his mother Lysianassa, and Hyginus calls he ...
King John... meaning navel, because it was thought to be the navel of England. In 1203,granted Naseby its market charter and the village became a flourishing mar ...
Henry IV... a Parisian) and to Henry III of Navarre who later became king of France as
Mithridates I of Parthia... g Syria and northern Mesopotamia; the nomadic Parthians, brilliantly led byhad overrun uppland Media (home of the famed Nisean horse herd); and Roman ...
Queen Victoria... f Foot, on 18 June 1853 (the 38th Anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo) by
Henry VI... s royal motto was modus et ordo, or "method and order"). The latter days of's government had been marked by a general breakdown in law and order, as ...
Edward, the Prince of Wales... ceremony of the Hall was on 29 March 1871. A welcoming speech was given by; Queen Victoria was too overcome to speak although she did comment that i ...
GDRT... riod the Kingdom of Aksum began to interfere in South Arabian affairs. Kingof Aksum acted by dispatching troops under his son, BYGT, sending them fro ...
ConstantineIn 308, after the elevation of Licinius to Augustus, Maximinus andwere declared filii Augustorum ("sons of the Augusti"), but Maximinus prob ...
Henry Bolingbroke... im after he promised that he had just come to reclaim his dukedom - just ashad done seventy years earlier. As he marched southwards he began to gathe ...
Lynceus... meless, was eventually reconciled with her father, and given in marriage to, with whom she founded a race of kings that led to Danae, the mother of P ...
Odin... Munin, two Common Ravens who whispered news into the ears of the Norse god. In several civilizations of ancient Italy, particularly Etruscan and Rom ...
Alfonso VIII of CastileIn 1187, Kingmade the abbot of San Emeterio lord of the town, and in 1248 Santander par ...
Erichthonius... t she eluded him. His semen fell to the earth and impregnated the soil, andwas born from the Earth, Gaia. Athena then raised the baby as a foster mot ...
Tigranes the GreatMithridates' ambitious son-in-law,, king of Armenia, however, saw opportunity for expansion in the constant ...
AchaemenesHis character seems to have been chosen by Virgil treating the Persian nameas Greek and extracting a meaning "he who waits with affliction"
King Hussein... yrian position deteriorated, Jordan sent an expeditionary force into Syria., who had come under intense pressure to enter the war, told Israel of his ...
Louis the Younger... n Lotharingia but was defeated near Andernach by Louis. In 879 Louis's son,, was invited by a faction of the West Frankish nobility to succeed Louis ...
Richard, Duke of Gloucester... VI, and Edward took refuge in Burgundy, accompanied by his younger brother. The rulers of Burgundy were his brother-in-law Charles, Duke of Burgundy ...
Chen Shubao... er and morale, along with convincing propaganda that the Chen Dynasty rulerwas a decadent ruler who had lost the Mandate of Heaven, the Sui Dynasty w ...
Dermot MacMurrough... x Ireland and bring the Irish church into line with Rome. Around 1170, Kingof Leinster was deposed by his arch-enemy King Rory O'Connor of Connacht. ...
Polybus of Corinth... th, where Oedipus is taken in and raised in the court of the childless Kingas if he were his own
King Charles I... oor a small distance north of the village the Royalist forces, commanded by, battled the Roundhead army commanded by Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax ...
Diocletian... These reforms were finally realized late in the century under the reign of, one of them being to divide the empire into an eastern and western half, ...
Richard I... was elected Bishop of Salisbury shortly after the accession of Henry's sonto the throne of England
Justinian... tiquity, Awjila was nominally within the Roman Empire, evidenced by emperor's decree that forbade the worship of Amun
Monivong... amily. An older sister of Pol Pot had been a concubine at the court of King. Three of the Paris group forged a bond that survived years of revolution ...
Sancho II of Portugal... lf in the city of Cordoba. Sensing the vacuity, both Alfonso IX of León andopportunistically ordered their own raids into Andalusian territory that s ...
Charles X GustavAfter, the son of John Casimir, count palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, succeeded ...
David II of Scotland... here King John II of France was taken prisoner, and the capture of the Kingat Neville's Cross. During this period, the Tower of London held many nobl ...
Qin Er Shi... worked, and the younger son Huhai became the Second Emperor, later known asor "Second Generation Qin.
Edward VIIn 1553, Mary I, a Roman Catholic, succeeded her Protestant half-brother,, to the English throne. Mary set about trying to restore Roman Catholicis ...
Hadrian... in agony under the heel of the emperor. She appeared on coins issued under, as a more regal-looking female figure. Britannia was soon personified as ...
Sarpedon... of Eetion. Pedasos was mortal, but he could keep up with the divine horses., prince of Lycia and ally of Troy, killed Pedasos when his spear missed P ...
Don Carlos... whose settlement saw Austria cede Naples and Sicily to the Spanish Infantein exchange for the tiny Duchy of Parma and Spain and France's adherence t ...
Camillus... sacked Rome. The Romans then took up arms and drove the Gauls back, led by. The Romans gradually subdued the other peoples on the Italian peninsula, ...
Louis the Stammerer... Younger, was invited by a faction of the West Frankish nobility to succeed, Charles's son, on the throne. In response, Louis the Stammerer's sons, C ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... ayment. The Duke's entourage denied he knew of the situation. In July 2011,stated that her multi-million pound debts had been cleared due to the inte ...
Prince George, the new Prince of Wales... e of the Prince. Upon the Prince's death in 1751, the education of his son,, became a priority and in 1755 Bute was appointed as his tutor. Bute arra ...
Maria Theresa... rs' worthless recognitions of the Pragmatic Sanction that made his daughterhis heir. The most notable instance of this was in the War of the Polish S ...
Maria Theresa... ies were overrun by the Austrians and Bavaria was occupied by the troops of. Therefore the emperor fled Munich and resided for almost three years in ...
OdinThe Norse godin his many forms, astride his eight-legged steed Sleipnir, came to be ass ...
Shah Jahan... ab. He was succeeded by his third son, Prince Khurram who took the title of. Jahangir's elegant mausoleum is located in the Shahdara locale of Lahore ...
Henry II of EnglandIn the 12th century the only English pope, Adrian IV, authorised Kingto take possession of Ireland as a feudal territory nominally under papal ...
Vonones II of Parthia... Tiridates I of Armenia, during the reign of Nero. (Tiridates was the son of, and his coronation by Nero in 66 AD confirmed the end of a war between P ...
Laius... t of religious pollution, caused because the murderer of their former King,, had never been caught. Oedipus vows to find the murderer and curses him ...
James I’sambassador to Paris, Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, who pr ...
Nero... ring the state visit to Rome of Tiridates I of Armenia, during the reign of. (Tiridates was the son of Vonones II of Parthia, and his coronation by N ...
Roger II of Sicily... n Castle, widely known as the Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle), was built byaround 1131. Destroyed in 1156, it was rebuilt by Frederick II of Hohensta ...
John... rd's death in 1199, Walter helped assure the elevation of Richard's brotherto the throne. Walter also served John as a diplomat, undertaking several ...
Henry IIHis 1152 marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine allowed the futureto gain control of his new wife's possessions of Aquitaine and Gascony. Th ...
third wife... England. She took on the stage name "Jane Seymour" after King Henry VIII's
Edward BruceAround Lent of 1314,, brother of the Scottish King, began the siege of Stirling Castle, which ...
Julius Caesar... r shorten a year in which his political opponents held office. It was whilewas pontifex maximus that the calendar was overhauled, with the result bei ...
Edward... by Portuguese historians as the "illustrious generation" (Ínclita Geração):, the future king, was a poet and a writer; Peter, the Duke of Coimbra, wa ...
Organa... uly 27, 1999, a digitally restored print of the film was released in DVD bythrough Geneon (Pioneer), and packaged with the documentary The Hollywood ...
Hu Jintao... has been described as a "rubber stamp" body. China's incumbent President is, who is also the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, and i ...
John II Komnenos... y set afoot by his mother-in-law Irene Doukaina and his wife Anna to depose, the son of Alexios, and raise himself to the throne. His wife attributed ...
Constantine... divided the Eastern Empire between Licinius and himself. When Licinius andbegan to make common cause with one another, Maximinus entered into a secr ...
Polynices... aughter of Pronax, or to Demonassa. His daughters Argea and Deipyle marriedand Tydeus, respectively. His other children include Aegiale, Aegialeus, a ...
John Paul II... r 1978, the Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal Karol Józef Wojtyła, became Pope, head of the Roman Catholic Church. Polish Catholics rejoiced at the elev ...
Charles... the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Prince, and Prince Philip
King Henry VIII's... Hertfordshire, in England. She took on the stage name "Jane Seymour" afterthird wife
Kenneth IIConstantine became king upon the death of(Cináed mac Maíl Coluim), supposedly killed by Finnguala, daughter of Cunc ...
Ludwig III of Bavaria... revolution. On 7 November, the revolution had reached Munich, causing Kingto flee. Groener, a self-appointed military expert in the MSPD was sent to ...
Otto I... a bridgehead to Italy, which was re-affirmed during the Italian Campaign of. In the years 1007 and 1027 the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire granted ...
Emperor Yuan of Liang... f his generals Wang Sengbian and Chen Baxian defeated Hou, crowning himself. His brother Xiao Ji based in Sichuan was still a major threat. Emperor Y ...
John Balliol... eace in Scotland between the competing claims of Margaret, Robert Bruce and
Sparta... came a sea of Syracuse. In the Peloponnesian War, he joined the side of thens and assisted them with mercenaries
Prince Frederick, the Prince of Wales... bellion of 1745, Bute moved to Westminster, London, and two years later metthere, soon becoming a close associate of the Prince. Upon the Prince's de ...
Cecrops... fered them the first domesticated olive tree. The Athenians (or their king,) accepted the olive tree and with it the patronage of Athena, for the oli ...
Tiridates I of Armenia... tells how the name of Mithras was spoken during the state visit to Rome of, during the reign of Nero. (Tiridates was the son of Vonones II of Parthi ...
Cuilén, King of Scotland... III, (before 971–997) was king of Scots from 995 to 997. He was the son of(Cuilén mac Iduilb)
Baudouin... ave been Princess Grace of Monaco and her husband, Prince Rainier III; Kingof the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Pri ...
Emperor... capital in the Roman West, he was a recognizable figure in the court of theValentinian I. Ambrose never married
Maria Theresa... an Succession, nominally a struggle over the legitimacy of the accession ofto the Austrian throne, began in 1740, but at first did not involve either ...
the Queen... the Privy Council at Whitehall on 18 March 1588, as a result of petition to. On these occasions he maintained the principle of separatism, denouncing ...
Qabus... ur and Merv to the borders of Khorasan, seeking an opening for his talents., the generous ruler of Dailam and central Persia, himself a poet and a sc ...
Louis XIV... return to the stage in 1659. He wrote the play Oedipe, which was favored by. In the next year, Corneille published Trois discours sur le poème dramat ...
Charles the Bald... itimate son, Hugh. The kings of East and West Francia, Louis the German and, agreed to divided Lotharingia between them, and in 870 they came to an a ...
Elizabeth I of England... the disaffected. In England it was first imposed by statute in the reign of(1558) and its form has more than once been altered since. Up to the time ...
Henry III of England... ecclesiastical office. In the name of his fellow bishops he admonished Kingat Westminster, on 2 February 1234, to heed the example of his father, Kin ...
Henri Christophe... the Musée National is a museum featuring historical artifacts such as King's actual suicide pistol and a rusty anchor that museum operators claim wa ...
Queen Mary I... d-sixteenth century, among groups of English Protestant exiles fleeing from, some of the earliest anti-monarchist publications emerged. "Weaned off u ...
Fidel Castro... ions. According to Joe R. Reeder, Under Secretary of the Army from 1993–97,has used body doubles
Daniel of Galicia... augas, along with the Samogitians of western Lithuania, the Livonian Order,(Tautvilas and Edivydas' brother-in-law), and Vasilko of Volhynia. The pri ...
Sparta... manner the Rhodians celebrated Ptolemy I of Egypt, the Samians Lysander of, the Athenians Demetrius, the Delphians Craterus of Macedon
Timur Leng... he late Middle Ages, but their hold upon the area was transitional as laterand Uzbeks contested the land
AttilaThe few demonstrably historical characters mentioned in the poems, like, provide a terminus post quem of sorts. The dating of the manuscripts the ...
Suleiman the MagnificentOn 29 August 1526, Louis led his forces againstof the Ottoman Empire in the disastrous Battle of Mohács. During the retre ...
Augustus... Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ofand Traianus (or, less frequently, year 851 Ab urbe condita). The denomina ...
Ferdinand IIIIn 1799, Kingcreated Bronte as a Duchy, and rewarded admiral Horatio Nelson with the ti ...
Basil II... hen led his armies against Bulgaria, in alliance with the Byzantine Emperor, and collected several relics during his campaign
Diomedes of Thrace... not to be confused with the horse mentioned above, was one of the horses of, who fed these animals on human flesh. The capture of these horses was th ...
Edward II of England... . It was now two years since an English army had come to Scotland, and Kinghad recently been on the verge of war with his barons after the murder of ...
Prince Rainier III... the Áras an Uachtaráin have been Princess Grace of Monaco and her husband,; King Baudouin of the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope J ...
Charles VI... d claimed the German territories of the Habsburg dynasty after the death ofin 1740. With the treaty of Nymphenburg concluded in July 1741, Charles Al ...
Tarquin the Proud... ic was established around 509 BC, when the last of the seven kings of Rome,, was deposed by Lucius Junius Brutus, and a system based on annually elec ...
Galerius... 313. He was born of Dacian peasant stock to the half sister of the emperornear their family lands around Felix Romuliana; a rural area then in the D ...
Joshua... control and ruled by the three sons of Anak, descendants of the Nephilim (10:5,6). The Book of Genesis mentions that it was formerly called Kirjath- ...
Charles VIn 1520united the twenty-four hamlets of the surrounding area, which formed the t ...
Princess Grace of Monaco... of Irish descent. Other famous visitors to the Áras an Uachtaráin have beenand her husband, Prince Rainier III; King Baudouin of the Belgians; King J ...
Isaac I Komnenos... ials for a History", ) of the period from 1057 to 1081, from the victory ofover Michael VI to the dethronement of Nikephoros III Botaneiates by Alexi ...
Harry... xtended royal family. In their grief, Diana's two sons, Princes William and, wanted to attend church, and so their grandparents took them that mornin ...
Peter... ration" (Ínclita Geração): Edward, the future king, was a poet and a writer;, the Duke of Coimbra, was one of the most learned princes of his time; a ...
Pope John Paul II... ter II. Incidentally, the papacy of Gregory XVII closely overlapped that of. He died, aged only 58, a mere 11 days prior to the death of his "rival" ...
Edward I... of Chelsea (Chelsey), Kensington (Kensing town) and Charing. In the time of, the manor of Knightsbridge appertained to the abbey of Westminster. It w ...
Alexander the Great... s of the ancient world. It was part of the Persian Empire until captured byat the siege of Halicarnassus in 334 BC
Alexander I... eteran, Prince Mikhail Kutuzov, was made the new Commander-in-Chief by Tsar. Finally, the two armies engaged in the Battle of Borodino on 7 September ...
Roman Emperor... – July or August 313), also known as Maximinus Daia or Maximinus Daza, wasfrom 308 to 313. He was born of Dacian peasant stock to the half sister of ...
Catherine of Aragon... later found it expedient and profitable to break with the Papacy. His wife,, bore him only a single child that survived infancy, Mary. As England had ...
King Edward VIIIIn 1920, the Prince of Wales (the future) visited the area. Impressed by what he saw, he recommended the place in ...
St Louis... rchbishops, the two generals of the Carthusians and Cistercians, the king (), and three of his sons, the queen mother, Baldwin, count of Flanders and ...
Emperor Jimmu#Redirect
George V... British monarchs stayed at the Viceregal Lodge, notably Queen Victoria and. American presidents hosted here include Presidents John F. Kennedy, Rich ...
Amphiaraus... her Eurynome. He was one of the three kings at Argos, along with Iphis and, the husband of Adrastus's sister Eriphyle. He was married either to Amph ...
Mohammad Najibullah... Afghanistan as well as to remove the Soviet-backed government of President
Francis of Lorraine... ign of the Bavarian Elector as Emperor Charles VII, Maria Theresa's husband, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was elected Emperor, restoring control of that po ...
Simon de MontfortIn 1248,was appointed Governor in the unsettled Duchy of Gascony. Bitter complaint ...
Abdallah al-Adil... raised by one of them, then governor in Murcia, who declared himself Caliph. With the help of his brothers, he quickly seized control of al-Andalus. ...
Henry VI... ated the Lancastrians in a succession of battles. And while the Lancastrianand Queen Margaret of Anjou were campaigning in the north of England, Warw ...
Queen VictoriaVarious visiting British monarchs stayed at the Viceregal Lodge, notablyand George V. American presidents hosted here include Presidents John F. K ...
Xiao Ji... en Baxian defeated Hou, crowning himself Emperor Yuan of Liang. His brotherbased in Sichuan was still a major threat. Emperor Yuan asked for assistan ...
Napoleon III... was then nicknamed the European summer capital and reached its zenith underduring the 1850s and 1860s. The Russian writer, Dostoevsky, wrote The Gamb ...
Antoninus Pius... at the edge of the (known) world. Similar coin types were also issued under
Mithridates VI of Pontus... lly active during the Mithridatic wars (between the Roman Republic and King) in which they supported the king. The association between Mithridates an ...
Elizabeth I... "Tyburn Tree" was Dr John Story, a Roman Catholic who refused to recognise. Among the more notable individuals suspended from the "Tree" in the foll ...
George IV... e of Wellington, Richard Chamberlain as Byron, and Ralph Richardson as King. The film is also notable because it is the last film in which Michael Wi ...
Ermengarde of ToursHe married, who died in 851
Richard Duke of Gloucester... te by an Act of Parliament of 1483 known as Titulus Regius, and their unclewas crowned as Richard III. There are reports of the two princes being see ...
Organa... This Special Edition with the Hollywood Ten film is still available throughat organa.com. In 2004, a budget edition DVD was released by Alpha Video. ...
LycurgusWhen Kingof Thrace heard that Dionysus was in his kingdom, he imprisoned all the fo ...
Ferdinand II... tion was therefore to support the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor, the Habsburg
Muhammad... al-Qadr is the night in which the Qur'an was first revealed to the Prophet. Also, it is believed to have occurred on an odd-numbered night during th ...
Simon bar Kokhba... leader, and burnt down by Vespasian's officer Cerealis. After the defeat ofin 135 CE, innumerable Jewish captives were sold into slavery at Hebron's ...
Jehoiakim... Jehoahaz to succeed his father Josiah, whom Necho deposed and replaced with. He brought Jehoahaz back to Egypt as his prisoner, where Jehoahaz ended ...
Henry III... eigneurs of the nobility and the contending factions in the great communes.yielded to the outcry and instituted a formal inquiry into Simon's adminis ...
Ho Chi MinhIn 1930founded the Vietnamese Communist Party by unifying three smaller communist ...
Caesar... re classics. Augustus also continued the shifts on the calendar promoted by, and the month of August is named after him. Augustus' enlightened rule r ...
Henry II... ddle Ages, Newcastle was England's northern fortress. Incorporated first by, a new charter was granted by Elizabeth in 1589. A high stone wall was bu ...
Stanisław Leszczyński... f the Poland between Augustus of Saxony, the previous King's elder son, and. Austria supported the former, France the latter; thus, a war broke out. ...
GaleriusIn 305, his maternal unclebecame the eastern Augustus and adopted Maximinus, raising him to the rank ...
Otto III, Holy Roman EmperorAccording to Hungarian tradition, Pope Silvester II, with the consent of, sent a magnificent jeweled gold crown to Stephen along with an apostolic ...
John of Lancaster... Duke Humphrey of Gloucester, at Greenwich in the 1430s, as well by his son,at Fulbrook. The Pleasance was eventually dismantled by Henry VIII and par ...
Nabopolassar... lonian king was planning on reasserting his power in Syria. In 609 BC, Kingcaptured Kumukh, which cut off the Egyptian army, then based at Carchemish ...
Philippa of LancasterJohn I married in Porto on 2 February 1387, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaste ...
Henry VI... it is an honorary title and a royal style. The Dukedom became extinct after, as the original charter restricted it to 'heirs male'. Despite this, app ...
Gaston, Duke of OrléansOn two occasions the King's younger brother,had to leave France for conspiring against the King's government, and for ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ught Austria by a series of battles in 1743 and 1744. The new alliance withduring the Second Silesian War finally forced the Austrian army to leave B ...
Queen Mary... built 1906-14 to the design by J.J. Burnet, and opened by King George V andin 1914. They now house the Museum's collections of Prints and Drawings an ...
Numa PompiliusRome's second king,(r. 715-673 BC), is said to have begun the cult of Vesta, building its hou ...
Alaric... negotiation to Leo. Priscus reports that superstitious fear of the fate of—who died shortly after sacking Rome in 410—gave him pause
the Queen... ided to dismiss Whitlam as Prime Minister. Fearing that Whitlam would go toand have him removed, Kerr did not give Whitlam any hint of what was comin ...
Menahem... ssume the throne , and Pekahiah's two-year reign was preceded by his father's ten-year reign . Menahem gave tribute to Tiglath-Pileser III, as is rec ...
Edward the Confessor... there and was a regular visitor himself. Other medieval residents included, who had a palace at Brill, and John Wycliffe who lived in
Edward... ascony, pursuing a policy of conciliation; he arranged the marriage between, his 14 year old son, and Eleanor of Castile, daughter of Alfonso X. Alfo ...
James I of England... piritual matters. The theory came to the fore in England under the reign of(1603–1625, also James VI of Scotland 1567–1625). Louis XIV of France (164 ...
LiciniusIn 308, after the elevation ofto Augustus, Maximinus and Constantine were declared filii Augustorum ("so ...
Offa... Crane or Yeading Brook). The first land grant including Yeading was made byin 790 to Æthelhard, Archbishop of Canterbury: "in the place called on lin ...
Ahaz... began to reign in Pekah's second year, 750 BC , and that Jotham's successorbegan to reign in his 17th year, 735 BC
Frederick I BarbarossaThe Hohenstaufen Emperorcreated a Reichsvogtei (roughly "Imperial Bailiwick"), and in 1180 put Wet ...
Murad IV... national drink of Ethiopia for people of all faiths. In the Ottoman Empire,attempted to prohibit coffee drinking to Muslims as haraam, arguing that i ...
AmphiarausAfterwards, however, Adrastus became reconciled to, gave him his sister Eriphyle in marriage, and returned to his kingdom of ...
Marie Antoinette... sh spies, they visited Paris, meeting Benjamin Franklin, General Lafayette,and Louis XVI, and joined the French court at Fontainebleau
Henry of Monmouth, Prince of WalesThe third creation was on 10 November 1399, for, eldest son of the new king. In 1413, the 1st Duke ascended the throne as ...
Henry VIII... ongside population growth, inflation was a major reason for enclosure. Whenbecame King in 1509, the royal finances were in good shape thanks to the p ...
Justinian I... t. Eventually it became part of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine emperorerected a Christian church over the Cave of Machpelah in the 6th century C ...
Akbar... verge of conversion," a notion which proved to be very false. Instead, bothand Jahangir studied this artwork very closely and replicated and adapted ...
Princess Royal... e of this is the adjective "naff" to denote bad or shoddy, even used by the(as a verb) in a clash with the press some years later. They were able to ...
Henrietta Maria... spy) to appear before Parliament. Arturo discovers that she is Enrichetta (), widow of the executed King Charles I. Elvira appears singing a joyful p ...
Louis XIV of France... ign of James I of England (1603–1625, also James VI of Scotland 1567–1625).(1643–1715), though Catholic, strongly promoted the theory as well
Muhammad... ssed in some verses of Qur'an, but is explicitly declared in the sayings of
Pekahiah... year of Azariah (Uzziah) of Judah, i.e. in 740 BC. Also, Pekah assassinatedto assume the throne , and Pekahiah's two-year reign was preceded by his f ...
Charles the Bold... oyed an extremely refined court culture in his lands; she was the mother of
Anne Boleyn... ieval period Roger of Wendover was, as the name suggests, from Wendover andalso owned property in the same town. It is said that King Henry VIII made ...
Blanche of Lancaster... Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and. From that marriage were born several famous princes and princesses of Po ...
CharlemagneThe Kingdom of the Franks underwas particularly hard-hit by these raiders, who could sail up the Seine wi ...
Genghis Khan... al system in the world was established by Ugedei Khan, who was successor ofof Mongolian empire in thirteen century, which territory included China. D ...
Hyrcanus II10., 67–66 BC
Alfonso X... ge between Edward, his 14 year old son, and Eleanor of Castile, daughter of. Alfonso renounced all claims to Gascony and assisted the Plantagenets ag ...
Chulalongkorn... at and any attempts at colonialization. By 1887 during the next reign, Kinga permanent military command in the Kalahom Department was established. Ho ...
Emperor Meiji... most famous such incident was his refusal to bow deeply to the portrait ofand the Imperial Rescript on Education in the formal ceremony held at the ...
Salome Alexandra9., 76–67 BC
Thutmose III... arran. Although Necho became the first pharaoh to cross the Euphrates since, he failed to capture Harran, and retreated back to northern Syria. At th ...
Jotham of Judah... d by Hoshea, the son of Elah, who took the throne, in the twentieth year of. (; ; compare ; ; ) Tiglath-Pileser in an inscription mentions the slayin ...
Tullus Hostilius... use and temple as well as the Regia as the city's first royal palace. Later(r. 673-642 BC) enclosed the Comitium around the old Etruscan temple where ...
Henry IVIn order to continue the exploration efforts of his predecessor, Louis XIII considered a colonial venture in Morocco, and sent a fleet un ...
Maxentius... e another, Maximinus entered into a secret alliance with the usurper Caesar, who controlled Italy. He came to an open rupture with Licinius in 313, h ...
Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani... crisis in which the main candidates were Abdullah bin Jassim's eldest son,, and Hamad bin Abdullah's teenage son, Khalifa ibn Hamad Al Thani
Holy Roman Emperor... s of Hungary and Bohemia. Upon his father's death Louis had been adopted byMaximilian I in 1515. When Maximilian I died in 1519, Louis was raised by ...
Charles the Bold... ing with the astonishing battlefield victories of the Swiss cantons againstof Burgundy in the Burgundian Wars, in which the Swiss participated in 147 ...
Henry VI... hey did not secure their independence nor become "abbeys" till the reign of. The Cluniac revival, with all its brilliancy, was but short-lived. The c ...
Archelaus... in The Bacchae. Since Euripides wrote this play while in the court of Kingof Macedon, some scholars believe that the cult of Dionysus was malicious ...
OdinIn Baldrs draumar,rides to the edge of Hel to investigate nightmares Baldr has had. He bring ...
Edward VI... tion (and therefore enclosures) until the Duke of Somerset was Protector of. Until then enclosures were seen as the cause of inflation, not the outco ...
Muhammad... al known as Iftar. The meal starts with the eating of three dates — just asused to do. Then it's time for the Maghrib prayer, which is the fourth of ...
Shah of Iran... traits of Jagger in 1975. One of these was owned by Farah Diba, wife of the. It hung on a wall inside the royal palace in Teheran. In 1967, Cecil Bea ...
George II... nglish merchant captain Robert Jenkins and told him to take it to his king,) broke out in 1739 between Spain and Great Britain, but was confined to t ...
Kutalmish... onjectured from Ibn al-Athir’s account of the battle between Alp-Arslan and, in which he writes that Alp-Arslan wept for the latter's death and great ...
Cao Pi... cracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han Dynasty cease ...
Aegialeus... ied Polynices and Tydeus, respectively. His other children include Aegiale,, and Cyanippus
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld... n 2 September 1967 in Saint Jacob's Church in The Hague. His godparents are, Prince Ferdinand von Bismarck, Prime Minister Jelle Zijlstra, and Queen
Aristobulus II11., 66–63 BC
Enver Hoxha... n actors whose films were allowed in the country during the dictatorship of. In Hoxha's view, proletarian Norman's ultimately victorious struggles ag ...
Artemisia... whom – in their turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty; and two daughters,and Ada, who were married to their brothers Mausolus and Idrieus
Alexander I... n and many soldiers of allies or subject areas). He aimed to compel Emperorto remain in the Continental System and to remove the imminent threat of a ...
Vespasian... ebron was conquered by Simon Bar Giora, a Sicarii leader, and burnt down by's officer Cerealis. After the defeat of Simon bar Kokhba in 135 CE, innum ...
Jotham of Judah... is starting date in 752 BC. This date is consistent with the statement thatbegan to reign in Pekah's second year, 750 BC , and that Jotham's successo ...
The Prince of Wales... was made a Knight Bachelor for services to music, as Sir Michael Jagger by. Mick Jagger's knighthood received mixed reactions. Some fans were disapp ...
Melikshah... (the Treaty of Devol, 1108); and played an important part in the defeat of, the Seljuq sultan of Rûm (1116)
Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani... ebt and, in preparation for his retirement, groomed his favored second son,, to be his successor. Hamad bin Abdullah's death in 1948, however, led to ...
Sigismund II Augustus... llern with the Prussian dukedom. So he tried for gaining his brother-in-lawof Poland and finally succeeded, including the then usual expenses
Henry VIII... ce. Be that as it may, there has been an inn on the site since the reign of, and it is certainly one of the most famous public houses in London. It i ...
King George V... ucted, these were built 1906-14 to the design by J.J. Burnet, and opened byand Queen Mary in 1914. They now house the Museum's collections of Prints ...
Rudolph I... ad already died, in Italy in 1250) came to Wetzlar. When the rightful king,heard of this and came to Wetzlar, the city leaders seized Tile Kolup and ...
Justina... ved a formidable task for Ambrose. In 385 or 386 the emperor and his mother, along with a considerable number of clergy and laity, especially militar ...
Hyrcanus II12., 63–40 BCE (restored but demoted to Ethnarch
Ada... ir turn, succeeded him in the sovereignty; and two daughters, Artemisia and, who were married to their brothers Mausolus and Idrieus
Charles II... seventeenth century Guildhall, built shortly after the restoration of King, is supported by columns, to provide an open ground floor for the butter ...
Kublai Khan... teen century, which territory included China. During the Yuan Dynasty under, China was integrated first into the much larger Örtöö system of the Mong ...
Henry VII... the royal finances were in good shape thanks to the prudence of his father. But this soon changed as Henry VIII doubled household expenditure and st ...
Diodotus Tryphon... rters — first supporting Balas' son Antiochus VI, then the usurping general— held out in Antioch
Xiao Yuanming... efeats to the forces of Northern Qi, Wang Sengbian allowed their pretender,to establish himself as Emperor Min of Liang. However, Chen Baxian was dis ...
Amphiaraus... uring a feud between the most powerful houses in Argos, Talaus was slain by, and Adrastus being expelled from his dominions fled to Polybus, then kin ...
Charles IVIn 1325, the land was confiscated bywhen Edward II of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to ...
HosheaSoon after this Pekah was assassinated by, the son of Elah, who took the throne, in the twentieth year of Jotham of ...
Irene Doukaina... ios, he refused to enter into the conspiracy set afoot by his mother-in-lawand his wife Anna to depose John II Komnenos, the son of Alexios, and rais ...
Pope Paul VI... to 3 of the bishops assembled at the council, the decree was promulgated byon October 28, 1965. (The full text in English is available from the .
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster... hn I married in Porto on 2 February 1387 Philippa of Lancaster, daughter ofand Blanche of Lancaster. From that marriage were born several famous prin ...
Judas Maccabeus2., 167–160 BC
Charles the SimpleIn 911, French Kingwas able to make an agreement with the Viking warleader Rollo, a chieftain ...
Sophia of Hanover... lement restricts the succession to the legitimate Protestant descendants of(1630–1714), a granddaughter of James I
ClaudiusIt would seem that in the reign of(41-54 AD) the quaestors had become responsible for the paving of the stre ...
Ferdinand III of Castile... tacks, launched almost yearly by Sancho II of Portugal, Alfonso IX of León,and James I of Aragon. The next twenty years saw a massive advance in the ...
George VIn 1911, the house underwent a large extension for the visit of Kingand Queen Mary. With the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the off ...
Sparta... back to the 5th century BC, during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and. Spartan forces besieging an Athenian city placed a lighted mixture of wo ...
14th Dalai Lama... ment sales. Political meetings between foreign government officials and theare also opposed by China, as it considers Tibet to be formally part of Ch ...
Spartawas a prominent city-state in ancient Greece
Philip III of SpainOn 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married Anne of Austria, daughter of. This marriage followed a tradition of cementing military and political a ...
Abdur Rahman Khan... after the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1880 when the nation was ruled by Emir. Traditionally, Afghan governments relied on three military institutions: ...
Lycurgus... n account of the disorders and madness it brought with it (e.g. Pentheus or)
Henry VII... usation against Richard III on the matter. The Bill of Attainder brought bymade no definitive mention of the Princes in the Tower, though author and ...
Marie-Louise... impregnable lines of Torres Vedras) and to besieged Cadiz. Napoleon married, an Austrian Archduchess, with the aim of ensuring a more stable alliance ...
Charles III of Spain... s father considered other possibilities (such as marrying her to the future) before announcing the engagement of the couple. France demanded that Mar ...
Dushyanta... o sees Eastern parallels in the figures of Aqhat, Attis, Dumuzi, Gilgamesh,, and Prajapati (as pursuer of Ushas)
Jayavarman VII... King's Last Song, is set in Cambodia, both at the time of Angkorean emperor, and in the present period. He is currently at work on a new historical n ...
Alfonso II of Aragon... ueen of Aragon, and Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, produced a son,who inherited all their respective territories creating the Crown of Arago ...
Empress Alexandra of Russia... ists were able to confirm the identity of the remains of several members of's family, several decades after their 1918 massacre by the Bolsheviks. Pr ...
Conradine... latter case, most likely referring to wooden defences around the town). TheGebhard, Count in the Wetterau, and as of 904 Duke of Lorraine, had a Chur ...
Emperor Wu of Chen... g. After a short reign, Chen deposed Emperor Jing and took power himself asin 557 AD
Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg... and the elevation of several members of the gentry to peers of the Empire.was declared full age ahead of time in 1744. Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prin ...
Emperor Yizong of Tang... tten by Tang Dynasty writer Su E, described Princess Tongchang (daughter of) playing the "leaf game" in 868 with members of the Wei clan (the family ...
Conan the BarbarianThe pulp fiction author Robert E. Howard, creator of the characteramong others, lived in Cross Plains from the age of 13 until his death by ...
Guy III of Spoleto... Arnulf their king, possibly under coercion. Arnful was initially opposed by, who eventually made himself king in Italy, and by Rudolph of Auxerre, wh ...
Mary... house underwent a large extension for the visit of King George V and Queen. With the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the office of Lord Li ...
Murat... were too great. Caffarelli's men halted the Russian assaults and permittedto send two cuirassier divisions (one commanded by d'Hautpoul and the othe ...
Eurytion... when he crossed the stream of Okeanos and had killed Orthos and the oxherdout in the gloomy meadow beyond fabulous Okeanos.
James I of Aragon... by Sancho II of Portugal, Alfonso IX of León, Ferdinand III of Castile and. The next twenty years saw a massive advance in the Christian reconquista ...
Augustus... Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ofand Saturninus (or, less frequently, year 794 Ab urbe condita). The denomi ...
Khosrau II... CE which was later destroyed by the Sassanid general Shahrbaraz in 614 when's armies besieged and took Jerusalem
Marshal Bernadotte... rians at Wagram, on 5–6 July. (It was during the middle of that battle thatwas stripped of his command after retreating contrary to Napoleon's orders ...
Al-Muizz Lideenillah... ion, the origin of which is said to lie in the Fatimid era where the Caliphwas greeted by people holding lanterns to celebrate his ruling. From that ...
Aragorn... he rock as flattened and paved, and also the location for the coronation of. As with most other landmarks in the film, the city is portrayed as relat ...
Constantius IIAbout the same time, he wrote to Emperora remonstrance against the persecutions by which the Arians had sought to ...
Edward I... d. The Scots king William the Lion was imprisoned in Newcastle in 1174, andbrought the Stone of Scone and William Wallace south through the town. New ...
Aristobulus I7., 104–103 BC
King George V... s of the Manor. In the 20th century the hall hosted the Duke of York, later, with the Duchess of York, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the Queen Mother) and a ...
Philip II of Spain... and Spain with Royal marriages. The tradition went back to the marriage ofwith the French Princess, Elisabeth of Valois. The marriage was only brief ...
Gilgamesh... tenrose also sees Eastern parallels in the figures of Aqhat, Attis, Dumuzi,, Dushyanta, and Prajapati (as pursuer of Ushas)
Gratian... e as heads of the pagan priesthood, as would his Christian successors on to(r. 375–83). According to Christian writers, Constantine was over 40 when ...
Sigismund III Vasa... am, was successfully invested with the duchy in 1623 by the king of Poland,, thus the personal union Brandenburg-Prussia was confirmed. Many of the P ...
Elizabeth II... entity from the Crown Estate and currently provides income for the monarch,. The Sovereign is styled as Duke of Lancaster, regardless of gender, alth ...
Elizabeth I... lliam Cecil, later 1st Baron Burghley, who was Lord High Treasurer to Queenfor most of her reign. The country house, with a park laid out by Lancelot ...
Henry VIII... the Succession", barred both Elizabeth and Mary, the remaining children of, from the throne, in favour of Lady Jane Grey.) Cecil resisted for a whil ...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi... Shatt al-Arab. By the late 1960s, the build-up of Iranian power under Shah, who had gone on a gargantuan military spending spree, led Iran to take a ...
Arnulf of CarinthiaWhen in November 887called a council of the East Frankish nobility to depose Charles the Fat, ...
Alexios I Komnenos... against the feeble Michael VII, but had been defeated by the future Emperorand was blinded. The son, who was distinguished for his learning, personal ...
Emperor Wen of Liu Song... aoism was highly influential during the Southern Dynasty, to the point thatestablished a Neo-Daoist Academy and promoted it, along with Confucianism, ...
Frederick III, Elector of Saxony... Diet of Worms) because he was unexpectedly backed by German princes such aswho strongly objected to the Catholic Church meddling in their affairs and ...
Alexander Jannaeus8., 103–76 BC
Zwentibold... ent himself with a rump state. In 895 Arnulf appointed his illegitimate sonKing of Lotharingia. He ruled independently until he was overthrown and ki ...
King Arthur... fairies; its leaders also varied, but they included Gwydion, Gwynn ap Nudd,, Nuada, King Herla, Woden, the Devil and Herne the Hunter. Many legends a ...
Emperor Wen of Chen... s. After the sudden death of Emperor Wu, his nephew Chen Qian took power as. After the fall of Liang, the general Wang Lin had established an indepen ...
Fidel Castro... d in the murder. The CIA has allegedly made several attempts to assassinate, many of the schemes involving poisoning his cigars. In the late 1950s, K ...
Peter IV... his life, he had to contend with the son of his first marriage, the future
Antiochus VII SidetesDemetrius Nicator's brother,, took the throne after his brother's capture. He faced the titanic chore ...
Ashur-dan III... . He succeeded his father Adad-nirari III, and was succeeded by his brother. Very little information about his reign has survived
Queen Elizabeth IDuring her reignmade at least five visits to the area. John Donne and Sir Walter Raleigh a ...
Richard III... idence is ambiguous, and has led people to various conflicting conclusions.had eliminated the princes from the succession. However, his hold on the m ...
Anna Pavlovna of Russia... King William II of the Netherlands and in turn named after his wife, Queen
Charles the Bold... brésis to the states of Burgundy was made impossible by the sudden death ofin 1477. Louis XI immediately seized the opportunity to take control of Ca ...
Taufa'ahau Tupou IV... titution. A copy of the commission's report was presented to the late king,, shortly before his death in September 2006 and is currently under study ...
Mary I... hat he had only signed the devise as a witness, but in his apology to Queen, he did not venture to allege so flimsy an excuse; he preferred to lay st ...
Henry the Fowler... t elect a replacement until 925, when under Gilbert's leadership they chose, the East Frankish king. In 930 Gilbert's decision was rewarded and he re ...
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld... therlands, and the first grandchild of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and. From birth Willem-Alexander has the titles Prince of the Netherlands , P ...
Akbar... hem various books, engravings, and paintings and, when they saw the delightheld for them, sent for more and more of the same to be given to the Mugha ...
Theodosius I... e powerful adversaries. The Goths, though partly tamed by Valens' successor(who accepted them once more as allies), were to remain as a distinct enti ...
Cephalus... ss; other heroes of the same type are Actaeon, Leucippus (son of Oenomaus),, Teiresias, and Zeus as the lover of Callisto. Fontenrose also sees Easte ...
Charles V... e was eagerly solicited by the partisans of Charles (afterwards the emperor) and by those of Francis I, King of France, and he appears to have receiv ...
King... e in Iraq and Qatif in opposition to the Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain.Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa declared a three-month state of emergency on 15 M ...
James II... Barcelona (as Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. He was the second son ofand Blanche of Anjou. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urg ...
George Tupou V... s death in September 2006 and is currently under study by the present king,, and members of parliament
Peter III of Russia... 761), Peter, the Grand Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, succeeded to the throne as, and Catherine became Empress Consort of Russia. The imperial couple move ...
Shahrbaraz... lah in the 6th century CE which was later destroyed by the Sassanid generalin 614 when Khosrau II's armies besieged and took Jerusalem
Julius Caesar... me for the group was subsequently dropped. That island was first invaded byin 55 BC, and the Roman conquest of the island began in AD 43, leading to ...
Elizabeth... hern fortress. Incorporated first by Henry II, a new charter was granted byin 1589. A high stone wall was built around the town in the 13th century, ...
Emperor Ferdinand I... d of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later
Sadyattes... –560 BC), considered to be the founder of the Lydian empire, was the son of, of the house of the Mermnadae
Galerius... rship whichever deity they chose. A similar edict had been issued in 311 by, then senior emperor of the Tetrarchy; Galerius' edict granted Christians ...
Mary of Guise... ible by a revolution against French hegemony under the regime of the regent, who had governed Scotland in the name of her absent daughter Mary, Queen ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... Mary of Guise, who had governed Scotland in the name of her absent daughter(then also Queen of France)
Henri Christophe... ected members of Dessalines' administration, including Alexandre Pétion and, began a conspiracy to overthrow the Emperor. Dessalines was assassinated ...
Anne of AustriaOn 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married, daughter of Philip III of Spain. This marriage followed a tradition of c ...
Muhammad... om the "Lauhe Mahfooz" (on 7th heaven) to 1st heaven to the Islamic prophet, the month of Ramadan was in existence before Isla
Pol Pot... following the Second Party Congress of the KPRP in 1960, when Saloth Sar (after 1976) and other future Khmer Rouge leaders gained control of its app ...
Francis I... the partisans of Charles (afterwards the emperor Charles V) and by those of, King of France, and he appears to have received a large amount of money ...
Tiglath-Pileser III... s preceded by his father Menahem's ten-year reign . Menahem gave tribute to, as is recorded in (where Pul = Tiglath-Pileser) and also in Tiglath-Pile ...
Pol Pot... ng's Last Song (2006) was set both in the Angkor Wat era and the time afterand the Khmer Rouge
John the Fearless... arts by Burgundy's possessions and John of Burgundy, an illegitimate son of, was made bishop. However what looked like an impending annexation of Cam ...
Charles II... ng it unlikely that the skeletons belonged to the princes. On the orders ofthe remains were reburied in Westminster Abbey. In 1933, the grave was ope ...
Vaišvilkas... kavysk, and the Principality of Polotsk. In about 1239 he appointed his sonto govern these areas, then known as Black Ruthenia. In 1248, he sent his ...
Emperor Wilhelm II... ied propaganda referred to Germans as the "Huns", based on a 1900 speech bypraising Attila the Hun's military prowess, according to the Glimpses of W ...
William II of the Netherlands... he Anna Paulownapolder, which was laid dry in 1846 during the reign of Kingand in turn named after his wife, Queen Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Juliana of the Netherlands... ands and Prince Claus of the Netherlands, and the first grandchild of Queenand Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. From birth Willem-Alexander has ...
Mattathias1., 170–167 BC
Stanisław Leszczyński... a Theresa's fiancé surrender his ancestral Duchy of Lorraine to accommodate, the deposed King of Poland. Maria Theresa's father compelled Francis to ...
Adad-nirari IIIShalmaneser IV was king of Assyria (783 - 773 BC). He succeeded his father, and was succeeded by his brother Ashur-dan III. Very little information ...
Antiochus IV Epiphanes... a native of Smyrna of humble origin, but gave himself out to be the son ofand Laodice IV and heir to the Seleucid throne. Along with his sister Laod ...
Cleopatra Thea... zed by the Roman Senate, Ptolemy Philometor of Egypt and others. He married, a daughter of the Ptolemaic dynasty. At first unsuccessful, Alexander fi ...
Klement Gottwald... . The Party won the most votes in free elections but not a simple majority., the communist leader, became Prime Minister of a coalition government. I ...
Henry VIII of England... d was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The abbey was dissolved by Kingin 1536 and sold to Sir Rice Mansel. At this time, only 12 monks were livi ...
Thutmose II... dom of Egypt that has striking parallels to the Pekah/Menahem rivalry. Whendied, the intended heir was his son Thutmose III, who was still a boy. How ...
Charles V... to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother, and later Emperor Ferdinand I
Helgi Hundingsbani... seen as a whole in the Edda, but they consist of three layers, the story of, the story of the Nibelungs and the story of Jörmunrekkr, king of the Got ...
Dionysius the Younger|width=25% align=center|Succeeded by:
Ahmad Shah DurraniWhen the Durrani Afghan Empire was created byin 1747, his military was involved in several wars with Hindustan and Pers ...
Emperor XuanzongThe Pala Empire is founded in Bengal. Chinesebrings the Tang Dynasty to its pinnacle. Nara period in Japan
Blanche of Anjou... Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. He was the second son of James II and. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens ...
Philip IV of France... , but there is some evidence that he left on a mission to the court of Kingto plead the case for assistance in the Scottish struggle for independence ...
Archduke Charles... — Napoleon's first significant tactical defeat. But the Austrian commander,, failed to follow up on his indecisive victory, allowing Napoleon to prep ...
Edward VI... Lord Protector during the early years of the reign of his nephew, the young. Cecil accompanied Somerset on his Pinkie campaign of 1547 (part of the " ...
Valentinian I... igh in the imperial favour, as heterodox. Summoned to appear before Emperorat Milan and there maintain his charges, Hilary was mortified to hear the ...
Polynices... the Seven against Thebes, in which Adrastus was joined by six other heroes,, Tydeus, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Hippomedon, and Parthenopaeus. Instead of ...
Rurik... along coastlines and along the major river valleys of north-western Europe.also expanded to the east and in 859 became ruler either by conquest or in ...
Pepin II of Aquitaine... enay-en-Puisaye on 25 June 841, when, in spite of his and his allied nephew's personal gallantry, Lothair was defeated and fled to Aachen. With fresh ...
Anne BoleynHoward was the great-grandfather ofand Catherine Howard, the second and fifth Queens consort, respectively, o ...
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria... ted by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne was married to, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later Emperor Fe ...
Thrasybulus|width=25% align=center|Preceded by: democracy position previously held byin 465 B
King Hussein... en and levied illegal taxes—all of which Arafat either condoned or ignored.considered this a growing threat to his kingdom's sovereignty and security ...
Oenomaus... vine Huntress; other heroes of the same type are Actaeon, Leucippus (son of), Cephalus, Teiresias, and Zeus as the lover of Callisto. Fontenrose also ...
Grand Duke Constantine... Allies was confirmed by the decision to send in the Russian Imperial Guard;, Tsar Alexander's brother, commanded the Guard and counterattacked in Va ...
Qin Shi Huang... from rice in the 1st century CE. This date could be revised if the tomb ofis excavated and the account in the Records of the Grand Historian concern ...
Augustus... all days after the Ides, and had some odd effects. For example, the emperorwas born in 63 BC on the 23rd day of September. In the pre-Julian calendar ...
Prusias II... urth in descent from Nicomedes I. Nicomedes II was the son and successor ofand Apame IV. His parents were related, as they were uncle and niece, as w ...
Cyrus the Great... st documented claim (Xenophon) attributes the invention to the Persian King(550 BC), while other writers credit his successor Darius I of Persia (521 ...
Akbar... ngir did not seem to have anything against Christianity. He wrote fondly of's reign, when "Sunnis and Shias met in one mosque, and Franks and Jews in ...
Edward I of England... ather Eric who raised the question again. Eric sent official ambassadors to, then in Gascony, in May 1289, with papers referring to Margaret as "Quee ...
Tiglath-Pileser III... his from the Assyrian side, Stanley Rosenbaum maintains that the records ofdemonstrate that the Assyrian king distinguished between two kingdoms in t ...
Aegeus... is a back-formation from "Aegean", the sea that was named for an eponymousin early levels of Greek mythology. The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1911) me ...
Rupert of Germany... ter Louis IV and the first Wittelsbach King of the Romans since the rule of
Fëanorian... Anfauglith, the Gasping Dust. Both Fingolfin, High-king of the Noldor, andNoldor led by Maedhros had maintained camps of cavalry on Ard-galen as a f ...
Maximilian I of Bavaria... came a member of the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. Consequently, Kingintroduced far reaching economic, religious and administrative reforms. Wh ...
King Arthur... he ages been modified to accommodate other gods and folk heroes, among themand, more recently, in a Dartmoor folk legend, Sir Francis Drake. At Cadbu ...
Nicomedes I... s the king of Bithynia from 149 to c. 127 BC. He was fourth in descent from. Nicomedes II was the son and successor of Prusias II and Apame IV. His p ...
Sancho II of Portugal... le to stem the rising flood of Christian attacks, launched almost yearly by, Alfonso IX of León, Ferdinand III of Castile and James I of Aragon. The ...
Maximilian I... s II was married to Mary of Habsburg, a Habsburg princess, granddaughter of, as stipulated by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne w ...
Cyaxares... d Babylonians. On May 28, 585 BC, during the Battle of Halys fought against, king of Media, a solar eclipse took place (see also Thales); hostilities ...
Cædwalla of Wessex... of Northumbria was converted in the mid 620s. However, later kings, such as, who ruled in the 680s, are recorded as pagan at their accession
Catherine Parr... , Edward VI, and was made king's chaplain and almoner to the queen dowager,. In 1551, he became Bishop of Exeter, but was deposed in 1553 after the s ...
Edward III... he became dissatisfied with Richard's treatment of him. As a descendant of, through John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Thomas of Woodstock, 1s ...
Darius I of Persia... ian King Cyrus the Great (550 BC), while other writers credit his successor(521 BC). Other sources claim much earlier dates for an Assyrian postal sy ...
Alfonso IX of León... lood of Christian attacks, launched almost yearly by Sancho II of Portugal,, Ferdinand III of Castile and James I of Aragon. The next twenty years sa ...
Maximilian... ath Louis had been adopted by Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I in 1515. WhenI died in 1519, Louis was raised by his legal guardian, his cousin Georg v ...
Julius CaesarWhenadded days to some months, he added them to the end of the month, so as no ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... d on liaisons with Sergei Saltykov, Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov (1734–1783),, Alexander Vasilchikov, and others. She became friends with Princess Ekat ...
Aurelius Severus... his arthritic aches. Baden was also known as Aurelia Aquensis, in honour of, during whose reign Baden would seem to have been well known. Fragments o ...
Antiochus IV EpiphanesAfter the death of, the Seleucid Empire became increasingly unstable. Frequent civil wars ma ...
Lorenzo de' Medici... when he returned to settle for a time in Florence in November 1484 and metand Marsilio Ficino, on the astrologically auspicious day Ficino had chose ...
Pope Pius XII... king and precedent-setting case quotes extensively from an address given byto medical professionals on the matter of preservation of life
Francis II... ch, he died in March 1792. The French declared war on his inexperienced sona month later
Elisabeth of Valois... n went back to the marriage of Philip II of Spain with the French Princess,. The marriage was only briefly happy, and the King's duties often kept th ...
Henry Tudor... rd's rival claimants; alternatively, he could have been acting on behalf of(later to become King Henry VII). On the other hand, if Buckingham were gu ...
Emperor Wu of Han... rtner. When, despite the treaty, the Xiongnu continued to raid Han borders,(r. 141–87 BCE) launched several military campaigns against them. The ulti ...
Philip V of Spain... to defend from foreign aggression than Sardinia. The treaty also recognised's son, Don Carlos, as the heir to the Duchy of Parma and Grand Duchy of T ...
Carl IIIThe town of Levanger was founded by, king of Sweden on 18 May 1836, on the site where the village of Levanger ...
Louis the Pious... texts to write his Life. The style is similar to that of two biographies of: Vita Hludovici Imperatoris, written c. 840 by an unknown author usually ...
Maximilian I... hemia. Upon his father's death Louis had been adopted by Holy Roman Emperorin 1515. When Maximilian I died in 1519, Louis was raised by his legal gua ...
Polynices... es. During the time he reigned there it happened that Tydeus of Calydon andof Thebes, both fugitives from their native countries, met at Argos near t ...
Norodom Sihanouk... Khmer Rouge", French for "Red Khmer," was coined by Cambodian head of stateand was later adopted by English speakers. It was used to refer to a succe ...
Archduke Charles'AfterAustrian army was defeated by Napoleon at the Battle of Wagram, the Armist ...
Henry III of England... . His family appears to have been well-off, but, during the stormy reign of, their property was despoiled and several members of the family were driv ...
Charles V... e Spanish governors began importing enslaved Africans as laborers. In 1517,authorized the draft of slaves. The Taíno people became virtually, but not ...
Enmerkar... ta has natural resources (i.e. gold, silver, lapis lazuli) that Uruk needs., king in Uruk, comes to Inanna requesting that a temple be built in Uruk ...
Nicomedes III... assisted them against Eumenes III of Pergamon. He was succeeded by his son
Muhammad... acob is also important as his life drew numerous parallels with the life of. Jacob suffered great loss repeatedly, as did Muhammad in the Year of Sor ...
Marie Louise... 1835, Paganini returned to Parma, this time under the employ of Archduchessof Austria, Napoleon's second wife. He was in charge of reorganizing her c ...
Emperor Fei of Chen... of Emperor Wen, his son, the weak-willed Chen Bozong, took power and became. His uncle, Chen Xu, after essentially controlling the country through hi ...
Catherine HowardHoward was the great-grandfather of Anne Boleyn and, the second and fifth Queens consort, respectively, of King Henry VIII. T ...
Köten... th century. Cumans were granted asylum and settled in Hungary in 1239 underKhan. Komondor remains have been found in Cuman gravesites
Ghanima... urner, and Chani dies giving birth to his only heirs, the twins Leto II and. Paul disappears into the desert, in accordance with Fremen custom for th ...
Cnut the Great#redirect
Demetrius I Soter... young son, Antiochus V Eupator, was first overthrown by Seleucus IV's son,in 161 BC. Demetrius I attempted to restore Seleucid power in Judea partic ...
Hammurabi... laim much earlier dates for an Assyrian postal system, with credit given to(1700 BC) and Sargon II (722 BC). Mail may not have been the primary missi ...
Henry IV of FranceBorn at the Château de Fontainebleau, Louis XIII was the oldest child of(1553–1610) and Marie de' Medici (1575–1642). As son of the King, he was a ...
Hu Jintao... 2006. The center was completed in 2009 and opened by the Chinese President
Uncle Claudius... film student, Julia Stiles co-stars as Ophelia, Laertes by Liev Schreiber,by Kyle MacLachlan, and Polonius by Bill Murray
Cynegils of Wessex... ghout his life. Records survive of the baptism of other kings at this time—was baptized in about 640, for example, and Edwin of Northumbria was conve ...
Pope John Paul II... e sanctifying value of work, and its fidelity to Catholic beliefs. In 2002,canonized Escrivá, and called him "the saint of ordinary life.
Queen Mary I... , Oxford and in 1560 was awarded his Bachelor's degree. During the reign of, Christ Church became a centre of Catholic support, and Harrison converte ...
Constantine I of Greece... s made large gains. On 22 September 1922, Philip's uncle, the reigning King, was forced to abdicate, and Prince Andrew, along with others, was arrest ...
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte... dent of France at 48, the third youngest president in French history, afterand Jean Casimir-Perier. He promised "change in continuity". He made clear ...
Nicholas II of Russia... ded more fuel to the already simmering Russian Revolution of 1905, an eventhad hoped to avoid entirely by taking intransigent negotiating stances pri ...
Sher Ali... c mission to Kabul in 1878, Britain demanded that the ruler of Afghanistan,, accept a British diplomatic mission. The mission was turned back, and in ...
Louis Bonaparte... unst-Gallerij). In 1808 the museum moved to Amsterdam on the orders of king, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. The paintings owned by that city, such as ...
Edward II of England... ition since Edward and Eric could arrange Margaret's marriage to the future, or some other if they chose, without reference to the Guardians. Accordi ...
Albert of Mecklenburg's... arms of Sweden in 1442. The national coat of arms is a combination of Kingcoat of arms of 1364 and King Magnus Birgersson's coat of arms of 1275, an ...
Marie de' Medici... leau, Louis XIII was the oldest child of Henry IV of France (1553–1610) and(1575–1642). As son of the King, he was a Fils de France, and as the eldes ...
Astyages... eded by his son Croesus. His daughter Aryenis of Lydia was Queen consort of, King of Media
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... his father Charles Albert aspired to an even higher rank. As son-in-law of, Charles Albert rejected the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and claimed the G ...
Louis William... French, who pillaged it in 1643 and left it in ashes in 1689. The margrave, popularly known as Türkenlouis, moved to Rastatt in 1705
Hatshepsut... . However, some time not long after the death of her husband (Thutmose II),assumed the royal regalia and the title of pharaoh, reigning for 21 years. ...
James I... he remains of Queen Mary were later removed to Westminster Abbey by her sonwhen he became King of England
Ho Chi Minh... litical lyrics "I'm goin' to Paris to stop this war" and "I had a chat with" both social commentary references about wanting to go to the Paris Peace ...
Pope Benedict====2008====In April, during a visit to the United States,admitted that he was "deeply ashamed" of the clergy sex abuse scandal that ...
King George VTolworth has a King George's Field in memorial to, where Corinthian-Casuals F.C. (two semi-pro football teams that have sin ...
Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor... or after 995. By this marriage, he became the brother-in-law of the future. Giselle arrived at her husband's court accompanied by German knights
Gilgamesh... ures, Eastern and Western, spanning all the way back to the first god king,
Thoas#### Peparethu
Charles Knutsson... rding to this theory, the Swedish flag was created during the reign of King, who also introduced the Coat of arms of Sweden in 1442. The national coa ...
Cadmus... o him the twins Phrixus and Helle. He subsequently married Ino, daughter of, with whom, he had two children: Learches and
Alcetas of EpirusIn 385 BC,was a refugee in Dionysus' court. Dionysus wanted a friendly monarch in Ep ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... g the more famous descendants of the Marlboroughs are Winston Churchill and
Attalus II PhiladelphusSupported by, king of Pergamon, he was completely successful, and ordered his father t ...
Mount CithaeronIt emerges that this messenger was formerly a shepherd on, and that he was given a baby, which the childless Polybus then adopted. ...
Commodus... ied in the Mithraeum at Carrawburgh. Accounts of the cruelty of the emperordescribes his amusing himself by enacting Mithriac initiation ordeals in h ...
Louis XIV... y (the "Ancients") against supporters of the literature from the century of(the "Moderns"). He was on the side of the Moderns and wrote Le Siècle de ...
CreonAfter the battle,, king of Thebes, ordered that none of the fallen enemies were to be given ...
Pope Pius XII... priest St. Josemaría Escrivá, Opus Dei was given final approval in 1950 by. In 1982, by decision of Pope John Paul II, the Catholic Church made it i ...
Oedipus... sent forms). Orion's blinding is therefore parallel to that of Aegypius and
Pope John Paul II... a became the first saint from a Central European country to be canonized bybefore the "Velvet Revolution" later that year. After the dissolution of C ...
Emperor Xuan of Chen... e country through his short reign, eventually deposed him and took power as. At that time, the Northern Wei intended to conquer Northern Qi and thus ...
Numa Pompilius... he calendar year was changed to 1 January. Ancient authors attributed it to. Varro states that, according to M. Fulvius Nobilior (consul in 189 BC), ...
CroesusHe was succeeded by his son. His daughter Aryenis of Lydia was Queen consort of Astyages, King of Med ...
Philippa of LancasterOn 11 February 1387, John I married, daughter of John of Gaunt, who had proved to be a worthy ally, consolida ...
Princess Alice of Battenberg... ly son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and. Philip's four elder sisters were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and Sophi ...
Alexander Balas... store Seleucid power in Judea particularly, but was overthrown in 150 BC by— an impostor who (with Egyptian backing) claimed to be the son of Epiphan ...
Charles V, Holy Roman EmperorIn 1543 Cambrai was conquered by, and annexed to his already vast possessions. He had the medieval monaste ...
Augustus... description of the road system, after the death of Julius Caesar and duringtenure, is as follows
Elisa Baciocchi... nnexed by Napoleonic France, and the region was ceded to Napoleon's sister,. Paganini became a violinist for the Baciocchi court, while giving privat ...
Khosrau II... of the kings and heroes of Persia from mythical times down to the reign of(590–628). The xvatāynamāk contained historical information on the later S ...
Magneto's... period of general turmoil and a number of attacks by superhumans, includingAcolytes who were unwilling to forgive the former Genoshan government for ...
King Talal... in, among them Muammar Gaddafi, who mocked him and his schizophrenic father. The attempt to establish a peace agreement between the two sides failed. ...
Ardashir I... s originally written during the late Sassanid era, and gave accounts of howcame to power which, because of its historical proximity, is thought to be ...
Hadingus... what has often been interpreted as a trip to Hel. While having dinner, Kingis visited by a woman bearing stalks of hemlock who asks him if he knows w ...
Aeëtes... fter her) and died, but Phrixus survived all the way to Colchis, where Kingtook him in and treated him kindly, giving Phrixus his daughter Chalciope ...
Eric the HolyAccording to the mythology, the 12th century Swedish kingsaw a golden cross in the sky as he landed in Finland during the First Swe ...
Muhammad... which the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Islamic prophet,
SauronThe eagle who brings the news of's defeat to Minas Tirith refers to the city as the Tower of Anor. The eag ...
Demetrius II Nicator... er Balas reigned until 145 BC, when he was overthrown by Demetrius I's son,. Demetrius II proved unable to control the whole of the kingdom, however. ...
Anacaona... rotectorate, and Bohechio, childless at death, was succeeded by his sister,, wife of the cacique Caonabo. Anacaona tried to maintain cordial relation ...
Julius Caesar... nerary of Antoninus, the description of the road system, after the death ofand during Augustus tenure, is as follows
King George III's... e of Fort Condé to Fort Charlotte, after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz,queen
Joachim Murat... ari was wakened from its provincial somnolence by Napoleon's brother-in-law. As Napoleonic King of Naples, Murat ordered the building in 1808 of a ne ...
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands... has two younger brothers: Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, born in 1968, and, born in 1969. He lived with his family at the castle Drakesteijn in the ...
Agesilaus... 15,000 Molossians, and Alcetas regained his throne. Sparta intervened under, however, and with aid from Thessaly, Macedonia, and the Molossians thems ...
Amphiaraus... hebes, in which Adrastus was joined by six other heroes, Polynices, Tydeus,, Capaneus, Hippomedon, and Parthenopaeus. Instead of Tydeus and Polynices ...
Henry the Navigator... uke of Coimbra, was one of the most learned princes of his time; and Prince, the duke of Viseu, invested heavily in science and the development of na ...
Thutmose III... Pekah/Menahem rivalry. When Thutmose II died, the intended heir was his son, who was still a boy. However, some time not long after the death of her ...
Konrad I of MasoviaUpon the invitation of Duke, the Teutonic Knights took possession of Prussia in the 13th century and ...
PeleusAchilles was the son of the nymph Thetis and, the king of the Myrmidons. Zeus and Poseidon had been rivals for the han ...
Dionysius the Younger... to others, he was poisoned by his physicians at the instigation of his son,who succeeded him as ruler of Syracuse. His life was written by Philistus, ...
Marcus Furius Camillus... d was added in the following century, possibly by the soldier and statesman. A long held tradition of speaking from the elevated speakers' Rostra—ori ...
Henry Tudor... reated to be spread in England as an excuse for the October 1483 attempt ofand Buckingham to seize the throne, making Henry and Buckingham other like ...
Henry III of France... er was the first Bourbon King of France, having succeeded his ninth cousin,(1574–1589), in application of Salic law. Louis XIII's paternal grandparen ...
Magnus Birgersson's... flag. Blue and yellow have been used as Swedish colours at least since kingroyal coat of arms of 1275
Prince Friso of Orange-NassauHe has two younger brothers:, born in 1968, and Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands, born in 1969. H ...
MagnetoThe United Nations ceded the island nation to the powerful mutant, after he demanded an entire mutants-only nation. Magneto and his Acolyte ...
Liliuokalani... irst order of business for the Provisional Government after the deposing ofwas to form an interim government while Lorrin A. Thurston was in Washingt ...
Pharaoh... d courier service for the diffusion of written documents is in Egypt, wheres used couriers for the diffusion of their decrees in the territory of the ...
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... ndôme and Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre; his maternal grandparents wereand Johanna, archduchess of Austria, and Eleonora de' Medici, his maternal ...
Mongkut... i Armed Forces came into existence as permanent force at the behest of King, who needed a European trained military force in order to thwart any west ...
Stefan NemanjaThe medieval Serbian state is formed byand continued by the Nemanjić dynasty. By the end of the century, both the ...
Achilles... humans whom they had bitten. Homer, in the Iliad, describes the approach oftoward Troy in these words
Emperor Muzong of Liao... inese dominoes are also available as playing cards. It is not clear whetherreally played with domino cards as early as 969, though. Legend dates the ...
TheodoricOdoacer's rule came to an end when the Ostrogoths, under the leadership of, conquered Italy. This led to the Gothic War against the armies of Byzant ...
William III of England... r fish." This land was located in the eastern segment of an tract that Kinggranted to Stephanus Van Cortlandt of New York City in 1697. The part of V ...
Polybus... pherd on Mount Cithaeron, and that he was given a baby, which the childlessthen adopted. The baby, he says, was given to him by another shepherd from ...
Humaira BegumHe married(1918–2002) on 7 November 1931 and had six sons and two daughters
Emperor Jing of Northern Zhou... ng Jian defeated his rival General Weichi Jiong, he usurped the throne fromand established the Sui Dynasty, crowning himself Emperor Wen of Sui. He p ...
King Charles I... o discovers that she is Enrichetta (Henrietta Maria), widow of the executed. Elvira appears singing a joyful polonaise ("Son vergin vezzosa"), but dr ...
Aurelian... enerable day of the sun, referencing the esoteric eastern sun-worship whichhad helped introduce, and his coinage still carried the symbols of the sun ...
Bona Sforza... ged the castle, which she made her residence, 1499–1524. After the death of, Queen of Poland, Bari came to be included in the Kingdom of Naples and i ...
Henry VII... ted for himself, on Richard's orders, or in collusion with the Tudor party.(Henry Tudor) following his accession, proceeded to find a legal excuse to ...
Herod the Great... indeed as late as the First Jewish–Roman War was still considered Idumean.built the wall which still surrounds the Cave of the Patriarchs. During th ...
Leopold II of Belgium... r husband Albert, Prince Consort, Empress Carlota of Mexico and her brother. These last two, Leopold and Carlota, were also first cousins of Ferdinan ...
Septimius Severus... s Heliopolis (there was another Heliopolis in Egypt), was made a colonia byin 193, having been part of the territory of Berytus on the Phoenician coa ...
Hu Jintao... development gap between urban and rural areas. As a result, under Presidentand Premier Wen Jiabao, the PRC government initiated policies to address t ...
Liudolf... e was Count Wichmann, mentioned as a Billung in 811. Oda, the wife of Count, oldest known member of the Liudolfing House, was also a Billung
Kublai Khan... urney to the Orient, paying back the library by adding the Great Books from's Empire of Cathay to it upon Marco's return. The Venice Library was lost ...
RugilaThe death of(also known as Rua or Ruga) in 434 left the sons of his brother Mundzuk, A ...
Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg... e sole legal religion of France. In response to the Edict of Fontainebleau,declared the , giving free passage to Huguenot refugees, and tax-free stat ...
Emperor An of Jin... ause he believed in a prophecy saying there would be one more emperor after, he deposed Emperor An, and soon afterwards Emperor An's replacement, Emp ...
Albert, Duke of Prussia... en und etliche umbliegende lender (Map of Prussia and Neighboring Lands) to, who had been trying to compute the exact time of sunrise. Rheticus made ...
Philip IIIn 1561, Kingmade Madrid the capital of the empire. The surrounding territories became ...
Septimius Severus... the writings of the ancients. The former is last mentioned in the reign of(circa 200 AD)
Amélie of Leuchtenberg... diately went to the Janelas Verdes palace, where he met with his stepmother. The two had not seen each other in forty years, and the meeting was emot ...
Henry II... ley. His efficiency in those posts led to Theobald recommending him to Kingfor the vacant post of Lord Chancellor, to which Becket was appointed in J ...
Manuel I KomnenosBari was occupied bybetween 1155–1158. In 1246, Bari was sacked and razed to the ground; Frede ...
Menahem... on is consistent with evidence of the Assyrian chronicles, which agree withbeing king in 743 BC or 742 BC and Hoshea being king from 732 BC
Gediminids... n; no historic records note any connections between his descendants and thedynasty that ruled Lithuania and Poland until 1572. A 17th-century rector ...
Charles the Bald... lemagne’s death, his newly empowered warrior class grew stronger still, anddeclared their fiefs to be hereditary. The period of chaos in the 9th and ...
Muhammad... , it is, in fact from the bequest of [the sahaba (companion) of the prophetTamim-al Dari and others.... The Amir of Khurasan...has assigned to this c ...
Catherine Howard... belonging to Catherine Parr and the cameo beads appear to have belonged to, from whom they would have passed to her successor as queen
Peter II of AragonIn 1213, forces led by King, came to the aid of Toulouse. The force besieged Muret, but in September ...
John II of Portugal... pe the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed (by King) the Cape of Good Hope (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because it represented the ...
Beatrice of Savoy... , who was the eldest of the four daughters of Ramon, count of Provence, and
Bernadotte's... tled upon a secondary line of retreat through Brunn. The Imperial Guard andI Corps were held in reserve while the V Corps under Lannes guarded the no ...
Lady Jane Grey... hn in the National Portrait Gallery was for many years thought to represent. The painting has recently been re-identified as Catherine Parr, with who ...
Vytautas the Great... assing references from Grand Duke Gediminas and was not mentioned at all by. His known family relations end with his children; no historic records no ...
Eumenes III... Nicomedes adhered steadily to the Roman alliance, and assisted them againstof Pergamon. He was succeeded by his son Nicomedes III
Allectus... ximian's subordinate, Constantius, campaigned against Carausius' successor,, while Maximian held the Rhine frontier. The rebel leader was ousted in 2 ...
Duke MagnusThe house became extinct whendied in 1106 without sons; the family's property was divided between his t ...
Hyrcanus II... asmonean line, thought a new era of independence had come. When Phasael andset out on an embassy to the Parthians, the Parthians instead captured the ...
Septimius Severus... gest religious building in the entire Roman empire, dates from the reign of(193-211 CE), whose coins first show the two temples. In commemoration, no ...
Theodosius II... thers' accession, the Hun tribes were bargaining with Eastern Roman Emperor's envoys for the return of several s (possibly Hunnic nobles who disagree ...
Lady Jane Grey... een seven executions within the castle on Tower Green; as was the case with, this was reserved for prisoners for whom public execution was considered ...
Franz Joseph... dinand I were forced to resign to be replaced by the emperor's young nephew. Separatist tendencies (especially in Lombardy and Hungary) were suppress ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ich Count Lestocq, Peter's aunt (the ruling Russian Empress Elizabeth), andtook part. Lestocq and Frederick wanted to strengthen the friendship betwe ...
Hummay... African traders, Berbers and Arabs, brought the new religion. Towards 1068,, a member of the Sayfawa establishment, who was already a Muslim, discard ...
Christian IV of DenmarkEidsvoll Verk was opened to smelt iron ore by Kingin 1624, relying on the excellent water power from the Andelva river. In 1 ...
AllectusCarausius was assassinated and replaced by his treasurer,. Constantius marched up the coast to the Rhine and Scheldt estuaries wher ...
Philip V... the region was not solved despite the several attempts. During the reign of, the intendencia was created as a policial and administrative division. N ...
Prince William... from William Congreve and John Arbuthnot. In 1727 he wrote for six year old, later the Duke of Cumberland, Fifty-one Fables in Verse, for which he na ...
Bleda... own as Rua or Ruga) in 434 left the sons of his brother Mundzuk, Attila and(Buda), in control of the united Hun tribes. At the time of two brothers' ...
Maximian... he Great, who had retired to the Egyptian Thebaid during the persecution of, AD 312, was the most celebrated among them for his austerities, his sanc ...
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor... omnenos between 1155–1158. In 1246, Bari was sacked and razed to the ground;and King of Sicily, repaired the fortress of Baris but it was subsequentl ...
Franz Ferdinand... rife increased during the decades until 1914. The assassination of Archduke, who was the presumed heir of Franz Joseph as Emperor, in Sarajevo by a S ...
Hoshea... ian chronicles, which agree with Menahem being king in 743 BC or 742 BC andbeing king from 732 BC
Marie de' Medici... age of eight-and-a-half, upon the assassination of his father. His mother,, acted as Regent until Louis XIII came of age at thirteen. Marie maintain ...
Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan... Persian king Khosrau I, sent troops under the command of Vahriz, who helpedto drive the Ethiopian Aksumites out of Yemen. Southern Arabia became a Pe ...
Emperor Gaozu of Han... 280 CE). It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as. It was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty (9–23 CE) of the former re ...
Charles the First... its buildings were commandeered by the Royalists and used to house many of's court when Oxford was used as the Royalists' capital. This included the ...
Hyrcanus II... us IV and Alexander, were in their adulthood also executed by their father.had been held by the Parthians since 40 BCE. For four years, until 36 BCE, ...
Julius CaesarIn the 50s BC, Aquitania was conquered by lieutenants ofand became part of the Roman Empire
Sauron... Necromancer was a pseudonym used by Tolkien in The Hobbit for the character. The song departs from the story of the book as Part III sees the return ...
Joanna of CastileOn 21 June 1511, queenordered the creation of the Consulate of Bilbao. This would become the mos ...
Julius CaesarOver time the Comitium was lost to the ever-growing Curia and to's rearrangements before his assassination in 44 BC. That year two supreme ...
Alfonso XI of Castile... er James, who had refused to consummate the marriage. She was the sister of. Because of some favoritism he showed towards his second wife, the last y ...
Emperor Wen of Sui... ror Jing of Northern Zhou and established the Sui Dynasty, crowning himself. He proceeded to invade the south to reunify China. Emperor Xuan had just ...
Cnut the Great... York. The Viking presence continued throughout the reign of the Danish King(1016–1035), after which a series of inheritance arguments weakened power ...
Francis Stephen... of smallpox, which upset Maria Theresa. Léopold Clément's younger brother,, was invited to Vienna, but Maria Theresa's father considered other possi ...
Teresa d'EntençaBy
Grand Prince of the Hungarians... 38, Esztergom or Székesfehérvár, Kingdom of Hungary), born as Vajk, was the(997–1000) and the first (1000–1038)
Witch-king... terial derived from them) name the eight other than Khamûl; Er-Murazor (the, of Númenórean race), Dwar of Waw, Ji Indur Dawndeath, Akhorahil (Númenór ...
Gian Galeazzo SforzaIsabella di Aragona, princess of Naples and widow of the Duke of Milan, enlarged the castle, which she made her residence, 1499–1524. After the ...
Hugh X of Lusignan... English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husbandfrom supporting the English side. Pierre Mauclerc did support the English ...
Valentinian I... in the Roman West, he was a recognizable figure in the court of the Emperor. Ambrose never married
Philip the Arab... entury BCE (reign of Augustus) and over a period of two centuries (reign of), the Romans had built a temple complex in Baalbek consisting of three te ...
Enver Hoxha... Albania, where his films were the only ones by Western actors permitted byto be shown. Charlie Chaplin once referred to Wisdom as his "favourite clo ...
Titus... ys suggested that he based his narrative of the destruction of Jerusalem byon the account given by Tacitus in his Histories, a portion of which has b ...
Æthelbald of Mercia... t surviving documented allusion to Yeading dates from 757 AD, in which yearmade a land grant which mentioned Geddinges (Yeading) and Fiscesburne (Cra ...
MuhammadIslam came to Yemen around 630, during the Islamic prophet's lifetime. At that time the Persian governor Badhan was ruling. Thereaft ...
Wang Mang... t was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty (9–23 CE) of the former regent. This interregnum separates the Han into two periods: the Western Han (20 ...
Lulach... y Duncan's son Malcolm. The following year, after killing Macbeth's stepson, Malcolm ascended the throne as Malcolm III
CarausiusThe man he appointed to police the Channel shores,, rebelled in 286, causing the secession of Britain and northwestern Gaul. ...
Sauron... were also created for the Ents, but, in the Second Age, were driven out by
Margaret of Provence... e same year, he was married, and Blanche became Queen mother. Louis married, who was the eldest of the four daughters of Ramon, count of Provence, an ...
AhazWhen Pekah allied with Rezin, king of Aram to attack, the king of Judah, Ahaz appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Ass ...
Richard III of EnglandHe was appointed Lord High Steward and walked in front of King, carrying the crown at his coronation. However, John was the eldest (alth ...
Prince Edward... Lewes in 1264 he was forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, under which his son,, was given over to the rebels as a hostage. Edward was taken back to Keni ...
Philip II of Macedon... the Macedonian sarissa, used by the troops of Alexander the Great's father,, and successive dynasties, which dominated warfare for several centuries ...
Valentinian II... stern Emperor Gratian held orthodox belief in the Nicene creed, the younger, who became his colleague in the Empire, adhered to the Arian creed. Ambr ...
Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy... thune, duc de Sully, who was unpopular in the country. She mainly relied on, Noël Brûlart de Sillery, and Pierre Jeannin. Marie pursued a moderate po ...
Elizabeth I of England... om of branding a criminal with the sign (fleurdeliser). During the reign of, known as the Elizabethan era, it was a standard name for an iris, a usag ...
Emperor Ming of Han... an and was first mentioned in 65 CE. Liu Ying (d. 71 CE), a half-brother to(r. 57–75 CE), was one of its earliest Chinese adherents, although Chinese ...
Charles II of Spain... in as Charles III following the death of its ruler, and Charles's relative,, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by wh ...
Umar... ding villages to be a part of al-Dari's domain; this was implemented during's reign as caliph. According to the arrangement, al-Dari and his descenda ...
Alexander the Great... thod described above involved the Macedonian sarissa, used by the troops of's father, Philip II of Macedon, and successive dynasties, which dominated ...
Suleiman the Magnificent... Hadrian's city, well within the Old City walls, which were built by Sultanin 1538. Some have claimed that the city had been much narrower in Jesus' ...
Ali ibn Yusuf... he went to Marrakesh, where he successfully tracked down the Almoravid emirat a local mosque, and challenged the emir, and the leading scholars of th ...
Tiglath-Pileser III... ith Rezin, king of Aram to attack Ahaz, the king of Judah, Ahaz appealed to, the king of Assyria, for help. This the Assyrian king obliged, but Judah ...
Jane Seymour... . Coincidentally, this was also the illness that killed Henry's third wife,. It was not uncommon, due to the lack of hygiene around childbirth. Never ...
DiocletianIn 297, as Emperorreformed the administrative structures of the Roman Empire, Aquitania was ...
King Haakon... Norwegian troops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's, Crown Prince, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue t ...
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... its ruler, and Charles's relative, Charles II of Spain, in 1700. He married, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habs ...
Theodosius I... eed. Ambrose did not sway the young prince's position. In the East, Emperorlikewise professed the Nicene creed; but there were many adherents of Aria ...
Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-ZerbstCatherine's fatherbelonged to the ruling family of Anhalt, but held the rank of a Prussian g ...
Philip IV of France... n Friday 13 October 1307 the Knights Templar were ordered to be arrested by. It was suggested, in the book Born in Blood: The Lost Secrets of Freemas ...
Chen Shubao... th to reunify China. Emperor Xuan had just died and his son incompetent son(Houzhu of Chen) took power. He was licentious and wasteful, resulting in ...
Princess Margriet... lhelmina went to Canada in 1943 to attend the christening of her grandchildon 29 June 1943 in Ottawa and stayed awhile with her family before returni ...
Augustus... r divination. Starting in the last quarter of the 1st century BCE (reign of) and over a period of two centuries (reign of Philip the Arab), the Roman ...
Odin... n the Poetic Edda, Brynhildr's trip to Hel after her death is described and, while alive, also visits Hel upon his horse Sleipnir. In Snorri Sturluso ...
Yu the Great... of alcohol date back to the Xia Dynasty (ca. 2070 BC–ca. 1600 BC) in China., the first ruler of the Xia Dynasty, prohibited alcohol throughout the ki ...
Traidenis... ed during the next seven years. Stability did not return until the reign of, designated Grand Duke ca. 1270
Albert FrederickOn 19 July 1569, whenrendered King Sigismund II homage and was in return enfeoffed as Duke of P ...
Henry VIII... yed in 1538, during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, on orders from King. The king also destroyed Becket's bones and ordered that all mention of h ...
Pope John XXIII... on in a manner and to a degree appropriate to their present divided state.", who convoked the Council that brought this change of emphasis about, sai ...
Queen Anne... seven inches in diameter, i.e. . It had been redefined during the reign of, in 1706, as 231 cubic inches exactly , which is the result of the earlie ...
Charles Martel... Europe in 711. So it was that the armies of the Frankish ruler and warlord, which defeated the Umayyad Arab invasion at the Battle of Tours in 732, ...
Albert FrederickWhen Albert died in 1568, his teenage son (exact age is unknown)inherited the duchy. Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, who had co ...
Kenneth MacAlpin... eir name to Scotland), of the Irish petty kingdom of Dál Riata in the west.is traditionally viewed as the first king of a united Scotland (known as S ...
Emperor Wu of Liu Song... Jin in 420 AD, ending the Eastern Jin dynasty. Even after crowning himself, he remained diligently frugal. However, he did not care for education an ...
Princess Margaret of Prussia... e up her faith to become Russian Orthodox. The tsar then sent emissaries to, daughter of German Emperor Frederick III and sister of German Emperor Wi ...
MaxentiusIn late 306, Maximian took the title of Augustus again and aided his son' rebellion in Italy. In April 307, he attempted to depose his son, but fa ...
Rinaldo d'Este... rival, Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1708 and annexed to Modena by Duke, the exiled male line becoming extinct in 1747
Trajan... when the sanctuary of the Heliopolitan Jupiter-Baal was a pilgrimage site.'s biographer records that the emperor consulted the oracle there. Trajan ...
Henry... landowners, including churches and bishoprics. King Henry even sent his sonto live in Becket's household, it being the custom then for noble children ...
William IV... y coin between 1797 and 1970, occasional issues such as the fourpence underbetween 1836 and 1837, and on the 50 pence coin between 1969 and 2008. See ...
Juliana... gn of 57 years and 286 days, Wilhelmina abdicated in favour of her daughter, because of advancing age and illness which had already caused two regenc ...
Antiochus IV Epiphanes... imately assassinated by his minister Heliodorus. Seleucus' younger brother,, now seized the throne. He attempted to restore Seleucid power and presti ...
Jiang ZeminPresidentand Premier Zhu Rongji, both former mayors of Shanghai, led the nation in ...
Elizabeth I... nominations in nine years for Mrs. Brown in 1997; her Oscar-winning turn asin Shakespeare in Love in 1998; for Chocolat in 2000; for the lead role of ...
Simon de MontfortHenry III granted Kenilworth in 1244 to, Earl of Leicester, who later became a leader in the Second Barons' War ( ...
Joanna of CastilePhilip andhad six children
Holy Roman Emperor... ereign of the Habsburg Empire. He succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as, King of Bohemia (Charles II), Hungary and Croatia (Charles III), Archduk ...
Sarolt... n of Esztergom. His father was Grand Prince Géza of Hungary; his mother was, daughter of Gyula of Transylvania a Hungarian nobleman who had been bapt ...
Edward IV of England... prowess on the field during the Battle of Towton, he won the admiration ofwho made him Constable of Norwich Castle, High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suff ...
King Constantine I... its territory and population. In the following years, the struggle betweenand charismatic Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos over the country's fo ...
Fidel Castro... included a two-part program on Nikita Khrushchev, the St. Lawrence Seaway,in Cuba, and unemployment problems in distressed areas
Franz Joseph I of Austria... of his Catholic Austrian relatives, particularly that of his uncle, Emperor
Offa of Mercia... down in Wulfhere's reign, but other suggested origins include the reign of, or Edwin or Oswiu of Northumbria
George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven... l, living with his maternal grandmother at Kensington Palace and his uncle,, at Lynden Manor in Bray, Berkshire. In the next three years, his four si ...
Crown Prince... oops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's King Haakon,, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue the Elverum Aut ...
Ashurbanipal... d Nineveh. Of particular interest to curators was the eventual discovery of's great library of cuneiform tablets, which helped to make the Museum a f ...
Gediminas... is support as lukewarm. He received only passing references from Grand Dukeand was not mentioned at all by Vytautas the Great. His known family relat ...
Khalifa bin Hamad Al ThaniIn February 1972, the Heir Apparent, Sheikh, deposed his cousin, Ahmed bin Ali Al Thani, and assumed power. Key membe ...
Alexander the Great... in pike square formations. A similar weapon, the sarissa, was also used by's Macedonian phalanx infantry to great effect
Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)... nly at Princess Alix, safe in the knowledge that Alexander III and his wife, both vigorously anti-German, had no intention of permitting a match with ...
Seleucus IV PhilopatorThe reign of his son and successor(187-175 BC) was largely spent in attempts to pay the large indemnity, and ...
Pope John Paul II... ncil's decree on ecumenism, Unitatis Redintegratio of 21 November 1964, and's encyclical, Ut Unum Sint of 25 May 1995
Elizabeth I... nt college, Trinity College, was established by Royal Charter in 1592 underand was closed to Roman Catholics until Catholic Emancipation. The Catholi ...
Abd al-Mu'min... disciples - notably, al-Bashir (who would become his chief strategist) and(a Zenata Berber, who would later become his successor)
Roger II of Sicily... moald increased the cult of St Nicholas in his city. He later did homage to, but rebelled and was defeated in 1132
Schoeneus... lment of the oracle, settled there and married a third wife, Themisto (son:). The spot was afterwards called the Athamanian plain. When Athamas retur ...
Saladin... ulayhi between 1047-1063. Turan-Shah annexed Yemen to the Ayyubid Empire ofin 1173. The Rasulid dynasty ruled Yemen, with Zabid as its capital, from ...
Emperor Gong of Jin... f Jin, he deposed Emperor An, and soon afterwards Emperor An's replacement,in 420 AD, ending the Eastern Jin dynasty. Even after crowning himself Emp ...
Géza of HungaryHe was born as Vajk in the town of Esztergom. His father was Grand Prince; his mother was Sarolt, daughter of Gyula of Transylvania a Hungarian nob ...
William II... ds and Hendersons were killed by the Campbells acting on the orders of King. The village is not actually in Glencoe but occupies an area known as Car ...
Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach... gainst the Roman Catholic rule of the Teutonic Knights, whose Grand Master,, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern, lacked the mili ...
Bagsecg... 0 the "Great Summer Army" arrived in England, led by a Viking leader calledand his Five Earls. Aided by the Great Heathen Army (which had already ove ...
Telephus... left for the Trojan War, they accidentally stopped in Mysia, ruled by King. In the resulting battle, Achilles gave Telephus a wound that would not h ...
Manuel I of Portugal... rgaret of Austria. The succession thereby passed to Queen Isabella and King. She died in 1498, while giving birth to a son, the Infante Miguel, to wh ...
Julius Caesar... , and the organization and histories of other nations, while statesmen like, Cicero and others provided us with examples of the politics of the repub ...
Pol Pot... l from 1968 until 1975, and established the regime of Democratic Kampuchea., who rose to the leadership of the communist movement in the 1960s, was b ...
Julian... ave reached about 361, within a very short time of the accession of Emperor
Joséphine... anyone about the upcoming battle because he did not want to disturb Empress. According to Frederick C. Schneid, the main concern of Napoleon was not ...
Charlemagne... ce as a mounted warrior. Both arose under the reign of the Frankish emperor, from which the knighthood of the Middle Ages can be seen to have had its ...
Tiglath-Pileser III... ed with Rezin, king of Aram and threatened Jerusalem. (; ) Ahaz appealed to, the king of Assyria, for help. Ahaz's "dread" of Rezin and Pekah, "Son o ...
Carus... arinus (; died 285), was Roman Emperor 282 to 285. The elder son of emperor, he was appointed Caesar and co-emperor of the western portion of the emp ...
Genghis Khan... eparing food was banned and forbidden by the Mongol Emperors, starting withwho banned Muslims and Jews from slaughtering their animals their own way, ...
Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall... Howard of Wiggenhall, Norfolk and Alice Tendring; by whom he descended from, through his illegitimate daughter Joan of Cornwall
Ahaz... 2 BCE, Pekah allied with Rezin, king of Aram and threatened Jerusalem. (; )appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Assyria, for help. Ahaz's "dr ...
Roman EmperorCarinus (; died 285), was282 to 285. The elder son of emperor Carus, he was appointed Caesar and co ...
Erechtheus... Parthenos. A remnant of archaic myth depicts her as the adoptive mother of/Erichthonius through the foiled rape by Hephaestus. Other variants relate ...
Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse... em, Philip moved to Gordonstoun. In 1937, his sister Cecilie, her husband (), her two young sons and her mother-in-law were killed in an air crash at ...
William IIIHenley suffered from both parties in the Civil War.on his march to London in 1688 rested here, at the nearby recently rebuilt ...
Lady Jane Grey... elder half-sister Mary to succeed, and therefore drew up a will designatingas his heiress. Jane's reign however lasted only nine days; with tremendou ...
Emperor of Japan... ective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of thein pre-Meiji eras
Henry VIII... y took on powerful positions in government. An example of this was found in's England where his chief minister was Cardinal Wolsey. An even more prom ...
Lady Jane GreyIn early 1548, Catherine invited Lady Elizabeth and her cousin,to stay in the couple's household at Sudeley. The Dowager Queen promised t ...
Emperor Yang of Sui... ty. In 588 AD, Emperor Wen of Sui sent his son Yang Guang (who would become) to finally vanquish the Chen dynasty. Chen Shubao relied on the natural ...
Isabel II... Letras (Liberal Arts) and Medicina (Medicine). In 1836, during the reign of, the University was moved to Madrid, where it took the name of Central Un ...
Andrew I... ed for the crown. Nine years of instability followed until Stephen's cousinwas crowned King of Hungary in 1047 to re-establish the Árpád dynasty. Hun ...
Philip V of Macedon... situation now looked propitious for another western campaign. Antiochus andthen made a pact to divide the Ptolemaic possessions outside of Egypt, and ...
Henry III... a Carta, before it reverted to royal control early in the reign of his son,
Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom... e the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Russian Tsarevich and Tsarevna, HRH, the Duchess of Cambridge, and HRH Princess Anna of Prussia. Her family n ...
John of Gaunt, 1st Earl of RichmondThe second creation was on 13 November 1362, for, who was both the 1st Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of King Edwar ...
Christian V of Denmark... ll preserved today. It was renamed Christiansfjell Fortress in 1685 by Kingduring his visit to Hammersberg Skanse on June 14. Although the fortress w ...
Ramiro I of Aragon... or his own scribes, but by the notaries of his half-brother, the petty king, whose notaries were also calling Ferdinand's predecessor as king of León ...
Henry VIII... t and New Street. To the west it included Bell Street and the Market Place., having granted the use of the titles "mayor" and "burgess", the town was ...
Athelstan... mous author of the earliest Life places Dunstan's birth during the reign of, while Osbern fixed it at "the first year of the reign of King Æthelstan" ...
David... ble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero, a favoured subject in the art of Florence. Originally commissioned as on ...
Gratian... atiaria and Secundianus of Singidunum, confident of numbers, prevailed uponto call a general council from all parts of the empire. This request appea ...
Henry VIII... me the Herbert family became the most powerful family in the area. In 1538,closed the Dominican and Franciscan friaries in Cardiff, the remains of wh ...
Titus... tely fell to the sustained might of Rome. Roman legions under Vespasian andbesieged and destroyed Jerusalem, looted and burned Herod's Temple (in the ...
Dimitris Christofias... arliament in the general election on 27 September 2009. Communist candidatewon a crucial presidential runoff in Cyprus, defeating his conservative ri ...
Alexander IIIThe reforms ofreplaced many of the traditional privileges of the German nobility with el ...
Emperor Xiaowen of Northern WeiWidespread social and cultural transformation in northern China came with(reigned 471–499 AD), whose father was a Xianbei, but whose mother was Chi ...
Grand Duke's... uchy of Tuscany; Charles had prior endorsed the succession of the incumbentdaughter, Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine
Constantine I... ylvester II, alluding to Pope Sylvester I (314–335), the advisor to Emperor(324–337). Soon after he was elected Pope, Sylvester II confirmed the posi ...
Vespasian... ut they ultimately fell to the sustained might of Rome. Roman legions underand Titus besieged and destroyed Jerusalem, looted and burned Herod's Temp ...
Manwë... Power’, singular 'Vala'), of which there are fourteen principal characters:, Ulmo, Aulë, Oromë, Mandos, Lórien, Tulkas, Varda, Yavanna, Nienna, Estë, ...
Fidel Castro... ntly Italian, it was settled by a large migration of Cuban refugees fleeing's regime, making Union City for many years the city with the largest Cuba ...
Henry the Lion... an be found in the town of Rerik (which still bears a Slavic name). In 1160conquered the region; afterwards German monks, peasants and traders arrive ...
Diocletian... two sons, and is one of the most visible landmarks there today. The Emperor(r. 284-305) was the last of the great builders of Rome's city infrastruct ...
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester... This collection continued to grow steadily, but when, between 1435 and 1437(brother of Henry V of England), donated a great collection of manuscripts ...
Alfonso... rdinand I in turn gave the title of Prince of Girona to his first-born son,. The title is currently carried by Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias, the ...
Ashur-uballit II... ed around a general holding out at Harran, who had taken the throne name of. Necho attempted to assist this remnant immediately upon his coronation, ...
Ifriqiya... ter his return to the Maghreb c.1117, Ibn Tumart spent some time in variousn cities, preaching and agitating, heading riotous attacks on wine-shops a ...
John, Prince of AsturiasPhilip's sister Margaret married, only son of Ferdinand and Isabella and successor to the unified crowns o ...
Hezekiah... is recorded in the Immanuel prophecy in where the birth of a son (possibly) is a sign of the defeat of both kings by the King of Assyria before the ...
Diocletian... areer have been filtered through the propaganda of his successful opponent,
Henry II... was a busy port in the Middle Ages, and was declared a Staple port in 1327.travelled through Cardiff on his journey to Ireland and had a premonition ...
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-BiesterfeldShe also arranged the marriage of her daughter Juliana to, a German aristocrat. Although it was claimed that he was initially a sup ...
Cleon... a very early instance of this, Aristophanes was persecuted by the demagogue
Robert of Courtenay... o fleets, one of which was commanded by Eustace the Monk, and an army under. With French forces defeated at Lincoln in May 1217 and then routed on th ...
Gaius CaesarThe heir of Augustus,, was killed there in 4 AD
Henry V of England... y, but when, between 1435 and 1437 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (brother of), donated a great collection of manuscripts, the space was deemed insuffi ...
Galerius... At the Council of Carnuntum in November 308, Diocletian and his successor,, forced Maximian to renounce his imperial claim again. In early 310, Maxi ...
Henry the Lion... s desire to restore peace to Germany, persuaded Henry to give up Bavaria to, duke of Saxony and son of Henry the Proud. In return, Austria was elevat ...
Conrad II... t Hungary, but Stephen's troops forced them to retreat. Stephen and Emperorconcluded peace negotiations in 1031, and the territories between the Leit ...
Ferdinand I... of Aragon gave the title of Duke to his first-born son, John. In 1414, Kingin turn gave the title of Prince of Girona to his first-born son, Alfonso. ...
Henry of Grosmont, 4th Earl of LancasterThe first creation was on 6 March 1351, for, a great-grandson of Henry III; he was also 4th Earl of Leicester, 1st Ea ...
Constantine IIKing's dismissal of George Papandreou's centrist government in July 1965 promp ...
AugustusThe heir of, Gaius Caesar, was killed there in 4 AD
Emperor Shao of Liu SongAfter the death of Emperor Wu, his sonruled briefly before being judged incompetent and killed by government off ...
Shah of Iran... f a dozen royal families for Mardas, and had close contact with the deposed, who had moved to Mexico. The Shah was one of the first customers for the ...
Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine... s had prior endorsed the succession of the incumbent Grand Duke's daughter,
King Oscar IIThe history of these arms is quite curious. When on 18 July 1891visited the city, a menu had to be printed. It was printed with a coat of ...
Marcus Aurelius... . Among the best known Roman Stoics were philosopher Seneca and the emperor. Seneca, a wealthy Roman patrician, is often criticized by some modern co ...
Pedro II... Black, Brazil opted for an abstract design instead of a portrait of Emperor, so that his image would be not be disfigured by a postmark. In 1845 some ...
Septimius Severus... It was dedicated in 203 AD to commemorate the Parthian victories of Emperorand his two sons, and is one of the most visible landmarks there today. Th ...
Aurelian... ntier. Maximian joined the army, serving with Diocletian under the emperors(r. 270–275) and Probus (r. 276–282). He probably participated in the Meso ...
Frederick the Great... for promotion to Major. Blücher sent in a rude letter of resignation, whichgranted in 1773: Der Rittmeister von Blücher kann sich zum Teufel scheren ...
Léopold Clément of Lorraine... e was raised early in her childhood. She was first engaged to be married to, who was supposed to come to Vienna and meet Maria Theresa in 1723. Inste ...
Khosrau IThe Persian king, sent troops under the command of Vahriz, who helped Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan t ...
Prince George, Duke of Kent... to soldiers she spotted on the roads. In 1942, her youngest surviving son,, was killed in an air crash while on active service. Queen Mary finally r ...
Sophie of WürttembergKing William III had three sons with his first wife,. However, when Wilhelmina was born, William had already outlived two of t ...
Numerian... death of Carus, the army in the East demanded to be led back to Europe, and, the younger son of Carus, was forced to comply. During a halt at Chalced ...
Don Carlos... throne, however, Charles was obliged to surrender the Kingdom of Naples toof Spain, in exchange for the minuscule Duchy of Parma
Duke of York and Albany... nglish conquered New Netherland and renamed it "New York" after the English, the future King James II. Stuyvesant and his council negotiated with the ...
Conradin... owerful prince in southern Germany. He served as the guardian of his nephewof Hohenstaufen, and after Conradin's execution in Italy in 1268, Louis an ...
Agrippa IThe later Herodian rulersand Agrippa II both had Hasmonean blood, as Agrippa I's father was Aristob ...
Nicholas I of Russia... carried 14 passengers at 3 mph. It was successfully demonstrated to Emperoron the Neva River
Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford... ke of this creation died on 4 February 1399, the Dukedom passed to his son,. Later that same year, the new 2nd Duke usurped the throne of England fro ...
Elizabeth I... 573, it was made a head port for collection of customs duties, and in 1581,granted Cardiff its first royal charter. Pembrokeshire historian George Ow ...
Blanche of Castile... in November and was succeeded by the child king Louis IX. But Queen regentallowed the crusade to continue under Humbert de Beaujeu. Labécède fell in ...
Henry... uring the revolt of 1173–74 he faced a significant uprising led by his son,, backed by the French crown. The conflict spread across England and Kenil ...
Prince Juan CarlosIn 1974, Mardas held an expensive party for the then Spanish heir,, which secured Mardas a contract. After the assassination of Admiral Carr ...
Alexander the Great... d later Persians in the mid 6th century BC. In 331 BC, Van was conquered byand after his death became part of the Seleucid Empire. By the early 2nd c ...
Marcus Aurelius... . The Lebor Gabála synchronises Conn's reign with that of the Roman emperor(161-180). The chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn date ...
Kamakura shogunate... cident, an unsuccessful attempt by Emperor Go-Toba to seize real power, thecompletely excluded those of the imperial family descended from Emperor Go ...
Vespasian... Claudius annexed Lycia to the Roman Empire as a province and by the time of, it was united with Pamphylia as a Roman province
Elizabeth of York... I, Henry Tudor neutralised the remaining Yorkist forces, partly by marrying, a Yorkist heir. Through skill and ability, Henry re-established absolute ...
Richard III of England... t Howard Duke of Norfolk. He was a close friend and loyal supporter of Kingwith whom he died in combat at the Battle of Bosworth Field
ClaudiusIn 43 AD, the emperorannexed Lycia to the Roman Empire as a province and by the time of Vespasi ...
Kim Jong-ilIn response to the summit betweenand Kim Dae-jung in 2000, North and South Korea agreed in August 2000 to r ...
Henry IV of FranceThe Edict of Nantes, issued on 13 April 1598, by, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) su ...
Semiramis... ilometre tunnel beneath the river Euphrates at Babylon in the time of Queen(ca. 800 B.C.) was reportedly constructed of burnt bricks covered with bit ...
Merewalh... Æthelred, and two sisters, Cyneburh and Cyneswith; it is also possible that, king of the Magonsæte, was Wulfhere's brother. He married Eormenhild of ...
Edward I... ck to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor to Henry III and later to, first drew up statutes for an independent academic community and establi ...
Pope Benedict XVI... of Roman Catholic ceremonies in the 20th and 21st centuries. For instance,leads the Stations of the Cross called the Scriptural Way of the Cross (wh ...
Prince of WalesIn 1920, the(the future King Edward VIII) visited the area. Impressed by what he saw, ...
Richard II... . Later that same year, the new 2nd Duke usurped the throne of England from, ascending the throne as Henry IV, at which point the Dukedom merged in t ...
Sauron... R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium. They were nine Men who succumbed to's power and attained near-immortality as wraiths, servants bound to the p ...
Prince Frederick of the Netherlands... ed two of them and only the childless Prince Alexander and the King's unclewere alive, so under the Semi-Salic system of inheritance that was in plac ...
Louis XVI... igning of the Edict of Versailles, also known as the Edict of Tolerance, by102 years later, on 7 November 1787. This edict was enacted by parlement t ...
Murat's... s to contain the French at Vienna, and instructed the Allied Army to acceptceasefire proposal so that the allied army could have more time to retreat ...
Emperor Go-Toba... a shogunate completely excluded those of the imperial family descended fromfrom the Chrysanthemum throne, thus forcing Emperor Chūkyō to abdicate. Af ...
Pope Paul VI... ed by a vote of 2,137 to 11 of the bishops assembled and was promulgated byon November 21, 1964. The title in Latin means "Restoration of Unity" and ...
Bruno the GreatIn 959 the Lotharingian dukedivided the duchy between Lotharingia superior (Upper Lorraine) and Lothar ...
Henry VII of England... , forcing them on shore near Melcombe Regis. The couple stayed as guests ofbut were in fact hostages for the duration of their stay. In order to get ...
Henry III... dation can be traced back to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor toand later to Edward I, first drew up statutes for an independent academic ...
Richard IHenry's successor,, paid relatively little attention to Kenilworth but under King John signi ...
Anne BoleynAmong those held and executed at the Tower was. Although the Yeoman Warders were once the Royal Bodyguard, by the 16th a ...
Prince ShōtokuSpying in Japan dates as far back as(572–622), although the origins of spying and assassination date much earl ...
Pallava... he earliest surviving manuscript in Malay is the Tanjong Tanah Law in post-characters. This 14th century pre-Islamic legal text produced in the Adity ...
Shapur I... r Satiran), probably the Parthian governor of Bahrain. He appointed his sonas governor of Bahrain. Shapur constructed a new city there and named it B ...
Conaire Cóem... riors dressed as women from Emain Macha to kill him at Tara. His son-in-lawsucceeded him as High King, and Conn's son Art would later succeed him. Th ...
Henry II... rs of the Anarchy (1135–54), delayed any further development of the castle.succeeded to the throne at the end of the Anarchy but during the revolt of ...
Henry VI... own of Henley. The existing Corpus Christi fair was granted by a charter of
Emperor of Austria... an admirer of German Emperor Wilhelm II (his second cousin once removed) orFranz Josef I whom he described as "that idiot, that old dotard of a Franc ...
William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach... ime period, Wilhelmina's heir presumptive was her first cousin once removed, and next in line was his aunt (and Wilhelmina's cousin) Princess Marie A ...
Frederick the GreatDuring the lifetime of, Blücher was unable to return to the army, but after the king's death in ...
Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort... t, she decided to live at Badminton House, Gloucestershire, with her niece,, the daughter of her brother, Lord Cambridge. Her personal belongings wer ...
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin... enthroned on 6 September 1898. On 7 February 1901 in The Hague, she married
Ferdinand I... in the Revolutions of 1848. Metternich and the mentally handicapped Emperorwere forced to resign to be replaced by the emperor's young nephew Franz J ...
Augustus of Saxony... 733–1738), which started as a dispute over the throne of the Poland between, the previous King's elder son, and Stanisław Leszczyński. Austria suppor ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... ost other kingdoms in Spain since the marriage of Isabella I of Castile andat the end of the 15th century, and this union was progressively consolida ...
Victoria of the United KingdomIn 1895, Queen Wilhelmina visited Queen, who penned an evaluation in her diary
Robert II, Duke of Normandy... called Pons Aelius, though it owes its name to the castle built in 1080, by, the eldest son of William the Conqueror. The city grew as an important c ...
Agnes of Merania... and castles to Philip Hurepel, son of Philip II and his controversial wife. Still, Blanche had to break up a league of the barons (1226), and helped ...
OthoHe was immediately met by a troop of his rival's cavalry near the Lacus Curtius in the Forum, where he was killed. Durin ...
King Edward III... of Richmond, who was both the 1st Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of. John had married Blanche of Lancaster, 6th Countess of Lancaster, daught ...
Fëanor... by the Elves of Valinor in the Uttermost West, by the Noldor and maybe evenhimself. Many palantíri were made, but the number is not known. Some had p ...
Eleanor of AquitaineHis 1152 marriage toallowed the future Henry II to gain control of his new wife's possessions ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ruled by Catherine's former lover, king, was eventually partitioned, with the Russian Empire gaining the largest ...
Diocletian... forced to comply. During a halt at Chalcedon, Numerian was found dead, and, commander of the body-guards, claimed that Numerian had been assassinate ...
Trajan... movable trees and buildings. Such events were occasionally on a huge scale;is said to have celebrated his victories in Dacia in 107 with contests in ...
Charles the Fat... t a sovereign, joined the other East Frankish lands in deposing their king,, in 887. Under a series of dukes that began under the child king Louis IV ...
Frederick II of Prussia... devastated several times during the Thirty Years' War and conquered by Kingin 1742. In 1871 it was connected by rail to Liegnitz and Glogau. During W ...
Holy Roman Emperor... ry a legend appeared in various chronicles according to which the Pope, the, and the King of France demanded a tribute from Ferdinand. In certain ver ...
Henry III of England... muster an army to protect Capetian interests against rebellious nobles and. One of the barons tried to kidnap Louis. He took refuge in a castle and ...
Emperor Shijō... n 1232, he began his own cloistered rule, abdicating to his 1-year-old son,. However, being of a weak constitution, his cloistered rule lasted just u ...
John... rded that King Henry II "had bought land for the making of buildings". Kinggranted the manor of Benson and the town and manor of Henley to Robert Har ...
Blanche of Lancaster, 6th Countess of Lancaster... Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of King Edward III. John had married, daughter of the 1st Duke of the first creation. When John of Gaunt, the ...
Alexander the Great... he centre of pearl trading, when Nearchus discovered it while serving under. From the 3rd century BC to the arrival of Islam in the 7th century AD, B ...
Alexander I... to await reinforcements and to link up with surviving Austrian units. Tsarthen appointed general Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov to the commander-in-c ...
Galba... C). The Forum was witness to the assassination of a Roman Emperor in 69 AD:had set out from the palace to meet rebels, but was so feeble that he had ...
John II of Portugal... d sailing-master of the man-of-war, São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher). Kingappointed him, on 10 October 1487, to head an expedition to sail around th ...
King Henry II... first record of medieval settlement dates to 1179, when it is recorded that"had bought land for the making of buildings". King John granted the manor ...
Emperor Wen of Liu Song... nt and killed by government officials led by Xu Xianzhi, replacing him with, another son of Emperor Wu. Those government officials were soon killed b ...
Josiah... lley, but here he found his passage blocked by the Judean army. Their king,, sided with the Babylonians and attempted to block his advance at Megiddo ...
Agrippa IIThe later Herodian rulers Agrippa I andboth had Hasmonean blood, as Agrippa I's father was Aristobulus IV, son of ...
Isabella I of Castile... c union with Castile and most other kingdoms in Spain since the marriage ofand Ferdinand II of Aragon at the end of the 15th century, and this union ...
Eleanor of Castile... iliation; he arranged the marriage between Edward, his 14 year old son, and, daughter of Alfonso X. Alfonso renounced all claims to Gascony and assis ...
Pope John XXIIIIn 1960,commented that Opus Dei opens up "unsuspected horizons of ". Furthermore, ...
emperor(March 22, 1212 – August 31, 1234) was the 86thof Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spa ...
Archduke Charles, brother of the Austrian Emperor, had started to reform the Austrian army ...
Valentinian III... attack the Visigoth kingdom of Toulouse by making an alliance with Emperor. He had previously been on good terms with the Western Roman Empire and i ...
Ranavalona III... f the island, missionaries and foreigners were particularly terrible. Queenwas deposed on January 1897 and was exiled to Algiers in Algeria, where sh ...
Empress Carlota of Mexico... also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband Albert, Prince Consort,and her brother Leopold II of Belgium. These last two, Leopold and Carlota ...
Pope Paul VI... ed that Opus Dei opens up "unsuspected horizons of ". Furthermore, in 1964,praised the organization in a handwritten letter to Escrivá, saying
Francis I... ine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano - sailing in service of the French king- was the first European to visit the area that would become New York City ...
Emperor Qianfei of Liu Song... or Xiaowu died naturally in 464 AD and was succeeded by his son, who became. Emperor Qianfei proved to be similar to his father, engaging in both kin ...
Theodosius II... an Empire. It is attested from the time of the Christian late-Roman emperor(423) throughout the Middle Ages; the Reichsapfel was used in 1191 at the ...
Henry II... rnal politics Stephen I allied himself with his brother-in-law, the Emperoragainst Prince Boleslaw I of Poland, who had extended his rule over the te ...
Lugh... , and war and continued oppression followed. When the youthful and vigorousjoined Nuada's court, the king realised the multi-talented youth could lea ...
Theodosius I... ricaded themselves inside the church, and the imperial order was rescinded., the emperor of the East, espoused the cause of Justina, and regained the ...
Zhengde Emperor... between the Portuguese Empire and the Ming Dynasty during the reign of the. The handover of Macau (Macao) to Portugal in 1557 by the Emperor of Chin ...
Prince Alexander... a was born, William had already outlived two of them and only the childlessand the King's uncle Prince Frederick of the Netherlands were alive, so un ...
Philip II of SavoyPico fled to France in 1488, where he was arrested by, at the demand of the papal nuncios, and imprisoned at Vincennes. Through ...
Aristobulus II... n, Hyrcanus II, had scarcely reigned three months when his younger brother,, rose in rebellion, whereupon Hyrcanus advanced against him at the head o ...
Ferdinand II of AragonThe dynastic union of Castile and Aragon in 1479, whenwed Isabella I of Castile, led to the formal creation of Spain as a single ...
Emperor Ming of Liu Song... he "Prince of Pigs" for his obesity, eventually assassinated him and became. Emperor Ming began his reign by killing all the descendants of Emperor X ...
Ivan IV of Russia... likii Kniaz of Muscovy appeared as the Grand Duke for "all of Russia" untilin 1547 was crowned as tsar
EadwigIn 955, Eadred died, and the situation was at once changed., the elder son of Edmund, who then came to the throne, was a headstrong y ...
Emperor... ment was entered into by Dejazmach Agew Niguse of Tigray, in revolt againstTewodros II of Ethiopia, to cede Zula to the French. Agew Niguse was defea ...
Oscar II of Sweden... ke of Gotland) and his wife Ebba Munck af Fulkila. His grandfather was King
Sauron... e is also apparently a 'price' to be paid for these manifestations, as whenis deprived of the ability to appear in a wholesome form
Alexander the Great... of France, and the Black Sea coasts. Greeks founded more than 400 colonies.'s conquest of the Achaemenid Empire marked the beginning of the Hellenist ...
Leopold I... , Ferdinand was a grandnephew of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and of, first king of the Belgians. His father Augustus was a brother of Ferdina ...
George I of Great Britain... (the great grandson of James I through his mother Sophia of Hanover), King
Edward IAll past and present dukes have been descended from; see Dukes of Norfolk family tree
Isabella I of Castile... nastic union of Castile and Aragon in 1479, when Ferdinand II of Aragon wed, led to the formal creation of Spain as a single entity in 1516. See List ...
Cathair Mór... ding to the Lebor Gabála Érenn, he took power after killing his predecessor. In other sources his predecessor is Dáire Doimthech. The Lia Fáil, the c ...
Manwë2. The Valar and their characteristics are described thus:– (‘Blessed One’) Brother of Melkor. Between the two, Melkor is ‘mightier’ ...
Franz Joseph I of Austria... printed with a variety of colored inks ranging from sepia, blue, and green.was the first person to purchase Das Werk Gustav Klimts in 1908
Maria Feodorovna... nd a note from Pope Leo XIII. Because of support from Russian tsarist widowand other donations, his financial situation improved remarkably
Elizabeth II|
Valentinian IIIn 385 Ambrose, backed by Milan's populace, refused's imperial request to hand over the Portian basilica for the use of Arian ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... ovember 25 of that year that the last Polish king and Lithuanian grand dukeabdicated. In the Russian Empire, the city continued to serve its role as ...
Henry IIAfter the death of( 3 July 1024), Stephen broke with the German alliance, because the new Ho ...
King William III... born on 31 August 1880 in The Hague, Netherlands. She was the only child ofand his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Her childhood was charac ...
Carinus... that Maximian had probably supported Diocletian during his campaign against(r. 283–285) but there is no direct evidence for this
Julius Caesar... prolifically on military campaigning. Among the best-known Roman works are's commentaries on the Gallic Wars and the Roman Civil war - written about ...
Wu Sangui... id 17th century, allowed through the northern passes by the Chinese generalonce the Ming capital at Beijing had fallen into the hands of a rebel army ...
Antiochus Hierax... lemy III of Egypt and then had to fight a civil war against his own brother. Taking advantage of this distraction, Bactria and Parthia seceded from t ...
Elizabeth II... l family remained Windsor by subsequent royal decree. After the marriage ofand Prince Philip, it was decreed that their non-royal descendants were to ...
Christina of Sweden... hn Casimir, count palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, succeeded his cousin Queenon the Swedish throne, Pfalz-Zweibrücken was in personal union with Sweden ...
King Henry VII... dfather of Elizabeth I. His titles were declared forfeit after his death by, but his son, the 1st Earl of Surrey, was later restored as 2nd Duke (the ...
Licinius... tary superiority over his rivals in the crumbling Tetrarchy. In 313, he metin Milan to secure their alliance by the marriage of Licinius and Constant ...
Guthrum... Ivar the Boneless, Halfdan and Ubbe Ragnarsson, and also by another Viking, arrived in East Anglia. They proceeded to cross England into Northumbria ...
Władysław I the Elbow-high... hts and then with the German Prussian state. The Kingdom was restored under, strengthened and expanded by his son Casimir III the Great. The western ...
Ranavalona III... Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar. After a few skirmishes, the Queenpromptly surrendered. The Foreign Legion lost 226 men, of whom only a tent ...
Philip V of Spainstatesman in the service of
Julius Caesar... ons, Gwenwynwyn and Gwanar, who both accompany Caswallawn in his pursuit of, who has been chased from Britain. This triad is the only source connecti ...
Frederick, Prince of Wales... l stage Buckinghamshire has been home to Nancy Astor who lived in Cliveden,who also lived in Cliveden, Baron Carrington who lives in Bledlow, Benjami ...
Emperor Go-TobaIn 1221, because of the Jōkyū Incident, an unsuccessful attempt byto seize real power, the Kamakura shogunate completely excluded those of t ...
Casimir III the Great... ored under Władysław I the Elbow-high, strengthened and expanded by his son. The western provinces of Silesia and Pomerania were lost after the fragm ...
Louis IX of FranceIn December 1259,ceded to Henry land north and east of Gascony. In return, Henry renounced ...
Manuel I of Portugal... d Tomé Pires diplomatic and commercial mission of 1517, under the orders of, which opened formally relations between the Portuguese Empire and the Mi ...
Fidel Castro... ial or religious divisions. Other examples of left-wing nationalism include's 26th of July Movement that launched the Cuban Revolution ousting the Am ...
Philip the Good... chiermonnikoog in writing dates from October 1440, in a document written by
Emperor Xiaowu of Liu Song... spelled with a different character than the aforementioned Jun), who become. Emperor Xiaowu proved to be licentious and cruel, supposedly committing ...
Aragorn... Shire. A day's ride east along the road lay The Forsaken Inn, according to, although nothing more is known of it
Alexander NevskyRegional conflicts with the Order escalated.of Novgorod, Tautvilas, and Tautvilas's son Constantine agreed to form a c ...
Carus... obus (r. 276–282). He probably participated in the Mesopotamian campaign ofin 283 and attended Diocletian's election as emperor on November 20, 284 a ...
Pope Pius XI... itical) should perform a function which can be performed by a smaller unit., in Quadragesimo Anno, provided the classical statement of the principle: ...
Pedro IIOn 6 September 1850 the emperor,, sanctioned a law authorizing steam navigation on the Amazon, and gave th ...
Edward II... without an heir in 1307, so their titles and estates reverted to the crown.then created his brother Thomas of Brotherton earl in 1312. It passed to T ...
Pope Paul VI... y Gómez (May 23, 1946 – March 22, 2005) was a self-proclaimed successor of, and was recognised as Pope Gregory XVII by supporters of the Palmarian C ...
King Henry VIII... and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth Queens consort, respectively, of. Thus, through Anne Boleyn, he was the great-great-grandfather of Elizabe ...
Henry IV of France... avour of intervening on behalf of the Protestant powers (and Louis's fatherwas once a Huguenot leader). On the other hand, Louis XIII had had a stric ...
Magnus Maximus... nciples of Ambrose, however his aid was soon solicited by the Emperor. Whenusurped the supreme power in Gaul, and was meditating a descent upon Italy ...
James Francis Edward Stuart... Protestants. The Tories were suspected of supporting the Catholic Pretender. George I rewarded the Whigs by forming a Whig government; at his welcome ...
Maxentius... Augusti to the Caesars Constantius and Galerius. Presumably Maximian's sonand Constantius' son Constantine – children raised in Nicomedia together – ...
Stephen Báthory of Poland... ew Castles were often visited by the Commonwealth monarchs including famouswho made a royal residence here. In 1793 the last Sejm in the history of t ...
Philip IV of FranceIn May 1286, King Edward I paid homage before the new king,, for the lands in Gascony. However, in May 1295, Philip 'confiscated' the ...
Bolesław II the Bold... y a collapse of the monarchy and restoration under Casimir I. Casimir's sonbecame fatally involved in a conflict with the ecclesiastical authority, a ...
Bres... that their king must be physically perfect, and he was replaced as king by, a half-Fomorian prince renowned for his beauty and intellect. The Fomori ...
Ptolemy I Soter... al of the diadochic Ptolemaic Kingdom under Alexander's immediate successor
Emperor HorikawaThis 13th century sovereign was named after the 10th centuryand go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes ca ...
King Arthur... ks he must complete before he can win her hand. With the help of his cousin, Culhwch succeeds and the giant dies, allowing Olwen to marry her suitor
Pope John Paul I... denied Opus Dei's petition to become a personal prelature, Moncada stated., a few years before his election, wrote that Escrivá was more radical tha ...
Julius Caesar... e beginning of his public career, Sallust operated as a decided partisan of, to whom he owed such political advancement as he attained. In 50 BC, the ...
Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies... Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma, daughter of Roberto I of Parma and, on 20 April 1893 at the Villa Pianore in Lucca in Italy, producing four ...
Leopold I... f Brandenburg to become "king in Prussia" in 1701 without offending Emperor. The government of de facto collectively ruled Brandenburg-Prussia, seate ...
Juliana... onal and economic", according to one contemporary publication. The birth of, on 30 April 1909, was met with great relief after eight years of childle ...
Holy Roman Emperor... bringing, and his natural inclination was therefore to support the Catholic, the Habsburg Ferdinand II
Conn of the Hundred Battles... echt, and Nuada, the maternal grandfather of Fionn mac Cumhaill. A rival towas Mug Nuadat ("Nuada's Slave"). The Delbhna, a people of early Ireland, ...
Eadred... stan's appointment, in 946, King Edmund was assassinated. His successor was. The policy of the new government was supported by the Queen Mother, Eadg ...
Bolesław I ChrobryMieszko's sonestablished a Polish Church province, pursued territorial conquests and wa ...
SaladinThe Kurdish Muslimretook Hebron in 1187 – again with Jewish assistance according to one late ...
All-father... who is often demon-like and dangerous, without any clear connection to theof Norse mythology, instead being drawn from a earlier "Black God of the H ...
Albert, Duke of Schleswig-HolsteinThe Augustenborg male line died out in 1931, upon the death of, a grandson of queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Their female-line de ...
Edward II of EnglandIn 1325, the land was confiscated by Charles IV when, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to pay homage after a dispu ...
Sauron... n's influence over it. According to Gandalf, it is beyond the skill of bothand Saruman to create the palantíri and that Sauron cannot make the palant ...
Norodom Sihanouk... e returned to the WPK's liberated areas. Despite friendly relations betweenand the Chinese, the latter kept Pol Pot's visit a secret from Sihanouk. I ...
Valentinian IIUnder Ambrose's major influence, emperors Gratian,and Theodosius I carried on a persecution of Paganism. MacMullen (1984) p. ...
Louis XVIII of France... , lived at Iver and King Zog of Albania lived at Frieth. Much earlier, Kinglived in exile at from 1809 to 1814
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... ing able to exercise his rule in Catalonia, until the death of his brother,; he returned to Vienna to assume the imperial crown. Not wanting to see A ...
Julius Caesar... of the old Roman aristocracy throughout his career, and later a partisan of. Sallust is the earliest known Roman historian with surviving works to hi ...
Hyrcanus II... 76–67 BCE. She was the only regnant Jewish Queen. During her reign, her sonheld the office of High Priest and was named her successor
Radelchis I of Benevento... lfun in 847, who had been part of the mercenary garrison installed there by. The city was conquered and the Emirate extinguished in 871, due to the e ...
Victoria of the United Kingdom... , upon the death of Albert, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, a grandson of queen. Their female-line descendant today holds the throne of Sweden
Bocchus I... uretania in order to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help ofof Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha and brought the war to a conclusive ...
Henry II... ria for his son Emeric who was the nearest relative of the deceased Emperor(who himself had been the last male descendant of the old dukes of Bavaria ...
Justinian I... cally a legal term (as used in the Codices of the Emperors Theodosius I and) after Emperor Diocletian's Tetrarchy (when they came under the administr ...
John III of SwedenIn 1582 Kingadded Grand Prince of Finland to the subsidiary titles of the Swedish king ...
Alfonso VIII of Castile... of "al-Mansur," "The Victorious," was earned by the defeat he inflicted onin the Battle of Alarcos (1195)
Queen Elizabeth I... rsonification of Britain, in imagery that was developed during the reign of. With the death of Elizabeth in 1603 came the succession of her Scottish ...
Treniota... ich lasted for 14 years. Encouraged by these developments and by his nephew, Mindaugas broke peace with the Order. The gains he had expected from Chr ...
George II of Greece... Within days, Philip received a command from his cousin and sovereign, King, to resume his naval career in Britain which, though given without explan ...
Emperor Shun of Liu Song... er and eventually deposed Emperor Houfei in favor of his brother who became. After defeating his rival general Shen Youzhi, Xiao forced Emperor Shun ...
Lugaid Riab nDerg... st time since Cúchulainn split it with his sword when it failed to roar for. In the saga Baile in Scáil ("The Phantom's Ecstatic Vision"), Conn tread ...
Nuadu Necht... haracters of the same name include the later High Kings Nuadu Finn Fáil and, and Nuada, the maternal grandfather of Fionn mac Cumhaill. A rival to Co ...
Nero... ther late 67 or early 68, he rebelled against the tax policy of the Emperor. According to the historian Cassius Dio, Vindex "was powerful in body and ...
Peter the Great... 18,000 of them were Nemtsy, which means either German or western foreigner.was greatly influenced by the international community located in the Germa ...
Constance... an in England next to the king himself. After Blanche's death, John married, who had a claim to the kingdom of Castile, and John styled himself the k ...
Mengistu Haile Mariam... s cause was the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) insurgency. In 1984, Presidentannounced that 46% of the Ethiopian Gross National Product would be alloca ...
King George IV... es, although he became embroiled in unsuccessful mediation attempts between, and his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick, who had sought her rights ...
Albert, Duke of Prussia... tonic Knights, Albert, secularized the order's Prussian territory, becoming. His duchy, which had its capital in Königsberg (Polish: Królewiec), was ...
Penda of Mercia... est Mercian king about whom definite historical information has survived is, Wulfhere's father
Edmund... f great influence, and on the death of King Æthelstan in 940, the new King,, summoned him to his court at Cheddar and made him a minister
Stanislaus II of Poland... cember 1757 – 8 March 1758), fathered by Catherine's lover, the future King#Elizabeth Alexandrovna Alexeeva (1761–1844), married to Friedrich Maximil ...
GratianUnder Ambrose's major influence, emperors, Valentinian II and Theodosius I carried on a persecution of Paganism. Ma ...
Queen VictoriaIn 1876,took the additional title of Empress of India
Richard I... s a leader involved in the massacre of the Jews at Cliffords Tower in York.dismissed the sheriff and constable of York and imposed severe penalties o ...
King Richard IIWhencreated Thomas Mowbray duke in 1397, he conferred upon him the estates and ...
Thorin OakenshieldGandalf andmet by coincidence in Bree, setting in motion the events recounted in The ...
Antiochus III the GreatA revival would begin when Seleucus II's younger son,, took the throne in 223 BC. Although initially unsuccessful in the Fourth ...
Louis XIV of France... the war. John Bull (England) is suing Louis Baboon (i.e. Louis Bourbon, or) over the estate of the dead Lord Strutt (Charles II of Spain). Bull's la ...
Alexander III... nnockburn and into the New Park, a hunting preserve enclosed at the time of
King Edward IV of England... s arranged between Anne and Richard, Duke of York, the four-year-old son of. She remained Richard's child bride until she died at the age of 8
Saruman... ce over it. According to Gandalf, it is beyond the skill of both Sauron andto create the palantíri and that Sauron cannot make the palantíri "lie", o ...
Jotham... king of Judah, and he reigned twenty years. In the second year of his reignbecame king of Judah, and reigned for sixteen years. Jotham was succeeded ...
Nia Segamain... ated with the eagle or hawk. The name of the legendary High King of Ireland, which translates as "sister's son or champion of Segamon", may be relate ...
Mathieu Kérékou... about many changes of government. The last of these brought to power Majoras the head of a regime professing strict Marxist-Leninist principles. The ...
Conrad II... varia). In 1027, Stephen had Bishop Werner of Strasbourg, the envoy sent byto the Byzantine Empire, arrested at the frontier. In 1030, the emperor le ...
Aelia Eudocia... tine direction, and is said to have been built at the behest of the Empress. This pool, having been somewhat abandoned and left to ruin, partly survi ...
Charles IDuring the Anglo-French War (1627–1629), under, by 1629 the Kirkes took Quebec City, Sir James Stewart of Killeith, Lord ...
Alexander I... lexander (whom she greatly favored, and who subsequently became the emperorin 1801). Her harshness towards Paul probably stemmed as much from politic ...
Theodosius I... nius, and specifically a legal term (as used in the Codices of the Emperorsand Justinian I) after Emperor Diocletian's Tetrarchy (when they came unde ...
Phocas... Rostra and dedicated or rededicated in honour of the Eastern Roman Emperor. This proved to be the last monumental addition made to the Forum. By the ...
Nuadu Finn Fáil... bly Nechtan. Other characters of the same name include the later High Kingsand Nuadu Necht, and Nuada, the maternal grandfather of Fionn mac Cumhaill ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... and on the other hand influenced by Islamic (Saracen) ideals of furusiyya.(1459–1519) is often referred to as the last true knight. He was the last ...
Zog of Albania... while Władysław Sikorski, military leader of Poland, lived at Iver and Kinglived at Frieth. Much earlier, King Louis XVIII of France lived in exile a ...
Abu Yaqub Yusuf... and more distinguished career than the Murabits (or Almoravids). Yusuf I or(1163–1184), and Ya'qub I or Yaqub al-Mansur (1184-1199), the successors o ...
Prince Albert... s later extended artificially. The event became Royal in 1851. In that yearbecame the patron of the regatta
Francis II... ope. In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist when Holy Roman Emperorkept Francis I of Austria as his only official title. These achievements, ...
William II... e received the area's submission. This fortress was destroyed by the Danes.gave the barony of Bedford to Paine de Beauchamp who built a new, strong c ...
As-Salih Ayyub... treaty guaranteeing regional stability stipulated with the Egyptian Sultan, managed to impose peace on the area. But soon after his departure, feudi ...
Henry IV of Castile... city was Alvar Gomez de Cibdad Real, who had been private secretary to King. He was a protector of the conversos. Together with prominent conversos F ...
Pope Pius XII... population of about 50,000. In 1958, The Diocese of Acapulco was created by. It would become an archdiocese in 1983
Prince George, Duke of Kent... scuous with both sexes. One report suggests he would procure guardsmen with. Private Eye magazine, which termed Mountbatten 'a raging queen' brought ...
Azzone Visconti... y the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it finally surrendered to, and thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. The Church of S. ...
Jane Seymour... ly small, given that the drama's second part focused more on the stories ofand Catherine Howard
Augustus... the Principate to become the first truly professional firefighting service.called for the creation of a trained fire guard, paid and equipped by the ...
Edward III... aster inherited the castle. Blanche married John of Gaunt, the third son of; their union, and combined resources, made John the second richest man in ...
Charles II of Spain... Bourbon, or Louis XIV of France) over the estate of the dead Lord Strutt (). Bull's lawyer is the one who really enjoys the suit, and he is Humphrey ...
Yaqub al-Mansur... ts (or Almoravids). Yusuf I or Abu Yaqub Yusuf (1163–1184), and Ya'qub I or(1184-1199), the successors of Abd al-Mumin, were both able men. Initially ...
Kyril... d by the People's Republic of Bulgaria, under which his sole surviving son,, was executed. On hearing of his son's death he said, "Everything is coll ...
Peter IJohn was the natural son ofby a woman named Teresa, who, according to Fernão Lopes, was a noble Galic ...
Alexander Jannaeus... t between them became wider when Pharisees demanded that the Hasmonean kingchoose between being king and being High Priest. In response, the king ope ...
Nero... the 2nd millennium BCE. The leek was the favourite vegetable of the Emperor, who consumed it in soup or in oil, believing it beneficial to the qualit ...
Galla PlacidiaWhen Valentinian discovered the plan, only the influence of his motherconvinced him to exile, rather than kill, Honoria. He also wrote to Attila ...
Valentinian IIIn 392, after the death ofand the acclamation of Eugenius, Ambrose supplicated the emperor for the p ...
King George III... ually important goals. At the suggestion of Wilberforce and Bishop Porteus,was requested by the Archbishop of Canterbury to issue in 1787 the Proclam ...
Catherine Howard... hat the drama's second part focused more on the stories of Jane Seymour and
Dáire Doimthech... er killing his predecessor Cathair Mór. In other sources his predecessor is. The Lia Fáil, the coronation stone at Tara which was said to roar when t ...
Emperor Houfei of Liu Song... y regained in the other Southern Dynasties. Emperor Ming's young son became. The political situation was volatile. The general Xiao Daocheng slowly g ...
Sauron... the enemies' eyes. Knowledge of this technique was lost long ago, althoughprobably knew of it
Desta Damtew... ork married Dejazmatch Beyene Merid. Princess Tenagnework first married Ras, and after she was widowed later married Ras Andargachew Messai. Princess ...
Frederick, Prince of Wales... derable that Sarah hoped to marry her granddaughter, Lady Diana Spencer, to, for which she would pay a massive dowry of £100,000. However, Robert Wal ...
Conrad II... Stephen broke with the German alliance, because the new Holy Roman Emperor,claimed supremacy over the Kingdom of Hungary, while Stephen demanded the ...
Edwin of Northumbria... imperium, or overlordship, over the other kingdoms. The fifth of these was, who was killed at the battle of Hatfield Chase by a combined force inclu ...
Robert Bruce... her a powerful army. According to the historian and poet John Barbour, Kingrebuked the folly of his brother, even though Dundee had probably fallen t ...
Emperor Xiaojing of Eastern Wei... successive leaders, Gao Huan took control of the east and Luoyang (holdingas a puppet ruler) by 534, while his rival Yuwen Tai took control of the w ...
Emperor... s. In either late 67 or early 68, he rebelled against the tax policy of theNero. According to the historian Cassius Dio, Vindex "was powerful in body ...
Agamemnon... . It begins with Achilles' withdrawal from battle after he is dishonored by, the commander of the Achaean forces. Agamemnon had taken a woman named C ...
Charles VIII... ession of several Italian princes—all instigated by Lorenzo de' Medici—Kinghad him released, and the Pope was persuaded to allow Pico to move to Flor ...
King Richard III... , someone had left John Howard a note attached to his tent warning him that, his "master," was going to be double-crossed (which he was)
Vasili IIIThe earliest German settlement in Russia dates back to the reign ofin the 16th century. A handful of German and Dutch craftsmen and traders w ...
Saruman... ly, every character who attempted to look through a palantír was deceived--looked through the Orthanc stone, and saw what he thought was an unassaila ...
Dumuzid... priestess would choose for her bed a young man who represented the shepherd, consort of Inanna, in a hieros gamos or sacred marriage, celebrated duri ...
Ælla of DeiraÆthelfrith married Acha of Deira, daughter of. They had eight children
Alla Amidas... be supported by the die-links between his coins and those of his successor,. An inscription of Sumyafa' Ashwa' also mentions two kings (nagaśt) of Ak ...
Alexander the Great... contains at least one potential historical error: It apparently claims thatintended Alexandria to be the capital of his empire. Actually, he built it ...
Lucius Cornelius Sulla... d then returned to Numidia to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestorto neighbouring Mauretania in order to eliminate their support for Jugurth ...
Baibars... after the Mongol raids into Palestine, one of which touched Hebron, Sultan's Mamluk rule established peace. The minarets were built onto the structu ...
Salome Alexandra... conciliation between the two parties. Alexander was succeeded by his widow,, whose brother was Shimon ben Shetach, a leading Pharisee. Upon her death ...
Claudius... index, of a noble Gaulish family of Aquitania given senatorial status under, was a Roman governor in the province of Gallia Lugdunensis. In either la ...
Claudius... en a crossing of the River Thames at Staines since Roman times. The emperorsent the Romans into Britain in 43 A.D and they settled in Staines the sam ...
Henry of Grosmont, the Duke of Lancaster... nued to use Kenilworth as a royal castle until her fall from power in 1330., inherited the castle from his father in 1345 and remodelled the great ha ...
Muhammad... n, Islamic jurists have turned to the collections of the hadith (sayings of) and akhbar (accounts of his life). These, on the other hand, are perfect ...
King Arthur... ention because of its role in influencing the legends and myths surrounding. It is the earliest source that presents Arthur as an historical figure, ...
Gallienus... at Pons Sarravi (Sarrebourg) in Gallia Belgica, in a series that runs from(253-68) to Theodosius I (379-395). These were scattered over the floor wh ...
Mindaugas... he most of Black Ruthenia, was controlled by princes of Lithuanian origin (and others) to form the Baltic-Slavic state - Grand Duchy of Lithuania on ...
King Haakon VII... f Norwegians. In 1940, when Norway was under attack from the German forces,received the power from the parliament to govern the country, in its best ...
Hadrian... as a Greek sophist, who taught rhetoric at Rome during the reign of Emperor(AD 117-138)
Kebek... e 11 day caravan route between Balkh and Bukhara. The Chagatai Mongol khansand Qazan built palaces here on the site of Genghis Khan's summer pasture. ...
Princess Zenebework... children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai,, Prince Makonnen, and Prince Sahle Selassie
Mao Zedong... rm their way into organs of political authority and usurp important posts.", chairman of the People's Republic of China, was reviled for his persecut ...
Peter III... spicious of Catherine upon her accession because she had annulled an act bythat had essentially freed the serfs belonging to the Orthodox Church. Nat ...
Bahadur Shah... native Indian ones, and only allowed British soldiers to handle artillery.was exiled to Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar), where he died in 1862
Emperor Wu of Southern Qi... eign and his heir, who was only 13 years younger than him, succeeded him as. Emperor Wu made peace with the Northern Wei, content to protect his bord ...
Stephen I of HungaryThe alleged story of the crown and papal legate authority given toby Sylvester in the year 1000 (hence the reign title 'Apostolic King') is ...
Olaf... a (The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway) by Snorri Sturluson. In 1021, Kinglaid hold of all the best men, both at Lesja and Dovre, and forced them ei ...
Grand PrinceHe was born as Vajk in the town of Esztergom. His father wasGéza of Hungary; his mother was Sarolt, daughter of Gyula of Transylvania ...
Alexander Jannaeus... elp it retain water). Coins found within this plaster date from the time of(104—76 BC), while a separate collection of coins, dating from the time of ...
Elendil... iven to the Dúnedain of Númenor as a gift, during the Second Age. Of these,took seven with him on his flight to Middle-earth, and after the Kingdoms ...
Henry II of England... a grand jury can be traced back to the Assize of Clarendon, an 1166 act of. In fact, Henry's chief effect on the development of the English monarchy ...
Julius Caesarinitially supported Aristobulus against Hyrcanus and Antipater. Between th ...
Richard III... ared illegitimate. Richard was sent to the Tower of London by the new king,, in mid-1483, thus ending his claim to both York and Norfolk
Vandal Savage... he central antagonists in the animated film . The members here are Cheetah,, Star Sapphire, Bane, Metallo, Mirror Master, and Ma'alefa'ak. Cheetah is ...
Henry VIIIWhenbroke from Rome an era of religious repression began. During the Dissoluti ...
Emperor Joseph IIIn 1780, the son of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa,, toyed with the idea of determining whether or not to enter an alliance w ...
Princess TenagneworkBy Menen Asfaw, Haile Selassie had six children:, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince ...
Theodosius I... ebourg) in Gallia Belgica, in a series that runs from Gallienus (253-68) to(379-395). These were scattered over the floor when the Mithraeum was dest ...
Cyrus the Great... es of Asia Minor, and particular Ionia, by the Achaemenid Persian Empire ofshortly after 550 BC. The Persians found the Ionians difficult to rule, ev ...
Ivar the Boneless... r encampment. The following year the Great Heathen Army led by the Brothers, Halfdan and Ubbe Ragnarsson, and also by another Viking Guthrum, arrived ...
Xiao ZhaoyeThe short reigns of Emperor Wu's grandsons,and Xiao Zhaowen (his first son predeceased him), were dominated by Xiao L ...
William the Conqueror... iminal justice more effective, Henry employed the method of inquest used byin the Domesday Book. In each shire a body of important men was sworn (jur ...
Henry II... cal rulers continued fighting amongst themselves the Norman King of Englandwas invited to intervene. He arrived in 1171, took control of much land, a ...
EutropiaMaximian had two children with his Syrian wife,: Maxentius and Fausta. There is no direct evidence in the ancient sources ...
Henry IIBedford traces its borough charter in 1166 byand elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons
Emperor Zhao's... ilitary. The minimum age for the military draft was reduced to twenty after(r. 87–74 BCE) reign. Conscripted soldiers underwent one year of training ...
Henry Frederick... manual on the powers of a king, was written to edify his four-year-old sonking "acknowledgeth himself ordained for his people, having received from ...
Alexander IIThe decline of the Russian German community started with the reforms of. In 1871, he repealed the open-door immigration policy of his ancestors, ...
Alexander the GreatAfterconquered the Near East in 334 BCE, the existing settlement was named Heli ...
Licinius... tantine was again demoted to Caesar, with Maximinus the Caesar in the east., a loyal military companion to Galerius, was appointed Augustus of the We ...
Menen AsfawBy, Haile Selassie had six children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince Asfa ...
Pope John Paul II... ins unaccepted by Roman Catholics, who accepted Pope John Paul I (1978) and(1978–2005) as the true successors of Pope Paul VI. Pope Gregory XVII is g ...
Henry VIII... seven schools established, or in some cases re-endowed and renamed, by Kingduring the Dissolution of the Monasteries to pray for his soul. In 2006, 3 ...
Judith of Bavaria... rown sons. A fourth son, Charles the Bald, was born to Louis's second wife,, in 823. When Louis tried in 833 to re-divide the empire for the benefit ...
VortigernThe Historia contains a story of the king, who allowed the Saxons to settle in the island of Britain in return for ...
Charles II of SpainFollowing the death of, in 1700, without any ostensible heir, Charles declared himself King of S ...
James I of Scotland... d many distinguished prisoners. The heir to the Scottish throne, later King, was kidnapped while journeying to France in 1406 and held in the Tower. ...
Ecgfrith of Northumbria... rd of Northumbria as his father had been. In 674, he challenged Oswiu's son, but was defeated. He died, probably of disease, in 675. Wulfhere was suc ...
Sigismund IIIFollowing King's Prussian regency contract (1605) with Joachim Frederick of Brandenburg ...
Isabella I of CastileIn 1469 Queenand King Ferdinand of Aragon were married in the city; by the 15th century ...
Lugh... see a phantom, a tall beautiful man, on a throne, who introduces himself as. The woman is the sovereignty of Ireland, and she serves Conn a meal cons ...
Hadrian... iginally the Shrine of the Four Nymphs (Tetranymphon), a nymphaeum built byduring the construction of Aelia Capitolina in 135, and mentioned in Byzan ...
Pope John Paul I... of the Catholic Church remains unaccepted by Roman Catholics, who accepted(1978) and Pope John Paul II (1978–2005) as the true successors of Pope Pa ...
Medferiashwork Abebe... Princess Wolete Israel Seyoum and then following their divorce to Princess. Prince Makonnen was married to Princess Sara Gizaw. Prince Sahle Selassi ...
Kaleb of Axum... e capital, killing many and destroying the church there. The Christian Kinglearned of Dhu Nuwas's persecutions of Christians and Aksumites, and, acco ...
Princess Fawzia... asha was appointed as Egypt's first ambassador in Tehran. In the same year,of Egypt, the sister of King Farouk I, married Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the ...
Ramon Berenguer I... based on complex fealties and dependencies. From the time of the triumph ofover the other Catalan counts, the counts of Barcelona stood firmly at the ...
MuhammadSunan al-Tirmidhi again reportsas having prescribed the death penalty for both the active and the passive ...
JehoahazOn his return march to Egypt in 608 BC, Necho found thathad been selected to succeed his father, Josiah. Necho deposed Jehoahaz, w ...
Victor Emmanuel II... h 17, 1861, when most of the states of the peninsula were united under kingof the Savoy dynasty, which ruled over Piedmont. The architects of Italian ...
Antiochus II TheosAntiochus I (reigned 281–261 BC) and his son and successor(reigned 261–246 BC) were faced with challenges in the west, including rep ...
Theodoric the Great... or spirit of either gender, or may be a historical or legendary figure like, the Danish king Valdemar Atterdag, the Welsh psychopomp Gwyn ap Nudd or ...
James VI of Scotland... the death of Elizabeth in 1603 came the succession of her Scottish cousin,, to the English throne. He became James I of England, and so brought unde ...
King Christian IV... 909 and are based on the oldest seal of the city, dating from 1643. In 1643(of Denmark and Norway) granted the young city the right to use a seal wit ...
Grand Empress Dowager Lü Zhi... rivate minting of coins. This decision was reversed in 186 BCE by his widow(d. 180 BCE), who abolished private minting. In 182 BCE, Lü Zhi issued a b ...
Charles the Bald... 817 was a further claimant besides Louis's three grown sons. A fourth son,, was born to Louis's second wife, Judith of Bavaria, in 823. When Louis t ...
Gustav IV Adolph... esses, they ended with two failures. Her Swedish cousin (once removed) Kingvisited her in September 1796, the empress's intention being that her gran ...
John II Sigismund Zápolya... ism became official in 1583, following the faith of the only Unitarian King1541-1571) were declared as accepted (recepta) religions, while Orthodox C ...
Actor... me from her, where, however, Philonides speaks of an Alope as a daughter of. There was a monument of Alope on the road from Eleusis to Megara, on the ...
Juba II... Numidia became briefly the province of Africa Nova until Augustus restored(son of Juba I) after the Battle of Actium
Yongle Emperor... 4). A magistrate of Jining, Shandong sent a memorandum to the throne of theprotesting the current inefficient means of transporting 4,000,000 dan (42 ...
Genghis Khan... The Chagatai Mongol khans Kebek and Qazan built palaces here on the site of's summer pasture. In 1364, Timur also built a fortified palace with moats ...
Prince Makonnen... nagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework,, and Prince Sahle Selassie
Queen Victoria... ment for British rule. In a royal proclamation made to the people of India,promised equal opportunity of public service under British law, and also p ...
Prince Sahle Selassie... ce Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince Makonnen, and
Herod the Great... and its surrounding structures were a result of monumental construction byis not yet understood (as of September 2006); nor is the relationship of t ...
Theodosius IUnder Ambrose's major influence, emperors Gratian, Valentinian II andcarried on a persecution of Paganism. MacMullen (1984) p.100 quote: See al ...
Jehoahaz... urned to Egypt. On his return march, he found that the Judeans had selectedto succeed his father Josiah, whom Necho deposed and replaced with Jehoiak ...
King Christian IVThe city was named after its founderin 1641. The last element sand refers to the sandy headland the city was b ...
Queen Beatrix... ouse of Orange dynasty, the later royal family of the Netherlands. In fact,is Countess of Buren. Also, the royals have been known to use the name Van ...
Frederick III of BrandenburgDucal Prussia's full sovereignty allowed Electorto become "king in Prussia" in 1701 without offending Emperor Leopold I. T ...
Xiao Baojuan... ry to find silver fish (银鱼). He died in 498 AD and was succeeded by his son, whose killed high officials and governors at his whim, sparking many rev ...
Timoleon... r fully recovered its former status, though it revived to some extent underin the latter part of the 4th century
Seleucus II CallinicusBy the time Antiochus II's soncame to the throne around 246 BC, the Seleucids seemed to be at a low ebb ...
Antoninus Pius... es in the Empire seems to have happened quite quickly, late in the reign ofand under Marcus Aurelius. By this time all the key elements of the myster ...
Tewodros II of Ethiopia... entered into by Dejazmach Agew Niguse of Tigray, in revolt against Emperor, to cede Zula to the French. Agew Niguse was defeated by Emperor Tewodros ...
Queen Beatrix... a status retained by her daughter, Queen Juliana, and by her granddaughter,
Baldwin I of Jerusalem... cceeded the following year in wresting Hebron back from the crusaders under, who personally led the counter-charge to beat the Muslim forces off
Henry VIII... f the arms (shown to the right) was granted as an Augmentation of Honour byto Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk to commemorate his victory at the Ba ...
king... to. Many leading revolutionaries wanted a republic, but eventually it was aand his chief minister who had the power to unite the Italian states as a ...
Henry II the WranglerStephen married Giselle of Bavaria, the daughter ofin or after 995. By this marriage, he became the brother-in-law of the fut ...
Sargon of Akkad... empires succeeded the last, and conquerors grew in stature until the greatpushed his empire to the whole of Mesopotamia and beyond. It would not be ...
Charles I... o held their tenure at the pleasure of James I of England (VI of Scotland),and Charles II
Abd al-Mu'min... built up at Tinmel. There was probably a struggle for succession, in whichprevailed. Although a Zenata Berber from Targa (Algeria), and thus an alie ...
Pekahiah... kh; "open-eyed"; ) was king of Israel. He was a captain in the army of kingof Israel, whom he killed to become king. Pekah was the son of Remaliah (; ...
Pope Pius XI... ans of production, rather than the large units typical of modern economies.further stated, again in Quadragesimo Anno, "every social activity ought o ...
King of KingsShah or shahanshah ("") was the title of Persian emperors or kings. It includes rulers of the f ...
Queen Victoria... f the navy, lent these attributes to the image of Britannia. By the time of, Britannia had been renewed. Still depicted as a young woman with brown o ...
Louis XIV of France... anish Succession, which pitted France's candidate, Philippe, Duke of Anjou,'s grandson, against Austria's Charles, lasted for almost 14 years. The Ki ...
Crispus... le of Mardia in 317, and agreed to a settlement in which Constantine's sonsand Constantine II, and Licinius' son Licinianus were made caesars
Holy Roman Emperor Francis II... ecisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I and, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting. The battle took place nea ...
Edward II... many of the other English barons, found himself in increasing opposition to. War broke out in 1322, and Lancaster was captured at the Battle of Borou ...
Elizabeth I... age productions. Dench won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress asin the film Shakespeare in Love
Henry VI of England... France, and made his England bleed" – a reminder of the tumultuous reign of, which Shakespeare had previously brought to the stage in a trilogy of pl ...
Christian IX of Denmark... ousins through Queen Victoria, and second cousins once removed through King. Elizabeth fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters. E ...
Louis the Pious... awn up for a division of the Carolingian Empire on the death of the emperor. Unforeseen in 817 was a further claimant besides Louis's three grown son ...
Baldwin II of JerusalemIn the year 1113 during the reign of, according to Ali of Herat (writing in 1173), a certain part over the cav ...
Akbar... cluding those of the Mughal Empire. For instance, the third Mughal emperor,the Great (1542–1605), was formally known as "Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam"
Emperor He of Southern Qi... ao Yan to revolt under the banner of Xiao Baojun's brother who was declared. Xiao Baojun was killed by one of his general during the siege of his cap ...
Maria Theresa... h the agency of Prince Henry), Russia (under Catherine), and Austria (under) began preparing the ground for the partitions of Poland. In the first pa ...
King Arthur... early medieval poem found in the Book of Taliesin describes a voyage led byto the numerous otherworldy kingdoms within Annwn, either to rescue the pr ...
Saruman... s Treebeard to carry them toward Isengard, because that is the "last place"would look for them. When Treebeard gets close to the forest's edge, he se ...
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge... United Kingdom impaled with her family arms – the arms of her grandfather,(the royal arms used by the House of Hanover), in the 1st and 4th quarters ...
Queen Elizabeth... in 1601, was charged with supporting Essex's ill-fated insurrection against, but he was acquitted of those charges. He succeeded his father as Baron ...
Arthurian legends... tiltyard in an event called "the Round Table", in imitation of the popular
Thrasydaeus... aris and Theron, and became a democracy after the overthrow of Theron's son. Although the city remained neutral in the conflict between Athens and Sy ...
Prince HenryPrussia (through the agency of), Russia (under Catherine), and Austria (under Maria Theresa) began prepa ...
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany... exandra had lost a brother, Friedrich, to the disease, as well as an uncle,. Her sister Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was also a carrier of th ...
Emperor of China... e Zhengde Emperor. The handover of Macau (Macao) to Portugal in 1557 by the(as a reward for services rendered against the pirates who infested the So ...
Mary Tudor... pass from their possession. In 1553, for example, Framlingham was given to, sister of King Edward VI
the Master... interview regarding the series' revival, Baker suggested that he be cast as. In a 2006 interview with the Sun newspaper, he claims that he has not wa ...
King Cadwaladr... "Peter's Leek," Cenhinen Bedr) on St. David’s Day. According to one legend,of Gwynedd ordered his soldiers to identify themselves by wearing the vege ...
1st Duke of York... and the second creation had been invalidated by the illegitimisation of the(one of the Princes in the Tower, who was also 1st Duke of Norfolk) on 25 ...
Catherine of Valois... lowing the victory at Agincourt, Henry attempts to woo the French princess,. This is difficult because he does not speak French well and she does not ...
Marcus Aurelius... have happened quite quickly, late in the reign of Antoninus Pius and under. By this time all the key elements of the mysteries were in place
King John... sents information for an indictment. The grand jury was later recognized byin Magna Carta in on demand of the nobility
Dunama DabbalemiKanem's expansion peaked during the long and energetic reign of Mai(ca. 1203–1242), also of the Sayfawa dynasty. Dabbalemi initiated diplomat ...
Tsar Alexander I... Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded byand Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, after nearly nine hours of difficult fi ...
Victor Emmanuel II... ore conservative constitutional monarchic figures included Count Cavour and, who would later become the first king of a united Italy
AragornIn The Fellowship of the Ring, Frodo Baggins met Strider () at the largest and most popular inn in Bree, The Prancing Pony, owned by ...
James Francis Edward Stuart... St. John, the first Viscount Bolingbroke from declaring for the Pretender,. The Marlboroughs returned home on the afternoon of Anne's death. The Act ...
Xiao ZhaowenThe short reigns of Emperor Wu's grandsons, Xiao Zhaoye and(his first son predeceased him), were dominated by Xiao Luan, Emperor's Wu ...
MaxentiusMaximian had two children with his Syrian wife, Eutropia:and Fausta. There is no direct evidence in the ancient sources for their b ...
Henry III... d game. El Pardo was a region visited frequently by kings since the time of, in the 14th century. The Catholic Monarchs started the construction of t ...
Louis... tion of Catalonia extending their power as far as Girona. Charlemagne's sontook Barcelona from the Moorish emir in 801, ultimately forming a frontier ...
Nauplius... ite of great antiquity near the shores of the Argolid. To Poseidon she bore, "the navigator," who gave his name to the port city of Argos
Julius Caesar... and its inhabitants received full Roman citizenship following the death ofin 44 BC
King Edward VI... ssion. In 1553, for example, Framlingham was given to Mary Tudor, sister of
Ferdinand II of Aragon... Domingo in 1498, far from the reach of the Medici and the Spanish King, butsoon found out and had Columbus put into chains
Albert, Prince Consort... nand II of Portugal, and also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband, Empress Carlota of Mexico and her brother Leopold II of Belgium. These l ...
Ferdinand IV of Castile... unicipal charter dated in Valladolid on June 15, 1300 and confirmed by kingin Burgos, on January 4, 1301. Diego López stablished the new town on the ...
Demetrius I of Bactria... verrun by the invasion of northern nomads. One of the Greco-Bactrian kings,, invaded India around 180 BC to form the Greco-Indian kingdom, lasting un ...
Grigory Potemkinhad had involvement in the coup d'état of 1762. In 1772, Catherine's close ...
Septimius Severus... midia was divided between Mauretania and the province of Africa Nova. Under(193 AD), Numidia was separated from Africa Vetus, and governed by an impe ...
Maria Luisa of Savoy... use her influence in carrying out his plans. Upon the death of the Queen (), Alberoni in concert with La Trémoille arranged for a marriage in 1714 b ...
King Hussein of Jordan... ardas set up various companies offering these products to royalty and VIPs.bought a fleet of cars that Mardas had customised, but the cars proved to ...
Henry I's... ountess Matilda I of Boulogne. When his father seized the English throne ondeath in 1135, he became to the English throne
Sophia of Hanover... udwig, Elector of Hanover (the great grandson of James I through his mother), King George I of Great Britain
Charles II... enure at the pleasure of James I of England (VI of Scotland), Charles I and
Hippothoon... pe, his granddaughter through Cercyon, and from the union she gave birth to. Alope left the infant in the open to die of exposure, but a passing mare ...
Mohammad Reza PahlaviThe last shah of Persia,, officially adopted the title شاهنشاه shâhanshâh (literally King of Kings ...
Otto... wing his assassination in 1831, the Great Powers installed a monarchy under, of the Bavarian House of Wittelsbach. In 1843 an uprising forced the kin ...
George I... ar later replaced by Prince Wilhelm (William) of Denmark, who took the nameand brought with him the Ionian Islands as a coronation gift from Britain. ...
Aristagoras... finally broke into open revolt due to the actions of the tyrant of Miletus,. Attempting to save himself after a disastrous Persian-sponsored expediti ...
Alfonso XI... th the Royal Fuero, granted by Alfonso X of Castile in 1262 and ratified byin 1339. On the other hand, the town of Buitrago de Lozoya, Alcalá de Hena ...
Elizabeth IIVisited by Somerset Maugham, Rudyard Kipling, Noël Coward and Queenamong many others, Penang has always been a popular tourist destination, b ...
King Charles IIDuring the reign of, Britannia made her first appearance on English coins on a farthing of 16 ...
LiciniusIn the year 320,reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan in 313 and ...
Commodus... ks are now lost. According to the 4th century Historia Augusta, the emperorparticipated in its mysteries but it never became one of the state cults
Ferdinand II of Portugal... Leopold I, first king of the Belgians. His father Augustus was a brother of, and also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband Albert, Prince Co ...
Harold II... as an ally of William the Conqueror, and is listed as a possible killer of; he is also believed to have given William his own horse after the duke's ...
Diocletian... rned by an imperial procurator. Under the new organization of the empire by, Numidia was divided in two provinces: the north became Numidia Cirtensis ...
ManassehDuring the long reign of(c. 687/686 - 643/642 BC), Judah was a vassal of Assyrian rulers - Sennach ...
King Edward VFor his support of King Richard III during the deposition ofin 1483, he was created The Duke of Norfolk, third creation, on 28 June 14 ...
Emperor Ming of Southern Qi... Emperor's Wu's first cousin. He killed them in turn and crowned himself as. Using the government secretaries (典签官), he slaughtered all the descendan ...
Justin I... rding to Procopius, was further encouraged by his ally and fellow Christianof Byzantium, who requested Aksum's help to cut off silk supplies as part ...
Ahaz... g of Judah, and reigned for sixteen years. Jotham was succeeded by his son,in the seventeenth year of Pekah's reign. William F. Albright has dated hi ...
German Emperor Wilhelm II... outbreak of the First World War, the young Wilhelmina visited the powerful, who boasted to the Queen of a relatively small country, "my guards are s ...
Holy Roman Emperor... of Courland, Christian IV of Denmark being notable proponents. The Habsburgs had long been interested in mercantilist policies, but the vast and dece ...
Nazgûl... Dark Tower" (Barad-dûr), snaga, meaning "slave", and ghâsh "fire". The nameis a combination of "nazg" meaning "ring" and "gûl" meaning "wraith(s)", t ...
Malcolm IV... Crown came to his youngest son, David. David was succeeded by his grandsons, and then by William the Lion, the longest-reigning King of Scots before ...
Henry II... n, became king of Navarre by his marriage with Catherine of Foix. Their son, king of Navarre, was created duke of Albret and peer of France in 1550 b ...
Pope Paul VI... ust as cardinal bishops are given one of the suburban dioceses around Rome.abolished all administrative rights cardinals had with regard to their tit ...
Theodoric I... vitus, and Attila's continued westward advance, convinced the Visigoth king(Theodorid) to ally with the Romans. The combined armies reached Orléans a ...
Gunderic... taces. The remainder of his people subsequently appealed to the Vandal kingto accept the Alan crown. Later Vandal kings in North Africa styled themse ...
Christian IV of Denmark... ears' War (1618–1648), with Christina of Sweden, Jacob Kettler of Courland,being notable proponents. The Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors had long been i ...
King Henry II... court, but was almost certainly at least known about at the royal court ofof England. Virtually nothing is known of her life; both her given name an ...
Justinian I... for the founding of the Justinian Dynasty that included his eminent nephewand for the enactment of laws that de-emphasized the influence of the old ...
The Duke of Kent... ose friend of the convicted Libyan gun smuggler Tarek Kaituni’. It was fromthat the Duke took over in this position, which involves him representing ...
Darius I of Persia... also made voyages using Maka to communicate with India. After Cyrus' deathsucceeded his throne. According to Greek historian Herodotus, Darius wante ...
Philip... ek city-states were, in some scholars' opinions, united under the banner of's and Alexander the Great's pan-Hellenic ideals, though others might gene ...
Theodosius I... ed at Sarigüzel, near Istanbul, in the 1930s, and attributed to the time of(379-395)
Louis XVI... trumps the Duke's claim by alleging that he is the Lost Dauphin, the son ofand rightful King of France. He continually mispronounces the duke's title ...
Tewodros II... ue of Nations in 1923 by promising to eradicate slavery; each emperor sincehad issued proclamations to halt slavery, but without effect: the internat ...
John I of Portugal... attle of Ceuta, the city was captured by the Portuguese during the reign of. The King of Spain, Phillip II, seized the Portuguese throne in 1580 and ...
Eystein Halfdansson... raves") and as taking King Halfdan Hvitbeinn from life. In chapter 46, Kingdies by being knocked overboard by a sail yard. A section from Ynglingatal ...
Catherine of Foix... . John of Albret, son of Alain, became king of Navarre by his marriage with. Their son Henry II, king of Navarre, was created duke of Albret and peer ...
King David... uel as being one of The Three, a distinct group of warriors associated with; scholars believe that the same individual is meant, and that the passage ...
King of ItalyLouis II the Younger (825 – Ghedi 12 August 875) was theand Roman Emperor from 844, co-ruling with his father Lothair I until 855, ...
Lothair... re for the benefit of Charles he met with the opposition of his adult sons,, Pepin, and Louis. A decade of civil war and fluctuating alliances, punct ...
Christina of Sweden... entral Europe and Scandinavia after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), with, Jacob Kettler of Courland, Christian IV of Denmark being notable propone ...
Maximilian I... ing, and also successor of Philip, count palatine of the Rhine. The emperor, interested as archduke of Austria and count of Tirol, interfered in the ...
Numa Pompilius... in the ordainment of Roman religion attributed to Romulus' royal successor,. There is however no evidence for the conflated Romulus-Quirinus before t ...
Constans... ceeded by his three sons born of Fausta, Constantine II, Constantius II and. A number of relatives were killed by followers of Constantius, notably C ...
Sharif Hussein bin AliIn 1925 the forces of Ibn Saud captured the holy city of Mecca from, ending 700 years of Hashemite rule. On 10 January 1926, Ibn Saud proclai ...
Thoas... future wife of Acastus (otherwise known as Astydameia); Myrina, who married; and an unnamed daughter, who became the mother of Asterius by Teutamus
Pope John XXIII... an sees (who had been relieved of direct responsibilities for those sees bythree years earlier). Not holding a suburbicarian see, they cannot elect t ...
Philip II of France... he spent little time in England, instead concentrating on the war with King, which began with Philip's attempts to acquire Richard's possessions on t ...
CharlemagneThe Islands were defended by the emperorin 799 from a Saracen pirate incursion
Christina of Sweden... ite of the city of Wilmington, which they named Fort Christina, after Queen
Ptolemy II Philadelphus... ign, which have been partly preserved to us through Diodorus Siculus. Later, the ruler of Ptolemaic Egypt and contemporary of Ashoka the Great, is al ...
Daumantas... e midst of these events Mindaugas' wife Morta died, and he took her sister,' wife, as his own. In retaliation, Daumantas and Treniota assassinated Mi ...
Halfdan Hvitbeinn... el as "howes'-warder" (meaning "guardian of the graves") and as taking Kingfrom life. In chapter 46, King Eystein Halfdansson dies by being knocked o ...
Charlemagne... who wanted to maintain Bavarian independence, was defeated and displaced byin 789. An eastern march (military borderland), the Avar March, was establ ...
David... idetes attacked Jerusalem. According to Josephus, John Hyrcanus opened King's sepulchre and removed three thousand talents which he paid as tribute t ...
AgamemnonThe word Atreides refers to one of the sons of Atreus—and Menelaus. The plural form Atreidae or Atreidai refers to both sons col ...
Malcolm... tle at the hands of Macbeth, who was killed himself in 1057 by Duncan's son. The following year, after killing Macbeth's stepson Lulach, Malcolm asce ...
Maximilian IIIThe Administrator of Prussia, the grandmaster of the Teutonic Order, son of emperor Maximilian II died in 1618. Albert's line died out in 161 ...
Peter III of Russia... 1754 – 23 March 1801), officially fathered by Catherine's husband, Emperor, but claimed by Catherine to be the son of her lover, Count Serge Saltyko
Muhammad... m de guerre of Abu Ammar. Both names are related to Ammar ibn Yasir, one of's early companions. Although he dropped most of his inherited names, he r ...
John Hyrcanus... eucid King Antiochus VII Sidetes attacked Jerusalem. According to Josephus,opened King David's sepulchre and removed three thousand talents which he ...
John of Albret... o the liberal grants which it had obtained from successive kings of France., son of Alain, became king of Navarre by his marriage with Catherine of F ...
Pope John XPope Leo VI, a Roman, succeeded(914–928) as Pope in 928. He reigned a little over seven months; the exact ...
King Henry VIII... e River Thames. It was originally built for Cardinal Wolsey, a favourite of, circa 1514; in 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the palace was passed t ...
Odoacer... avenna. In 476, the last Western Empreror Romulus Augustulus was deposed by; for a few years Italy stayed united under the rule of Odoacer, but soon ...
William IV... e British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was: Salic law, which required succession by the male line, forbade the acces ...
Lothair I... was the King of Italy and Roman Emperor from 844, co-ruling with his fatheruntil 855, after which he ruled alone. Louis's usual title was imperator a ...
Paul I of Russia#Emperor(1 October 1754 – 23 March 1801), officially fathered by Catherine's husba ...
Lothair... for his succession, but Hugh Capet appointed Arnulf, an illegitimate son ofinstead. Arnulf was deposed in 991 for alleged treason against the King, a ...
Richard III... t, Elizabeth Woodville. When the Duke of Gloucester became King in 1483, as, both Elizabeth and her mother Alice were appointed ladies-in-waiting to ...
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York... the monarchy), Richard III is described as "the undoubted son and heir" of, and "born in this land" — an oblique reference to his brother's birth at ...
Charles II... was very politically astute and secured the charter from the newly restored, who granted the most liberal political terms
Tipu Sultan... the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out in 1798 against the Sultan of Mysore,. Arthur's brother Richard ordered that an armed force be sent to capture ...
Liliuokalani... him. When his wife, Queen Kapiolani, and his sister, Princess (later Queen), took a trip across North America and on to the British Islands, in 1887, ...
Charles IIThe principal advisor to, the Earl of Clarendon remarked on the matter, "and from those contestati ...
Euphemia... emphasized the influence of the old Roman nobility. His consort was Empress
Pepin... e benefit of Charles he met with the opposition of his adult sons, Lothair,, and Louis. A decade of civil war and fluctuating alliances, punctuated b ...
Constantius II... s there. He was succeeded by his three sons born of Fausta, Constantine II,and Constans. A number of relatives were killed by followers of Constantiu ...
Maximilian II... ussia, the grandmaster of the Teutonic Order Maximilian III, son of emperordied in 1618. Albert's line died out in 1618, and the Duchy of Prussia pas ...
Nero... tes back to the 1st century AD, when Seneca the Younger, a tutor of Emperorof Rome, wrote: "Letters, however small and indistinct, are seen enlarged ...
King Abdullah... ian revolution in 1935 which led him and his followers in rebellion againstof Jordan. And later at 1937, when they were forced to leave Jordan, Princ ...
Queen Kapiolani... p around the world, he brought his native language with him. When his wife,, and his sister, Princess (later Queen) Liliuokalani, took a trip across ...
Louis XV... pulation was not forced out but rather their religion was declared illegal.ordered all blacks to be deported from France, but was unsuccessful
Philip II of France... 's daughter, Margaret of Geneva, to France for her intended wedding to King. Thomas carried off Marguerite and married her himself, producing some ei ...
Ecgfrith... Deira had its own sub-kings at times during the reigns of Oswiu and his son
Pope Paul VIIn 1965decreed in his motu proprio Ad Purpuratorum Patrum that patriarchs of the ...
David... s successively became king. Eventually, the Crown came to his youngest son,. David was succeeded by his grandsons Malcolm IV, and then by William the ...
Peter II... uese João Francisco António de Bragança, in Lisbon and succeeded his fatherin December 1706, and was proclaimed on January 1, 1707
Charles VIII... (d. 1522), wished to marry Anne of Brittany, and to that end fought against; but his hopes being defeated by the betrothal of Anne to Maximilian of A ...
George V... rincipally at English speakers in the outposts of the British Empire, or asput it in the first-ever , the "men and women, so cut off by the snow, the ...
George I Louis... of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). The first of these was, who acceded to the British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ...
Sigismund III Vasa... ations into Polish). The period of tolerance ended during the reign of King, who was under strong influence of Piotr Skarga and other Jesuits. After ...
Antiochus VII Sidetes... his Seleucid suzerains. Within a year of the death of Simon, Seleucid Kingattacked Jerusalem. According to Josephus, John Hyrcanus opened King David ...
Oswiu... kingdom, although Deira had its own sub-kings at times during the reigns ofand his son Ecgfrith
OttonianAs allies of the Carolingian kings and the empire of theirsuccessors, the Obotrites fought from 808 to 1200 against the kings of Den ...
Louis VII of France... aimed at all his friends and supporters as well as Becket himself; but Kingoffered Becket protection. He spent nearly two years in the Cistercian abb ...
Usman dan Fodio... lani reformist jihads swept across Western Africa. The most notable include's Fulani Empire, which replaced the Hausa city-states, Seku Amadu's Massi ...
Ranjit SinghUndivided Punjab was ruled by a Sikh dynasty founded by Maharajafor 50 years from 1799 to 1849 AD, before its conquest by the British. Bef ...
David Kalākaua... mar of Hawaiian ("Über die Hawaiische Sprache") in 1837. When Hawaiian Kingtook a trip around the world, he brought his native language with him. Whe ...
Elizabeth I of England... mer Night's Dream which opened in February 2010, when she played Titania asin her later years: Queen of the Forest of Arden. On 31 July 2010, Dame Ju ...
Cyrus the Great... ern half of Oman as well as Balochistan and the Sindh province of Pakistan.united several ancient Iranian tribes to create an empire
Charles II... stic office despite the changes through the course of several monarchs fromto George I. A comic opera covers a later period in 18th century history, ...
Sharif Hussein... Al-Khuzai and his tribe had dominated eastern Jordan before the arrival of. Ibn Saud supported Prince Rashed Al-Khuzai and his followers in rebellio ...
Anastasius I... s ability, rose through the ranks to become a general and under the Emperor; by the time of Anastasius' death in 518, he held the influential positio ...
Charles I... ntury history, while a film set in Bray, County Wicklow, in Ireland, covers, the English Civil War, the Commonwealth of England, The Protectorate, an ...
Romulus Augustulus... tal was moved from Mediolanum to Ravenna. In 476, the last Western Emprerorwas deposed by Odoacer; for a few years Italy stayed united under the rule ...
Alexander III... s succeeded by his son Alexander II. Alexander II, as well as his successor, attempted to take over the Western Isles, which were still under the ove ...
John Hyrcanus... semi-independent Seleucid client states such as Judea to revolt. In 110 BCEcarried out the first military conquests of the newly independent Hasmonea ...
Duchess of York... reer, as well as relentless, often critical, media attention focused on the, led to fractures in the marriage. On 19 March 1992 the couple announced ...
Catherine de' Medici... n a box called a cadena; this usage was introduced to the French court with's entourage
Habibullah Khan... -Afghan War of 1919 was precipitated by the assassination of the then ruler. His son and successor Amanullah declared full independence and attacked ...
Justin II... ssimus and had Praejecta (b. ca 520), married to the senator Areobindus and(b. ca 520)
Akbar... ed Sheykhu Baba, he was the third and eldest surviving son of Mogul Emperor. Akbar's twin sons, Hasan and Hussain, died in infancy. His mother was th ...
George IV... he final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, byin 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Han ...
Maria Clementina Sobieska... e female bust bears a resemblance to the Jacobite Queen and Polish Princess, wife of James the Old Pretender. The two putti with reddish hair who acc ...
Lady Jane Grey... on 21 December 1546 he married Mildred Cooke, who was ranked by Ascham withas one of the two most learned ladies in the kingdom, and whose sister, An ...
Frederick II... had several times mediated between the Lombards and the Holy Roman Emperorreasserted his right to arbitrate between the contending parties. In the n ...
Constantine VII... Although he reluctantly baptized the fruit of this relationship, the future, Nicholas forbade the emperor from entering the church and may have becom ...
Eurystheus... refuge in Mycenae, where they ascended to the throne in the absence of King, who was fighting the Heracleidae. Eurystheus had meant for their steward ...
Theodora... have varied from c. 277 to c. 287, and most date Fausta's birth to c. 298., the wife of Constantius Chlorus, is often called Maximian's stepdaughter ...
King of Lithuania... ing antagonist of the Lithuanians. During the summer of 1253 he was crowned, ruling between 300,000 and 400,000 subjects
Albert of Brandenburg-AnsbachThe Teutonic Order lost eastern Prussia when Grand Masterconverted to Lutheranism and secularized the Prussian branch of the Teuton ...
Artemisia... il of war with the Persian fleet; Herodotus says this occurred at Phalerum., queen of Halicarnassus and commander of its naval squadron in Xerxes's f ...
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus... 6 BCE, a civil war between Seleucid half-brothers Antiochus VIII Grypus andbroke out, resulting in a further breakup of the already significantly red ...
Faisal##(April 1906 – 25 March 1975); reigned 1964–197
Mao Zedong... ly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death ofand the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. Despite fa ...
Henry VIIIThe chief minister of, the Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer suggested removal of the Rom ...
Louis XVIII... 2, when Hugo was only twenty years old, and earned him a royal pension from. Though the poems were admired for their spontaneous fervor and fluency, ...
Oswald... ar he went to Cadwallon to sue for peace and was killed. Eanfrith's brotherthen raised an army and finally defeated Cadwallon at the Battle of Heaven ...
grandfather... leagh all titles previously held by both his maternal great-grandfather and. Prince Andrew had known Miss Ferguson since childhood, and they had met ...
Cadmus... ugh no classical source explicitly connects the two, Ino is the daughter ofof Tyre. Lewis Farnell thought not, referring in 1916 to "the accidental r ...
Marie I of Boulogne... bury and half-sister to Henry II, King of England; Marie, Abbess of Reading;; Marie, Abbess of Barking; and Marie de Meulan, wife of Hugh Talbot
Albert Frederick... viate of Brandenburg became co-regents with Albert's son, the feeble-minded
Saud##(12 January 1902 – 23 February 1969); reigned 1953–196
Antiochus VIII Grypus... st of the Euphrates. In 116 BCE, a civil war between Seleucid half-brothersand Antiochus IX Cyzicenus broke out, resulting in a further breakup of th ...
John VI of Portugal... one another. In the Portuguese colony, the heir apparent Pedro, son of King, proclaimed the country's independence in 1822 and became Brazil's first ...
Leo VI the Wise... isfavor after Photios' dismissal in 886 and retired to a monastery. Emperorretrieved him from the monastery and made him mystikos, a dignity designat ...
Pope Pius XI... oly See. Relations with the Holy See were defined during the pontificate of(1922–1939
Bindusara... an ambassador, Megasthenes, to Chandragupta, and later Deimakos to his son, at the Mauryan court at Pataliputra (modern Patna in Bihar state). Megas ...
Royal Standard of Scotland... ngham Palace, Windsor Castle and Sandringham House, whereas in Scotland theis flown at Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle
Edmund, Earl of Rutland... ave had their births recorded). Furthermore, the christening celebration of, the second son of Richard and Cecily, was a lavish and expensive affair ...
Henrietta Maria... r, Richard Baxter ascribes the origin of the term to a remark made by Queenat the trial of the Earl of Strafford earlier that year; referring to John ...
Otto I... erbert with him. There Gerbert met Pope John XIII (965–972) and the Emperor, surnamed the Great (936–973). The Pope persuaded Otto I to employ Gerber ...
Rurik... al relation with the Varagians defending the cities that they ruled. Led byand his brothers Truvor and Sineus, the invited Varangians (called Rus') s ...
William IIIThe following century,'s massive rebuilding and expansion project intended to rival Versailles w ...
Louis... f Charles he met with the opposition of his adult sons, Lothair, Pepin, and. A decade of civil war and fluctuating alliances, punctuated by brief per ...
Charlemagne... of the Frankish Kingdom. On conquering the Lombard Kingdom of Italy in 774,had himself crowned King of the Lombards. Consequently, Tyrol came to be o ...
Nazgûl... existing in two forms, the ancient "pure" forms used by Sauron himself, the, and the Olog-hai, and the more "debased" form used by the soldiery of th ...
Alexander II... needed for the Crusades. William died in 1214, and was succeeded by his son. Alexander II, as well as his successor Alexander III, attempted to take ...
Eanfrith... ain was divided into Bernicia and Deira. Bernicia was then briefly ruled by, son of Aethelfrith, but after about a year he went to Cadwallon to sue f ...
Charles II... tability (some would say amorality) over half a century, from the reigns ofto George I. Over this period, he embraced whichever form of liturgy, Prot ...
Pope Pius XII... 931 Hitler sent Göring on a mission to the Vatican, where he met the future
Ludwig III of Bavaria... A year later, Ludwig deposed his cousin, Otto, and proclaimed himself King. During the First World War, Ludwig's eldest son, Crown Prince Rupprecht, ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... stern end that hold annual polo and special events. The Prince of Wales andwere seen in the polo clubs
Khalid##(II) (1913 – 13 June 1982); reigned 1975–198
AkbarIn 1600, whenwas away from the capital on an expedition, Salim broke into an open rebel ...
Pharaoh... f Jehoiakim, he revolted against Babylon, and entered into an alliance withHophra of Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar responded by invading Judah. . Nebuchadnez ...
Dalmatius... ives were killed by followers of Constantius, notably Constantine's nephews(who held the rank of Caesar) and Hannibalianus, presumably to eliminate p ...
Henry II, King of England... s twelfth century poet are: Marie, Abbess of Shaftesbury and half-sister to; Marie, Abbess of Reading; Marie I of Boulogne; Marie, Abbess of Barking; ...
Manuel I of Portugal... tugal, forks began being used with Infanta Beatrice, Duchess of Viseu, king's mother. That happened around 1450. Still forks were not commonly used i ...
Prince George of DenmarkIn 1702, he was at Epsom when, husband of Queen Anne fell ill. According to tradition, Arbuthnot treate ...
Phraates II of Parthia... s and in 129 BCE Antiochus VII Sidetes was killed in Media by the forces of, permanently ending Seleucid rule east of the Euphrates. In 116 BCE, a ci ...
Mohammed Nadir Shah... cated under pressure. The individual who most benefited from the crisis was, who reigned from 1929 to 1933. Both the Soviets and the British played t ...
Nick Nickson... for the Lakers, Kings, indoor soccer and indoor tennis events at the Forum., a radio broadcaster for the Los Angeles Kings, replaced John Ramsey as t ...
Sauron... in the realm of Mordor. Tolkien describes the language as being created byas an artificial language to be the sole language of all the servants of M ...
Ermengarde of ToursHe was the eldest son of the Emperor Lothair I and. He was designated King of Italy in 839 and took up his residence in that ...
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena... his children. However, Pachelbel spent only one year in Eisenach. In 1678,, Johann Georg's brother, died and during the period of mourning court mus ...
Alp Arslan... manus IV, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (reigned 1068–1071), faced Sultanof the Seljuk Turks (reigned 1059–1072) in the Battle of Manzikert. The ba ...
Ibn Hud... until 1147, when the Almohads who conquered the land and ruled, apart from's rebellion of 1232, until the Tunisian Hafsids established their control ...
Avitus... troops from among the Franks, the Burgundians, and the Celts. A mission by, and Attila's continued westward advance, convinced the Visigoth king The ...
Charles V... ci. Bandinelli, a supporter of the Medici, was also exiled. In 1530 Emperorretook Florence after a long siege. Pope Clement VII subsequently installe ...
Władysław II the Exile... m the 11th-12th centuries it was also a castellany. After the death of Duke, Silesia was divided in 1163 between two Piast lines- the Wrocławska line ...
Louis II... ed his kingdom between his three sons in the Treaty of Prüm. To the eldest,, went Italy, with the imperial title. To the youngest, Charles, still a m ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... d to England to raise the king's ransom. Richard wrote to his mother, Queen, that Walter should be chosen for the see of Canterbury, as well as to th ...
Agamemnon... was a king of Mycenae, the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, and the father ofand Menelaus. Collectively, his descendants are known as Atreidai or Atrei ...
Alexander... jepan Radić was assassinated in the Yugoslav parliament, a year before kingwould establish his dictatorship, Šufflay wrote Hrvatska u svijetlu svjets ...
Pope Paul VI... limit of 70, and this continued under his successors. At the start of 1971,set an age limit of eighty years for electors, who were to number no more ...
Henry VIII... nerations down to Catherine's sister, Anne, who would serve all six of King's
Antiochus VII Sidetes... een disintegrating in the face of the Seleucid–Parthian wars and in 129 BCEwas killed in Media by the forces of Phraates II of Parthia, permanently e ...
Adolphus... e was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroyrepresented the monarch in Hanover
Jane Seymour... spent in the service of the Duke of Somerset (a brother of the late queen,), who was Lord Protector during the early years of the reign of his nephe ...
King of Lithuania... 1200 – fall 1263) was the first known Grand Duke of Lithuania and the only. Little is known of his origins, early life, or rise to power; he is ment ...
Fahd##(II) (1920 – 1 August 2005); reigned 1982–200
Simeon of Bulgaria... f heirs and princes in several Christian royal houses, such as the cases ofor James Ogilvy
Romanos Lekapenos... ther failures, she and her supporters were supplanted in 919 by the admiral, who married his daughter Helena Lekapene to Constantine VII and finally ...
King Richard IIIFor his support ofduring the deposition of King Edward V in 1483, he was created The Duke of ...
George I... ious Stuart monarchs, chose to rely on a small committee of advisers. Undereven more power passed to this committee. It now began to meet in the abse ...
Stephen Báthory... ians of the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth, assertive militarily under King, suffered from dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kings ...
Germanicus... d not only Ptolemy but also the poet Aratus, the orator Cicero, and generalas colouring the star red, though acknowledging that none of the latter th ...
Infanta Beatrice, Duchess of ViseuIn Portugal, forks began being used with, king Manuel I of Portugal's mother. That happened around 1450. Still for ...
Charles the Bold... t. Arnhem entered the Hanseatic League in 1443. In 1473, it was captured byof Burgundy. In 1514, Charles of Egmond, duke of Guelders, took it from th ...
Henry VIII... ority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily underand Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I
Frederick II... ssia, was merged with the former Duchy of Prussia. On 31 January 1773, Kingannounced that the newly annexed lands were to be known as the Province of ...
Julius Caesar... own incident of a leader extending his term indefinitely was Roman dictator, who made himself "Perpetual Dictator" (commonly mistranslated as 'Dictat ...
Moctezuma II... nd returned in a few months, bearing reports of the wealth and splendour of's empire
Davidgained by the Ammonites over the king of Bashan. Afterha
King James... r in 1692, the seating was described in the court memoirs of Saint-Simon: "having his Queen on his right hand and the King on his left, and each with ...
James I of Aragon... December 31, 1229, after three months of siege, the city was reconquered byand was renamed Palma de Mallorca. In addition to being kept as capital of ...
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough... tional and familial reasons. Anne was advised (and many said controlled) by, who was a champion of Whig causes. In 1706, the Duchess of Marlborough f ...
Mahmud of Ghazni... to its end in December 1004. Ibn Sina seems to have declined the offers of, and proceeded westwards to Urgench in modern Turkmenistan, where the viz ...
NapoleonAfterimposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Convention of the Elbe) on July 5, 1 ...
Agamemnon... boy. Aegisthus then killed Atreus, although not before Atreus had two sons,and Menelaus
Oscar II... an). Due to the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905,had to change his motto
Saladin... power in Arabic poetry, and was according to legend the personal emblem of. The specific depiction of Golden Eagle legendarily considered to be Sala ...
Philip the Good... ken – to Italy and Spain, and he received commissions from, amongst others,, Netherlandish nobility and foreign princes. By the latter half of the fi ...
William Marshall... ted to a "Count William", who may have been either William of Mandeville or. However, it has also been suggested that Count William may refer to Will ...
Edwin... was defeated and killed by Rædwald of East Anglia (who had given refuge to, son of Ælle, king of Deira) around the year 616. Edwin then became king. ...
Edward VI... the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Henry VIII's son and successor, the young, continued with further religious reforms but his early death in 1553 pre ...
Augustus... ond century AD had only been moved and rededicated there during the time of; in essence it was a Roman temple to the Augustan Mars Ultor. The Areopag ...
Augustus... to the revival of the clean shaven face fashion of the Roman emperors fromto Trajan, which was originally introduced among the Romans by Scipio Afri ...
Simeon I of Bulgaria... f the regency for the young emperor, and as such had to face the advance ofon Constantinople. Nicholas negotiated a peaceful settlement, crowned Sime ...
George III... d Hanover. The Convention also meant the disbanding of the army of Hanover.did not recognize the Convention of the Elbe. As a result of this, a great ...
Aepytus#A daughter of Poseidon and Pitane who was raised byof Arcadia and became the mother of Iamus by Apollo. When Aepytus discover ...
Alexander III... of government ministers of Russia who were personally appointed by the Tsarand by his son, Tsar Nicholas II. The additional Chinese Eastern Railway w ...
Eglon... om which Ehud turned back for the purpose of carrying out his design to putking of Moab to death, were probably the "graven images" (as the word is r ...
Muhammad... (Arabic for "full moon"), after the Battle of Badr, in which Muslims underdefeated the Quraish tribe of Mecca
Abdullah##(born August 1922); current king, since 200
Trajan... val of the clean shaven face fashion of the Roman emperors from Augustus to, which was originally introduced among the Romans by Scipio Africanus. Th ...
Liu YuThe dynasty was founded by劉裕 (363–422), whose surname together with "Song" forms the most commonly u ...
ÆthelfrithIda’s grandson,(Æðelfriþ), united Deira with his own kingdom by force around the year 604 ...
Selim I... n of the Ottoman Empire along the southern Mediterranean coast under sultancoincided with the establishment of Inquisition commissions by the Reyes C ...
Anne BoleynThe ghost of, beheaded in 1536 for treason against Henry VIII, allegedly haunts the ch ...
Alexandra of Denmark... cil to campaign against the visit to Ireland of King Edward VII his consort
Sigismund III... ry, suffered from dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kingsand Władysław IV. The Commonwealth fought wars with Russia, Sweden and the ...
Nicolae Ceauşescu... ut they have not proclaimed themselves as President for Life. For instance,of Romania, who ruled until his execution (see Romanian revolution)
Edward IV... or Woodville), sister of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, father of Kingconsort, Elizabeth Woodville. When the Duke of Gloucester became King in 1 ...
Aegisthus... e a son by his daughter, Pelopia, who would then kill Atreus. However, whenwas first born, he was abandoned by his mother who was ashamed of her ince ...
Charles II... ore the restoration of the monarchy, the Protector's Council was abolished.restored the royal Privy Council, but he, like previous Stuart monarchs, c ...
Mary... a succession crisis. He was wary of allowing his Catholic elder half-sisterto succeed, and therefore drew up a will designating Lady Jane Grey as his ...
Romanos I... e supporters of Euthymios followed, which did not end until the new EmperorLekapenos promulgated the Tomos of Union in 920. In the meantime Alexander ...
Flavius ConstantiusIn early 288, Maximian appointed his praetorian prefect, husband of Maximian's daughter Theodora, to lead a campaign against Cara ...
Liu Shao... which at least partially led to many military revolts. These rulers include, Emperor Xiaowu, Emperor Qianfei, Emperor Ming, and Emperor Houfei. Emper ...
King... oirs of Saint-Simon: "King James having his Queen on his right hand and theon his left, and each with their cadenas." In Perrault's contemporaneous f ...
Peleus... ds and goddesses as well as various mortals were invited to the marriage ofand Thetis (the eventual parents of Achilles). Only Eris, goddess of disco ...
Queen Victoria... m and Hanover ended as William IV's heir in the United Kingdom was female (). According to Salic Law Hanover could only be inherited by males. As a c ...
King Charles I... n applauded the English people for having the courage to depose and execute. In his poem, however, he takes the side of 'Heav'n's awful Monarch' (iv ...
Jean-Jacques Dessalines... ndence after the French transported Louverture to France. The native leader– long an ally and general of Toussaint Louverture, brilliant strategist a ...
Henry Tudor... ately, the conflict culminated in success for the Lancastrian branch led by, in 1485, when Richard III was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field
Lothair II... ll a minor, went Provence. To the second eldest and namesake of his father,, went the remaining territories to the north of Provence, a kingdom which ...
Nicholas II... ho were personally appointed by the Tsar Alexander III and by his son, Tsar. The additional Chinese Eastern Railway was constructed as the Russo-Chin ...
Amel-Marduk... reign, and they also give the accession year of Nebuchadnezzar's successor(Evil Merodach) as 562/561 BC, which was the 37th year of Jehoiachin's cap ...
Sarah FergusonPrince Andrew marriedat Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986, the same day The Queen created him D ...
Jean-Bédel Bokassa... ally profited. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing was at first a friend of its ruler,; he supplied Bokassa's regime with much financial and military backing. H ...
Zahir Shah... 924. The military of Afghanistan was reconstructed and improved during King's reign, which reached a strength of 70,000 in 1933. Following the Second ...
Lucius Cornelius Sulla... e. Kim Il-Sung was named Eternal President of the Republic after his death.appointed himself in 82 BC to an entirely new office, dictator rei publica ...
Gunderic... ozen, to invade Gaul, which they devastated terribly. Under Godigisel's son, the Vandals plundered their way westward and southward through Aquitaine
Henry VIII's... ishment except death, without being bound by normal court procedure. Duringreign, the Sovereign, on the advice of the Council, was allowed to enact l ...
Leo VI the Wise... e of contents of another five books, continuing the history to the death ofin 911, also exists, but whether the books were ever actually written is d ...
Philip II... the Kingdom of Spain until 1561, when the city was destroyed by a fire and, born here, moved the capital to Madrid, starting a period of decadence f ...
Emperor Gong of Jin... nal invasion, though, but because the general Liu Yu seized the throne from, becoming Emperor Wu of Liu Song (reigned 420–422 AD), starting the South ...
Vitellius... AD it became the scene of violent conflict between the troops of Othos and
Arthur, Prince of Wales... man who sat on the commissions in the Welsh Marches and clerk controller to, at Ludlow Castle. Thomas More, writing when she was still alive, but old ...
JosiahZedekiah was the third son of, and his mother was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, thus he w ...
Napoleon... ork appeared ultimately in a published form. Thus, in 1808 he was placed byupon the council of the Imperial University, and in this capacity he presi ...
Lady Jane Grey... White Tower carrying her head under her arm. Other ghosts include Henry VI,, Margaret Pole, and the Princes in the Tower. In January 1816, a sentry o ...
Emperor Xiaowu... east partially led to many military revolts. These rulers include Liu Shao,, Emperor Qianfei, Emperor Ming, and Emperor Houfei. Emperor Ming was espe ...
Władysław IV... dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kings Sigismund III and. The Commonwealth fought wars with Russia, Sweden and the Ottoman Empire ...
Alexander the GreatAshkelon was soon rebuilt. Until the conquest of, Ashkelon's inhabitants were influenced by the dominant Persian culture. ...
David... byword or collective name for the oppressors of the Israelite nation before. Muslim tradition sees the battle with the Philistines as a prefiguration ...
Chagatai... s Khan and the Mongols in 1220. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son,and the area became the Chagatai Khanate. Timur took over the area in 1369 ...
Achilles... were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis (the eventual parents of). Only Eris, goddess of discord, was not invited. She was annoyed at this ...
William IV'sIn 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended asheir in the United Kingdom was female (Queen Victoria). According to Salic ...
Philip III... him. It was made the capital of the kingdom again between 1601 and 1606 by. The city was again damaged by a flood of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers
King Charles II... ry of New Providence begins in 1664 when James, Duke of York and brother to, purchased the land from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans. This acquisit ...
Aurelian... , Constantine had reoccupied most of the long-lost province of Dacia, whichhad been forced to abandon in 271. At the time of his death, he was planni ...
James II of Majorca... joint capital of the Kingdom of Majorca, together with Perpignan. His son,, championed the construction of statues and monuments in the city: Bellve ...
Henry VIII... agued previous monarchs came to an end. The reign of the second Tudor king,, was one of great political change. Religious upheaval and disputes with ...
Charles VI... t part in the affairs of France, where his sister Isabella had married King. About 1417 he became involved in a violent quarrel with his cousin, Henr ...
Tokugawa Ieyasu... o was the nation's first "equal" treaty with any country; which overshadows's pre-Edo period initiatives which sought to establish official relations ...
OgIn a similar way the Israelites took the country of, and these two victories gave them possession of the complete country eas ...
Marie Antoinette... of France's internal history. His demonstration that letters attributed towere not genuine roused much interest in France. It was of the greatest im ...
Og... bedstead (translated as "sarcophagus" in NIV Archaeological Study Bible) ofwa
Edward VII... es from 1403. The office was raised to the dignity of lord mayor in 1910 by"in view of the position occupied by that city as the chief city of East A ...
Ernest Augustus... herited by males. As a consequence, Hanover passed to William IV's brother,, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during ...
Frederick III... supporting Emperor Leopold I in the War of the Spanish Succession, Electorwas allowed to crown himself "King in Prussia" in 1701. The new kingdom ru ...
Haakon IV of Norway... age proper in Scotland is generally considered to be in 1266. In 1263, King, in retaliation for a Scots expedition to Skye, arrived on the west coast ...
Puyi... y 1932, and renamed to Manchukuo. The Japanese military commander appointedas regent (reign name Datong) for the time being and would become Emperor ...
Emperor Qianfei... ed to many military revolts. These rulers include Liu Shao, Emperor Xiaowu,, Emperor Ming, and Emperor Houfei. Emperor Ming was especially vicious, m ...
Sangara... hat Shamgar may actually have been a Hittite, a similar name occurring with, a Hittite king of Carchemish; it is also the case that Anath is the name ...
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorGregory interfered little in European politics, beyond assisting, and the Catholic League against the Protestants--to the tune of a millio ...
Duke of Gloucester... arl Rivers, father of King Edward IV consort, Elizabeth Woodville. When thebecame King in 1483, as Richard III, both Elizabeth and her mother Alice w ...
Chandragupta Maurya... ids. Seleucus invaded India (modern Punjab Pakistan) in 305 BC, confronting(Sandrokottos), founder of the Maurya empire. It is said that Chandragupta ...
Malcolm II... ven consecutive monarchs were either murdered or killed in battle. In 1005,ascended the throne having killed many rivals. He continued to ruthlessly ...
Strymon#A daughter ofand Neaera, wife of Argus (king of Argos), mother of Ecbasus, Piras, Epida ...
Carloman II... rer, Charles's son, on the throne. In response, Louis the Stammerer's sons,and Louis III, ceded western Lotharingia to Louis. The border between the ...
Sarpedon... d. After arriving in Crete, Europa had three sons: Minos, Rhadamanthus, and, the three of whom became the three judges of the Underworld when they di ...
Engelberga... joint emperor at Rome by Pope Leo IV, and soon afterwards, in 851, marriedand undertook the independent government of Italy. He marched into the sou ...
Hussein Shah of Johor... of territories extending from Lingga and Johor to Mount Muar". This man was, who, although having had no previous contact with the British, had certa ...
Luise of Prussia... composer, writing an operetta called Die Maske and sending a copy to Queen. The official reply advised to him to write to the director of the Royal ...
Conan the Barbarian... ents were Robert Bloch (Psycho), Clark Ashton Smith, and Robert E. Howard (series)
Salome AlexandraAlexander was followed by his wife,, who reigned from 76–67 BCE. She was the only regnant Jewish Queen. Durin ...
Muhammad... d pubic hair is a hygienic practice which was taught by the Islamic prophetand which was enumerated as having been part of practices conforming to ma ...
Antigonus II Gonatas... onsisting of nearly all of the Asian portions of the Empire, but faced within Macedonia and Ptolemy II Philadelphus in Egypt, he proved unable to pic ...
Acastus... d Amythaon. He also had several daughters, namely Hippolyte, future wife of(otherwise known as Astydameia); Myrina, who married Thoas; and an unnamed ...
Alfonso VIII... grew rapidly, thanks also to the commercial privileges granted by the kingsand Alfonso X, as well as to the repopulation of the area after the Reconq ...
Ptolemy II Philadelphus... ortions of the Empire, but faced with Antigonus II Gonatas in Macedonia andin Egypt, he proved unable to pick up where his father had left off in con ...
Edward III... l lion was, according to Wilfrid Scott-Giles, "said to have been granted by". By the 19th century the city corporation had added supporters, two ange ...
Pope John XXIII... on rare occasions, generally due to a building falling into disrepair. Whenabolished the limit, he began to add new churches to the list, which Popes ...
Aleus... nt Greece, containing the Temple of Athena Alea. The temenos was founded by, Pausanias was informed. Votive bronzes at the site from the Geometric an ...
Valentinian IIIEmperorsent three envoys, the high civilian officers Gennadius Avienus and Triget ...
Duncan I... nate opposition, and when he died in 1034 he was succeeded by his grandson,, instead of a cousin, as had been usual. In 1040, Duncan suffered defeat ...
Emperor of China... become Emperor of Manchukuo but that he could not reign using the title of. Manchukuo was proclaimed a monarchy on 1 March 1934, with Puyi assuming ...
Sigismund III Vasa... against the Protestants--to the tune of a million gold ducats)--as well as, King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, against the Ottoman Empire. ...
Henry IV of Castile... rder of Santiago, Lord of Castellanos, a Maestresala official instructor ofand General of the Frontier of Portugal. Pedro de Alvarado's mother was Di ...
SpartaIn, Ares was viewed as a masculine soldier in which his resilience, physical ...
Charlemagne... ty over much of central Italy, thus estabilishing the Papal States. In 800,was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope in Saint Peter's ...
Alfonso X... nks also to the commercial privileges granted by the kings Alfonso VIII and, as well as to the repopulation of the area after the Reconquista
Frederick William I... East Prussians, especially in the province's eastern regions. Crown Princeled the rebuilding of East Prussia, founding numerous towns. Thousands of ...
Julian the Apostate... him with praise. When the last of his sons died in 361, however, his nephewwrote the satire Symposium, or the Saturnalia, which denigrated Constantin ...
Demetrius III Eucaerus... cording to Josephus, following a six-year civil war involving Seleucid king, Hasmonean ruler Alexander Jannaeus crucified 800 Jewish rebels in Jerusa ...
Minos... cluding Phoenix as a third. After arriving in Crete, Europa had three sons:, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon, the three of whom became the three judges of ...
Emperor Ming... ry revolts. These rulers include Liu Shao, Emperor Xiaowu, Emperor Qianfei,, and Emperor Houfei. Emperor Ming was especially vicious, murdering a lar ...
Chandragupta Maurya... E, Alexander the Great's empire in 326 BCE and the Maurya Empire founded byand extended by Ashoka the Great until 185 BCE. The Indo-Greek Kingdom fou ...
Afonso VI of Portugal... n was recognized by the Treaty of Lisbon by which, on January 1, 1668, Kingformally ceded Ceuta to Carlos II of Spain. However, the originally Portug ...
Napoleon I... the little island of Saint Helena and stayed in the same building to whichwould later be exiled
Louis III... on, on the throne. In response, Louis the Stammerer's sons, Carloman II and, ceded western Lotharingia to Louis. The border between the two kingdoms ...
Aristobulus I... s wife succeed him as head of the government, with his eldest of five sons,, becoming only the high-priest. Aristobulus was the first Hasmonean to ta ...
Queen VictoriaIn 1859 Cunard was created a baronet by
Cleopatra VII... fell in 63 BC, and the area was incorporated into the Roman Republic. Queenused Ashkelon as her place of refuge when her brother and sister exiled he ...
King George VI... x years after he stepped down as prime minister, elevated to the peerage byas the Viscount Bennett of Mickleham in the County of Surrey and of Calgar ...
Phocas... Scipio Africanus. This new Roman imperial fashion lasted until the reign of
Prince FaisalHis last words to his two sons, the future king Saud and the next in line, who were already battling each other, were: 'You are brothers, unite!
Elizabeth Woodville... self the basis for the story: when she found out about Edward's marriage toin 1464, Cecily flew into a rage. Mancini reported that the Duchess, in he ...
Helena Lekapene... upplanted in 919 by the admiral Romanos Lekapenos, who married his daughterto Constantine VII and finally advanced to the imperial throne in 920. The ...
Philip II... petitions for the young”. Arrow firing machines in action are reported from's siege of Perinth (Thrace) in 340 BC. At the same time, Greek fortificat ...
Robert II, Duke of BurgundyHe was married to Blanche (Bianca) of Burgundy, daughter ofand Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy. They had a daughter, Joan (Giova ...
Christian IV of DenmarkBishop Brynjólfur sent the Codex Regius as a present to King, hence the name Codex Regius. For centuries it was stored in the Royal Li ...
Gustav Vasa... stemming from the early 16th century. All regents of Sweden, beginning with, have had their own motto during their respective periods of reign. The S ...
Elizabeth I... heretics. She died in 1558, and was succeeded by her Protestant half-sister. England returned to Protestantism, and continued its growth into a major ...
James III of Scotland... pledged them as security on the dowry of his daughter, who was betrothed to. Although attempts were made during the 17th and 18th centuries to redeem ...
David... en each of the family lines that had descended from those appointed by king. Luke states that during the week when it was the duty of his family line ...
King Charles I... ther groups whose adherents believed the English Reformation was in danger.had ascended the throne in 1624, and he had married a Roman Catholic. Char ...
Emperor Houfei... rulers include Liu Shao, Emperor Xiaowu, Emperor Qianfei, Emperor Ming, and. Emperor Ming was especially vicious, murdering a large number of his bro ...
Julius Caesar... 49 BC. She organized an army on the site but did not need to use it due to's arrival in Alexandria. Ashkelon was later placed under the rule of Hero ...
Leopold I... masters under jurisdiction of the Emperor. In return for supporting Emperorin the War of the Spanish Succession, Elector Frederick III was allowed to ...
Sparta... going to war, the god had a formal temple and cult at only a few sites. At, however, youths each sacrificed a puppy to Enyalios before engaging in r ...
Menelik II... mpress Taytu Betul and the city was founded in 1886 by her husband, Emperor. The name of the city (ኣዲስ ኣበባ) was taken from parts of the city called h ...
Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy... o Blanche (Bianca) of Burgundy, daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and. They had a daughter, Joan (Giovanna), who married to John III the Good, ...
Cyrus the GreatMaka was an important early eastern satrapy of, founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Makra corresponds to modern day Bahrai ...
George III... esponsible for Lady Sarah Lennox's embarrassing rejection by the young King, as well as her disastrous marriage to Sir Charles Bunbury soon afterward ...
Saladin... d by his fellow crusaders, and acted as Richard’s principal negotiator withfor a peace treaty. After the conclusion of the treaty with Saladin, Walte ...
Rhadamanthus... Phoenix as a third. After arriving in Crete, Europa had three sons: Minos,, and Sarpedon, the three of whom became the three judges of the Underworl ...
Erichthonius###Anticlei
Charlemagne... carried the name. Monumental Constantinian forms were used at the court ofto suggest that he was Constantine's successor and equal. Constantine acqu ...
Njörðr... gave dwelling places to the temple priests." Snorri adds that, after this,dwelt in Nóatún, Freyr dwelt in Uppsala, Heimdall at Himinbjörg, Thor at Þ ...
Matthias Corvinus of HungaryFrom, gun-founders, gold- and silversmiths and (Italian) master builders were ...
George II... amed after the George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, as suggested by King, who approved the royal patent on March 26, 1759. Montague was incorporat ...
Hermeric... ere considered foederati and founded the Suebi Kingdom of Gallaecia. There,swore fealty to the Emperor in 410. Bracara Augusta, the modern city of Br ...
Frederick II... city, of the Holy Roman Empire. However, in 1242, during the war of Emperoragainst the Pope, the Archbishop of Mainz, Siegfried III, ordered the city ...
John of Gaunt... mily, the Neville's, were already established at court being descendants of's daughter Lady Joan Beaufort and her second husband, Ralph Neville, 1st ...
Elizabeth of York... from the throne and replaced by Richard of Gloucester, Edward IV's daughterlater became the Queen consort of Henry VII of England. The grounds for Ti ...
Shah JahanIn 1622, Khurram (), younger brother of Khusrau Mirza, had murdered Khusrau in a conspiracy ...
Gratian... of Lucca and Cardinal Deusdedit inserted it in their collections of canons;excluded it from his Decretum, but it was soon added to it as Palea; the ...
RehoboamE. R. Thiele offers the dates 914/913 – 911/910 BCE. As explained in thearticle, Thiele's chronology for the first kings of Judah contained an int ...
Septimius SeverusThe Roman Emperorwas a native of Lepcis Magna in North Africa, an originally Phoenician cit ...
Pol Pot... line, anti-Vietnamese, but also anti-monarchist, members of the CPK, led by
Ramiro I of Aragon... ave been William VII of Aquitaine), she may have previously been married to. They had two daughters, Agnes, d.after1110; m.1080 Ct Friedrich von Luet ...
Pelias#A daughter of, given by Jason in marriage to Canes, son of Cephalus and a king of Phoci ...
Edgar of Scotland... odred Crovan was killed by Magnus Barelegs, King of Norway. Magnus and Kingagreed a treaty. The islands would be controlled by Norway, but mainland t ...
Bernabò Visconti... 's uncle Stephen II, who forged an alliance with the powerful Lord of Milanto invade Tyrol, and the House of Habsburg. Stephen finally renounced Tyro ...
Richard, Duke of York... House of York, so called because its head, a descendant of Edward III, was. Although the Duke of York died in battle in 1460, his eldest son Edward ...
Charles IIAfter the Restoration, Kingand his successor James II visited Hampton Court but largely preferred to ...
Claudius... st extent; the most notable being the conquest of Britain, begun by emperor(47), and emperor Trajan's conquest of Dacia (101-102, 105-106). In the 1s ...
Achilles... in some versions of the story on the pretense that she was to be married to). Iphigenia accepted her father's choice and was honored to be a part of ...
Pope Benedict XVI... ates, two Fields Medalists, twelve Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winners,, Heinrich Heine, Friedrich Nietzsche and Joseph Schumpeter. In the years ...
Chandragupta Maurya... as far as India, where after two years of war he reached an agreement with, in which he exchanged his eastern territories for a considerable force o ...
Pope John Paul IIIn Solicitudo Rei Socialis, a major document of Catholic Social Teaching,identifies the concept of solidarity with the poor and marginalized as a c ...
King Edward VII... he set up the National Council to campaign against the visit to Ireland ofhis consort Alexandra of Denmark
Rudolph of Auxerre... ed by Guy III of Spoleto, who eventually made himself king in Italy, and by, who had been elected king in the south of Lotharingia, in Transjurane Bu ...
JeroboamAccording to , Abijah became king of Judah in the 18th year of the reign of, and reigned for three years
Severus... not entirely to Maximian's liking: perhaps because of Galerius' influence,and Maximinus were appointed Caesar, thus excluding Maxentius. Both the ne ...
Norodom Sihanouk... Vietnam after the 1954 Geneva Conference. It was a derogatory term used by, dismissing the Cambodian leftists who had been organizing pro-independen ...
Seyyedeh Khatun... the last Buwayhid emir, was nominal ruler under the regency of his mother (). About thirty of Ibn Sina's shorter works are said to have been composed ...
Bolesław III... with the ecclesiastical authority, and was expelled from the country. Afterdivided the country among his sons, internal fragmentation eroded the init ...
Cadmus... unding myth of Thebes: Ares was the progenitor of the water-dragon slain by, for the dragon's teeth were sown into the ground as if a crop and sprung ...
Louis XVI... 9 April 1804) was a French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of, a post he held in the lead-up to the French Revolution in 1789
Godigisel... 00 or 401, possibly because of attacks by the Huns, the Vandals, under king, along with their allies (the Sarmatian Alans and Germanic Suebians) move ...
Julius Caesar's... ssed that of the Aediles under the Republic, as could have been seen duringAedileship
Henry VI... e. Although he was victorious, his sudden death in 1422 left his infant sonon the throne, and gave the French an opportunity to overthrow English rul ...
Godred Crovan... Kings of Scotland and Strathclyde. In 1095, the King of Mann and the Isleswas killed by Magnus Barelegs, King of Norway. Magnus and King Edgar of Sc ...
SpartaAccording to Pausanias, local inhabitants of Therapne,, recognized Thero "feral, savage" as a nurse of Ares
Hammurabi... d Testament, vol II (1888), pp 299ff) this king was usually associated with, who ruled in Babylon from 1792 BC until his death in 1750 BC. However, a ...
Cephalus#A daughter of Pelias, given by Jason in marriage to Canes, son ofand a king of Phocis
King Edward VIIgranted Cardiff city status on 28 October 1905, and the city acquired a Ro ...
Edward V of England... and the Marches, a body that had originally been set up to help the futurein his duties as Prince of Wales. The prince was accompanied to Ludlow by ...
Decius... Christian saints were Ephesians from Asia Minor, walled up by Roman Emperorin a cave for their faith in 250 CE. Found by masons in the year 479, the ...
LysimachusFollowing his and' victory over Antigonus Monophthalmus at the decisive Battle of Ipsus in ...
Emperor John VIIIIn 1428 Gemistos was consulted byon the issue of unifying the Greek and Latin churches, and advised that bo ...
Reginar... icitur: "duke of the kingdom that many call Lothair's". He was succeeded by, who led the nobility in electing Charles the Simple of West Francia king ...
Francis II of the Two SiciliesWhen the Bourbon rule collapsed in 1860 (see) a British man named James Stevenson bought the northern part of the isla ...
Charlemagne... ). A popular, but ultimately unconfirmed, attempt tries to relate Attila to
HerodAccording to the Gospel of Luke, during the reign of king, there was "a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia", who ...
CycnusThere are accounts of a son of Ares,(Κύκνος) of Macedonia, who was so murderous that he tried to build a templ ...
Demetrius II NicatorIn 147 BCE,, a son of Demetrius I Soter, claimed Balas' throne. The governor of Coele ...
new king... sensitive diplomatic duties connected with the problematic behaviour of the, and as the 1936 abdication crisis looms, he gloomily predicts the coming ...
Hiero II... ince Lilybaeum remained in Roman hands. Hannibal was aided by the fact that, the old tyrant of Syracuse and a staunch Roman ally, had died and his su ...
Cassander... Antipater died in 319 BC, he gave the regentship to Polyperchon, excluding, his son. Antigonus and the other dynasts refused to recognize Polypercho ...
Charles IA strong believer in the notion of rule by divine right, England'spersecuted religious dissenters. Waves of repression led to the migration ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... t he could strike hard when necessary; and his action over the execution of, proved that he was willing to take on responsibilities from which the Qu ...
Henry V... ns; his success was partly due to the military skill of his son, the future. Henry V's own reign, which began in 1413, was largely free from domestic ...
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom... tered Dayuan (Fergana), Kangju (Sogdiana), and Daxia (Bactria, formerly the); he also gathered information on Shendu (Indus River valley of North Ind ...
Charles II of England... ox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, a legitimate descendant of an illegitimate son of. In 1744, Lady Caroline eloped with Henry Fox, a politician who was eight ...
Cleopatra Thea... . The victorious Alexander Balas was given the further honor of marriage to, daughter of his allies Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II. Jonathan was invited ...
BessusAfter killing Darius,took the regal name Artaxerxes V and began calling himself the King of Asi ...
Charlemagne... came part of the semifeudal Frankish Empire (which was ruled by the emperorfrom 771 to 814), due to the pressing danger posed by Avar tribes from the ...
Augustus III of PolandKingdied in 1763, and therefore Poland needed to elect a new ruler. Catherine ...
James IIAfter the Restoration, King Charles II and his successorvisited Hampton Court but largely preferred to reside elsewhere. By this t ...
Maria Leopoldina... he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Donaand thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. His fa ...
Maximilian I... e Muscovite wars. 1515 he entered into alliance with the Holy Roman Emperor
The QueenHer Majestyvisited on
Pope John Paul II... documents have led some to question the Church's commitment to ecumenism .personally endorsed Dominus Iesus, and ratified and confirmed it "with sur ...
Henry VIIISincebroke with Rome, the Archbishops of Canterbury have been selected by the E ...
Queen Ranavalona... ing adventurer. It notes encounters with the "White Rajah" of Sarawak, withof Madagascar, and with Emperor Maximilian of Mexico; and service as a Uni ...
Alfred the Great... Venerable Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People attributed towhere the Jutes (iutarum, iutis) once are rendered as gēata (genitive) and ...
king... n London, where daily life is affected by the illness and then death of the. The couple are personally happy, having resolved many of the problems in ...
Criasus... era, wife of Argus (king of Argos), mother of Ecbasus, Piras, Epidaurus and
Queen Elizabeth... and pets. A Lakeland resident who mourned the passing of the swans wrote to. The royal family allowed the capture of two of the royal swans, and the ...
Frederick II of Prussia... 40, date at which the prince-bishop Georges-Louis de Berghes bought it from. By that time, the town was mainly known for its able craftsmen: ceramist ...
Hugh Capet... attempt to take the Lorraine from Emperor Otto III (983–1002) by supporting(987–996). Capet became King of France, ending the Carolingian line of Kin ...
Prince of WalesEdward IV's eldest son was invested with the title ofat the age of seven months. At the age of three, he was sent by his father ...
Hieronymus... old tyrant of Syracuse and a staunch Roman ally, had died and his successorwas discontented with his position in the Roman alliance. Hannibal dispatc ...
William of Orange... s strategic position, Harwich was the target for the invasion of Britain byon November 11, 1688. However, unfavourable winds forced his fleet to sail ...
Mubarak Al-Sabah... raids in the Najd. He also attended the daily majlis of the emir of Kuwait,, from whom he learned the art of statecraft
Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia... im a daughter named Anna Petrovna in December 1757 (not to be confused with, the daughter of Peter I's second marriage)
Meñli I Giray... Empire, Ivan's relations were pacific and even amicable. The Crimean Khan,, helped him against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and facilitated the open ...
Antiochus I SoterHis son and successor,, was left with an enormous realm consisting of nearly all of the Asian po ...
Charles V... ance. The agreement fell through, however, when Francis I was vanquished byat the (1525)
Edward VIII... due at least in part to the constitutional crisis of that year surroundingand his relationship with Wallis Simpson
Louis the German... ry outside Italy, aroused his discontent, and in 857 he allied himself withagainst his own brother Lothair, King of Lotharingia, and King Charles the ...
Caesar... ity) continued to be governed by native princes until the civil war betweenand Pompey. After Cato the Younger was defeated by Caesar, he committed su ...
Henry Bolingbroke... in his own hands. In 1399, while he was campaigning in Ireland, his cousinseized power. Richard was deposed, imprisoned, and eventually murdered, pr ...
Philip III of Spain... e Spanish ambassador to England, who had secured a copy and passed it on to), drawn circa 1607 by the Jamestown settler Francis Nelson, also gives cr ...
Somerled... m of Man and the Isles", but the Inner Hebrides came under the influence of, a Gaelic speaker, who was styled 'King of the Hebrides'. His kingdom was ...
Emperor ShōmuIn 744, Naniwa once again became the capital by order of. Naniwa ceased to be the capital in 745, when the Imperial Court moved ba ...
Bảo Đại... ệm, who was previously appointed Prime Minister of South Vietnam by Emperor, eventually assumed control of South Vietnam. In the words of U.S. Presid ...
David I... augurated by Queen Margaret and carried through by her sons Alexander I and. Gradually the whole position passed into the hands of Thurgot and his su ...
Alexander Jannaeus... sephus was a descendant of the High Priest Jonathon. Jonathon may have been, the High Priest and Hasmonean ruler who governed from 103 BC-76 BC. Born ...
Ferdinand II... onarchs, the recently enthroned Isabella I Queen of Castile and her husbandKing of Aragon. Although Columbus had presented his navigational plan to t ...
Deborah... el had originally been allocated to Benjamin, by the time of the prophetess, Bethel is described as being in the land of the Ephraim. Some twenty yea ...
Alexander the Great... is, Lycia, a port on the Pamphylian Gulf. The city was visited in 333 BC by, who envisioned himself as the new Achilles and carried the Iliad with hi ...
John Paul II... he limit, he began to add new churches to the list, which Popes Paul VI andcontinued to do. Today there are close to 150 titular churches, out of ove ...
TaranThose five novels detail the adventures of a young man named, who dreams of being a sword-bearing hero but has only the title Assistan ...
Lothair of France... olitics of his time. In 985, with the support of his archbishop, he opposed's (954–986) attempt to take the Lorraine from Emperor Otto III (983–1002) ...
CharlesPhilip has four children with Elizabeth:, Anne, Andrew and Edward. Through an Order in Council issued in 1960, des ...
Odin... sword Gram out of the tree Barnstokkr where it is embedded by the Norse god
William the Conqueror... towns in England to fall to the Normans in the Norman conquest of England.ordered the construction of a castle, to dominate the town and the nearby ...
Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund... ismund was christened as the namesake of his mother's maternal grandfather,, who had died in 1437
Gilbert... d him by granting him the title margrave. Reginar was succeeded by his son,, who used the title dux Lotharingiae: "duke of Lotharingia". When the Wes ...
Benedict XVIJoseph Cardinal Ratzinger (now), who was prefect of the CDF at the time when the Instructions were issue ...
Alfred the Great... the Danish Vikings in the Danelaw. He is mainly known for his conflict with
EllacHis sons(his appointed successor), Dengizich, and Ernakh fought over the division ...
Cadmus... n, the "sun-red" Phoenix. It is generally agreed that she had two brothers,, who brought the alphabet to mainland Greece, and Cilix who gave his name ...
Roman Emperor... uries, after Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, king of the Franks, as the "" on December 25, 800, an act which eventually led to the formation of the ...
William of Orange... alace's antiquated state was addressed. England had two new joint monarchs,and his wife, the daughter of James II, Queen Mary II. Within months of th ...
Vasily IIIIntermittently at war withof Muscovy, starting in 1507 (before his army was fully under his command) ...
Sthenelus... ughter of Iphis or Phylax and wife of Capaneus, with whom she gave birth to. Her husband was killed by a lightning bolt at the siege of Thebes and sh ...
Girolamo Savonarola... ther held in place by hand or by exerting pressure on the nose (pince-nez).suggested that eyepieces could be held in place by a ribbon passed over th ...
Julius Caesar... initiated the Julian calendar of that name, 46 BC was allotted 445 days by. Before then, the Romans added whole intercalary months in an unsystemati ...
Mary II... t monarchs, William of Orange and his wife, the daughter of James II, Queen. Within months of their accession they embarked on a massive rebuilding p ...
Emperor Wu of Liu Song... use the general Liu Yu seized the throne from Emperor Gong of Jin, becoming(reigned 420–422 AD), starting the Southern and Northern Dynasties period
Queen Elizabeth II'sHe is the only president serving duringreign to have never met her
Philip V... duced to revolt against Roman political control, while the Macedonian king,pledged his support to Hannibal – thus initiating the First Macedonian War ...
Richard III... d intermittently during his reign and those of his son Edward V and brother. Edward V disappeared, presumably murdered by Richard. Ultimately, the co ...
Isaac I Komnenos... tine IX and again under Constantine X—a brief two year rule of reform underonly delaying the decay of the Byzantine military. It was under Constantin ...
Philip II... n during the 1550s, sheep husbandry was discouraged in certain provinces bydue to the harmful effects of fires used in transhumance. As early as the ...
Daumantas... and was assassinated in 1263 by his nephew Treniota and another rival, Duke. His three immediate successors were assassinated as well. The disorder w ...
Charles the Bald... s the German against his own brother Lothair, King of Lotharingia, and King. But after Louis had secured the election of Pope Nicholas I in 858, he b ...
Holy Roman EmperorWhen Otto II becamein 973 (he was co-emperor with Otto I from 967), he appointed Gerbert the ...
Theodore II... rch of Constantinople and Plethon's enemy). He was made chief magistrate by
Holy Roman Emperor... pope Gregory IX who had several times mediated between the Lombards and theFrederick II reasserted his right to arbitrate between the contending part ...
Saul... ars in chapter 2 of the Qur'an (II: 247-252), in the narrative of David and's battle against the Philistines. Goliath's mention in the Qur'an is conc ...
Cleopatra Thea... remained sole ruler of the Seleucid Empire and became the second husband of
Rhys ap Gruffydd... xpanded into Welsh territory in 1195, causing a concern that the Welsh lordwould strike back across the border. In 1196, Walter quickly suppressed a ...
Tewodros II... the United Kingdom presented Ras Tafari with the imperial crown of Emperorfor its safe return to Empress Zewditu. The crown had been taken by Robert ...
Henry VII of England... r, Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth of York later became the Queen consort of. The grounds for Titulus Regius, passed to justify the accession of Richa ...
King Charles I... setts Bay Company in 1628, he became involved in 1629 when the anti-Puritanbegan a crackdown on Nonconformist religious thought. In October 1629 he w ...
ErnakhHis sons Ellac (his appointed successor), Dengizich, andfought over the division of his legacy, specifically which vassal kings wo ...
Greco-BactrianIn the Indo-Greek andkingdoms, Greco-Buddhism was spreading and Greek missionaries would play a ...
Roman Emperor... es that these Christian saints were Ephesians from Asia Minor, walled up byDecius in a cave for their faith in 250 CE. Found by masons in the year 47 ...
Richard the Lionheart... orwich received a royal charter from Henry II in 1158, and another one fromin 1194. Following a riot in the city in 1274, Norwich has the distinction ...
Edward V... evertheless, continued intermittently during his reign and those of his sonand brother Richard III. Edward V disappeared, presumably murdered by Rich ...
Princess Elizabeth... Navy at the age of 18 in 1939. From July 1939, he began corresponding with, the eldest daughter and heiress presumptive of King George VI. During Wo ...
Paul VI... abolished the limit, he began to add new churches to the list, which Popesand John Paul II continued to do. Today there are close to 150 titular chu ...
Rudolph... tried to swap Lotharingian allegiance to the West Franks, since their king,, was weak and would interfere less in aristocratic matters. In 939 Henry' ...
Mieszko I of Poland... es, the Dziadoszanie and the Trzebowianie, whose lands were subdued by Kingabout 990. It is unclear which of the two tribes, if either, founded the t ...
AshokaEmperorthe Great erected the capital to mark the spot where Gautama Buddha first ...
Charles III of Spain... is still colloquially named Ciutat ("city") in Catalan. In the 18th centuryremoved interdiction of commerce with Spanish colonies in America and the ...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi... e same year, Princess Fawzia of Egypt, the sister of King Farouk I, married, the then crown prince (later shah) of Iran. However, since the 1979 Isla ...
Cleopatra VII... after betraying Octavian in Sicily. Antony settled in Egypt with his lover,. Mark Antony's affair with Cleopatra was seen as an act of treason, since ...
Henry IINorwich received a royal charter fromin 1158, and another one from Richard the Lionheart in 1194. Following a r ...
James II... 1687. Three months later, Josiah Child and his deputy had an audience with, and as per the ensuing discussions, a Charter was issued by the king on ...
Jeroboam... by bringing Israel under his control. He waged a major battle against Kingof Israel in the mountains of Ephraim. gives the sizes of the two armies a ...
David... liath appears in chapter 2 of the Qur'an (II: 247-252), in the narrative ofand Saul's battle against the Philistines. Goliath's mention in the Qur'an ...
Alexios I Komnenos... of had been lost to the empire. It took a decade of internal strife before(1081 to 1118) restored stability to the empire. Historian Thomas Asbridge ...
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor... ts marketplace are again mentioned in an 887 document. By the 13th century,and Count of Luxemburg, was minting coins in Bastogne. In 1332, John the B ...
Charles V... elders, took it from the dukes of Burgundy; in 1543, it fell to the emperor. As capital of the so-called "Kwartier van Veluwe" it joined the Union of ...
DengizichHis sons Ellac (his appointed successor),, and Ernakh fought over the division of his legacy, specifically which va ...
Edward IV... e of York. Although the Duke of York died in battle in 1460, his eldest sonled the Yorkists to victory in 1461. The Wars of the Roses, nevertheless, ...
Diodotus Tryphon... ander Balas and Cleopatra Thea. He was three years old at most, but generalused him to advance his own designs on the throne. In the face of this new ...
Greco-Bactrian kingdom... of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela and Afghanistan became part of the new. Some eastern parts of the country were controlled by the Indian Maurya E ...
EdwardPhilip has four children with Elizabeth: Charles, Anne, Andrew and. Through an Order in Council issued in 1960, descendants of Philip and El ...
King Charles I... the English Civil War. Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought againstand his supporters, the Cavaliers (Royalists), who claimed absolute power ...
Akbar... kbar had to hastily return to Agra and restore order. There was a time whenthought of putting his eldest grandson Khusrau Mirza on the throne instead ...
Louis XVI of France... cant impact throughout Europe, which only increased with the arrest of Kingin 1792 and his execution in January 1793 for "crimes of tyranny" against ...
Pedro IThrough his father, Emperor, he was a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza (Portug ...
Diocletian... om 286 to 305. He shared the latter title with his co-emperor and superior,, whose political brain complemented Maximian's military brawn. Maximian e ...
Fidel Castro... isenhower administration also planned the Bay of Pigs Invasion to overthrowin Cuba, which John F. Kennedy was left to carry out.
Julius Caesar... hillfort". At Roman contact, it was a town of the Suessiones, mentioned by(B. G. ii. 12). Caesar (B.C. 57), after leaving the Axona (modern Aisne), ...
Nicolas Sarkozy... chy-era identity documents. During the 2007 presidential election, however,was polled on the issue and stated that he favoured the collection of data ...
Tutankhamun... oduced; visitor numbers soared, with the temporary exhibition "Treasures of" in 1972, attracting 1,694,117 visitors, the most successful in British h ...
Louis XIIIconferred on him the title of First Painter in Ordinary. In two years at P ...
Marcus Aurelius... the Goths. According to the historian Eutropius, the forces of the Emperorbattled against the Marcomannic confederation for three years at the fortr ...
Freeway Face-Off... ay Series" also inspired the official name of the regions' NHL rivalry: the
Jehoiakim... uch ben Neriah and his other family and advisors, as well as the example of, he revolted against Babylon, and entered into an alliance with Pharaoh H ...
Al-Hakam II... ba to request a truce. Bishop Atto was part of the delegation that met withof Cordoba, who received him with honor. Atto was mesmerized by the Arabic ...
Orestes... , in book IV of the Aeneid, references the House of Atreus and specificallyin describing the death of
Alexander the Great (Alexander III of Macedon)... rsian army to make it part of the Zoroastrian Achaemenid Empire. In 330 BC,invaded the land after defeating Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gau ...
Romanos IV Diogenes... ). The decisive defeat of the Byzantine army and the capture of the Emperorplayed an important role in undermining Byzantine authority in Anatolia an ...
James III of Scotland... backed an attempt by Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, brother of King, to take the Scottish throne in 1482. Gloucester led an invasion of Scotl ...
David I... -Norman monastic architecture. The Abbey built between 1128 and 1150, underwas a reconstruction of the Benedictine chapel dedicated to the Holy Trini ...
Holy Roman Emperor... his mother, but he had good relations with the Papacy and, for a time, the
George V... Alexandre Millerand and Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré of France, to Kingof the United Kingdom, and to the Zoological Garden (Jardin Zoologique) of ...
Neleus... up by a stripling, the youngest in his family (Nestor is the twelfth son of, David the seventh or eighth son of Jesse). In each case an older and mor ...
Cyrus the Younger... ap Tissaphernes was lured to Colossae and slain by an agent of the party of. Pliny tells that the wool of Colossae gave its name (colossinus) to the ...
LouisFor some years after Louis' death in 1294 his sons Rudolph I and, afterwards the emperor Louis IV, ruled their duchy in common; but as the ...
Najibullah... d Saudi Arabia while trained by the Pakistani Armed Forces. After President's resignation in 1992 and the end of Soviet support, the military dissolv ...
Edward II... However, gains in Scotland were reversed during the reign of his successor,, who also faced conflict with the nobility. Edward II was, in 1311, force ...
Tokugawa shogunateDuring the years of the(1601–1868), the rector of Edo’s Confucian Academy, the Shōhei-kō (afterwa ...
Charles I... e on the North wall. A brass to Veare Jenyns (1644) relates to the Court of, while other Jenynses, who were Lords of the Manor, link with Sarah, Duch ...
Edward IV... enhanced their standing. Catherine's grandfather, William, was part of King's court. William held the office of comptroller of the household from 147 ...
Basil I... o the lack of a fleet. So in 869 he made alliance with the eastern emperor,, who sent him ships to assist in the capture of Bari, capital of a local ...
Maria of TverIvan's son with, Ivan the Young, died in 1490, leaving from his marriage with Helen of Mo ...
Pope John XXIII... ix cardinal bishops, 50 cardinal priests, and 14 cardinal deacons; however,began to exceed the overall limit of 70, and this continued under his succ ...
Huan Xuan... otably won the Battle of Fei River in 383 AD. In 404 AD, he helped suppress's rebellion, leading to his dominance over the Eastern Jin court. In orde ...
Augustus... ereales, whose special duty was the care of the cereal (corn) supply. Underthe office lost much of its importance, its judicial functions and the car ...
Theodosius I... nded the legions attention on several occasions. After the death of Emperor(395), the Empire was divided into an Eastern and a Western Roman Empire. ...
George of PoděbradyPope Paul rejected Kingof Bohemia because he upheld the conventions of the Council of Basel in fa ...
Sparta... rotector of not only Athens but also of many other cities, including Argos,, Gortyn, Lindos, and Larisa
Conn of the Hundred Battles... e after her father refused him her hand, so Tadg appealed to the High King,, who outlawed him. The Battle of Cnucha was fought between Conn and Cumha ...
Ottokar II of Bohemia... in the 13th century, Austria came briefly under the rule of the Czech King. Contesting the election of Rudolf I of Habsburg as emperor, Ottokar was ...
AnnePhilip has four children with Elizabeth: Charles,, Andrew and Edward. Through an Order in Council issued in 1960, descendan ...
Tu'i Kanokupolu... was founded in the 10th century AD and expanded between 1200 and 1500. Theis the title held by Tongan monarchs since 1600. George Tupou II of Tonga ...
Palpatine... returned to his command as Rogue Leader to battle against Thrawn, Krennel,'s clones and lead the team to other battles
King Kamehameha III... waiian, along with English, is an official language of the state of Hawaii.established the first Hawaiian-language constitution in 1839 and 1840
Pope John Paul II... sexual abuse committed by priests in his archdiocese. On December 13, 2002accepted Law's resignation as Archbishop and reassigned him to an administ ...
Emperor of Japan... ther argued that all people of Japanese heritage were loyal subjects of the; Japanese language schools, furthermore, according to the manifesto, were ...
Antiochus VI Dionysus... , a new claimant to the Seleucid throne appeared in the person of the young, son of Alexander Balas and Cleopatra Thea. He was three years old at mos ...
Emperor... f the Greeks, titled On tactical arrays of the Greeks , is dedicated to theHadrian, though this is probably a mistake for Trajan, and the date 106 AD ...
George Tupou II of Tonga... 1500. The Tu'i Kanokupolu is the title held by Tongan monarchs since 1600.became the first king of Tonga in 1893
Jeconiah... zzar II, king of Babylon, after a siege of Jerusalem to succeed his nephew,, who was overthrown as king after a reign of only three months and ten da ...
Zahir Shah... g Amanullah Khan's rule in the early 20th century, and upgraded during King's forty year rule. From 1978 to 1992, the Soviet-backed Afghan army fough ...
Ladislaus IV of Hungary... defeated and killed by Rudolf, who took Austria with the assistance of King
Diomedes... hrodite was able to persuade Ares to side with the Trojans. During the war,fought with and saw Ares fighting on the Trojans' side. Diomedes called fo ...
Simon de Montfort... aving the Crown to his nine-year-old son Henry III. Later in Henry's reign,led the barons in another rebellion, beginning the Second Barons' War. The ...
Áed mac Boanta... king of the Picts, his brother Bran and the king of the Scots of Dál Riata,, along with many members of the Pictish aristocracy in battle. The sophis ...
Seru Epenisa CakobauFrom the 1850stried to unite the Fijian Islands, and became the first Tui Viti, or king ...
Louis Bonaparte... were killed, over 2000 were injured and some 220 homes were destroyed. Kingpersonally visited the city to provide assistance to the victims. Although ...
Julius CaesarIn 44 BCadded two plebeian aediles, called Cereales, whose special duty was the ca ...
Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough... of Charles I, while other Jenynses, who were Lords of the Manor, link with. Judge John Heath, after whom Judge Heath Lane was named, is also buried ...
Holy Roman Emperor... e region. Later counts would hold much of their territory directly from the. The Meinhardinger family, originating in Gorizia, held not only Tyrol an ...
John of Austria... nd others, under the command of King Philip II's illegitimate half brother,) that defeated the Ottoman fleet on October 7 in the Gulf of Lepanto near ...
Elizabeth WoodvilleEdward IV had ten legitimate children by, seven of whom survived him. They were declared illegitimate by Parliamen ...
Edward VI... any historic events. In 1537, the King's much desired male heir, the future, was born at the palace and the child's mother, Jane Seymour, died there ...
Alexios Komnenos... urks ransomed him back to his wife, and it was not before the young generalpursued him that he was captured. These events all interacted to create a ...
OrestesGoaded by his sister Electra,swore revenge. He knew it was his duty to avenge his father's death, but s ...
Sauron... his previous gains and exploited the disarray of the Noldor. From Angband,was sent in command of a great force of Orc-hosts, Werewolves, and Wolves ...
Charlemagne... n in northern Germany (see Polabian Slavs). For decades they were allies ofin his wars against Germanic Saxons and Slavic Veleti. In 798 the Obodrite ...
Anacaona... sabela. One of the earliest leaders to fight off Spanish conquest was Queen, a princess of Xaragua who married Caonabo, the cacique of Maguana. The c ...
Princess George of Greece... led in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in a house lent to them by his aunt,
Prince Charles... Howells made a scathing criticism of the exhibits as "conceptual bullshit".wrote to him: "It's good to hear your refreshing common sense about the dr ...
Emperor Kimmei... ficient material available for further verification and study. The reign of(509–571), the 29th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of ...
Herod... tion recounts that, at the time of the massacre of the Innocents, when Kingordered the slaughter of all males under the age of two in an attempt to p ...
Mithridates I of Parthia... Much of the eastern part of the empire was conquered by the Parthians underin the mid-2nd century BC, yet the Seleucid kings continued to rule a rump ...
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... ebruary 1960), is the second son, and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and. At the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the ...
Brian Boru... on the 23 April 1014, in which Vikings fought both for the Irish over-king's army and for the Viking-led army opposing him. Irish and Viking literat ...
Louis the German... ermanic (primarily Bavarian) ascendancy. In 843 it passed into the hands of(804-876). In 887 Arnulf of Carinthia (850-899), a bastard grandson of Lou ...
David... hence reflecting the changing tribal boundaries. claims that by the time of, the town was under the control of Philistines, but subsequently was give ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... that Marie de France was known at the court of King Henry II and his wife,. A contemporary of Marie, the English poet Denis Piramus, mentions in his ...
Peisistratus... sthenes, since Solon's constitution fell and was replaced by the tyranny of, whereas Ephialtes revised Cleisthenes' constitution relatively peacefull ...
George V... he London premiere of Der Schwanendreher when he heard news of the death of. He quickly wrote this piece for solo viola and string orchestra in tribu ...
Maria of Tver... the family circumstances of Ivan III. After the death of his first consort,(1467), at the suggestion of Pope Paul II (1469), who hoped thereby to bin ...
Lady Jane Grey... d Mary, the remaining children of Henry VIII, from the throne, in favour of.) Cecil resisted for a while, in a letter to his wife, he wrote: "Seeing ...
King of Kings... ium Dei/Domini) the Divine is held to have a superior imperium, as ultimate, above all earthly powers. Whenever a society accepts this Divine will to ...
King William IIIWilliam Prince of Orange (afterwards) landed in Brixham on 5 November 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, an ...
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll... e was then called, was in the midst of arid and featureless grassland. When, and her husband, the then Governor General of Canada, passed through the ...
Alp Arslan... dan Savaşı) was fought between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks led byon August 26, 1071 near Manzikert (modern Malazgirt in Muş Province, Turke ...
Valens... this time, the Hasdingi had already been Christianized. During the Emperor's reign (364–78) the Vandals accepted, much like the Goths earlier, Arian ...
Emperor Wu of Liang... pass power of rule onto their heirs to continue their dynasty successfully.(502–549 AD), however, was the most notable ruler of his age, being a patr ...
Jehoahaz... was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, thus he was the brother of(, , , )
John of Bohemia... ts city rights about 1295. In 1329 Duke John of Ścinawa paid homage to King, who upon the death of John's brother Duke Przemko II of Głogów in 1331 i ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... ow. The even was viewed by an audience of about 3.5 million. The funeral of, had taken place on the same day, and the Frenchman therefore dedicated " ...
Kamehameha I... nai to their own devices. Life on Lānai remained relatively calm until Kingor Kalaniōpuu-a-Kaiamamao took control, slaughtering people on every part ...
Richard II... ses. In 1377 Edward III died, leaving the Crown to his 10-year-old grandson. Like many of his predecessors, Richard II conflicted with the nobles by ...
Titus... after the event about the siege of Jerusalem in AD 70 by the Roman general(see Dating of the Gospel of Mark)
Arnulf of Carinthia... ancy. In 843 it passed into the hands of Louis the German (804-876). In 887(850-899), a bastard grandson of Louis the German, assumed his title of Ki ...
Emperor KōtokuIn 645,built his palace, the Naniwa Nagara-Toyosaki Palace in Osaka, making this ...
William of Orange... s Anne, who followed his advice in regard to the settlement of the crown on. He possessed the special confidence of William and Mary, and was made cl ...
Augustus... view that the 2003 invasion of Iraq was "the most foolish war since Emperorin 9 sent his legions into Germany and lost them", a reference to the Batt ...
Henry II of England... welfth century; they are dedicated to a "noble king", usually assumed to be, or possibly his eldest son, Henry the Young King. Another of her works, ...
Louis XIV of France... s, which would have been the second-longest reign in Europe (behind that of), seventh-longest in the world, and the longest reign by a female monarch ...
Samson... en of the mightiest, were removed by a touch of the fingers of this British.
Lysimachus... r of the city, Seleucus fled to Ptolemy and entered into a league with him,and Cassander (315 BC) against Antigonus. In 314 BC Antigonus invaded Phoe ...
James II... ow Revolution House, was the site of a meeting between conspirators againstin 1688. Among those meeting there were the Earls of Danby and Devonshire, ...
Sun Quan... t the end of the 2nd century AD, paving the way for the Three Kingdoms era., the founder of the Kingdom of Wu, spent nearly twenty years subduing the ...
Henry II, Duke of Bavaria... of Austria and was given to Leopold of Babenberg in 976 after the revolt of
Louis XI of France... political setbacks — usually at the hands of his great Machiavellian rival, — Edward was a popular and very able king. While he lacked foresight and ...
Queen Mary I... rd VI, and then by both his daughters in turn. It was to Hampton Court that(Henry's eldest daughter) retreated with King Philip II of Spain to spend ...
Empress Kōgyoku#redirect
James I... -twice-removed, the Scottish King, James VI, who became known in England asof the House of Stuart
Queen Olga of Greece... Sophie. He was baptised into the Greek Orthodox Church. His godparents wereand the Mayor of Corfu
Charles IV... El Kébir. Both cities were held until 1792, when they were sold by the kingto the Bey of Algiers
Edward III... deposed and then murdered by his wife Isabella. His 14-year-old son became. Edward III claimed the French Crown, setting off the Hundred Years' War ...
Edward IV... of only two courtiers to become Knight of the Garter in the second reign of. Sir William Parr could claim royal descent through King John of England, ...
Cormac mac Airt... d and Gráinne – one of the most famous stories of the cycle – the High Kingpromises the now aging Fionn his daughter Gráinne as his bride, but Gráinn ...
the emperor... ulfilling Stephen's request for a crown without the support and approval of.
John of England... le, which was first founded as a major defensive work on the orders of Kingin 1204, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169, when it was ...
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria... conveyed. An attempt supported by a wide coalition of parties, to establish, as a Staatskommisar with dictatorial powers in 1932 to counter the Nazis ...
Sparta... wed the treaty with the Roman Republic and exchanged friendly messages withand other places. However, one should note that the documents referring to ...
Rehoboam... ing an internal consistency that Thiele never resolved, as explained in thearticle
Tigranes the Great... ntinued to rule a rump state from Syria until the invasion by Armenian kingand their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey
Catherine of Aragon... e mainly owed his immunity. He had, moreover, had no part in the divorce ofor in the humiliation of Mary during Henry's reign, and he made no scruple ...
Dyggvi... turluson, Hel is referred to, though never by name. In chapter 17, the kingdies of sickness. A poem from the 9th century Ynglingatal that forms the b ...
Basil II... ed: Prince Mikhail Andreevich of Vereia, who had been awarded a Appanage by. In 1478 he was pressured into giving Belozersk to Ivan who got all of Mi ...
Henry the Young King... ng", usually assumed to be Henry II of England, or possibly his eldest son,. Another of her works, the Fables, is dedicated to a "Count William", who ...
Roman EmperorMaximian (; c. 250 – c. July 310) wasfrom 286 to 305. He was Caesar from 285 to 286, then Augustus from 286 to ...
Pope Paul VI... claration on Christian Education. It was promulgated on October 28, 1965 by, following approval by the assembled bishops by a vote of 2,290 to 35
Charles IKing James was succeeded in 1625 by his son, the ill-fated. For this king, Hampton Court was to become both his palace and his priso ...
Emperor Wen of Sui... the military power amassed in the north by Yang Jian, who declared himselfand invaded the south to reunify China
Trajan... being the conquest of Britain, begun by emperor Claudius (47), and emperor's conquest of Dacia (101-102, 105-106). In the 1st and 2nd century, Roman ...
King John II of Portugal... later India. In 1485, Christopher Columbus unsuccessfully tried to persuade(João II) to sponsor an expedition to Asia, meant to be reached by sailing ...
Henry II of England... the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict withover the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers ...
Elisabeth of Bavaria... uri (Γαστούρι) to the south of the city of Corfu Greece, Empress of Austriaalso known as Sissi built in 1890 a summer palace with Achilles as its cen ...
Edward V of England... orge's Chapel, Windsor Castle. He was succeeded by his twelve-year-old son,
Jehoiachin... The Bablyonian Chronicles allow the fairly precise dating of the capture ofand the start of Zedekiah's reign, and they also give the accession year o ...
Quintus Fabius Maximus... lect a dictator itself. As this was unconstitutional, the person appointed,, was given the title of prodictator (acting dictator) although he held th ...
Isabella... 322. Nevertheless, in 1327 Edward was deposed and then murdered by his wife. His 14-year-old son became Edward III. Edward III claimed the French Cro ...
Constans... dria, at a synod held in Antioch in 341, they resolved to send delegates to, Emperor of the West, and also to Julius, setting forth the grounds on wh ...
Frederick II... g part in German affairs during the early years of the reign of the emperor, and died (assassinated) at Kelheim in September 1231. His son Otto II, c ...
Władysław JagiełłoIn 1392, the city received an important trade privilege from king, and with the coming of the peace between Poland and Lithuania developed ...
Valens... anaric gained the advantage, and Fritigern asked for Roman aid. The Emperorand the Thracian field army intervened, Valens and Fritigern defeated Atha ...
Lady Elizabeth... assing of the Third Succession Act in 1543 that restored both Lady Mary andto the line of succession to the throne
Pope John XXIIIOn 15 December 1958, Luciani was appointed Bishop of Vittorio Veneto by. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 27 December from ...
John Hyrcanusat:110 text:gains full independence~and begins conquests, 110 BCE
Charles of Héristal... e major cities of Tongeren, Maastricht, and Liège. Pippin was the father of, victor of the decisive Battle of Tours that stopped the Arab-Muslim adva ...
King of Scots... to Edgar shortly afterwards at Chester. Six kings in Britain, including theand the King of Strathclyde, pledged their faith that they would be the ki ...
Gratian... t after suffering many hardships. Valens (of the Eastern Empire) then asked, the western emperor, for reinforcements to fight the Goths. Gratian sent ...
Leo the Armenian... in the air, Michael preempted events by abdicating in favor of the generaland becoming a monk (under the name Athanasios). His sons were castrated a ...
Lady Mary... l in Henry's passing of the Third Succession Act in 1543 that restored bothand Lady Elizabeth to the line of succession to the throne
Pygmalion... s to steer her onto the path of morality. It constitutes a variation of thestory
Abdur Rahman Khan... he border, launching the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The war's conclusion lefton the throne, and he agreed to let the British control Afghanistan's fore ...
Umar... s varied from the election of Abu Bakr. On his deathbed, Abu Bakr appointedas his successor without an election by the community of Believers. The oa ...
Alexander Balasat:153 text:appoints Jonathan Maccabee~High Priest. After victory in 150 BCE, Jonathan ...
William I, Count of Holland... nd took refuge here when she was fighting in a civil war against her uncle,. He besieged the stronghold and captured Ada
Eumenes II of Pergamon... mies, and again by the Macedonians. In 170 BC the Roman armies and those ofbesieged and sacked it
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck... than wait until the promulgation of the new constitution in 2008. His son,, became King upon his abdication
Nerva... time. The work arose, he says, from a conversation he had with the emperorat Frontinus's house at Formiae. He promises a work on Naval Tactics also; ...
Charles the Simple... y against the Vikings. Nevertheless, in 911 the Viking leader Rollon forcedto sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, under which Charles gave Rouen ...
Frederick V, Elector PalatineIn 1613, his sister Elizabeth marriedand moved to Heidelberg. In 1617 the Catholic Ferdinand II was elected kin ...
Alp Arslan... d another brother, Andronikos. When Romanos IV was defeated and captured byof the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert in August 1071, Michael VII ...
Cyrus the Great... work by Xenophon, the Cyropaedia, which is a biography of the Persian king
Jacques I... French revolution imposed on them". It was later renamed Port-au-Prince by, emperor of Haïti. When Haiti was divided between a kingdom in the north ...
Demetrius I Soterat:160 text:recalls garrisons~due to civil war against Alexander Balas,~increasing Has ...
Edward VIII... married Edward "Fruity" Metcalfe, the best friend, best man and equerry of. Mosley exercised a strange fascination for the Curzon women: Irene had a ...
William IIWilliam I was succeeded by two of his sons:, then Henry I. Henry made a controversial decision to name his daughter M ...
Konstantios Doukas... throne late in 1059, together with or shortly before his newly born brother. When Constantine X died in 1067, Michael VII was 17 years old and should ...
Charles II of England... e Edward Morgan was Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica after the Restoration ofin 1660. Henry Morgan married his uncle's daughter Mary, a cousin. Morgan ...
Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut... order to conquer the city since Leiden did not pay the new Count of Holland, his niece and only daughter of Count William VI of Holland. The army was ...
Eudokia MakrembolitissaMichael VII was the eldest son of Constantine X Doukas and, and was born c. 1050, in Constantinople. He had been associated with his ...
Albert, Duke of PrussiaThe Polish wars against the Teutonic Knights ended in 1525, when, their marshal (and Sigismund's nephew), converted to Lutheranism, secula ...
King Edward III... rr, Lord of the Manor of Kendal in Westmorland (now Cumbria), descendant of, and the former Maud Green (1492 –1531), daughter and co-heiress of Sir T ...
King Henry I... nes, created 1st Baron de Louis Dessalines on 8 April 1811, aide-de-camp to, Privy Councilor, Secretary-General of the Ministry of War between 1811 a ...
ElizabethIn 1613, his sistermarried Frederick V, Elector Palatine and moved to Heidelberg. In 1617 the ...
Charles XIV John... mself with the liberal opposition critical of the conservative rule of King
Margaret of Anjou... re defeated and forced to flee to France. There, they made an alliance with, and Warwick agreed to restore Henry VI in return for French support in a ...
Fidel Castro... osition. While he initially supported the Cuban revolutionary government of, Vargas Llosa later became disenchanted with the Cuban dictator and his a ...
William and Mary... rother George, who fled to France and became a wine merchant. However, whencame to the throne and the new Act of Settlement required all ministers to ...
Xiao Fangzhi... hen Baxian and Wang Sengbian set up the last surviving son of Emperor Yuan,, as Liang ruler, but he was not given the imperial title. After some defe ...
Lysimachos of Thrace... sacked: by the Triballi in 376 BC, Philip II of Macedon in 350 BC; later by, the Seleucids, the Ptolemies, and again by the Macedonians. In 170 BC th ...
Henry VII... sion of the estates of Lady Margaret Beaufort. However, on the accession offollowing the Battle of Bosworth Field, Lincoln took the oath of allegianc ...
Bona Sforza... humanism and the revival of classical antiquity. He and his third consort,, daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan, were both patrons of Renaissa ...
Justinian IIIn 710,demanded in an iussio that Constantine appear before the emperor in Consta ...
King James II... now Lakeville Road. In 1691 Dongan fled to New England and then Ireland, asand his Catholic forces failed to regain power in England and Ireland
Margaret of York... Burgundy were his brother-in-law Charles, Duke of Burgundy, and his sister. Despite the fact that Charles was initially unwilling to help Edward, th ...
Domitian... rian as the son of divus Trajan. By the end of the 1st century, the emperorwas being called "dominus et deus" i.e. master and god. Outside the Roman ...
Abdur Rahman... n agreement of 1873 in favour of the Afghan claim. Under the strong rule ofthese outlying territories were closely welded to Kabul; but after the acc ...
Charles Theodore... is residence to nearby Mannheim. The court remained there until the Electorbecame Elector of Bavaria in 1777 and established his court in Munich. In ...
Louis XVIII... circumstances considerably. After Napoléon's defeat at Waterloo, a Bourbon,, the brother of Louis XVI, was restored to power. In 1814, Vigny enrolled ...
Saul... h Aaron. Later still, the Prophet Samuel re-instituted the line of kings in, under the inspiration of God
Frederick Barbarossa... r the command of Richard Lionheart instead). The elderly Holy Roman Emperorresponded to the call to arms, and led a massive army across Anatolia, but ...
Richard The LionheartIn 1194 Kingreturned from being held captive in Austria, and set about summoning a fle ...
Alexander Jannaeusat:103 shift: 15,-10 text:, 103–7
Hyder Ali... sore for 300,000 rupees. After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759,, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto r ...
Emperor Frederick IThe struggle for its possession continued until 1156, when, in his desire to restore peace to Germany, persuaded Henry to give up Ba ...
Liu Zixun... ce, to commit suicide. However, his claim to the throne was not accepted by, one of his nephews, who then rose against him
Dowager Empress Maria... Golden Globe and earning a Emmy Award nomination for her performance as thein the 1986 miniseries
James II of Cyprus... ptember 1467. Five were candidates pressed by kings, placating respectively, Edward IV of England, Louis XI of France, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary a ...
Valens... man Empire. Hoping that they would become farmers and soldiers, the emperorallowed them to establish themselves in the Empire as allies (foederati). ...
Mary Tudor... crown, as it was a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII and
Grace Kelly... f Hadleyville, New Mexico Territory, has just married pacifist Quaker Amy () and turned in his badge. He intends to become a storekeeper elsewhere. S ...
Bolesław I Chrobry... the region of Upper Lusatia, it became part of the Kingdom of Poland during's conquest of Lusatia. After his death the town fell to the Margraviate o ...
Holy Roman EmperorIn 1505,Maximilian I established a postal system in the Empire, appointing Franz v ...
Henry IWilliam I was succeeded by two of his sons: William II, then. Henry made a controversial decision to name his daughter Matilda (his on ...
Alexander the Great... s a Greek-Macedonian state that was created out of the eastern conquests of. At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia, the Levant, Me ...
Alexander the Great... Macedonian, drill and tactics as practiced by the Hellenistic successors of. The author claims to have consulted all the best authorities, the most i ...
Holy Roman Emperor... ia Theresa's death in 1780, she was succeeded by her son Joseph II, alreadysince Francis I's death in 1765. A reformer herself, Maria Theresa always ...
Henry VIII... loyalty to the crown, as it was a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon,and Mary Tudor
Belus on the Euphrates... climactic burst of syncretism, Dionysus identifies the Tyrian Heracles with, Ammon in Libya, Apis by the Nile, Arabian Cronus, Assyrian Zeus, Serapis ...
William I... liam V, Prince of Orange was handed over to the Dutch state by his son king. This collection formed the basis of the Royal Cabinet of Paintings of ar ...
Trajan... to be accepted as the son of divus Augustus and Hadrian as the son of divus. By the end of the 1st century, the emperor Domitian was being called "do ...
King James VII... ith his father. These brothers included Robert, who fled after fighting forin 1689 and became a banker in Rouen and half-brother George, who fled to ...
Aristobulus Iat:104 text:, 104–10
Conrad III... obtained the Duchy of Saxony in 1137. Alarmed at this prince's power, Kingrefused to allow two duchies to remain in the same hands, and declared Hen ...
Louis XI of France... by kings, placating respectively James II of Cyprus, Edward IV of England,, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Ferdinand I of Naples; one was the able ...
Edward VI... ven some who had the power to relax restrictions on the press at the end of's reign. The first edition may have had little or only partial commercial ...
Fritigern... vehemently opposed, fearing that Christianity would destroy Gothic culture., his rival, was an Arian and had the favor of Valens, who shared his reli ...
Lothair I... 29 September. Coins that bear both the image of Benedict III and of Emperor, who died 28 September 855, exist; therefore, Benedict must have been rec ...
Edward IV of England... ere candidates pressed by kings, placating respectively James II of Cyprus,, Louis XI of France, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Ferdinand I of Napl ...
Stephen... as his heir. Following Henry's death in 1135 one of William I's grandsons,, laid claim to the throne, and took power with the support of most of the ...
Louis XVI... After Napoléon's defeat at Waterloo, a Bourbon, Louis XVIII, the brother of, was restored to power. In 1814, Vigny enrolled in one of the privileged ...
Christian IV of Denmark... ercial relations with their former homes. Some migrated as far as Scotland.invited some New Christian families to settle at Glückstadt about 1626, gr ...
SaladinIn 1187took Ashkelon as part of his conquest of the Crusader States following the ...
Cosimo de' Medici... or all residents though, among whom there were great disparities in wealth.was the first Medici family member to essentially control the city from be ...
Aegialeus... y on the advice of Tiresias. The only Argive hero that fell in this war was, the son of Adrastus. After having built a temple of Nemesis in the neigh ...
Abbas I of Persia... Howdahs well decorated in gold and silver, in order to negotiate peace withafter a brief conflict in the region around Kandahar. Khan Alam soon retur ...
Henry III... and hospice. During the thirteenth century Portsmouth was commonly used byand Edward I as a base for attacks against France
Julius Caesar... risis and social unrest. Into this turbulent scenario emerged the figure of. Caesar reconciled the two more powerful men in Rome: Marcus Licinius Cra ...
Liu RuyiQi was born in Dingtao, Shandong. She bore Emperor Gaozu a son, who was later instated as Prince of Zhao. Gaozu felt that the crown prin ...
Matthias Corvinus of Hungary... respectively James II of Cyprus, Edward IV of England, Louis XI of France,and Ferdinand I of Naples; one was the able administrator of the Francisca ...
Lady of the Mercians... was probably his illegitimate son by Æthelflæd (not to be confused with the), and Æthelred, the younger, the child of his wife Ælfthryth. He was succ ...
Henry III... ter whose death in 1026 it passed successively to Henry, afterwards Emperor, and then to another member of the family of Luxembourg, ruling as Duke H ...
Hadrian... emperor from 14-37 AD) came to be accepted as the son of divus Augustus andas the son of divus Trajan. By the end of the 1st century, the emperor Dom ...
King JohnThe town received its market charter in the year 1204 fromand around 250 stalls can still be found in the town centre every Monday, ...
Totila... thic elite had been toppled. In 541 the Ostrogoths had elected a new leader; this Goth nationalist and brilliant commander had recaptured all of nort ...
King Henry VIII... as was Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Master of the Wards, and Comptroller to. Sir Thomas Parr was also a close companion of King Henry VIII. Her mothe ...
the Queen... her ministers in cabinet, is appointed by the governor general on behalf of. However, by the conventions of responsible government, designed to maint ...
Muhammad... ort Caliphate of his son Hasan. This schism occurred following the death of
Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng... In the context of weak democratic institutions at independence, Tutsi Kingestablished a constitutional monarchy comprising equal numbers of Hutus an ...
Aristobulus IIat:66 shift: 15,-7 text:, 66–6
Hadrian... eeks, titled On tactical arrays of the Greeks , is dedicated to the Emperor, though this is probably a mistake for Trajan, and the date 106 AD has be ...
Harald FairhairThe family of, who was most likely the first king of the whole Norway, is said to have ...
Henry... ecarious hold on power but agreed to a compromise under which Matilda's sonwould succeed him. Henry accordingly became the first monarch of the Angev ...
Gofraid ua Ímair... ber of the Norse-Gael Uí Ímair dynasty, was King of Dublin from 934 to 941., his father, held both Dublin and York until Athelstan of England expelle ...
Edward... ter, and was buried at Glastonbury Abbey. He left two sons, the elder named, who was probably his illegitimate son by Æthelflæd (not to be confused w ...
Girolamo SavonarolaDuring this period, the Dominican monkhad become prior of the San Marco monastery in 1490. He was famed for his ...
Hadrian... eld first appeared on Roman bronze coins of the 1st century AD struck under, Britannia's first appearance on British coinage was on the farthing in 1 ...
Charlemagne... s, later the Eastern Roman emperors, and finally the Western Roman emperor,and his successors, the Catholic Holy Roman Emperors
Anne Boleyn... possession of the Howard family. Notable members of the Howard Family wereand Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of Henry VIII. Both women wer ...
Philip II... and satrap under Alexander the Great. During his early life he served under, and he was a major figure in the Wars of the Diadochi after Alexander's ...
Elizabeth I of England... esuits, explored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century. In 1583, Queengranted Walter Raleigh a charter to plant a colony north of Spanish Florid ...
Jigme Dorji Wangchuck... ould be guided by India in its foreign policy. Succeeded in 1952 by his son, Bhutan began to slowly emerge from its isolation and began a program of ...
Maximilian... who was subsequently executed for these actions. Edmund sought the help of, the Roman-German king. In 1506, Maximilian's son, Phillip of Burgundy, w ...
Valens... ed history in 369, when he engaged in battle with the Eastern Roman Emperorand ultimately negotiated a favorable peace for his people. During his rei ...
Sparta... , who had been driven from Naupactus, Zacynthus, and the Peloponnese by thens after the close of the Peloponnesian War. These had at first been estab ...
Herod the Great... post-Exilic period of the Maccabees, the Hasmonean dynasty, and the rise of. He refers to the Sadducees, Jewish High Priests of the time, Pharisees a ...
Richard I... nobility. Henry II faced rebellions from his own sons, the future monarchsand John. Nevertheless, Henry managed to expand his kingdom. Upon Henry's ...
Tiberius... to the "position of emperor" rather than the person of the emperor. Later,(emperor from 14-37 AD) came to be accepted as the son of divus Augustus a ...
Marie Antoinette... ed in both French and English. Seymour appeared as the doomed French queen,; the actress's two children, Katherine and Sean, appeared as the queen's ...
Uthman ibn Affan... entative". The first four Caliphs: Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Umar ibn al-Khattab,and Ali ibn Abi Talib are commonly known by Sunnis, mainly, as the Khulafā ...
Antoninus Pius# The First Apology addressed to, his sons, and the Roman Senat
Harihara I... erritories of the Hoysala empire were merged with the areas administered byin the Tungabhadra region. This new Hindu kingdom resisted the northern in ...
Hyrcanus IIat:67 text:, 67–6
Ferdinand I of Naples... Edward IV of England, Louis XI of France, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and; one was the able administrator of the Franciscans; and the last two elev ...
Charles VII of France... that the town took on a new lease of life, as the heir apparent, the future, had sought refuge in 1418 in the province. The town remained faithful to ...
Napoleon III... e majority of his life. However, he decided to live in exile as a result of's Coup d'état at the end of 1851
Charles the Bald... nded to have contradictory politics, which had severe consequences. In 867,signed the Treaty of Compiègne, by which he agreed to yield the Cotentin P ...
Caracalla... b of Achilles at Achilleion while passing Troy. In AD 216 the Roman Emperor, while on his way to war against Parthia, emulated Alexander by holding g ...
Sebastianus... ft Antioch for Constantinople, and arrived on the 30th of May. He appointed, newly arrived from Italy, to reorganize the Roman armies already in Thra ...
Frederick William IV... hein University was thus nameless until 1840, when the new King of Prussia,gave it the official name Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität
Xiao Yan... ed after Xiao Baojun killed his prime minister Xiao Yi, leading his brotherto revolt under the banner of Xiao Baojun's brother who was declared Emper ...
Æthelred... te son by Æthelflæd (not to be confused with the Lady of the Mercians), and, the younger, the child of his wife Ælfthryth. He was succeeded by Edward ...
Demetrius... west towards Phrygia in order to humble Antigonus, who escaped with his sonto Greece, where he obtained the favour of Antipater, regent of Macedonia ...
Trajan... is dedicated to the Emperor Hadrian, though this is probably a mistake for, and the date 106 AD has been assigned to it. It is a handbook of Greek, ...
As-Salih Ayyub... the defences of coastal sites. The Egyptians retook Ashkelon in 1247 during's conflict with the Crusader States and the city was returned to Muslim r ...
Henry VIII... ller to King Henry VIII. Sir Thomas Parr was also a close companion of King. Her mother, Lady Parr, was a close friend and attendant of Queen Catheri ...
Charles... led royal family in 1650, and in 1654 became official secretary to James on's recommendation, who had already been attracted by his "pleasant and agr ...
Empress Lü Zhi... Liu Ying with Liu Ruyi, as his desire was objected to by Liu Ying's mother. Because of this, Lü Zhi hated Qi deeply. Nevertheless Gaozu ordered Liu ...
Maria of Alania... an was undermined by the Caesar John Doukas, and Nikephoros instead married. They married in contravention of church canons, as Maria was still at th ...
Charles II... so referred to as the Cromwellian Interregnum, was declared. Charles's son,, who dated his accession from the death of his father, did not take up th ...
Salome Alexandraat:76 text:c. 76–6
Julius Caesarat:44 text:murdered. (44 BCE
Amphiaraus... d fallen in the war against Thebes to make a new attack upon that city, andnow declared that the gods approved of the undertaking, and promised succe ...
Henry VIII... other parts were added and a stable form finally appeared in 1540. In 1542authorised it as the sole Latin grammar textbook to be used in education a ...
Constantine IV... there in 680/681. He also delivered a combative letter from Pope Leo II toin 682. He met and developed a rapport with Prince Justinian, the heir app ...
Augustus... ius" (divus Iulius). His adopted son, Octavian (better known by the title "" given to him 15 years later, in 27 BC) thus became known as "divi Iuli f ...
Richard I of England... strategic importance to the Christians, but the leader of the Crusade, King, constructed a citadel upon the ruins. Ashkelon subsequently remained par ...
King Louis XIV... ater, Racine accepted a position as a royal historiographer in the court of, alongside his friend Boileau. He kept this position in spite of the mino ...
Emperor Gaozu... h day of the eighth lunar month every year, Qi would play a weiqi game within the bamboo forest on the north side of the palace. The winner would mak ...
Alexander the Great... Epirus claimed to be descended from Achilles through his son, Neoptolemus., son of the Epirote princess Olympias, could therefore also claim this de ...
John... ry II faced rebellions from his own sons, the future monarchs Richard I and. Nevertheless, Henry managed to expand his kingdom. Upon Henry's death, h ...
Henry IV... Henry VII. In 1061, Empress Agnes, mother of and regent for the German king, entrusted the duchy to Otto of Nordheim
Jigme Singye WangchuckIn 1972,ascended the throne at age 20. He emphasized modern education, decentraliz ...
Edmund I of England... Peaceable, was a king of England (r. 959–75). Edgar was the younger son of
Nicolas SarkozyIn March 2011 media outlets reveled that French presidenthas started using a £10,000 armor-plated umbrella to protect him from atta ...
Frederick William III... ersity professor in Bonn, was banned from teaching. Only after the death ofin 1840 was he reinstated in his professorship. Another consequence of the ...
Eugène de Beauharnais... for this accession of dignity was the marriage of his daughter Augusta with. On March 15, 1806 he ceded the Duchy of Berg to Napoleon
Liu Ying... who was later instated as Prince of Zhao. Gaozu felt that the crown prince(his eldest son) was an unsuitable heir to his throne. He tried several ti ...
Prince of Wales... Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. The Lancastrian heir, Edward of Westminster,, was killed on the battlefield. A few days later, on the night that Edwar ...
Bảo Đại... ognized by France as an independent country ruled by the Vietnamese Emperor, and the Vietnamese National Army (VNA) was soon created. The VNA fought ...
Theodosius... y fleeing to Caucaland in the Carpathians, Athanaric was warmly received byin Constantinople in 381, where he signed a treaty of friendship with the ...
HenryLike the family of King's second wife, the Boleyns, the Parr family had gone up in the world as a ...
Amalric I... kuh's troops camped outside of Cairo, Egypt's sultan, Shawar called on Kingof Jerusalem for assistance. In response, Amalric sent an army into Egypt ...
Sakthan Thampuran... is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala. Historians say that Kinghad invited several Syrian Christian families and Brahmins to settle in Th ...
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of YorkHis mother was the second surviving daughter ofand Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister to Edward IV of England ...
Eudokia Makrembolitissa... is position, on the death of his second wife Nikephoros III sought to marry, the mother of Michael VII and the widow of Constantine X and Romanos IV. ...
King James I... and arranging a smooth transfer of power to the Stuart administration under. His daughter Anne became the first wife of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of ...
Julius CaesarIn 42 BC,was formally deified as "the divine Julius" (divus Iulius). His adopted so ...
As-Salih... in. Nur ad-Din died in 1174, leaving the new empire to his 11-year old son,. It was decided that the only man competent enough to uphold the jihad ag ...
Shaka... , the region was invaded by Mzilikazi, originally a lieutenant of Zulu Kingwho was pushed from his own territories to the west by the Zulu armies. Af ...
Herod AntipasA tragedy, it tells the story of Salome, the stepdaughter of the tetrarch, who, to her stepfather's dismay but mother's delight, requests the head ...
Francis I of France... rgs and Russia, in 1524 Sigismund signed a Franco-Polish alliance with King. The agreement fell through, however, when Francis I was vanquished by Ch ...
Anne Neville... r (later King Richard III of England), were married to Isabella Neville and. They were both daughters of Warwick by Anne Beauchamp and rival heirs to ...
Abu Bakr... of choosing leadership prevailed among the leading companions of Muhammad.was elected as the first caliph or successor to Muhammad, with the other c ...
Julius Caesarat:48 text:Pompey murdered (48 BCE); Hyrcanus and~Antipater aidat Alexandri
Bahadur Shah II... afire, and marched into the Red Fort, where they asked the Mughal emperor,, to become their leader and reclaim his throne. The emperor was reluctant ...
AsopusHe was son of Zeus and Aegina, a daughter of the river-god. He was born on the island of Oenone or Oenopia, to which Aegina had been ...
Odin... dda book Gylfaginning, Hel is described as having been appointed by the godas ruler of a realm of the same name, located in Niflheim. In the same sou ...
Margaret of York... ard IV of England and Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England
Charles VIII of France... nso. The most doubtful passage in his diplomatic career is when he welcomedupon the entry of that king into Naples in 1495, thus showing that he was ...
Kalaniōpuu-a-Kaiamamao... devices. Life on Lānai remained relatively calm until King Kamehameha I ortook control, slaughtering people on every part of the island. So many wer ...
Frederick William III... ofessorship. Another consequence of the Carlsbad Decrees was the refusal byto confer the chain of office, the official seal and an official name to t ...
Aurelian... ttacked the Romans in the lower Danube area. In about 271 the Roman Emperorwas obliged to protect the middle course of the Danube against them. They ...
Philip II... chus XIII. Even so, civil wars could not be prevented, as another Seleucid,, contested rule with Antiochus. After the Roman conquest of Pontus, the R ...
Severus... Galerius refused to recognize him, but failed to unseat him. Galerius sentagainst Maxentius, but during the campaign, Severus' armies, previously un ...
Edmund... 939, Olaf again invaded York the same year, forcing Athelstan's successor,, into a treaty which ceded to Amlaíb Northumbria and part of Mercia. Uniq ...
Murad IV... eated the Mughals at Kandahar. He even wrote a letter to the Ottoman Sultan, Jahangir's ambition however did not materialize due to his death in 1627
Timoleon... ed in 344 BC, when it was one of the first cities that declared in favor ofafter his landing in Sicily. At a later period we find it mentioned as esp ...
Causantín mac ÁedaAmlaíb married the daughter of. He also allied himself with Owen I of Strathclyde. In 937, Amlaíb led hi ...
Richard III of England... hers, George, Duke of Clarence, and Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later King), were married to Isabella Neville and Anne Neville. They were both daugh ...
Edward IV of England... enet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister toand Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to Margaret of York ...
MuhammadAccording to Sunni beliefs,gave no specific directions as to the choosing of his successor when he di ...
second wifeLike the family of King Henry's, the Boleyns, the Parr family had gone up in the world as a result of roy ...
Henry III... upt end after John died in 1216, leaving the Crown to his nine-year-old son. Later in Henry's reign, Simon de Montfort led the barons in another rebe ...
Grace Kelly... erican Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Gary Cooper and. The film tells in real time the story of a town marshal forced to face a ...
Pope Pius XII... s doctoral studies; the situation was resolved by a special dispensation ofhimself, on 27 March 1941. His thesis (The origin of the human soul accord ...
Ntare V... nd intellectuals. In 1966, King Mwambutsa IV was deposed by his son, Prince, who himself was deposed by his prime minister Capt. Michel Micombero in ...
Edmund, Earl of Rutland... d Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister to Edward IV of England andas well as an older sister to Margaret of York, George Plantagenet, 1st Du ...
Xiao Daocheng... peror Houfei of Liu Song. The political situation was volatile. The generalslowly gained power and eventually deposed Emperor Houfei in favor of his ...
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa... alifa assumed the throne in March 1999 upon the death of his father, Shaikh, the ruler of Bahrain since 1961. He continued to implement democratic re ...
Catherine Howard... he Howard family. Notable members of the Howard Family were Anne Boleyn and, second and fifth wives of Henry VIII. Both women were nieces of Thomas H ...
Domitian... vely, associated with Emperor Augustus. Later, it was also used to refer to. There are textual and contextual arguments for and against the translati ...
Theseus... Polynices and was put to death, but Adrastus escaped to Athens to petition, the city's king, to attack Thebes and force the return of the bodies of ...
Elizabeth I... g the burgesses of Chesterfield the same privileges as those of Nottingham.granted a charter of incorporation in 1594, creating a corporation consist ...
Elizabeth I of EnglandCharles was a weak and sickly infant. Whendied in March 1603 and James VI of Scotland became King of England as Jame ...
Władysław Gomułka... social aims, the regime led by the Polish Communist Party's First Secretarybegan to liberalize internal life in Poland. Several years of relative sta ...
Polycrates... around 530 BC) to Croton, in Italy (Magna Graecia). Possibly the tyranny ofin Samos made it difficult for him to achieve his schemes there. His later ...
Karol WojtyłaCardinalwas elected John Paul I's successor as Supreme Pontiff on Monday, 16 Octob ...
Ahab... in the Tanach, whose worship was prominently introduced into Israel by Kingand largely eradicated by King Jehu. In 1 Kings 18.27 it is possible there ...
John the Blind... man Emperor and Count of Luxemburg, was minting coins in Bastogne. In 1332,, his son, granted the city its charter and had it encircled by defensive ...
Emperor GaozuQi was born in Dingtao, Shandong. She borea son Liu Ruyi, who was later instated as Prince of Zhao. Gaozu felt that ...
Veera Ballala III... influence spread over Pandya kingdom also. Toward the end of 13th century,recaptured territory in the Tamil country which had been lost to the Pandy ...
Kublai Khan... system named Örtöö within the Mongol Empire. During the Yuan Dynasty under, this system also covered the territory of China. Postal stations were us ...
Baldwin IVAmalric also died in 1174, leaving Jerusalem to his 13-year old son,. Although Baldwin suffered from leprosy, he was an effective and active m ...
Mzilikazi... long distance direct and indirect trade. In 1817, the region was invaded by, originally a lieutenant of Zulu King Shaka who was pushed from his own t ...
Titus... mpanions in July 67. The Romans (commanded by Flavius Vespasian and his son, both subsequently Roman emperors) asked the group to surrender, but they ...
Princess Elizabeth... of Northumberland had employed Cecil in the administration of the lands of. Before Mary died he was a member of the "old flock of Hatfield", and fro ...
Henry II of France... together. King Henry III of France confirmed the privileges granted them by, and protected them against such slanders and accusations as those which ...
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence... and Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to Margaret of York,and Richard III of England
Casimir III... centre of Poland back then. Because of its strategic location, in 1343 kingsigned there a peace treaty with the Teutonic Order. As a royal town, the ...
Ferdinand II... shorter route to Asia. He eventually received the backing of Isabella I and, Queen and King of newly united Spain. In 1492 Columbus reached land in t ...
Sybilla... ing year, Baldwin V died before his ninth birthday, and his mother Princess, sister of Baldwin IV, crowned herself queen and her husband, Guy of Lusi ...
Edmund, Earl of Rutland... the eldest of the four sons who survived to adulthood. His younger brother, died along with his father fighting for the Yorkist cause. The Duke of Y ...
Charles II... Britain. In 1793 her niece Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, daughter of Dukemarried Frederick William III of Hohenzollern and in 1797 became queen con ...
Chanyu... BCE) and Emperor Wen (r. 180–157 BCE) to reopen border markets, many of the's Xiongnu subordinates chose not to obey the treaty and periodically raid ...
Asa... was buried beside his ancestors in Jerusalem. He was succeeded by his son,
Philip II of Macedon... valuable prize, the city was repeatedly sacked: by the Triballi in 376 BC,in 350 BC; later by Lysimachos of Thrace, the Seleucids, the Ptolemies, an ...
Otto II... , succeeded him, but in 974 he became involved in a conspiracy against King. The rising occurred because the king had granted the duchy of Swabia to ...
Richard III of England... er sister to Margaret of York, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and
Attalus II Philadelphus... he design of the Maccabeans to fruition. Demetrius I Soter's relations withof Pergamon (reigned 159–138 BCE), Ptolemy VI of Egypt (reigned 163–145 BC ...
Ferdinand I... King Louis II of Bohemia at the Battle of Mohács, Silesia was inherited by, placing Opole under the sovereignty of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. ...
Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa... irsty, undisciplined, unwashed (literally). The leader of the Third Crusadeopenly plotted with the Serbs, Bulgars, Byzantine traitors, and even the M ...
Augustus... "son of a god" was specially, but not exclusively, associated with Emperor. Later, it was also used to refer to Domitian. There are textual and cont ...
Huayna Capac... Spanish conquistadors arrived from the north, the Inca Empire was ruled by, who had two sons: Atahualpa, being in charge of the northern parts of th ...
Alexander the Great... ures, were considered sons of gods such as Zeus, from around 360 BC onwardsmay have implied he was a demigod by using the title "Son of Ammon–Zeus". ...
Khosrau I... the 'Nika' revolt in Constantinople in 532, the war by Kavadh's successor,, in 540 and his destruction of Antioch and the transportation of its inha ...
Genghis Khan... at Bamian and the rock-cut topes of Haibak. The district was devastated by, and has never since fully recovered its prosperity. For about a century ...
Louis XIII of FranceUnderthe conversos of Bayonne were assigned to the suburb of St. Esprit. At St. ...
Władysław Łokietek... Voivodeship, one of the provincial capitals Voivodeships of Poland, by king. A notable centre of trade, Kalisz was also located more or less in the c ...
Artaxerxes IIIAfterof Persia and all of his sons were killed by the vizier Bagoas, the vizier ...
Herod the Greatat:37 shift: 15,-5 text:victorious, rules 37 BCE–4 C
Isabella I... rope to find a shorter route to Asia. He eventually received the backing ofand Ferdinand II, Queen and King of newly united Spain. In 1492 Columbus r ...
King James I... to return without even making it to Roanoke Island. Having been arrested byfor treason, Raleigh was unable to send any further missions
Treniota... e married to Vykintas and another to Daniel of Halych. Vykintas and his sonplayed major roles in later power struggles. Mindaugas had at least two wi ...
Jehu... minently introduced into Israel by King Ahab and largely eradicated by King. In 1 Kings 18.27 it is possible there is a mocking reference to legendar ...
Arthur of Brittany... 's choice was John, but Walter initially leaned towards John's young nephew. When Marshall was insistent on John, who was an adult, the author of the ...
Mohammed Nadir Shah... on 8 November 1933 at the age of 19, after the assassination of his father. Following his ascension to the throne he was given the regnal title "He ...
Frederick V... e. In November 1619, the royal crown of Bohemia was offered to the Elector,. (He was married to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James I and VI of Engla ...
Albert of Brandenburg-AnsbachThe peninsula became part of the Duchy of Prussia when, the 37th Grand Master, secularized the Monastic State of the Teutonic Kn ...
Atahualpa... rom the north, the Inca Empire was ruled by Huayna Capac, who had two sons:, being in charge of the northern parts of the empire, and Huáscar, seated ...
Frederick I BarbarossaThe elderly Holy Roman Emperorresponded to the call immediately. He took up the Cross at Mainz Cathedral ...
Theodosius... thraism came to an end with the anti-pagan decrees of the Christian emperorduring the last decade of the 4th century
Władysław Gomułka... could gain complete control over Poland. Future General Secretary of PZPR,, is quoted as saying: "Soldiers of AK are a hostile element which must be ...
Henrietta MariaOn 11 May 1625 Charles was married by proxy toin front of the doors of the Notre Dame de Paris, before his first Parliam ...
Roman Emperor... imperial coronation); they saw their rule as a continuation of that of thes and used the title derived from the title Caesar to reflect their suppos ...
HenryIn 955 Henry's young son, surnamed the Quarrelsome, succeeded him, but in 974 he became involved i ...
Saul... t of the battle between David and Goliath is given in 1 Samuel, chapter 17.and the Israelites are facing the Philistines at the Valley of Elah. Twice ...
Rehoboam... he House of David and the second of the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of, the grandson of Solomon and the great-grandson of David. The Chronicler ...
Demetrius I Soter... important external event brought the design of the Maccabeans to fruition.'s relations with Attalus II Philadelphus of Pergamon (reigned 159–138 BCE ...
Abdur Rahman Khan... was re-organized by the British in 1880, when the country was ruled by Amir. It was modernized during King Amanullah Khan's rule in the early 20th ce ...
Louis the Pious... intered in Scandinavia. Several coastal areas were lost during the reign of(814–840). But the Vikings took advantage of the quarrels in the royal fam ...
WitigesA faction of the Gothic nobility pointed out that their own king, who had just lost, was something of a weakling and they would need a new ...
Vercingetorix... x have various adventures. The "ix" suffix of both names echoes the name of, a historical Gaul chieftain. In many cases, the stories have them travel ...
Elizabeth... rown of Bohemia was offered to the Elector, Frederick V. (He was married to, eldest daughter of James I and VI of England and Scotland). He became kn ...
Nero... Prior to this, in his early twenties, he traveled to negotiate with Emperorfor the release of several Jewish priests. Upon his return to Jerusalem, h ...
Przemysł II of PolandIn 1282 the city laws were confirmed byand in 1314 it was made the capital of the Kalisz Voivodeship, one of the ...
King George VI... e B of the Constitution Act, 1982, and the Letters Patent issued in 1947 by. The office and its functions are instead governed by constitutional conv ...
Chanyu... jority that a limited engagement at Mayi involving the assassination of thewould throw the Xiongnu realm into chaos and benefit the Han. When this pl ...
Charles V... t, Cortés sent a troupe of ōllamanime (ballplayers) to Spain to perform forwhere they were drawn by the German Christoph Weiditz. Besides the fascina ...
Henry... e reflects the Tudor period with emblems of the crucifixion and the arms ofand Aragon (the lands passed to Henry VIII as a consequence of the )
Vira Narasimha II... an politics that began a period of Hoysala hegemony in the southern Deccan.'s son Vira Someshwara earned the honorific "uncle" (Mamadi) from the Pand ...
Genghis Khaninstalled an empire-wide messenger and postal station system named Örtöö w ...
King George III... of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, sister of Duke Adolphus Frederick IV, by marryingbecame queen consort of Great Britain. In 1793 her niece Louise of Mecklen ...
Hulagu Khan... dad and the execution of Abassid caliph al-Musta'sim by Mongol forces under. A surviving member of the Abbasid House was installed as Caliph at Cairo ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ed of little worth to Maria Theresa. The peace was initially broken by King, who invaded Silesia. Soon other powers began to exploit Austria's weakne ...
Huáscar... o sons: Atahualpa, being in charge of the northern parts of the empire, and, seated in the Incan capital Cusco. Upon Huayna Capac's death in 1525, th ...
Semiramis... e lauded her accomplishments, calling her "The Star of the North" and the "of Russia" (in reference to the legendary Queen of Babylon, a subject on w ...
Solomon... second of the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson ofand the great-grandson of David. The Chronicler refers to him as Abijah (; ...
William Marshal... Life of William Marshal, which dates to soon after 1219, when word reached, one of the richest and most influential barons, that Richard was dead, h ...
Henry III of France... pt the Sabbath and feast-days as best they could, and prayed together. Kingconfirmed the privileges granted them by Henry II of France, and protected ...
consul and patrician... xposition of Latin grammar. The dedication to Julian probably indicates the, not the author of a well-known epitome of Justinian's Novellae, who live ...
Achilles... ge of the god, and never polled them afresh until the vow was fulfilled. Soconsecrated his hair to the river Spercheus and vowed not to cut it until ...
Al-Mansur... s part of the taifa of Dénia. The founder of this state was a client of thefamily, Muyahid ibn Yusuf ibn Ali, who could take profit from the progress ...
Jigme Wangchuck... dvice in its external relations. When Ugyen Wangchuck died in 1926, his sonbecame the next ruler, and when India gained independence in 1947, the new ...
Mwezi IV Gisabo... n monarchy, which decided to accept the German advances, the Burundian kingopposed all European influence, refusing to wear European clothing and res ...
Pope John Paul IIn the work known as Illustrissimi, a collection of letters written bywhen he was Patriarch of Venice, Dupanloup is one of the "recipients" of t ...
Xiang Yu... fall of the Qin Dynasty, however, civil war broke out between two warlords,and Liu Bang; the Minyue king Wuzhu sent his troops to fight side-by-side ...
Ugyen Wangchuck... war eroded the power of the shabdrung for the next 200 years when in 1885,was able to consolidate power and cultivated closer ties with the British ...
David... was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson of Solomon and the great-grandson of. The Chronicler refers to him as Abijah (; ; )
Vira Someshwara... period of Hoysala hegemony in the southern Deccan. Vira Narasimha II's sonearned the honorific "uncle" (Mamadi) from the Pandyas and Cholas. The Hoy ...
Nicolas Sarkozy... independence has notably come under intense criticism since the election ofas French President. Sarkozy has sought to make the ECB more susceptible t ...
Mieszko I... nd a nation. The historically recorded Polish state begins with the rule ofin the second half of the 10th century. Mieszko chose to be baptized in th ...
Vespasian... e with forty of his companions in July 67. The Romans (commanded by Flaviusand his son Titus, both subsequently Roman emperors) asked the group to su ...
Holy Roman Emperor... s formed part of the Muscovite wars. 1515 he entered into alliance with theMaximilian I
CharlemagneIn 812 Michael I reopened negotiations with the Franks, and recognizedas basileus (emperor) without saying anything else. In exchange for that r ...
Eraric... o had just lost, was something of a weakling and they would need a new one., the leader of the group, endorsed Belisarius and the rest of the kingdom ...
Alexander the GreatIn 334 BC,began his invasion of the Persian Empire and subsequently defeated the Per ...
Charles... ogne became part of the lands of the Spanish Crown when the Burgundian heirbecame King of Spain in 1516
Emperor Gaozu... ine Qi (died 194 BC), also known as Lady Qi or Consort Qi, was a consort of, founder of the Han Dynasty. Her personal name is unknown, but Taiwanese ...
Henry II... res to reform the monasteries. His son and successor, chosen German king asin 1002, gave Bavaria to his brother-in-law Henry of Luxembourg, after who ...
Theuderic III... ful Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia and of Neustria under Merovingian king, probably chose this location as his main residence because of its proxim ...
Alexander the Great... ning the Silk Road between the East and the West came with the expansion of's empire into Central Asia. In August 329 BCE, at the mouth of the Fergan ...
Veera Ballala II... yphal, though popular, anecdote recounts that the 11th century Hoysala king, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hun ...
Husayn ibn AliAccording to Shiite tradition, the head of, grandson of Mohammad, was buried in Ashkelon. In the late 11th century i ...
Margaret of Anjou... ns in a succession of battles. And while the Lancastrian Henry VI and Queenwere campaigning in the north of England, Warwick gained control of the ca ...
Joseph Ratzinger... legel, the historian Barthold Georg Niebuhr, the theologians Karl Barth andand the poet Ernst Moritz Arndt
Augustus... ivine Augustus") is a remarkable account to the Roman people of the Emperor' stewardship. It listed and quantified his public expenditure, which enco ...
Constantius II... osed a work entitled De errore profanarum religionum, which he dedicated toand Constans, the sons of Constantine, and which is still extant. He holds ...
Pius XII... his sermons mentioning Pinocchio to the learned intellectual discourses ofor Paul VI. Visitors spoke of his isolation and loneliness, and the fact t ...
Casimir I... land. This was followed by a collapse of the monarchy and restoration under. Casimir's son Bolesław II the Bold became fatally involved in a conflict ...
Alfonso... ingular gifts of the young scholar, and made him tutor to his sons, notably, who would reign for a single year but whose energies in the decade 1485- ...
Alexander Severus... t he flourished in the first half of the third century, during the reign of(222–235) and his successors
Vespasian... vius from his patrons. This was standard practice for "new" Roman citizens.arranged for the widower Josephus to marry a captured Jewish woman, who ul ...
Alexander the Great... f Philip from Elimeia, was a Macedonian nobleman, general, and satrap under. During his early life he served under Philip II, and he was a major figu ...
Cyrus the Great... provinces, originates from the conception of the first Persian Empire under, beginning at around 530 BCE. However, Provincial organization originated ...
Emperor of JapanJimmu Tenno, the first(perhaps c. 600 BC) was also called the Son of Heaven, (Ten for Heaven and ...
LuitpoldDuring the reign of Louis the Child,, Count of Scheyern, who possessed large Bavarian domains, ruled the Mark ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... he belligerent victory of the Icamiaba “women” over the Spanish invaders to, who, recalling the of Greek mythology, baptized the river Amazonas, the ...
King James IEnglish (and Scottish) monarchgranted a patent to the Earl of Carlisle for Tortola, as well as "Angilla, ...
Emperor... rians and others) competing with Rome in the 1st century BC. By the time ofAugustus, present-day Italy was included in the Roman Italy (Italia) as a ...
Zeno... iginating with Patriarch Acacius of Constantinople and published by Emperorwith the view of allaying the strife between the Miaphysite Christians and ...
Odin... 00 AD. On the inscription, the god Heimdallr is mentioned alongside the godand Þjálfi, a name of one of the god Thor's servants. Regarding the inscri ...
Mohammad Najibullah... Cold War". After the collapse of the communist Soviet-backed government ofin 1992, Massoud became the Minister of Defense under the government of Bu ...
David... e the outcome in single combat, but Saul and all the Israelites are afraid., bringing food for his elder brothers, hears that Saul has promised to re ...
William... Garter; the same month he proceeded with Buckingham on a mission, first toat The Hague, and afterwards to Louis at Utrecht, endeavouring to force up ...
Brychan... emi-legendary. Saints associated with kistvaens include Callwen daughter of, Geraint, Begnet, and Melangell. Foundation remains of stone slab- or gab ...
Bessus... Alexander then decided to pursue Darius, but Darius was killed by a satrapbefore Alexander reached him
Louis XIII... aris while en route to Spain. It was a good match since she was a sister of(their father, Henry IV, had died during her childhood). Parliament reluct ...
Alexander Balas... deteriorating, and they supported a rival claimant to the Seleucid throne:, who purported to be the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and a first cousin ...
Constans... d De errore profanarum religionum, which he dedicated to Constantius II and, the sons of Constantine, and which is still extant. He holds up to scorn ...
Nuh... Nameh" came into the possession of King Yaqub Lais and then the Samani kingordered the poet Daqiqi to complete it but Daqiqi was killed by his slave ...
Stephen... ing royal action was the aftermath of the disastrous civil war between Kingand the Empress Maud. The two competing factions had hired mercenary soldi ...
Paul VI... mentioning Pinocchio to the learned intellectual discourses of Pius XII or. Visitors spoke of his isolation and loneliness, and the fact that he was ...
Asopus... colonists from Phthiotis, the seat of the Myrmidons, and from Phlius on the. Aeacus while he reigned in Aegina was renowned in all Greece for his jus ...
Alphonso the Magnanimous... delli, through whose influence he gained admission to the royal chancery of. Alphonso discerned the singular gifts of the young scholar, and made him ...
Vaišvilkas... earlier wife; her existence is presumed because two children – a son namedand an unnamed daughter married to Svarn in 1255 – were already leading in ...
Marcus Aurelius... e and started his own school. Tatian was one of his pupils. In the reign of, after disputing with the cynic philosopher Crescens, he was denounced by ...
Semiramis... of a fish though her head remained human. Derceto's child grew up to become, the Assyrian queen. In another story, told by Hyginus, an egg fell from ...
Flavius Honorius... nd of the 1st century BC. Rome's population started dropping in 402 AD when, Western Roman Emperor from 395 to 423, moved the government to Ravenna a ...
Cleopatra II of Egypt... 138 BCE), Ptolemy VI of Egypt (reigned 163–145 BCE), and Ptolemy's co-rulerwere deteriorating, and they supported a rival claimant to the Seleucid th ...
Charlemagne... luding dogsled, balloon, rocket, mule, pneumatic tubes, and even submarine.extended to the whole territory of his empire the system used by Franks in ...
Constantine I... a Christian Latin writer and notable astrologer, who lived in the reign ofand his successors
George V... o under the British Raj (1857–1920). British had captured Delhi by 1803 andannounced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India wo ...
John III Sobieski... s. Following the successful defense of Vienna in 1683 led by King of Poland, a series of campaigns resulted in the return of all of Hungary to Austri ...
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom... ministration of the Seleucid Empire, and then with the establishment of thein Bactria. They continued to expand eastward, especially during the reign ...
Casimir IV JagiellonThe son of Kingand Elisabeth of Austria, Sigismund followed his brothers John I of Poland ...
AdolfWalram's son and successorwould later became King of Germany from 1292 until 1298. In 1329, under Ad ...
Queen ElizabethIn 1939, King George VI andtoured the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. During the visit, the Queen and ...
Bolesław Krzywousty... in 9th century as a provincial capital castellany and a minor fort. In 1106captured the town and made it a part of his feudal domain. Between 1253 an ...
Athalaric... Septimania. Provence was added to the dominion of the new Ostrogothic king, the grandson of Theodoric through his daughter Amalasuntha. Both were un ...
Prince Henry... ries from all over the world. Among those in attendance were George V's son, Marshal Franchet d'Esperey of France, and the Prince of Udine representi ...
Richard IHenry II of England died on July 6, 1189 following a defeat by his son(Lionheart) and Philip II. Richard inherited the crown and immediately beg ...
King Henry VI... oners in 1876. The Bridge Fair, as it is now known, granted to the abbey by, survives. Prayers for the opening of the fair were once said at the morn ...
Emperor of China... d reflected the Zhou belief that as Son of Heaven (and as its delegate) thewas responsible for the well being of the whole world by the Mandate of He ...
Staurakios... propriate candidate for the throne than his severely injured brother-in-law. When Michael's wife Prokopia failed to persuade her brother to name Mich ...
Louis XIV... ed in the treaty, and for making terms with France. He refused a bribe from, but allowed his wife to accept a gift of 10,000 crowns; in 1670 he was t ...
EberhardA similar conflict took place between Arnulf's son and successorand Henry's son Otto I the Great. Eberhard proved less successful than his ...
Elizabeth Woodville... a major European power. Edward then alienated Warwick by secretly marrying, the widow of a Lancastrian sympathiser, in 1464
Boudica... D between the Roman governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and the Briton leader
Amalasuntha... Ostrogothic king Athalaric, the grandson of Theodoric through his daughter. Both were unable to settle disputes among Gothic elites. Theodahad, cous ...
Louis XIII of France... l to Francois de Malherbe's in verse. In 1631 he published a eulogy of Kingentitled Le Prince; in 1652 the Socrate chrétien, and Aristippe ou de la C ...
Elizabeth... Queen and Earl Mountbatten asked Philip to escort the King's two daughters,and Margaret, who were Philip's third cousins through Queen Victoria, and ...
Frederick William III of Hohenzollern... r niece Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, daughter of Duke Charles II marriedand in 1797 became queen consort of Prussia
Pius XI... as the first pope in decades not to have had either a diplomatic role (likeand John XXIII) or role (like Pius XII and Paul VI) in the Church
Theodosius I... tinople. According to Jordanes, he negotiated a peace with the new emperor,, that made some Thervings foederati, or official allies of Rome allowed t ...
Otto III, Holy Roman EmperorIn 995 defeated by
Antoninus Pius... s of a philosopher himself and traveled about teaching. During the reign of(138-161), he arrived in Rome and started his own school. Tatian was one o ...
Maria Theresa of Austria... d the accession in 1737 of Francis Stephen, duke of Lorraine and husband of, led to Tuscany's temporary inclusion in the territories of the Austrian ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... high that television cameras were blown over. The audience, which included, was on the second evening soaked by rain and wind
Adolph of Nassau... and became part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. The deposed dukein 1890 became the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (see House of Nassau)
Charles X Gustav of Sweden... o territorially connect his two fiefs. Yet, during the Second Northern War,invaded Ducal Prussia and dictated the Treaty of Königsberg (January 1656) ...
Jacquetta of LuxembourgElizabeth's mother was, widow of Henry VI's uncle, John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford, but her f ...
Prince Rupert of the Rhine... ooning military leaders for political purposes. A pamphlet directed againstis a typical example. During the 19th century, irreverence towards authori ...
Titus Manlius Torquatus... e aware of their intentions and had reinforced the unpopular garrison underto 20,000 infantry and 1,200 cavalry. These engaged and defeated the Carth ...
Leo VI the Wise... nd later on the Arabs, (who translated the text for their own use). Emperorincorporated much of Aelian's text in his own work on the military art (Τέ ...
Holy Roman Emperor... reliz was first mentioned in a document from the King of Germany, and later, Henry IV in 1071. This document granted Görlitz to the Diocese of Meisse ...
HenryWhen Bertold died in 947, Otto conferred the duchy upon his own brother, who had married Judith, a daughter of Duke Arnulf. The Bavarians dislike ...
Arsames... i and was serving at the time as a royal courier. Codomannus was the son of, son of Ostanes, one of Artaxerxes's brothers, and Sisygambis, daughter o ...
Edward... hree children and was personally involved in the education of Elizabeth and, both of whom became English monarchs. She was influential in Henry's pas ...
Prince Harry of Wales... ate are: The Duke of Edinburgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge,and The Duke of York
Hiero II... earning from their crews that a Carthaginian fleet was to attack Lilybaeum,warned the Roman praetor Marcus Amellius there. As a result the Romans pre ...
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers... ow of Henry VI's uncle, John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford, but her father,, was a new-minted baron. Elizabeth's marriage to Edward IV made the unmar ...
Philip'sFollowing his erstwhile allydefeat by Rome in 197 BC, Antiochus saw the opportunity for expansion into ...
Charles the BoldImage:Charles the Bold 1460.jpg|Portrait of, 146
Pope John Paul IIOn Sunday, October 9, 1979,celebrated Mass on the National Mall during a visit to Washington. The cel ...
Muhammad... engers, that Bahá'ís name Manifestations of God, and include Jesus, Buddha,and Baha'u'llah among others. Shoghi Effendi notes that since all Manifest ...
Theodahad... ghter Amalasuntha. Both were unable to settle disputes among Gothic elites., cousin of Amalasuntha and nephew of Theodoric through his sister, took o ...
Louis the Bavarian... d thereby, Wiesbaden, received the right of coinage from Holy Roman Emperor
King Arthur... is epic to be based on a legendary English or Saxon king like the legend of
Henry VIII... ms of the crucifixion and the arms of Henry and Aragon (the lands passed toas a consequence of the )
William IV... eat, death, or resignation. The last monarch to remove a Prime Minister was, who dismissed Lord Melbourne in 1834. The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 201 ...
Arthurian legend... ted. Jenkins' run is more traditionally English in its themes, with Albion,, and old English battles all featuring, and even an appearance by Samuel ...
Julius Caesar... – began about 449 BC and lasted the approximately 400 years to the death ofin 44 BC. Many historians mark the end of the Republic on the passage of a ...
Kavadh I... (roughly modern-day Georgia). It details the campaigns of the Sasanian Shah, the 'Nika' revolt in Constantinople in 532, the war by Kavadh's successo ...
Conrad I... rians in 911, uniting Bavaria and Carinthia under his rule. The German kingunsuccessfully attacked Arnulf when the latter refused to acknowledge his ...
Theobald IV... Champagne. He received an education befitting a young noble at the court of, count of Champagne: reading, writing, and the rudiments of Latin. On the ...
Louis XIV... iage of his daughter Liselotte to Philip I, Duke of Orléans, the brother of, king of France. In 1685, after the death of Charles Louis' son Elector C ...
Artaxerxes IIIThe last great rebellions were put down by
Æthelred the Unready... sinated at Corfe Castle, possibly at the instigation of his stepmother, andbecame king. His coronation on Low Sunday 31 March, 978, was the last stat ...
Karol Wojtyla... his papal name. This legacy was so remarkable that his successor, Cardinal, chose the same name
Charlemagne... the nickname Martellus (“hammer”). Charles, in turn, was the grandfather of, also supposedly born in Héristal, where he lived for at least fifteen ye ...
Henry IV... in. It was a good match since she was a sister of Louis XIII (their father,, had died during her childhood). Parliament reluctantly agreed to the mar ...
Prokopia... patrician Theophylact Rhangabe, the admiral of the Aegean fleet. He married, the daughter of the future Emperor Nikephoros I, and received the high c ...
Justinian I... Ostrogothic position in Italy now showed itself. The Eastern Roman Emperoralways strove to restore as much of the Western Roman Empire as he could a ...
Antiochus IV Epiphanes... ant to the Seleucid throne: Alexander Balas, who purported to be the son ofand a first cousin of Demetrius. Demetrius was forced to recall the garris ...
Elizabeth IOn March 25, 1584, Queengranted Raleigh a charter for the colonization of the area of North Americ ...
Henry II of England... g control of the city. In response to Strongbow's successful invasion, Kingreaffirmed his sovereignty by mounting a larger invasion in 1171 and prono ...
Emperor Wen... ouse sponsored many literary works, and many wrote themselves. The court ofwas especially active in literary circles, with Liu supporting the compila ...
Arsaces... his Bactrian neighbour. Soon after however, a Parthian tribal chief calledinvaded the Parthian territory around 238 BC to form the Arsacid Dynasty — ...
Fidel... the President of the option of ending the embargo by executive order untiland Raúl Castro leave power and a prescribed course of transition is follo ...
Henry Tudor... h this claim was though an illegitimate line, it was no weaker than that of, who dislodged the House of York from the throne in 1485
Edward VIISince the reign ofa clerk in holy orders in the Church of England or in another Anglican Chu ...
Franz Joseph I... elm II, and with the emperors of Austria-Hungary, in particular with Kaiser
John of England... reland, was founded in 1204 as a major defensive work on the orders of King. Following the appointment of the first Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1229, the ...
Umar ibn al-Khattab... of Khalifa is "representative". The first four Caliphs: Abu Bakr as-Siddiq,, Uthman ibn Affan and Ali ibn Abi Talib are commonly known by Sunnis, mai ...
Tokugawa shogunate... ian government dispatched a trade mission to Japan, led by Adam Laxman. Thereceived the mission, but negotiations failed
ConallThe Senchus says that Comgall had one son,, and that Conall had seven sons, although six are named, Loingsech, Necht ...
Peter III... alone, four emperors were assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI,, Paul I, and Alexander II
Iemitsu... ll, the majority lived in poverty as rōnin. Under the third Tokugawa shogun, their number approached half a million
Cináed... the Prophecy of Berchán. He was buried on Iona. Máel Coluim's sons Dub andwere later kings. American musician Johnny Cash is a descendant
Nestor... similar to that of David and Goliath appears in the Iliad, where the youngfights and conquers the giant Ereuthalion. Each giant wields a distinctive ...
Sten Sture the Elder... outside Stockholm) October 1471 where he was defeated by the Swedish regentwho was supported by the Danish-Swedish nobleman's clan the Thott family. ...
Numitor... ded from the Trojan prince Aeneas and who were grandsons of the Latin King,of Alba Longa. King Numitor was deposed from his throne by his brother, Am ...
Veera Ballala III... ith such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana, Veera Ballala II and later. During this time, peninsular India saw a four way struggle for hegemony ...
Laius... he King. In lines 711 to 714, Jocasta relates the prophecy that was told tobefore the birth of Oedipus. Namely
Veera Ballala II... r own empire in Karnataka with such strong Hoysala kings as Vishnuvardhana,and later Veera Ballala III. During this time, peninsular India saw a four ...
Abu Bakr as-SiddiqThe precise meaning of Khalifa is "representative". The first four Caliphs:, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan and Ali ibn Abi Talib are commonly ...
John... d peers attempted to undo Henry's reforms by the Magna Carta forced on King, but by that time the reforms had progressed too far — and their superior ...
William de Croÿ:For the lord of Chièvres, advisor to Emperor Charles V, see:
Ahmad Shah Abdali... r to select a new ruler for the Abdali confederation, the young 25-year-oldwas chosen. Despite being younger than other claimants, Abdali had several ...
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz... ng King George III became queen consort of Great Britain. In 1793 her niece, daughter of Duke Charles II married Frederick William III of Hohenzoller ...
Edward I of England... not permitted to live in Wales between the 1290 Edict of Expulsion—given by—and the 17th century. A Welsh Jewish community was re-established in the ...
Khan Ahmed... Tatar yoke. In 1476 Ivan refused to pay the customary tribute to the grand. All through the autumn the Russian and Tatar hosts confronted each other ...
Louis XIV of FranceIn 1604, Kingsent a large number of people to settle in Guyana, which would bring the F ...
Perseus... similarities to Oedipus can for example be seen in the myth of the birth of
Louis XV of France... François Georges-Picot, and also a great-great-great-granddaughter of Kingby one of his mistresses, Catherine Eléonore Bernard (1740–1769) through h ...
Ivan VI... n Russia alone, four emperors were assassinated within less than 200 years:, Peter III, Paul I, and Alexander II
Margaret... Mountbatten asked Philip to escort the King's two daughters, Elizabeth and, who were Philip's third cousins through Queen Victoria, and second cousi ...
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara#redirect
Louis IV... es the Fat, in 887. Under a series of dukes that began under the child kingin 903, the Lotharingians frequently swapped allegiance between the East a ...
Ragnvald KnaphövdeOne of these Swedish kings was, who in 1125 was riding with his retinue in order to be accepted as king ...
YoshihitoOn July 30, 1912, the Meiji Emperor died and Crown Princebecame the new emperor of Japan and succeeded to the throne, beginning the ...
Meiji EmperorOn July 30, 1912, thedied and Crown Prince Yoshihito became the new emperor of Japan and succee ...
Sarah, Duchess of YorkIn May 2010,was filmed by a News of the World reporter claiming that the Duke of York ...
Julius Caesar... village in Armorica, a province of Gaul (modern France), in the year 50 BC.has conquered nearly all of Gaul for the Roman Empire. The little Armorica ...
Gylfi... n chapter 53 of the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, High tells Gangleri (kingin disguise) that two people, Líf and Lífþrasir, will lie hid in Hoddmímis ...
Zotto... ds failed to consolidate it, though the centre of the south was theirs from's conquest in the final quarter of the 6th century
Tassilo I... he Upper Drava region, where they soon fought with the Bavarians under Duke. In 592 the Bavarians won, but three years later, in 595 the Slavic-Avar ...
Alyattes... me “Goliath” itself is non-Semitic and has been linked with the Lydian king, which also fits the Philistine context of the biblical Goliath story. , ...
Pol Pot... ambodia were displaced after being expelled by the Khmer Rouge regime under. A small, predominantly Muslim ethnic group, the Cham people long residin ...
King Juan Carlos IOn 4 February 2011, Vargas Llosa was raised into the Spanish nobility bywith the hereditary title of Marqués de Vargas Llosa (English: Marquis of ...
Magnus Maximus... n and the accession, at Trier (Trèves, in Germany) at least, of the usurper(383), Ithacius fled to Trier, and in consequence of his representations a ...
Bridei... Cenél Comgaill married the Pictish princess Der-Ilei, and the Pictish kingsand Nechtan mac Der Ilei were the result of this marriage
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz... Empire. Nevertheless, its princesses achieved prominent marriages: In 1761, sister of Duke Adolphus Frederick IV, by marrying King George III became ...
Ariarathes III... such as Bactria under Diodotus, Parthia under Arsaces, and Cappadocia under
King Herod... (whether good or bad). In his play En Idealist, for example, the "hero" iswhose fight to maintain power is the motive behind all of his acts until h ...
Vishnuvardhana... transformation into a strong subordinate of the Western Chalukyas. Through's expansive military conquests, the Hoysalas achieved the status of a rea ...
SaladinHe was planning to star in an $80 million movie aboutand the Crusades that would be filmed in Jordan before the producer Mousta ...
Constantine IX... , the Empire began to decline under the reign of the militarily incompetentand again under Constantine X—a brief two year rule of reform under Isaac ...
Pope John Paul II... e of about a million at his home city of Lyon, in celebration of a visit by. Watching from Lyon Cathedral, the Pope began the concert with a good-nig ...
Alexander II... uke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, a niece of, Czar of Russia
Emperor Wen... Southern and Northern Dynasties period, and the reign of its third emperor,, is known for its political stability and capable administration, not onl ...
Peter Estenberg... n carried off to Saxony by August. During this time the King of Sweden sentto King Stanislaw to act as an ambassador and correspondence secretary. Th ...
Robert I of Scotland... 3th century. Dublin prospered as a trade centre, despite an attempt by Kingto capture the city in 1317. It remained a relatively small walled medieva ...
Arnulf... ries of Emperor Charles the Fat. This incompetent ruler left its defence to, an illegitimate son of Carloman. Due mainly to the support of the Bavari ...
Amulius... tor of Alba Longa. King Numitor was deposed from his throne by his brother,, while Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, gave birth to the twins. Because ...
Demetrius Zvonimir... by assassins. High medieval sources also mention the assassination of king(1089), dying at the hands of his own people who objected to a proposition ...
Holy Roman Emperor... the 13th child of the Emperor Leopold II. He is thus descended from variouss and other European royalty. His father, Eberhard de la Fontaine Graf d'H ...
Leopold... aden-Baden, Maximilian was the son of Prince Wilhelm of Baden, third son of, grand duke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, ...
Theodora... n prefect in Gaul. Constantius left Helena to marry Maximian's stepdaughterin 288 or 289
Asfaw Wossen... Asfaw, Haile Selassie had six children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince Makonnen, and Prince Sahle ...
Pope John Paul II... inier III; King Baudouin of the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia;; Prince Charles, and Prince Philip
Charlemagne... t of Montalivet, and by whom Giscard d'Estaing was a multiple descendant of
Prince of Wales... irm received further warrants from Edward as king and from George V both asand as king
Emperor Wu... stability eventually led to the dynasty's destruction. However, its founderwas considered one of the greatest generals during the Southern and Northe ...
King George IIIOn 16 February 1768, the Royal Society petitionedto finance a scientific expedition to the Pacific to study and observe the ...
Astyages... mbyses I, who is believed to have married Mandane of Media, the daughter of, a Median king
Alexander I... uslim regional powers. The first attempt at forging an alliance was made by, king of a small Georgian kingdom of Kakheti, who dispatched two embassie ...
James I of England... her Scottish cousin, James VI of Scotland, to the English throne. He became, and so brought under his personal rule the Kingdoms of England (and the ...
GensericThe Vandals were an East Germanic tribe who in 429 under kingentered Africa and by 439 established a kingdom which included the Roman A ...
Herod the Great... Caesar's arrival in Alexandria. Ashkelon was later placed under the rule of, a Jewish client king of Rome. Ashkelon may have even been his birthplace ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... graph saying "I will not be marrying Andrew now or in the future." In 2007,purchased Dolphin House, a mansion directly beside the Royal Lodge. In 200 ...
Philippikos BardanesThe new emperorwas an adherent of Monothelitism, rejected the arrangements of the Third C ...
Mao Zedong... . To propel the country towards a modern, industrialized communist society,instituted the Great Leap Forward in the early 1960s, although this had de ...
Iemitsu... creased. Confiscation of fiefs during the rule of the third Tokugawa shogunresulted in an especially large increase of rōnin. During previous ages, s ...
14th Dalai LamaIn Southwest China, many Tibetan people emigrated to India, following thein 1959 after the failure of his Tibetan uprising. This wave lasted until ...
George V... he idea received the support of the Dean of Westminster and later from King, responding to a wave of public support. At the same time, there was a si ...
Alexander the Great... nd kingdoms ruled the region: the Persian Achaemenid Empire around 519 BCE,'s empire in 326 BCE and the Maurya Empire founded by Chandragupta Maurya ...
Queen Victoria... liticians. John Thompson also died outside Canada, at Windsor Castle, wherepermitted his lying-in-state before his body was returned to Canada for a ...
OdinIn the poem Vafþrúðnismál, collected in the Poetic Edda, the godposes a question to the jötunn Vafþrúðnir, asking who among mankind will s ...
Dost Mohammad Khan... was a descendant of Sardar Sultan Mohammed Khan Telai, half-brother of Amir. His grandfather Mohammad Yahya Khan (father in law of Amir Yaqub Khan) w ...
Elizabeth IIOn 17 May 2011,became the first British monarch to visit the Áras on the occasion of her ...
MattathiasAccording to I and II Maccabees, the priestly family of(Mattisyahu/Mattitiyahu in Hebrew), which came to be known as the Maccabee ...
Ivan V... by Anna Ivanovna, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler,
Georgios I... hing behind their flags. The official opening of the games was done by King
Antiochus I... ds of the syncretic Graeco-Armenian-Iranian royal cult at Nemrut founded byof Commagene in the mid 1st century BC. Michael Speidel associates Mithras ...
Tipu Sultan... har, and Orissa, following the Battle of Buxar in 1765. After the defeat of, most of South India came either under the Company's direct rule, or unde ...
Henry IV... Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings Henry III (1589) and(1610) lives were all ended by assassins. High medieval sources also menti ...
Justinian... dicates the consul and patrician, not the author of a well-known epitome of's Novellae, who lived somewhat later than Priscian. The grammar is divide ...
Mieszko the Old... s initial privileges and in 1426 a new town hall was built. The Polish kingwas buried in Kalisz
Philip III of Spain... he Duchy of Savoy, to mediate between Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy andin their dispute concerning the Gonzaga Marquisate of Montferrat. In Septe ...
Flavius Constantius... bia, on 27 February of an uncertain year, probably near 272. His father was, a native of Moesia (later Dacia Ripensis). Constantius was a tolerant an ...
Karol Józef WojtyłaIn October 1978, the Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal, became Pope John Paul II, head of the Roman Catholic Church. Polish Cath ...
Charles II of EnglandThe Royal Declaration of Indulgence was's attempt to extend religious liberty to Protestant nonconformists and Ro ...
Henry II, King of England... lished in the early 7th century. It was still an ecclesiastical centre whenstayed here in 1171, and except for a brief period after 1185 when his son ...
Napoleon III... de Beauharnais, duke of Leuchtenberg, and bore a resemblance to his cousin,, emperor of the French
Æthelberht of Kent... y sited for communication with the Continent. In the late 6th century, Kingmarried a Christian Frankish princess named Bertha, possibly before becomi ...
Minos... r his death, Aeacus became (along with the Cretan brothers Rhadamanthus and) one of the three judges in Hades, and according to Plato especially for ...
Henry the Fowler... s through which the imperial authority could be exercised. By the reigns ofand especially of Otto the Great, comites palatini were sent into all part ...
George V... of Commons, but in private admitted that he was prejudiced against Curzon., who shared this prejudice, was grateful for the advice and authorised St ...
Louis XIV... Lully's revolution in Baroque music, and most importantly, the ascension ofto the throne of France
James II... on and take Anglican communion. When Charles II's openly Catholic successorattempted to issue a similar Declaration of Indulgence, an order for gener ...
King George II... n South Carolina. In 1730, Camden became part of a township plan ordered by. Kershaw County’s official web site states, “Originally laid out in 1732 ...
Hiero... raecia cities led by Syracuse. A few years later, in 474, Syracuse's tyrantdefeated the Etruscans at the Battle of Cumae. Etruria's influence over th ...
elder Dionysius... n Sicily that could claim a purely Greek origin, having been founded by thein 396 or 395 BC. The original settlers were the remains of the Messenian ...
Oxylus... . The Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus lists eight Hamadryads, the daughters ofand Hamadryas
Roman Emperor... as the Battle of Hadrianopolis, was fought between a Roman army led by theValens and Gothic rebels (largely Thervings as well as Greutungs, non-Goth ...
Elizabeth I of England... trative rule in Ireland. Determined to make Dublin a Protestant city, Queenestablished Trinity College in 1592 as a solely Protestant university and ...
Lucius Cornelius SullaFlorence was established byin 80 BC as a settlement for his veteran soldiers and was named originally ...
Gratian... f Ávila, and the orthodox party found it necessary to appeal to the emperorus, who issued an edict threatening the sectarian leaders with banishment. ...
Henry III... (1296), William the Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings(1589) and Henry IV (1610) lives were all ended by assassins. High medieva ...
Lorenzo de' MediciAfter the death of, in 1492, Pico moved to Ferrara, although he continued to visit Florence. ...
Queen Victoria1888. Dracula has married the widowed, and rules as Prince Consort. A virtual checklist of fictional vampires h ...
Puyi... ented a controversial portrait of Manchukuo through the memories of Emperor, during his days as political prisoner in the People's Republic of China
Harold II... he petty kingdoms of early medieval Britain. The last Anglo-Saxon monarch () was defeated and killed in the Norman invasion of 1066 and the English m ...
Gilbert... nkish kings. In 939 the East Frankish king Otto I brought the reigning duketo heel and incorporated Lotharingia into his realm as one of the "younger ...
Julian the Apostate... the poor had to cope with ever-degrading bronze pieces. Later emperors liketried to present themselves as advocates of the humiles by insisting on tr ...
Eric Bloodaxe... ing, Edmund having been murdered in 946 and succeeded by his brother Edred.took York in 948, before being driven out by Edred, and when Amlaíb Cuaran ...
Pyrrhus of EpirusAfterfailed in his attempt to stop the spread of Roman hegemony in 282 BC, the ...
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy... 1616 the pope sent him as nuncio to the Duchy of Savoy, to mediate betweenand Philip III of Spain in their dispute concerning the Gonzaga Marquisate ...
RhadamanthusAfter his death, Aeacus became (along with the Cretan brothersand Minos) one of the three judges in Hades, and according to Plato especi ...
Abdur Rahman Khanmoved the rebellious Ghilzai Pashtuns from the southern part of the countr ...
Alberic II of SpoletoDuring his pontificate he was subject to, Prince of the Romans, and did not effectively rule the Papal States. His ...
duc de Chartres... become commonplace in France, at the supper celebrating the marriage of theto Louis XIV's natural daughter in 1692, the seating was described in the ...
Cyrus the Great... empire, as they are not mentioned as one of the ancient Iranian tribes thatand Darius I had fought with. Cyrus himself was of both Persian and Median ...
Eudoxia Lopukhina... f Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort, and Princess Charlotte
Raúl Castro... st Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana. By meeting Presidentto discuss "mutual friendship and cooperation", he became the first Pacifi ...
James VI and I... of England, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (reign 1625-49) in 1600., the King of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Anne of Denmark, ...
Maximilian II of Bavaria... dation of Ranke, Sybel accepted the post of professor at Munich, where King, a generous patron of learning, hoped to establish a school of history. H ...
Muhammad's... of the Arabic word   which means "successor" or "representative". Followingdeath in 632, the early leaders of the Muslim nation were called "Khalifat ...
David... ctional persons. Among those still available are his letters to Jesus, King, Figaro the Barber, Empress Maria Theresa and Pinocchio. Others 'written ...
Sparta... him. Morpheus is his chief minister and prevents noises from waking him. In, the image of Hypnos was always put near that of death
Grand Duke Frederick II... , spent the rest of his life in retirement. In 1928, following the death of, he became head of the House of Baden. He died at Salem the following yea ...
Pope Benedict XVIThe district of Altötting was established in 1837. The currentwas born here 1927 in the village of Marktl
Vasily... y 1491, but later Ivan reverted his decision in favor of Sophia's elder sonwho was ultimately crowned co-regent with his father (14 April 1502). The ...
Prince Charles... gh took up residence at Clarence House. Their first two children were born:in 1948 and Princess Anne in 1950
Eglon... ral hundred years. Another example may have been the murder of Moabite King, by Ehud around 1337 BC, described in the Book of Judges. Philip II of Ma ...
Cambyses I... th. Cyrus himself was of both Persian and Median ancestry as his father was, who is believed to have married Mandane of Media, the daughter of Astyag ...
Frederick IIKingof Prussia conquered most of Silesia from Austria in 1740 during the Siles ...
Peleus... of Aeacus are mentioned by Ovid. By Endeïs Aeacus had two sons, Telamon and(father of Achilles), and by Psamathe a son, Phocus, whom he preferred to ...
Lorenzo de' Medici... nce was home to the Medici, one of history's most important noble families.was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in the late 15 ...
Pope John Paul II====2003====stated that "there is no place in the priesthood and religious life for th ...
shogunateInitially, theviewed them as dangerous, and banished them from the cities or restricted ...
ProkopiaBy his wife, Michael I had at least five children
David... d as a giant Philistine warrior, he is famous for his combat with the young, the future king of Israel. The fight between them is described in the He ...
Mao Zedong... en Chiang Kai-shek's ROC government and the Communist Party of China led by. When the civil war ended in 1949, 2 million refugees, predominantly from ...
Philip II... . The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the ...
Justinian I... ity of Rome. Their kingdom collapsed in the Vandalic War of 533–4, in whichmanaged to reconquer the Africa province for the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) ...
Holy Roman Emperor... l times for the permanent representative of the Frankish king, later of the, in a palatial domain of the crown (pfalz). Grafio is probably from the G ...
first emperor... n securely identified as belonging to the Liu Song: the Chuning Tomb of theof the dynasty. Two qilin statues of this tomb survive in the appropriatel ...
Justinian II... o wear and then only on 'a great public festival of the Lord'". The Emperor's son and co-emperor Tiberios (along with Patriarch Kyros, senators, nobl ...
Alexander Severus... the Roman Emperor Elagabalus' assassination and served during the reign of. It is believed that Urban's pontificate was during a peaceful time for C ...
Laius... e Theban Cycle recounted the sequence of tragedies that befell the house of, of which the story of Oedipus is a part
AugustusThe Roman historians Suetonius and Cassius Dio record that in 23 BC,prepared a rationarium (account) which listed public revenues, the amounts ...
Otto I... nce between the East and West Frankish kings. In 939 the East Frankish kingbrought the reigning duke Gilbert to heel and incorporated Lotharingia int ...
Charles V... 16th century, the Rebellion of the Brotherhoods (a peasant uprising against's administration) and the frequent attack of Turkish and Berber pirates c ...
Princess Anne... rence House. Their first two children were born: Prince Charles in 1948 andin 1950
Seleucus'sIt is generally thought that Chandragupta marrieddaughter, or a Macedonian princess, a gift from Seleucus to formalize an a ...
Alexander... er made use of assassinations against some of his enemies, including two of's generals Nicanor and Philip. Another famous example come from the Thugg ...
principality of Wales... sh monarchy passed to the Norman conquerors. In the thirteenth century, thewas absorbed by England, and Magna Carta began the process of reducing the ...
Henry II of EnglandThe Assize of Clarendon was an 1166 act ofthat began the transformation of English law from such systems for decidin ...
Charles V... nd was known as het Sticht. The Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperorin 1528, who styled himself Lord of Overijssel, thereby giving the provinc ...
Charles XII of SwedenThe following year, Stanisław was selected byafter a successful Swedish invasion of Poland, to supersede Augustus II, w ...
CrispusOn some date between 15 May and 17 June 326, Constantine had his eldest son, by Minervina, seized and put to death by "cold poison" at Pola (Pula, Cr ...
Roman EmperorUrban ascended to the Chair of Saint Peter in the year of theElagabalus' assassination and served during the reign of Alexander Severus ...
Louis XIV... held the role of the dominant power in Europe, as it had since the times of. In its place, the United Kingdom emerged as by far the most powerful cou ...
Saul... the years that the Ark of the Covenant was moved in the times of Samuel and. There is no further mention of the menorah in Solomon's temple, except i ...
Sparta... wound around it on which is written a message. The ancient Greeks, and thens in particular, are said to have used this cipher to communicate during ...
Radelchis I... year of his imperial coronation and compelled the rival dukes of Benevento,and Siconulf, to make peace. His mediation split the Lombard duchy and gav ...
Elagabalus'Urban ascended to the Chair of Saint Peter in the year of the Roman Emperorassassination and served during the reign of Alexander Severus. It is beli ...
Fausta... on" at Pola (Pula, Croatia). In July, Constantine had his wife, the Empress, killed at the behest of his mother, Helena. Fausta was left to die in an ...
James I of Aragon... sed by the Moors (who called it Medina Mayurqa), and finally established by
Shah Jahan... t Gosain and Princess Manmati, who gave birth to Prince Khurram, the future, Jahangir's successor to the throne. The total number of wives in his har ...
DecianFollowing thepersecution of 250–251, there was disagreement about how to treat those wh ...
Henry VIII... k. In 1527, with some of the money from the dissolution of the monasteries,built Southsea Castle and decreed that Portsmouth be home of the Royal Nav ...
Antigonus MonophthalmusFollowing his and Lysimachus' victory overat the decisive Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, Seleucus took control over east ...
Charlemagne... e returned under Lombard rule in the 6th century. Florence was conquered byin 774 and became part of the Duchy of Tuscany, with Lucca as capital. The ...
Babrak KarmalThis expansion promptedto demand that the Red Army resume their offensives, in order to crush the ...
Emperor Min of Jin... ht Princes from 291 to 306 AD. During the reigns of Emperor Huai of Jin and, the country was put into grave danger with the uprising of the northern ...
Charles IX of FranceOn May 1, 1561, Kingreceived a lily of the valley as a lucky charm. He decided to offer a lily ...
Ho Chi Minh... Far East Expeditionary Corps against the communist Viet Minh forces led by. The VNA fought in a wide range of campaigns including but not limited to ...
John II of Castile... Berlin, was given in 1445 to the Charterhouse of Miraflores near Burgos by; it was described in the deed of gift as the work of great and famous Fla ...
James I... n Burghley House and Theobalds (which his son, Robert, was to exchange withfor Hatfield House). As the Marquess of Winchester (Burghley's predecessor ...
Vespasian... states that it was brought to Rome and carried along during the triumph ofand Titus. The menorah probably remained in the Temple of Peace in Rome un ...
King of Bahrain... r term. The upper house, the Shura Council, has 40 members appointed by the. Among the members of the current Shura Council are representatives of Ba ...
Demetrius I SoterAntiochus IV died that same year, and was ultimately succeeded by, the nephew whose throne he had usurped. Demetrius sent the general Bacch ...
Darius III of Persia... son-in-law, a Persian named Orontobates, received the satrapy of Caria from
Jezebel... ten erratic behavior related to those problems earned her the nickname "Theof Jazz"
Abu BakrSunni Muslims believe and confirm that Muhammad's father-in-lawwas chosen by the community and that this was the proper procedure. Sunnis ...
Songtsän GampoBuddhism was first introduced to Bhutan in the 7th century AD. Tibetan king(reigned 627–49), a convert to Buddhism, ordered the construction of two B ...
Charles IV... his elder brother Duke Wenceslaus I of Legnica a 1359 judgement by Emperoralloted Lubin along with Krzeczyn Wielki, Krzeczyn Mały, Osiek and Pieszkó ...
Henry VII... nd Tower be built at the mouth of the harbour, which was completed in 1426.rebuilt the fortifications with stone, raised a square tower, and assisted ...
Timur... he territory to his son, Chagatai and the area became the Chagatai Khanate.took over the area in 1369 and the area became the Timurid Empire
Lorenzo de' Medici... nnes. Through the intercession of several Italian princes—all instigated by—King Charles VIII had him released, and the Pope was persuaded to allow P ...
Richard of GloucesterAlthough his son was quickly barred from the throne and replaced by, Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth of York later became the Queen consort of ...
Alexander the Great... t by hounds of Cocytus, Echidna, the Tartesian eel, and Tithrasian Gorgons.traced his ancestry (through his mother) to Aeacus
Queen Wilhelmina... e to prominence in the trade of translated books, wrote a letter in 1899 toregarding his opposition to becoming a signatory to the Berne Convention f ...
King Charles IIBy 1681, then-acting governor Morgan had fallen out of favour with, who was intent on weakening the semi-autonomous Jamaican Council, and wa ...
Causantín mac Áeda... 00–954) was king of Scots (before 943 – 954), becoming king when his cousinabdicated to become a monk. He was the son of Domnall mac Causantín
Alexander the GreatWhenentered Caria in 334 BC, Ada, who was in possession of the fortress of Ali ...
Treniota... ossibly renouncing Christianity, and was assassinated in 1263 by his nephewand another rival, Duke Daumantas. His three immediate successors were ass ...
Henry IIIKinghad a palace here. The spot is still marked on modern maps as "Cippenham M ...
Titus... t was brought to Rome and carried along during the triumph of Vespasian and. The menorah probably remained in the Temple of Peace in Rome until the c ...
George V... al Warrant. The firm received further warrants from Edward as king and fromboth as Prince of Wales and as king
Genghis Khan... various times by Turkic forces, such as the Göktürks until the conquest byand the Mongols in 1220. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son, Chaga ...
Constantine... depose his son, but failed and fled to the court of Constantius' successor,(who was both Maximian's step-grandson and also his son-in-law), in Trier. ...
Louis XV... he had the satisfaction of seeing his daughter Maria become the consort ofand queen of France. From 1725 to 1733, Stanisław lived at Chateau Chambor ...
Alexanderconquered the Persian Empire under its last Achaemenid dynast, Darius III, ...
Valerian... 354 speaks of Pope Stephen I as not a martyr. In the year 258, the emperorbegan persecuting Christians, and Stephen was sitting on his pontifical th ...
Moctezuma II... láhuac was the eleventh son of the ruler Axayacatl and a younger brother of, the previous ruler of Tenochtitlan. His mother's father, also called Cui ...
Richard IIIPrior to his succession, on 22 June 1483,declared that Edward V was illegitimate, and three days later the matter w ...
Roman EmperorLouis II the Younger (825 – Ghedi 12 August 875) was the King of Italy andfrom 844, co-ruling with his father Lothair I until 855, after which he ru ...
Maria MiloslavskayaFyodor was born in Moscow, the eldest surviving son of Tsar Alexis and. In 1676, at the age of fifteen, he succeeded his father on the throne. H ...
Juan Carlos I of Spain... s each year. The Marivent Palace was offered by the city to the then Prince. The royals have since spent their summer holidays in Palma
Fritigern... gs as well as Greutungs, non-Gothic Alans, and various local rebels) led by. The battle took place about north of Adrianople (modern Edirne in Europe ...
Asfa Wossen... taged an unsuccessful coup, briefly proclaiming Haile Selassie's eldest sonas emperor. The coup d'état was crushed by the regular army and police for ...
princess... e Thirty Years' War, coupled with the fact that he married a Roman Catholic, generated deep mistrust concerning the king's dogma. Charles further all ...
Yang di-Pertua NegeriThe head of the state executive is the(Governor) appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia). The ...
Pope Pius XII... since 1928, had strong connections to the Vatican Secretary of State, later. In return for pledging his support for the act, Kaas would use his conne ...
Lucius Verus... e poets Horace, Homer and Virgil, the philosopher Socrates, and the leadersand Lycurgus which once graced the exedra whose political message was one ...
Domnall mac Causantín... his cousin Causantín mac Áeda abdicated to become a monk. He was the son of
Edmund of WessexIn 945, having expelled Amlaíb Cuaran (Olaf Sihtricsson) from Northumbria, devas ...
Valens... of Hadrianopolis, was fought between a Roman army led by the Roman Emperorand Gothic rebels (largely Thervings as well as Greutungs, non-Gothic Alan ...
Seleucus... new subdivision of the empire with the Partition of Triparadisus in 320 BC., who had been "Commander-in-Chief of the camp" under Perdiccas since 323 ...
Traidenis... e successors were assassinated as well. The disorder was not resolved untilgained the title of Grand Duke ca. 1270
Halfdan... istr's-brother's-daughter"). In chapter 47, the deceased Eystein's son Kingdies of an illness, and the excerpt provided in the chapter describes his ...
Diocletian... , the settlement quickly became an important commercial centre. The Emperoris said to have made Florentia the seat of a bishopric around the beginnin ...
Sparta... ve been urged. It is also stated that they had common meals, resembling then system, at which they met in companies of ten
Yang di-Pertuan Agong... he state executive is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) appointed by the(King of Malaysia). The present Governor is Tun Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Rahm ...
Adolphus Frederick... named Point Adolphus (today a well-known humpback whale feeding area) after, seventh son of King George III. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a c ...
Pope Benedict XVI... tween Ratzinger and some of the bishops. As mentioned above, Ratzinger (now) issued official condemnations of certain elements of liberation theology ...
Emperor Huai of Jin... after the War of the Eight Princes from 291 to 306 AD. During the reigns ofand Emperor Min of Jin, the country was put into grave danger with the upr ...
HadrianRufinus borrows from his Latin original of's letter
Edward VIIIn the 1880s, Prince Edward (later) purchased his country seat of Sandringham House in Norfolk and asked Tho ...
Alaric I... he Temple of Peace in Rome until the city was sacked by the Visigoths underin 410 CE
Emperor Napoleon III... e. She and her family left France due to her husband's public opposition toand settled in Baden-Baden, Germany. In 1870, however, Johannes Brahms per ...
Jogaila... s the only King of Lithuania; while most of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes fromonward also reigned as Kings of Poland, the titles remained separate. Now ...
Marcus Aurelius... ition of the latter, from the fact that it was addressed to Antoninus Pius,, and Lucius Verus his adopted sons, must fall between 147 and 161
Liu Chuyu... himself emperor Ming. He ordered Liu Ziye's brother Liu Zishang and sister, who were reputed to have participated in the late emperor's sexual immor ...
AkbarIn the year 1594 Jahangir's was dispatched by his father the Mughal Emperor, alongside Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan and Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak to defeat the ...
Queen Mary... th would typically have taken Philip's last name on marriage; however, when, Elizabeth's paternal grandmother, heard of this suggestion, she informed ...
King Ferdinand IV... this period. Napoleon's troops succeeded in entering Naples itself, forcingto flee the city with his family. For the Maltese this meant that only Bri ...
Gaius Julius Caesar... rived from the personal name of a branch of the gens (clan) Julia, to which, the forebear of the first imperial family, belonged. Although the Britis ...
Frederick William III... ein-Universität) was then founded on October 18, 1818, by the Prussian king. It was the sixth Prussian University, founded after the universities in ...
Gian Galeazzo Sforza... of classical antiquity. He and his third consort, Bona Sforza, daughter ofof Milan, were both patrons of Renaissance culture, which under them began ...
Casimir IV... at they would turn to Lithuania again, he marched against them. Deserted byand surrounded on every side by the Moscow armies, that occupied the major ...
Napoleon BonaparteAfter the defeat of, Kalisz became a provincial capital of Congress Poland and then the capit ...
Sakanoue no TamuramaroIn 801bagan a new campaign against the Isawa Emishi having moderate success. Fin ...
Baldwin III of Jerusalem... er a five-month siege, the city was captured by a Crusader army led by King. It was then added to the County of Jaffa to form the County of Jaffa and ...
Queen Victoria... f the town's popularity, Leamington was granted a "Royal" prefix in 1838 by, who visited the town as a Princess in 1830 and as Queen in 1858. A statu ...
Esarhaddon... ole in the development of the Silk Road. Scythians accompanied the Assyrianon his invasion of Egypt, and their distinctive triangular arrowheads have ...
Lucius Verus... from the fact that it was addressed to Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, andhis adopted sons, must fall between 147 and 161
Queen Elizabeth II... hy of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories. The present monarch,, has reigned since 6 February 1952. She and her immediate family undertak ...
Muhammad... f socialism. Muslim socialists believe that the teachings of the Qur'an andare compatible with principles of equality and public ownership drawing in ...
Agrippa II... lots, and to such figures as Pontius Pilate, Herod the Great, Agrippa I and, John the Baptist, James the brother of Jesus, and a centuries-long dispu ...
Adelchis... when he was treacherously attacked in his palace, robbed and imprisoned by, prince of Benevento, in August 871. The landing of fresh bands of Sarace ...
Euric... successors. Among the Visigothic written laws had already been put forth by. Alaric II put forth a Breviarium of Roman law for his Roman subjects; bu ...
James III of Scotland... arete of Denmark (1456–1486), 13 years old married to the 17 years old King# Frederick (1471–1533), Duke of Schleswig and Holstein, in Gottorp, later ...
Emperor Kammu... wned that day. The Japanese general Ki no Asami Kosami was "rebuked" by thewhen he returned to Kyoto
Sharif Hussein bin Ali... sh India Office. The British Foreign Office had previously begun to support, Emir of the Hejaz by seconding Lawrence of Arabia in 1915. The Saudi Ikh ...
Pope Paul VIOn 15 December 1969, he was appointed Patriarch of Venice byand took possession of the archdiocese on 3 February 1970. Pope Paul creat ...
James I... le' is the history of Scotland from the mythical period to the accession ofin 1406
Ntare IV Rutaganzwa Rugamba... er neighbours and competing with Rwanda. Its greatest growth occurred under, who ruled the nation from about 1796 to 1850 and saw the kingdom double ...
King George III... known humpback whale feeding area) after Adolphus Frederick, seventh son of. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a coastal survey, saw "Adolphus" on ...
Muhammad... inspiration from the early madina welfare state established by the Prophet. Muslim Socialists are more conservative than their western contemporarie ...
Catherine IDuring the reign of, Peter was quite ignored; but just before her death it became clear to th ...
Henry VIII... ters who were not called Sid or Sidney, namely, Carry On Henry (a parody of) and Carry On Dick (a spoof of legendary highwayman Dick Turpin), in both ...
Prince Wilhelm of BadenBorn in Baden-Baden, Maximilian was the son of, third son of Leopold, grand duke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilian ...
Emperor Joseph II... cademy had schools for theology, law, pharmacy and general studies. In 1784granted the academy the right to award academic degrees (Licentiat and Ph. ...
Henry II of England... lanvill, who helped him become a clerk of the Exchequer. Walter served Kingin many ways, not just in financial administration, but also including dip ...
OdinVarious Germanic peoples highly revered the raven. The major deitywas so associated with ravens throughout history that he gained the kennin ...
Agrippa I... us and the Zealots, and to such figures as Pontius Pilate, Herod the Great,and Agrippa II, John the Baptist, James the brother of Jesus, and a centur ...
Artemisia II of Caria... of gleaming marble. When he died in 353 BC, his wife, sister and successor,, began construction of a magnificent tomb for him and herself on a hill o ...
Ceauşescu1984. A covert mission using undead agents to unseat theregime in Romania
Edward I... During the thirteenth century Portsmouth was commonly used by Henry III andas a base for attacks against France
Antoninus Pius... e date of composition of the latter, from the fact that it was addressed to, Marcus Aurelius, and Lucius Verus his adopted sons, must fall between 14 ...
Peter... against Pope Leo and held a Diet at Pavia. He confirmed the usurping regentas prince of Salerno in December 853, displacing the dynasty he had instal ...
Charles VI... d three-quarters of the nobility were on his side, while his uncle, Emperor, through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg, persistently urged ...
Valens... and the Breviarium of Eutropius, a handbook compiled in 369 for the Emperor, which has Constantine dying in a nameless state villa in Nicomedia. From ...
Alexander II... re assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI, Peter III, Paul I, and
Marie Antoinette... n (1982), Onassis: The Richest Man in the World (1988), the ill-fated queenin the 1989 political thriller La Révolution française, and the American t ...
Manuel I of Portugal... d accompanied his father on his expeditions to North America. In 1500, Kingsent Gaspar to discover lands and search for a Northwest Passage to Asia
Bona SforzaIn 1517, Sigismund married, with whom he had
Henry V... mouth as a threat, the French again sacked the city in 1369, 1377 and 1380.built the first permanent fortifications of Portsmouth. In 1418 he ordered ...
Julius Caesar... y, but not exclusively, associated with Emperor Augustus (as adopted son of). Later, it was also used to refer to Domitian (as son of Vespasian). Aug ...
Princess MargaretIn the early 1950s, his sister-in-law,, considered marrying a divorced older man, Peter Townsend. The press accu ...
Justin I... the reign of Justinian in 518, which was actually the start of the reign of, Justinian’s predecessor and uncle. This discrepancy can be seen as part ...
Henry IV... ioned in a document from the King of Germany, and later Holy Roman Emperor,in 1071. This document granted Görlitz to the Diocese of Meissen, then und ...
Fulk of Jerusalem... as constantly unstable. In response to these incursions into Outremer, Kingconstructed a number of Christian settlements around the city during the 1 ...
Domitian... stus (as adopted son of Julius Caesar). Later, it was also used to refer to(as son of Vespasian). Augustus used the title "Divi filius", not "Dei fil ...
Pyrrhus of Epirus... mony in Italy came when Tarentum, a major Greek colony, enlisted the aid ofin 281 BC, but this effort failed as well. In the 3rd century BC Rome had ...
Severus... It was not to be: Constantius and Galerius were promoted to Augusti, whileand Maximin were appointed their Caesars respectively. Constantine and Max ...
King ArthurExcalibur is the legendary sword of, sometimes attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful ...
Domangart Réti... omangairt was king of Dál Riata in the early 6th century. He was the son ofand grandson of Fergus Mór. The Annals of Ulster report his death in 538, ...
Pope John Paul IIOf the 232 cardinals thatelevated, four were named in pectore. The identities of three of these wer ...
John of Gaunt... ough his mother Cecily, who was a great-granddaughter of Edward III throughand his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother) Joan Beaufort, Countess of ...
Emperor Frederick III... , Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire (a rank bestowed byon the Leszczyński family)
Herod the Great... , Quirinius' census and the Zealots, and to such figures as Pontius Pilate,, Agrippa I and Agrippa II, John the Baptist, James the brother of Jesus, ...
Fergus Mór... in the early 6th century. He was the son of Domangart Réti and grandson of. The Annals of Ulster report his death in 538, 542 and 545, the Annals of ...
Constantius... vasion fleet was destroyed by storms in 289 or 290. Maximian's subordinate,, campaigned against Carausius' successor, Allectus, while Maximian held t ...
Louis XV... ravelling around the Cape of Good Hope. The Port is named in honour of King. The first Governor was Count Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais
Vespasian... of Julius Caesar). Later, it was also used to refer to Domitian (as son of). Augustus used the title "Divi filius", not "Dei filius", and respected ...
Philip III of Spain... f the Inquisition. The New Christians of Portugal breathed more freely whencame to the throne. By the law of April 4, 1601, he granted them the privi ...
Edward III... m to the throne through his mother Cecily, who was a great-granddaughter ofthrough John of Gaunt and his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother) Joan ...
Mahmud of GhazniBaloch raiders plundered's ambassador between Tabbas and Khabis and in revenge his son, Masud, def ...
William V, Prince of OrangeThe collection of paintings of stadtholderwas handed over to the Dutch state by his son king William I. This collect ...
Edward III... roying much of the town, with only the local church and hospital surviving.gave the town exemption from national taxes to aid reconstruction. Only te ...
King Louis XIII... 'Ancre, a historical drama recounting the events leading up to the reign of. Frequenting the theater, he met the great actress Marie Dorval, and beca ...
Chrysaor... of Tartarus and Gaia, while according to Hesiod, either Ceto and Phorcys orand the naiad Callirhoe were her parents. Another account says her parents ...
Mohammed Nadir Shah... who was born on October 15, 1914, in Kabul, Afghanistan. He was the son of, a senior member of the Barakzai royal family and commander in chief of t ...
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor... schal II was not always established in Rome, since the city was occupied by, and later sacked by the Normans. This also agrees with the earliest know ...
Paul I... emperors were assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI, Peter III,, and Alexander II
Philip II of SpainFinally, after several years her pleadings by letter with Kingsecured relief. As a result, in 1579, the processes before the inquisition ...
Sophia, Electress of Hanover... e succession and made William's nearest Protestant relations, the family of, next in line to the throne after his sister-in-law Anne. Soon after the ...
Licinia Eudoxia... acidia, younger daughter of Western Emperor Valentinian III and of his wife, thus creating a bond between a member of the senatorial aristocracy and ...
Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna... lmar Union. He received the power from temporary Swedish regents archbishopand lord Erik Axelsson Tott. However, Sweden being volatile and split by f ...
Charles V:For the lord of Chièvres, advisor to Emperor, see: William de Croÿ
EudociaThe margin of the Empress's copy of the Iliad has a note summarizing a Hellenistic poet who tells a ...
Jeconiah... em. Jehoiakim died in 598 BC during the siege, and was succeeded by his sonat an age of either eight or eighteen. The city fell about three months la ...
Mohammad Najibullah... n 1989, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan regime, then headed by, proved unexpectedly capable of holding its own against the mujahideen. B ...
Sir Thomas Seymour... eens. It was here that she became acquainted with her future fourth husband. The atmosphere of the court was much different from the rural and paroch ...
King Clovis I... ed the first adoption of the fleur-de-lis to the conversion of the Frankishin 493. The story takes various forms, many of which relate to Clovis' con ...
Numitor... er is sometimes said to be the sole founder. Their maternal grandfather was, rightful king of Alba Longa, a faithful descendant of the Trojan prince ...
Yazdegerd III... ned the official religion of Persia until the defeat of the Sassanian ruler—over a thousand years after its founding—by Muslim Arabs. In what is toda ...
Peter III... came to power following a coup d'état and the assassination of her husband,, at the end of the Seven Years' War. Russia was revitalized under her rei ...
Amlaíb Cuarán... new lands for long, dying just two years later in 941. He was succeeded by
Theseus... zes and labyrinths, due to her involvement in the myths of the Minotaur and. Her father put her in charge of the labyrinth where sacrifices were made ...
Queen VictoriaOn 22 January 1901,died, and May's father-in-law, Albert Edward, ascended the throne as King ...
Valentinian IIIOlybrius married Placidia, younger daughter of Western Emperorand of his wife Licinia Eudoxia, thus creating a bond between a member of ...
Croesus... sits in the river Pactolus that were the source of the proverbial wealth of(Lydia's last historical king) were said to have been left there when the ...
AmphiarausPausanias (author of Periegesis of Greece) wrote this ofin Oropos, Attica, in the 2nd century A.D.
Jigme Dorji WangchuckThe third Druk Gyalpo,, was enthroned in 1952. Earlier he had married the European-educated cous ...
Eurystheus... o is blessed") is a daughter of Heracles. Even after Heracles's death, Kingpursues his lifelong vendetta against the hero by hunting down his childre ...
Henry... in October 1216, many began to support the claim of his eldest son, Prince. War continued between the factions supporting Louis and Henry, with Fitz ...
PlacidiaOlybrius married, younger daughter of Western Emperor Valentinian III and of his wife Lici ...
Pygmalion mythPretty Woman bears striking resemblances tos: particularly George Bernard Shaw's play of the same name, which also fo ...
Albert II of Belgium... r Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestress of Juan Carlos I of Spain,, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, as well as the Count of Paris and the c ...
Robert III... ll of Saint Baldred. A century on Wyntown's Cronykil relates: "In 1406 King, apprehensive of danger to his son James (afterwards James I) from the Du ...
Nero... the church was founded by Saint Mark during the reign of the Roman emperor, a great multitude of native Egyptians (as opposed to or Jews) embraced t ...
Alexander I of Scotland... oir, Bishop of Dunkeld. Later tradition placed it back in the reign of King(1107–24), who probably had some involvement in the island. He was apparen ...
George IIn 1714, Queen Anne was succeeded by her second cousin, and Sophia's son,, Elector of Hanover, who consolidated his position by defeating Jacobite ...
Timur ShahAli Shah was another son of. He seized power for a brief period in 1818-19
Jigme WangchuckUgyen Wangchuck died in 1926 and was succeeded by his son,(reigned 1926–52). The second Druk Gyalpo continued his father's centraliz ...
Claudius Caesar... atement "For Herod the king of the Jews and Pontius Pilate, the governor of, came together and condemned Him to be crucified." This would place the c ...
Ugyen Wangchuckdied in 1926 and was succeeded by his son, Jigme Wangchuck (reigned 1926–5 ...
Helena... at is to say, a church of wondrous beauty. Constantine directed his mother,, to build churches upon sites which commemorated the life of Jesus Christ ...
Juan Carlos I of Spain... uchess of Guise and later Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestress of, Albert II of Belgium, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, as well as the Co ...
Hadrian... rebellion. The last straw was a series of laws enacted by the Roman Emperor, including an attempt to prevent Jews from living in Jerusalem; a new Rom ...
Conan the Barbarian... Barry Smith for "The Shadow of the Vulture" and "The Song of Red Sonja" inissues 23 and 24 (1973), she did not have as full a figure and dressed a l ...
Guy of Lusignan... ncess Sybilla, sister of Baldwin IV, crowned herself queen and her husband,, king
Theseus... thens, depending on the version of the myth); however, she would later helpin overcoming the Minotaur and saving the would-be sacrificial victims. In ...
George IIIn 1737,began paying some London and Middlesex watchmen with tax moneys, beginning ...
Ulpia SeverinaAurelian was married to, about whom little is known. Like Aurelian she was from Dacia. They are k ...
King Edward VII... ctoria died, and May's father-in-law, Albert Edward, ascended the throne as. For most of the rest of that year, George and May were styled TRH The Du ...
Odin... the bird emblem perhaps represents the raven associated with the battle-god. Noted in Richard Hall, Viking Age Archaeology 1995:25 and fig. 9. He did ...
Elizabeth I... h literature in the half century 1575 – 1625. For example the 1603 death offalls in the middle of Shakespeare's career as dramatist: he is both an El ...
Lady Mary... rine of Aragon, Catherine took the opportunity to renew her friendship with. By 16 February 1543, Catherine had established herself with Mary and was ...
Queen CarolineHis Paradise Lost (1732), suggested by, has been criticized as the weakest of his work. He suggested that the po ...
King Alfonso XIII... tour was almost immediately followed by a trip to Spain for the wedding ofto Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, at which the bride and groom narrowly a ...
Alfonso the ChasteIn 1177,went to the siege of Al- Madinat kunka (Cuenca) with a group armed and ide ...
Catherine de' MediciWhen Italian duchessmarried the duc d’Orléans in 1533, she is said to have brought with her to ...
IsabellaAs one of their first acts after the war of succession, Ferdinand andestablished the centrally organized and efficient Holy Brotherhood (Santa ...
Salomea of Berg... lklingen. If this parentage is correct, Judith was the great-grandmother of, second wife of (her later stepson)
Manco Cápac... and his nephews in their latest treasure hunt - locating a hidden temple of, who was the legendary founder of the Inca dynasty. The temple is hidden ...
Aureolus... e Battle of Naissus. Later that year Gallienus traveled to Italy and fought, his former general and now usurper for the throne. Driving Aureolus back ...
FerdinandAs one of their first acts after the war of succession,and Isabella established the centrally organized and efficient Holy Brothe ...
Archidamus... d an audacious night-time march on Sparta itself. However, the Spartan kingwas alerted to this move by an informant, probably a Cretan runner, and Ep ...
Árpád... settlement was established in 1896 by Hungarians, under the name Árpádhon (, the leader of the Hungarian tribes and -hon as home(land))
Saladin... such as Virgil, Averroes, Homer, Horace, Ovid, Lucan, Socrates, Plato, and, Avicenna has been recognized by both East and West, as one of the great ...
Kingdom of Cochin... 7, when India gained independence from the British rule, Thrissur was under. Thrissur district was formed on July 1, 1949, with the headquarters at T ...
Midas... historical king) were said to have been left there when the legendary kingof Phrygia washed away the "Midas touch" in its waters
Wang Mang... acter long during the early Han and that rose beyond 98% after the usurpingbanned all two-character names outright. Although his Xin Dynasty was shor ...
Philip II... nds above every other general in Greek history (unless the Macedonian kingsand Alexander the Great are included), although modern historians have que ...
King Philip II Augustus... y names. King John lost all his territories in mainland Normandy in 1204 to, but retained possession of Jersey and the other Channel Islands. The isl ...
Charles I of England... efs who had recipes for flavoured ices or sorbets. One hundred years later,was, it was reported, so impressed by the "frozen snow" that he offered hi ...
Herod the Great... is mother by night and departed for Egypt, and was there until the death of, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prop ...
King Henry... elf with Mary and was now part of her household. It was in the household ofand Catherine of Aragon's daughter, Lady Mary, that Catherine Parr caught ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... s of the Bavaria, Brazil, Parma, Saxony and the Two Sicilies. The late Lady(1961-1997) is a descendant of Lucrezia
George II... e United Kingdom, although the title was not then in use. The next monarch,, witnessed the final end of the Jacobite threat in 1746, when the Catholi ...
Frederick William II of Prussia... ly to the city palace of the Prussian monarchs. It was commissioned by Kingas a sign of peace and built by Carl Gotthard Langhans from 1788 to 1791. ...
Queen Maud... in, May and George went to Norway for the coronation of King Haakon VII and(George's sister)
Demophon... gs and her father's old friend Iolaus to Athens, where they are received by, the king
Julian... nt, most other sources report his death as occurring in its middle. Emperor, writing in the mid-350s, observes that the Sassanians escaped punishment ...
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg... Lucrezia is the ancestress of Juan Carlos I of Spain, Albert II of Belgium,, as well as the Count of Paris and the claimants to the Thrones of the Ba ...
Henry IIIIn the 13th century, Kings(1216–1272) and Edward I (1272–1307) extended the castle, essentially crea ...
Alexander of Pherae... e to a petition of the Thessalians, Pelopidas was sent with an army against. After driving Alexander out, he passed into Macedon and arbitrated betwe ...
Livia... y in 396 BC. Veii continued to be occupied after its capture by the Romans.had an estate there, according to Suetonius. The city under Roman control, ...
King Haakon VII... r returning to Britain, May and George went to Norway for the coronation ofand Queen Maud (George's sister)
King James II... y the 1689 English Declaration of Rights, which formally ended the reign of. During the American Revolution, Jefferson and other Americans looked to ...
Ninus... ent that Agron was the first to be a king, and included Alcaeus, Belus, andin their list of kings of Lydia. Strabo (5.2.2) makes Atys, father of Lydu ...
Richard III of England... y ship coming to an English port had to bring four bowstaves for every tun.increased this to ten for every tun. This stimulated a vast network of ext ...
Theseus... of "heavenly" Dia, fathered either by Ixion or by Zeus. His best friend was. In Iliad I, Nestor numbers Pirithous and Theseus "of heroic fame" among ...
Queen Elizabeth II... l is 1 mile or long and has a diameter of with a roadbed . It was opened byon 19 October 1967, but commenced operational use only in 1968, on complet ...
Emperor Maximilian... y of Leuven. His grandfather, Everard van Wesel, was the Royal Physician of, while his father, Anders van Wesel, went on to serve as apothecary to Ma ...
Jehoiakim... d been king for only three months, and replaced him with his older brother,. Necho imposed on Judah a levy of a hundred talents of silver (about 3 3/ ...
Muhammad... onfederation, and Muslims from all over western China who chose it to honor. Nonetheless, however tenuous these bonds sometimes are, it remains a min ...
Alexander the Great... wenty-seven years after his death, a recalcitrant Thebes was obliterated by. Thus Epaminondas—who had been praised in his time as an idealist and lib ...
Albert... George, who liked a relatively simple life. They had six children: Edward,, Mary, Henry, George, and John
Emperor Wu... of the Great Wall for additional goods. In a court conference assembled by(r. 141–87 BCE) in 135 BCE, the majority consensus of the ministers was to ...
Pope John Paul II... visited the capital such as former U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and. The former visit came amidst an historical setting after the fall of com ...
Henry I of France... n 9 April 1054, Judith was betrothed to Philip, eldest son and heir of King. However, the engagement was broken in September 1058, when her brother E ...
Gundobad... sted in religion, while the actual power was held by Ricimer and his nephew
Hadrian... nd 985 villages razed. Yet so costly was the Roman victory that the Emperor, when reporting to the Roman Senate, did not see fit to begin with the cu ...
Kublai Khan... g to do with ice cream. It has also been claimed that, in the Yuan Dynasty,enjoyed ice cream and kept it a royal secret until Marco Polo visited Chin ...
James II's Catholic son... rotestant officials, James fled the realm and William and Mary (rather than) were declared joint Sovereigns of England, Scotland and Ireland
Napoleon III... 314. In all, thirty-four sovereigns, from Louis VI, the Fat, (1081–1137) to(1808–1873), spent time at Fontainebleau
Sparta... loponnesian League. Henceforth, its policy was usually determined either byor Corinth
Alexander the Great... not mentioned in the book written by Arrian of Nicomedia about campaigns ofbut he only mentions the Oman side of Maka which he calls "Maketa". The re ...
Hilderic(523–530) was the Vandal king most tolerant towards the Catholic Church. H ...
AcastusLaodamia was the wife of Protesilaus and daughter ofand Astydameia. After Protesilaus was killed in the Trojan War he was allo ...
Theseus... ven or nine years to the Minotaur. One year, the sacrificial party included, the son of King Aegeus, who volunteered to come and kill the Minotaur. A ...
Edward IIn the 13th century, Kings Henry III (1216–1272) and(1272–1307) extended the castle, essentially creating it as it stands toda ...
Ahmad Shah Durrani... Pakistan, and northwestern India. It was established at Kandahar in 1747 by, an Afghan military commander under Nader Shah of Persia and chief of the ...
Elizabeth I... travelled to France as part of the embassy to negotiate a marriage betweenand the Duc D'Alençon. He spent the next several years in mainland Europe, ...
Gelimer... amily led a revolt, raising the banner of national Arianism, and his cousin(530–533) became king. Hilderic, Hoamer and their relatives were thrown in ...
King George III... he independence of the United States by listing colonial grievances against, and by asserting certain natural and legal rights, including a right of ...
Aegeus... Minotaur. One year, the sacrificial party included Theseus, the son of King, who volunteered to come and kill the Minotaur. Ariadne fell in love at f ...
Edmund I of England... siege by Anglo-Saxons, raiders who did not care about the treaty that Kingand King Malcolm I of Scotland signed in 945. Sir Eider did not supply arr ...
Romulus Augustulus... overthrow of the rebellious magister militum Orestes and his pretender sonin 476. In the East Theodosius II also barred the eunuchs from holding it, ...
James IVIn 1497 Kingvisited the Bass and stayed in the castle with a later Sir Robert Lauder o ...
Ratchis... y Abbot Petronax, when among the monks were Carloman, son of Charles Martel;, predecessor of the great Lombard Duke and King Aistulf; and Paul the De ...
AegisthusIn Greek mythology, Aletes was the son ofand Clytemnestra, the king and queen of Mycenae. He had two sisters: Erigo ...
Gallienus... is successes as a cavalry commander ultimately made him a member of emperor' entourage. In 268, Aurelian and his cavalry participated in general Clau ...
Henry... iked a relatively simple life. They had six children: Edward, Albert, Mary,, George, and John
Pope John Paul II... re chanting in Skanderbeg Square Baker's famous saying of "Freedom works!".became the first leading religious figure to visit Tirana after Mother Ter ...
Owen I of Strathclyde... aíb married the daughter of Causantín mac Áeda. He also allied himself with. In 937, Amlaíb led his allies into battle against Athelstan, king of Eng ...
Manuel II Palaiologos... od. Scholarios later defended Aristotle and convinced the Byzantine emperorthat Plethon's support for Plato amounted to heresy. Manuel had Plethon co ...
Tiberius... pium Augustum Veiens. Veii is famous for its statuary including a statue of(now in the Vatican), and the Apollo of Veii (now in the National Etruscan ...
Isabella of France... , including Kenilworth, were confiscated by the crown. Edward and his wife,, spent Christmas 1323 at Kenilworth, amidst major celebrations
Henry VI... st force. The Tower was damaged by artillery fire but only surrendered whenwas captured at the Battle of Northampton. With the help of Richard Nevill ...
Archduke Franz Ferdinand... lso used, especially in the Middle East and Balkans (the initial attempt on's life was with a grenade). With heavy weapons, the rocket-propelled gren ...
Sisyphus... he absurd. In the titular book, Camus uses the analogy of the Greek myth ofto demonstrate the futility of existence. In the myth, Sisyphus is condemn ...
Edward V... ent is one of the most infamous events associated with the Tower of London.'s uncle Richard Duke of Gloucester was declared Lord Protector while the ...
Holy Roman Emperor... and in 1510 the Venetians obtained sixteen pounds per hundred. In 1507 theasked the Duke of Bavaria to stop cutting yew, but the trade was profitabl ...
Blanche of Lancaster... nd remodelled the great hall with a grander interior and roof. On his deathinherited the castle. Blanche married John of Gaunt, the third son of Edwa ...
Athelstan of England... m 934 to 941. Gofraid ua Ímair, his father, held both Dublin and York untilexpelled him from York in 927
Agesilaus IIwas one of the two kings of Sparta during Sparta’s hegemony. Plutarch late ...
SemiramisAccording to one fictional account,, a mythical Assyrian queen, was afraid that the women of the household wo ...
Beatrix I, Abbess of Quedlinburg... a (who also died in infancy). In addition, Judith had an older half-sister,and Gandersheim, born from her father's first marriage with Gunhilda of De ...
Justinian I... it, although this restriction had been overturned by the 6th century. Under(r. 527-565), the title proliferated and was consequently somewhat devalue ...
Petronius Maximus... lavius Anicius Probus (suggested by Settipani) or, according to some clues,
Sakthan Thampuran... r the Srirangapattanam war. In the meantime, Rama Varma X, the successor ofsigned a treaty with East Indian Company, and made Cochin a subsidiary of ...
King George V... viour of both groups immediately became controversial (one major critic was) for their brutality and violence, not just towards IRA suspects and pris ...
Julius Caesar... m Germanic tribes by moving into Gaul, but were defeated at Lawrenceburg by's armies and then sent back. The alpine region became integrated into the ...
Sparta... C who transformed the Ancient Greek city-state of Thebes, leading it out ofn subjugation into a preeminent position in Greek politics. In the process ...
Malcolm I of Scotland... rs who did not care about the treaty that King Edmund I of England and Kingsigned in 945. Sir Eider did not supply arrows for his men (because they w ...
Sparta... tury BC, when Dorian supremacy was re-established, perhaps by the agency ofunder the ephor Chilon, and the city was enrolled in the Peloponnesian Lea ...
Constantine II... the Holy Apostles there. He was succeeded by his three sons born of Fausta,, Constantius II and Constans. A number of relatives were killed by follow ...
John... imple life. They had six children: Edward, Albert, Mary, Henry, George, and
King Gylfi... nning, where it is described partially in euhemerized form. In the chapter,sets out to Asgard in the guise of an old man going by the name of Gangler ...
Theodore Laskaris... uccessor states, the most notable of these being the Empire of Nicaea under(a relative of Alexios III), the Empire of Trebizond, and the Despotate of ...
James I... n 1406 King Robert III, apprehensive of danger to his son James (afterwards) from the Duke of Albany, placed the youthful prince in the safe-custody ...
Anna d'Este... dern Europe including that of the United Kingdom. Through her granddaughter, Duchess of Guise and later Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestres ...
Charles V... as apothecary to Maximillian, and later a valet de chambre to his successor. Anders encouraged his son to continue in the family tradition, and enrol ...
Cosimo de' Medici... of social importance. Following the example of Pomponio Leto in Rome and ofat Florence, Pontano founded an academy for the meetings of learned and di ...
Thirty Tyrants... ng Lysander to establish shortly the oligarchy that has come to be known as, composed of men beholden to him. The danger of so much power being in th ...
Emperor Julian... ated succession. He also had two daughters, Constantina and Helena, wife of
Totila... le for western monasticism. There at Monte Cassino he received a visit from, king of the Ostrogoths, perhaps in 543 (the only remotely secure histori ...
Theodosius II... ilitum Orestes and his pretender son Romulus Augustulus in 476. In the Eastalso barred the eunuchs from holding it, although this restriction had bee ...
Edward IV... Kingmaker") Henry recaptured the throne for a short time in 1470. However,soon regained control and Henry VI was imprisoned in the Tower of London, ...
Justinian IByzantine Emperordeclared war, with the stated intention of restoring Hilderic to the Vanda ...
King George III... e usual French spelling, is explained by his having been named in honour of
Boudica... eni revolted against the Roman invasion in 47 AD, and again in 60 AD led by. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. Du ...
Fëanor... e later largely replaced by the Tengwar (which were enhanced and brought by), they were adopted by Dwarves to write down their Khuzdul language (Ange ...
Emperor Wen... the tribute and a negotiation between Laoshang Chanyu (r. 174–160 BCE) and(r. 180–157 BCE) to reopen border markets, many of the Chanyu's Xiongnu su ...
Prince Philip... Windsor by subsequent royal decree. After the marriage of Elizabeth II and, it was decreed that their non-royal descendants were to bear the (maiden ...
Eric V of Denmark... nt Danish throne, as king Christian I. He was a cognatic descendant of Kingthrough his second daughter Richeza. The throne was first offered by the S ...
King of Bahrain... ework of a constitutional monarchy where the government is appointed by the, King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. The head of the government since 1971 is ...
Charles XIII... Pomerania, two of her first cousins became Kings of Sweden: Gustav III and. In accordance with the custom then prevailing in the ruling dynasties of ...
Alexander II... Russian Empire was reconfirmed by all Russian Tsars from Peter the Great to
Ranavalona III... Paul Razafinkarefo. He was the son of Henri Razafinkarefo, nephew of Queenof Imerina, and Jennie (Waller) Razafinkarefo, the daughter of John L. Wal ...
Blot-Sweyn... Swedish king Inge the Elder fled to Västergötland when deposed in favour of, a king more favourable towards Norse paganism, in the 1080s. Inge would ...
Baldwin of Flanders... married to Maria Komnene, empress in the 1170s and 80s. Instead they placedon the throne. Boniface went on to found the Kingdom of Thessalonica, a va ...
Queen Elizabeth I... s daughters from his first two marriages, who later became Queen Mary I and. She also developed a good relationship with Henry's son Edward, Prince o ...
Huayna Capac... 1576 on the foundations of the Amarucancha or the palace of the Inca ruler, is considered one of the best examples of colonial baroque style in the ...
Elizabeth I of England... r only color film made during the height of her career. To play the elderly, Davis shaved her hairline and eyebrows. During filming she was visited o ...
QuintillusWhen Claudius died, his brotherseized power with support of the Senate. With an act typical of the Crisis ...
Simon de Montfort... were becoming dangerously unruly. In 1258, the discontented barons, led by, forced the King to agree to reforms including holding regular parliament ...
Louis XIV... he Nine Years' War. In a bold envelopment the Duc de Luxembourg, commanding’s army of some 35,000 men, soundly defeated Prince Waldeck’s Allied force ...
Philip II... Thebes, he brought home hostages, including the king's brother, afterwards. Philip learned there many tactics of the southern Greeks, both in politi ...
Heraclius... ncreasingly influenced by Greek culture after the 7th century, when Emperor(AD 575 - 641) decided to make Greek the empire's official language. Certa ...
Henry VIIIThe political separation of the Church of England from Rome under, beginning in 1529 and completed in 1536, brought England alongside this ...
Boudica... ll) in Staffordshire, Manduessedum (modern day Mancetter - possible site of's last battle), Tripontium (modern day Newton and Biggin), Venonis (moder ...
Maximilian Joseph... s annexed by the Hohenzollerns of Prussia. In 1796 the Duke of Zweibrücken,, the future Bavarian king Max I. Joseph, was exiled to Ansbach after Zwei ...
Louis the German... to Lotharingia, and Alemannia (the eastern part) to the eastern kingdom ofwhich would become part of the Holy Roman Empire
Edward, Prince of Wales... Queen Elizabeth I. She also developed a good relationship with Henry's son, later King Edward VI. When she became Queen, her uncle Lord Parr of Hort ...
Minamoto no Yoriie... celebrating his nomination to Udaijin. His nephew (the son of second shogun) Kugyō (Minamoto no Yoshinari) came out from next to the stone stairway o ...
Hyder AliHowever, during 1750-60from Mysore attacked Thrissur and was forced to become tributary of Mysore ...
Hákon Hákonarson... s Hiberno-Norman forces in 1171; and 1263 in Scotland by the defeat of Kingat the Battle of Largs by troops loyal to Alexander III. Godwinson was sub ...
Afonso V... na"), built in the 15th century, which contains the tomb of the daughter of, St. Joana, who died in 1490. The presence of this royal personage, beati ...
George, Duke of Brunswick-LüneburgIn 1636, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his res ...
Richard Duke of Gloucester... most infamous events associated with the Tower of London. Edward V's unclewas declared Lord Protector while the prince was too young to rule. The 12 ...
Louis XIII of France... eneralitat, Pau Claris, declared a Catalan Republic under the protection of. This allowed French troops to draw that much closer to the heartland of ...
Peter of Holstein-GottorpThe choice of Sophia as wife of her second cousin, the prospective tsar, resulted from some amount of diplomatic management in which Count Lestoc ...
King George II... of her £500 income as Ranger of Windsor Great Park. Sarah was also rude to–making it clear that he was "too much of a German"–which further alienate ...
William IV... reign, the power of the monarchy declined and by the time of his successor,, the monarch was no longer able to effectively interfere with parliamenta ...
Rædwald of East Anglia... the church beyond Kent encountered difficulties due to the attitude of King, who had become the leading king in the south after Æthelberht's death. R ...
Agis II... began his kingship after the end of the Peloponnesian war after his brotherdied and was left without an heir. (Agis’ son Leotychidas was rumored to b ...
Charles VII... burg on 23 September, Bavarian troops, for the first time since the days of, fought side by side with the French, and by the Treaty of Pressburg, sig ...
Gustav III... n") in Stettin, Pomerania, two of her first cousins became Kings of Sweden:and Charles XIII. In accordance with the custom then prevailing in the rul ...
Constantius III... to the powerful magistri militum who dominated the state, such as Stilicho,, Aëtius, Boniface, and Ricimer. Zeno granted it to Odoacer to legitimize ...
Procopius Anthemius... s were shattered, as the Eastern Emperor Leo I the Thracian chose the noble. His association with Gaiseric did not harm Olybrius' career: in 464 the ...
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor... Matilda (later wife of Rudolf of Rheinfelden, Duke of Swabia and Antiking),and Conrad II, Duke of Bavaria (who also died in infancy). In addition, Ju ...
Eugène de Beauharnais... or the revolutions to come. Among these monarchs were the viceroy of Italy,, who tried to get Austrian approval for his succession to the Kingdom of ...
Queen Mary... ngdom's dynasty as the future "House of Mountbatten", whereupon the Dowagerreportedly refused to have anything to do with "that Battenberg nonsense." ...
Conan the Barbarian... magazine. Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of(1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature (1975) befor ...
Leotychidas... war after his brother Agis II died and was left without an heir. (Agis’ sonwas rumored to be the illegitimate son of the Athenian Alcibiades.) One of ...
Louis XIV... to 150 million today. And if one starts the comparison at the time of King(the Sun King), then France would in fact have the same population as the ...
Justinian... Procopius writes that he was "a very particular friend and guest-friend of, who had not yet come to the throne", noting that Hilderic and Justinian ...
James VIICharles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale held the Bass forfor a brief period after the Scottish parliament declared his abdication. ...
King Vanlandi... the 10th century skald Þjóðólfr of Hvinir describing that, upon his death,went to Valhalla
Edward II... and Aylsham webb or 'cloth of Aylsham' was supplied to the royal palaces ofand III
Alexander the Great... Félibien, 1674). Accordingly, one finds scenes of the exploits of Augustus,, and Cyrus alluding to the deeds of Louis XIV (Lighthart, 1997; Sabatier, ...
Odoacer... tilicho, Constantius III, Aëtius, Boniface, and Ricimer. Zeno granted it toto legitimize the later's rule in Italy after his overthrow of the rebelli ...
Augustus... imen of shameless adulation. The few allusions to Caesar's murderers and tohardly pass beyond the conventional style of the writer's day. The only pa ...
Robert the Bruce... ted chevauchée raids over the enemy territory to damage its infrastructure.counselled using these operational methods to hold off the English King Ed ...
Richard... d Edward was confined to the Tower of London along with his younger brother. The Duke of Gloucester was proclaimed King Richard III in July. The prin ...
Calydonian Oeneus... mably the eponym of Hyria. He is also called Oeneus, although he is not the. Other ancient scholia say, as Hesiod does, that Orion was the son of Pos ...
Cyrus the GreatTo ensure that the new conquered peoples did not revolt,showed respect to their customs and allowed them to continue to practice t ...
Joachim Murat... ed to get Austrian approval for his succession to the Kingdom of Italy, and, who called for Italian patriots' help for the unification of Italy under ...
Otto IIn 953 the German kinghad appointed his brother Bruno the Great Duke of Lotharingia
Stenkil... the Swedish House of Munsö became extinct with the death of Emund the Old., a Geat, was elected king of Sweden, and the Geats would be influential i ...
Queen Caroline... the royal family continued, and Sarah was occasionally invited to court by, who attempted to cultivate her friendship
Aistulf... of Charles Martel; Ratchis, predecessor of the great Lombard Duke and King; and Paul the Deacon, the historian of the Lombards
Philip V of Spain... between 1700 and 1720. After it was assigned to Emperor Charles VI in 1714,briefly recovered the island in 1717, but in 1720 the European powers assi ...
Henry III, Holy Roman EmperorShe was the daughter ofby his second wife Agnes, daughter of William V, Duke of Aquitaine and Cou ...
Mao Zedong... n principles of guerilla warfare that Massoud had learned from the works ofand Che Guevara. His forces were considered the most effective of all the ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... raphic recuperation and some measure of economic recuperation. The reign ofas Charles I of Spain was a harmonious period, during which Catalonia gene ...
Napoleon Bonaparte... or previously granted to only two other heads of state: Peter the Great and. Pedro II exchanged letters with scientists, philosophers, musicians and ...
Pol Pot... Tensions peaked when Vietnam invaded Cambodia, an ally of China, to depose, resulting in a Chinese invasion of Vietnam in 1979. In 1978-79, some 450 ...
King Edward's... he Bruce counselled using these operational methods to hold off the Englishforces when the English invaded Scotland, according to an anonymous 14th-c ...
Thoas... er of Oenopion, the personification of wine, Staphylus (related to grapes),, Peparethus, Phanus, Eurymedon, Enyeus, Ceramus, Maron, Euanthes, Latramy ...
Prince Henry... or - described as the King's "familiar councillor" - and tutor to the young
King WilliamOnce againentrusted Allied forces in the region to Prince Waldeck (William was himse ...
Germanicus... also an intimate friend of the most literary prince of the imperial family,
Alexios V... rangled to death in January 1204. Alexios Doukas took the throne himself as; Isaac also died in January 1204, probably of natural causes
Gisulf II of BeneventoIn 744, a donation ofcreated the Terra Sancti Benedicti, the secular lands of the abbacy, which ...
James IDuring the 15th centuryconsigned several of his political enemies, including Walter Stewart to Th ...
CroesusIn 547 BC, the Lydian kingbesieged and captured the Persian city of Pteria in Cappadocia and enslave ...
Kujō YoritsuneMinamoto no Sanetomo was succeeded byas fourth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate
Alexander the Great... h not always accredited as the first practitioner of psychological warfare,undoubtedly showed himself to be effective in swaying the mindsets of the ...
JulianIn the year AD 363, the Emperor's invasion of Persia was turned back by a scorched earth policy
Alexander III... e defeat of King Hákon Hákonarson at the Battle of Largs by troops loyal to. Godwinson was subsequently defeated within a month by another Viking des ...
Emperor Charles V... ter publication, Vesalius was invited as Imperial physician to the court of. He informed the Venetian Senate that he was leaving his post in Padua, w ...
Tullus Hostilius... efeated by Rome in the 7th century BC during the reign of Rome's third king
James I of England... able shipbuilding location by John Wood, a shipbuilder, who petitioned Kingfor a land grant. The surrounding area was soon settled as a plantation co ...
Pope John XXIII... tion of the Congregation for Rites on the application to local calendars of's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum of 25 July 1960 decreed that "the fe ...
Edward II'sDuringreign (1307–1327) there was relatively little activity at the Tower of Lon ...
Alfonso X of Castile... clopaedia Britannica on Astronomy during the 1960s, in a discussion of King's interest in astronomy during the 13th century. (Alfonso is credited wit ...
Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna... almar Union. In Sweden his short tenure as monarch was preceded by regents,and Erik Axelsson Tott and succeeded by regent Kettil Karlsson Vasa. Also ...
Nur ad-Din ZangiAfter the failure of the Second Crusade,had control of Damascus and a unified Syria
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa... nal monarchy where the government is appointed by the King of Bahrain, King. The head of the government since 1971 is Prime Minister Prince Khalifa b ...
emperor... sulship in 434 after campaigning in Africa. However, Aspar could not becomebecause of his Arian religion. Instead, he played the role of kingmaker wi ...
CatherineHe married(as nun, Xene) of Bulgaria, a daughter of Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria. They ...
Agamemnon... ginning with the autochthonous Aegialeus. The penultimate king of the list,, compels the submission of Sicyon to Mycenae; after him comes the Dorian ...
Peter III of Aragon... of Anjou in Palermo, and the invasion of the Sicily by the Catalans of King. Michael VIII was forced to drain the treasury to pay the enormous bribe ...
Genghis Khan, leader of the Mongols in the 13th century AD, united his people to event ...
Henry VIII... ders have been the Royal Bodyguard since at least 1509. During the reign of, the Tower was assessed as needing considerable work on its defences. In ...
Justinian... ius are the primary source of information for the rule of the Roman emperor. Procopius was the author of a history in eight books of the wars fought ...
Lady Jane Grey... ilworth. Before his execution in 1553 by Queen Mary for attempting to placeon the throne, Dudley had built the new stable block and widened the tilty ...
Frederick V, Elector Palatine... the winter of 1612, in celebration of the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and
Alexander the Great... rsians, and went under Macedonian hegemony at the defeat of the Persians by. Due to the influx of Greek speakers and the sparsity of the remaining Ly ...
Bolesław... ey wanted an eventual alliance with the only legitimate son of Władysław I,, born from his first marriage with the Bohemian princess
Frederick#(1471–1533), Duke of Schleswig and Holstein, in Gottorp, later also King o ...
Peter I of RussiaDuring the war,had occupied all Swedish possessions on the eastern Baltic coast: Swedish ...
Minos... ] "most" and αδνος [adnos] "holy"), in Greek mythology, was the daughter ofking of Crete, and his queen Pasiphaë, daughter of Helios, the Sun-titan. ...
Servius TulliusIn the 6th century BC Rome's sixth kingwarred against Veii (after the expiry of an earlier truce) and the Etrusca ...
Gustav VasaSmåland, is a province of Sweden and at the funeral ofin 1560 the province was granted its arms. Today there are also county arm ...
Marcian... for half a century, from the 420s to his death in 471, over Theodosius II,and Leo I, who, in the end, had him killed
Johan III... tured a red crossbow with roses on a golden shield but at the coronation ofin 1569 a new coat of arms was granted. A lion was wielding the crossbow a ...
Lady Mary... . It was in the household of King Henry and Catherine of Aragon's daughter,, that Catherine Parr caught the attention of the King. After the death of ...
Commodus... the prow of a boat;" Gisela Richter noted coins of Elaeus from the time ofthat show on their reverses Protesilaus on the prow of a ship, in helmet, ...
Charlemagne... o have arranged the transfer of the hall's columns from a decayed palace offrom Ingelheim to Heidelberg
George VOn 6 May 1910, Edward VII died. The Prince of Wales ascended the throne as, and Mary became queen consort. When her husband asked her to drop one of ...
Cosimo de' Medici... o exercise over Western European thought in the high and later middle ages.attended these lectures and was inspired to found the Accademia Platonica ...
Shapur... s for a campaign against Persia. In a letter written to the king of Persia,, Constantine had asserted his patronage over Persia's Christian subjects ...
Alexis of Russia... town rights. In the 17th century, during the Russo–Swedish War initiated by, the Russians captured Daugavpils, renamed the town Borisoglebsk and cont ...
Queen Victoria... called Mary, preferring not to take the name of her husband's grandmother,. Queen Mary was crowned with the King on 22 June 1911 at Westminster Abbe ...
Dionysius of Syracuse... After an abortive attack on Corinth and the arrival of a task force sent byto aid Sparta, the Thebans decided to march home. Diodorus, XV, ; Xenophon ...
Hirohito... 4, this time over the attempt by Namba Daisuke to assassinate Prince Regenton 27 December 1923 (the Toranomon Incident)
Philip the Good... inal manuscript. This copy remained in the royal library and then passed to, Duke of Burgundy, before reaching Brussels, where it was lost. It was re ...
Alcmaeon... is to Hestia and Hermes and Amphiaraus and the children of Amphilochus. But, because of his treatment of Eriphyle, is honored neither in the temple o ...
Emund the Old... e 11th century, the Swedish House of Munsö became extinct with the death of. Stenkil, a Geat, was elected king of Sweden, and the Geats would be infl ...
James I... anor. The ownership of the Lancaster manor changed hands many times, beforeassigned it to his son, the future Charles I
George III... ic Stuarts were completely defeated. During the long reign of his grandson,, Britain's American colonies were lost, the former colonies having formed ...
John Hyrcanus... s sons Judas Maccabeus, Jonathan Apphus, and Simon Thassi, and his grandson. The books include historical and religious material from the Septuagint ...
William I of Scotland... of the richest in Scotland, but that changed in 1189. He was asked by Kingto offer most of his clan's treasure in order to fulfill King Richard I of ...
Alexander I of Russia... a diplomat as much as an officer. He foils an assassination attempt on Tsarand is influential in the monarch's decision to resist the French invasion ...
Pope John Paul II, following his personalist philosophy, considered that a danger of utilit ...
Frederick William III of PrussiaKingappointed an Immediate Commission for the investigation of political dissi ...
John III Doukas Vatatzes... chael VIII Palaiologos married Theodora Doukaina Vatatzina, a grandniece of, Emperor of Nicaea. Orphaned in childhood, she was raised by her great-un ...
Charles I... changed hands many times, before James I assigned it to his son, the future
Henry Tudor... until he was defeated at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 by the Lancastrian, who ascended to the throne as Henry VII
OdinWhenwas exiled, Ollerus was chosen to take his place. Ollerus ruled under the ...
Tiberius... thor of a collection of historical anecdotes. He worked during the reign of(14 AD to 37 AD)
Shuja Shah... hmud Shah's first reign lasted for only two years before he was replaced by
Pharaoh... chadnezzar, ceasing to pay tribute to him and entered into an alliance withHophra of Egypt. In 589 BCE, Nebuchadnezzar II returned to Judah and again ...
Sigurd the Crusader... National Theatre, Bjørnson received an ovation, and his saga-drama of Kingwas performed at the opening of Nationaltheatret in Oslo
George IV... orphyria, an illness rendering him incapable of ruling. His son, the future, ruled in his stead as Prince Regent. During the Regency and his own reig ...
Wang Anshi... action at court, resolutely opposed to the reformist policies of Chancellor. Sima presented increasingly critical memorials to the throne until 1070, ...
Sir Thomas Seymour... ter the death of Parr's second husband, Catherine began a relationship with, the brother of the late queen Jane Seymour, but the King took a liking t ...
Olof Skötkonung... tland, and about Olaf the Holy's battles with the Geats during his war with
Richard I of England... I of Scotland to offer most of his clan's treasure in order to fulfill King's terms for a treaty that been signed between them. The treaty said that ...
Charles IVOn 29 October 1807, Manuel Godoy, chancellor to the Spanish king,and Napoleon signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau, which authorized the pass ...
Alexander the Great... ecuted Artayctes, returning the treasure. The tomb was mentioned again whenarrived at Elaeus on his campaign against the Persian Empire. He offered a ...
Roman Emperor... oman fort and bridge across the River Tyne and given the family name of theHadrian who founded it in the 2nd century AD. The population of Pons Aeliu ...
Augustus... he king” (Félibien, 1674). Accordingly, one finds scenes of the exploits of, Alexander the Great, and Cyrus alluding to the deeds of Louis XIV (Light ...
Sakthan Thampuran... and started the most spectacular cultural festival called Thrissur Pooram.laid the modern foundation stone of Thrissur and made the city in to a maj ...
Queen Isabella... became the first woman imprisoned in the Tower of London after she refusedadmittance to Leeds Castle and ordered her archers to fire upon Isabella, ...
Queen Alexandra... ning of Mary's period as consort brought her into conflict with the Dowager. Although the two were on friendly terms, Alexandra could be stubborn; sh ...
Hadrian... bridge across the River Tyne and given the family name of the Roman Emperorwho founded it in the 2nd century AD. The population of Pons Aelius at thi ...
King George III... d the king for repeal of the acts. These measures were unsuccessful becauseand the ministry of Prime Minister Lord North were determined not to retre ...
Mary Stuart... opular comedy of De Nygifte (The Newly Married) and his romantic tragedy ofin Scotland. In 1870 he published Poems and Songs and the epic cycle Arnlj ...
John#(1455–1513), King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig and Hol ...
Constantine the GreatThe First Council of Nicea was convened byupon the recommendations of a synod led by Hosius of Córdoba in the Easter ...
Beatrix of the Netherlands... ng over 90 stores and including parking for 2,300 cars, was opened by Queenin 1982. 34 miles (55 km) of urban roads were planned and a network of hig ...
Queen Mary I... ing Henry with his daughters from his first two marriages, who later becameand Queen Elizabeth I. She also developed a good relationship with Henry's ...
BelusIn Greek mythology, Lybie (, Lubiē; often written Lybië) was the mother ofby Poseidon and a personification and queen of the country of Libya. Some ...
Holy Roman Emperor... ish contingent under the command of Richard Lionheart instead). The elderlyFrederick Barbarossa responded to the call to arms, and led a massive army ...
Alyattes II... ginning of the reign of King Alyattes (sometimes incorrectly referred to as), who ruled Lydia c. 610-550 BC. The first coins were made of electrum, a ...
Louis XIV... United States. While France had been very powerful in Europe at the time ofor Napoleon, the demographic decline the country experienced after 1800 re ...
SpartaUpon the seizure of the Theban citadel by thens (383 or 382) he fled to Athens, and took the lead in a conspiracy to li ...
Lothair II... r Lotharingia was an independent Carolingian kingdom under the rule of King(855–869). Its territory had originally been a part of Middle Francia, cre ...
Wang Mang... oldest reference to a collapsible umbrella dates to the year 21 A.D., when(r. 9–23) had one designed for a ceremonial four-wheeled carriage. The 2nd ...
Zbigniew... onvinced her husband to postpone the return of Władysław I's first-born son, who seems to be a strong candidate to the succession despite his illegit ...
Desta Damtew... Shum of Sidamo Province by Birru Wolde Gabriel who himself was replaced by
Claudius... d had not been since its defeat by the Carians. In 43 AD the Roman emperor,, dissolved the league. Lycia was incorporated into the Roman Empire with ...
Theodosius II... Roman Emperors for half a century, from the 420s to his death in 471, over, Marcian and Leo I, who, in the end, had him killed
Philip II of Spain... rtuguese in 1641 while Spain began to colonize the Philippines (named after) from 1560s. Acting through the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch estab ...
Tarquinius Superbus... Roman colony at an early date—according to some authorities in the time of,—but more probably about 390 BC. The existence of a previous population, ...
Ferdinand VII of Spain... and Spain, assemblies called juntas were established to rule in the name of
Caesar... a former generation a specimen of shameless adulation. The few allusions to's murderers and to Augustus hardly pass beyond the conventional style of ...
Mahmud Shah... arakzai followers to a rival claimant to the throne, Zaman's older brother,. The clans of the chiefs Zaman had executed joined forces with the rebels ...
Henry VIIIIn 1519granted a market on Saturdays and an annual fair to be held on March 12, w ...
Prince of Wales... of Bute (1713–92) his architect William Burges (1827–1881) and the presentand Princess Margaret
King Mohamed VIPolicies associated with foreign relations are determined by the king,, and his advisors, despite the fact that Morocco has a constitutional mon ...
Charles V of France... ose to the original. It is found in the inventory of 1373 of the library of. Furthermore, according to the illuminations, it can be dated to the year ...
Joan Enric Vives Sicília... twelfth century. There is still a bishop of Urgell, who since 2003 has been. This role carries with it the position of joint head of state of Andorra
Charlemagne... terms Solmonath (mud month) and Kale-monath (named for cabbage) as well as's designation Hornung. In Finnish, the month is called helmikuu, meaning ...
Henry IV... ttacked unsuccessfully by the Protestants in 1568, and was taken in 1591 by, who was crowned there three years afterwards
Pope Paul VI... s canonized by Pope Gregory XV, and in 1970 named a Doctor of the Church by. Her books, which include her autobiography, The Life of Teresa of Jesus, ...
Wallis Simpson... d a public scandal by announcing his desire to marry the divorced American,, even though the Church of England opposed the remarriage of divorcées. A ...
Emperor Jing... s well as the later Western Liang emperors (Emperor Xuan, Emperor Ming, and), also set their capital at Jiangling, and Xiao Zhuang, who is considered ...
St. HelenaScholars debate whether Constantine adopted his mother's Christianity in his youth, or whether he adopted it gradually over the ...
Leucippus... nt lover of the Divine Huntress; other heroes of the same type are Actaeon,(son of Oenomaus), Cephalus, Teiresias, and Zeus as the lover of Callisto. ...
William IIThe Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in 1097 Kingordered a wall to be built around the Tower of London; it was probably bui ...
King Philip II's... y, the Knights Hospitaller based in Malta, and others, under the command ofillegitimate half brother, John of Austria) that defeated the Ottoman flee ...
Edward of Portugal... the age of 37, he married the 18-year-old Infanta Eleanor, daughter of King, whose dowry helped him to alleviate his debts and cement his power
Sakthan Thampuran... when he was collector of Thrissur district. He is also known as the secondof Thrissur by shifting the Municipal Stand near the M.O. Road to Shaktan ...
Theodoric II... n 455 Avitus had sent an ambassador, comes Fronto, to the Suebi and then toto ask them formally to recognise Roman rule. When the Suebi invaded the R ...
Henry III... death in 1216. She had five children by the king including his heir, later. In 1220, Isabella married Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, by who ...
Edward III... Tower and release the prisoners held there. For three years he ruled whilewas too young to do so himself; in 1330, Edward and his supporters capture ...
Aragorn... the voice actors was the well-regarded John Hurt, who performed the role of. The project's high profile brought heavy trade journal coverage, and fan ...
King Charles VII... ntil 1801, when George III abandoned his formal claim to the French throne.ennobled Joan of Arc's family on 29 December 1429 with an inheritable symb ...
Edmund the Martyr... e region again came under attack, this time from Danes who killed the king,. In the centuries before the Norman Conquest the wetlands of the east of ...
Philip IV... the mayor was assassinated and noble residences in the city were pillaged.reimposed order and suppressed the city's charter and the lucrative monopo ...
Widukind... , grew up in the abbey of Herford; she was a descendant of the Saxon leader. In Herford she met Henry the Fowler, who later became king of Germany
Prince Justinian... m Pope Leo II to Constantine IV in 682. He met and developed a rapport with, the heir apparent to the Byzantine throne, on both occasions
Grace Kelly... televise her anticipated acceptance speech. The Oscar was won, however, byfor The Country Girl (1954). The camera crew was packing up before Kelly c ...
Edward VII... ice hockey to Europe, beating a court team (which included both the futureand George V) at Buckingham Palace in 1895. By 1903 a five-team league had ...
Vima Kadphises... an, to subdue Kashgar and its ally Sogdiana. When a request by Kushan ruler(r. c. 90–c. 100 CE) for a marriage alliance with the Han was rejected in ...
Chandragupta Maurya... in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. The founder of the empire,, confronted a Macedonian invasion force led by Seleucus I in 305 BC and f ...
Maurice of Saxony... y. In 1552 a number of insurgent Protestant Imperial princes around Electorby the Treaty of Chambord ceded the Three Bishoprics to King Henry II of F ...
Holy Roman EmperorIn 1440 he was elected German king as Frederick IV and in 1452 crownedas Frederick III by Pope Nicholas V. In 1452, at the age of 37, he married ...
Maximilian I... visited Charles of Burgundy, acting as intermediary between him and emperor. He stayed in Burgundy for several months, moving to the Netherlands in t ...
Napoleon Bonaparte... y of Warsaw, a small, semi-independent Polish state, was created in 1807 by, following his defeat of Prussia. The Duchy's military forces, led by Józ ...
John... 1188 – 31 May 1246) was queen consort of England as the second wife of Kingfrom 1200 until John's death in 1216. She had five children by the king in ...
Princess Alexandra of Kent... Prince's godparents were: The Duke of Gloucester (his maternal granduncle);(his 1st cousin once removed); the Earl of Euston; the Lord Elphinstone ( ...
Christian III... The next year, following his victory in the Count's War, he became king asand continued the reformation of the state church with assistance of Johan ...
Melampus... hology, Bias was a brother of Melampus who received one third of Argos (seefor more information). Bias married his cousin Pero and had one child, Tal ...
Elizabeth II... at the age of 85 as a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen. The honour had been first proposed in 1931. Knighthood was suggested aga ...
Louis X of France... 1309 to her son, Louis, king of Navarre and count of Champagne, the future
Emperor Ming... r Yuan of Liang, as well as the later Western Liang emperors (Emperor Xuan,, and Emperor Jing), also set their capital at Jiangling, and Xiao Zhuang, ...
Frederick IUnder the reign of(1523–33), Denmark remained officially Roman Catholic. But though Frederic ...
Holy Roman Emperor... igismund to Basel. After over a year of negotiations, Sigismund was crownedon 31 May 1433 by Pope Eugenius IV, with Oswald probably in attendance
Henry III... ant political services to his relative Conrad II, and afterwards to Emperor. He became widely known as an earnest and reforming ecclesiastic by the z ...
Gilgamesh... 0 years. It is also listed among the foods of ancient Ur, and the legend ofdescribes people eating cucumbers. Some sources also state it was produced ...
Conrad II... mily was of noble rank, and his father, Count Hugh, was a cousin of Emperor(1024–1039). He was educated at Toul, where he successively became canon a ...
Charles of Burgundy... which would be created in 1478 or 1479. In the autumn same year he visited, acting as intermediary between him and emperor Maximilian I. He stayed i ...
Lorenzo... eded by his son Piero, who was, soon after, succeeded by Cosimo's grandson,in 1469. Lorenzo was a great patron of the arts, commissioning works by Mi ...
Philip II of France... pture Jerusalem in 1187. Spurred by religious zeal, Henry II of England andended their conflict with each other to lead a new crusade (although Henry ...
Emperor Yingzong of SongIn 1064, Sima presented toa book of five volumes , the Liniantu (歷年圖 "Chart of Successive Years"). I ...
Ming... emi-legendary account of an embassy sent to the West by the Chinese Emperor(58–75 CE). Extensive contacts however started in the 2nd century CE, prob ...
Louis XIV... t was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1528 by Francis I. After the time ofthe title of duke of Chartres was hereditary in the family of Orléans
Teucer... ean Sea and by the 15th century BC had reached Rhodes, Crete, Cyprus, whereis said to have founded the first colony, and the shores of Asia Minor. Ar ...
Archidamus III... off after Sparta’s defeat at Leuctra. Following Agesilaus’ death in 360 BC,became king and practiced a policy of non-conflict between Athens and the ...
Henry the Fowler... ford; she was a descendant of the Saxon leader Widukind. In Herford she met, who later became king of Germany
Prince of Wales... spite being the talk of London society, only his followers and possibly theknow the Pimpernel's true identity. Like many others, Marguerite is entran ...
Albert, Prince Consort... ncess Alice of the United Kingdom, who was a daughter of Queen Victoria and. His paternal grandparents were Prince Alexander of Hesse and Princess Ju ...
Haakon I of Norway... hout the assistance of the Swedish king Erik Emundsson. He also wrote about's expedition into Götaland and Harold I of Denmark's battle against Jarl ...
Alexander IIn 1812 Czarwas able to render Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Russia useless by util ...
Charles V... n Alsace, east of Lorraine. In 1670, the French invaded again, forcing Duketo flee to a Viennese exile, where he formed strong ties to the Imperial H ...
Mao Zedong... ones are included, they are noted via tone marks. In pinyin, 毛泽东 is written
James II of Scotland... mer Throw and Caber Toss in 1440. His temper while playing golf resulted inoutlawing the sport
MelampusIn Greek mythology, Bias was a brother ofwho received one third of Argos (see Melampus for more information). Bias ...
Charles IIn 1649, the English Civil War raged and Kingwas beheaded in Whitehall, London. The execution resulted in the outbreak ...
Frederick III... Ribe 5 March 1460 (Treaty of Ribe). In 1474 Lauenburg's liege lord Emperorelevated Christian I as Count of Holstein to Duke of Holstein, thus becomi ...
Ferdinand I of Aragon... 3, after the revolt of the last count, James II of Urgell, against the king
Pope John Paul II... an, the largest of such event ever attended in Rome, second only to that ofwho died two years later
Ferdinand I of Aragon... Ferdinand of Antequera, who after the Compromise of Caspe (1412), was named
IsabellaTo support's claim to the Spanish throne against her uncle, the French government de ...
Princess Beatrice... itish or Commonwealth realms monarch since Queen Victoria's youngest child,, was born in 1857 (incidentally Andrew also named his eldest daughter Bea ...
Boniface of Montferrat, meanwhile, had left the fleet before it sailed from Venice, to visit his ...
Theodahad... ingian king Athanaric and the Ostrogothic kings from Theodoric the Great toas the heirs of the Greuthungian king Ermanaric. This interpretation, howe ...
King John... June 1202, by which time she was already queen of England. Her marriage totook place on 24 August 1200, at Bordeaux, a year after he annulled his fi ...
Maximilian I... it is no coincidence either that the reign of his nationalistic predecessorsaw the beginning of the movement. While the centralized states of western ...
Constantine I... ed in Nicaea in Bithynia (present-day İznik in Turkey) by the Roman Emperorin AD 325. This first ecumenical council was the first effort to attain co ...
Al-Walid IIn 711, Tariq ibn Ziyad, under the orders of the Umayyad Caliph, led a large army from the north coast of Morocco on April 29 711. The ar ...
Holy Roman Emperor... 4, the successor of Albert II as German King as Frederick IV from 1440, andas Frederick III from 1452. In 1493, he was succeeded by his son Maximilia ...
Queen Elizabeth II... s is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, and a Commonwealth realm withas head of state (represented by a Governor-General)
Philip IV of FranceJeanne of Navarre, wife of(and granddaughter of Count Theobald IV), asked Joinville to write Louis' ...
Emperor Shenzong of Song... n 1067, Sima was invited to the palace to introduce his work in progress to. The new emperor not only confirmed the interest his father had shown, bu ...
Piero... pope also contributed to their ascendancy. Cosimo was succeeded by his son, who was, soon after, succeeded by Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo in 1469. Lo ...
Edward III... rative, than poundage and tonnage before it. Under statutes of Edward I and, collection of ship money had been authorised only during wars, and only ...
Alexios Angelos... id excommunication, or he may have wanted to meet with the Byzantine prince, Philip's brother-in-law and the son of the recently deposed Byzantine em ...
Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... the collection of the Uffizi. For Cardinal Leopoldo de' Medici, brother ofand a scholar and patron of the arts, he began as bookkeeper in 1664 and d ...
Henry II of England... stian states and to recapture Jerusalem in 1187. Spurred by religious zeal,and Philip II of France ended their conflict with each other to lead a new ...
The emperor... the lost revenue was recouped through heavily taxing private entrepreneurs.was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government bu ...
Henry IThe death in 1135 ofleft England with a disputed succession; although the king had persuaded h ...
Owain GlyndŵrOne famous Welsh longbow victory was on 22 June 1402 whenfought a battle against the English at Bryn Glas. He strategically placed ...
Rory O'Connor... 170, King Dermot MacMurrough of Leinster was deposed by his arch-enemy Kingof Connacht. Dermot escaped to England and asked Henry for help. Henry let ...
Yuan Shikai... nder of the cruiser , undertook a confidential mission to meet Qing Generalin Seoul, Korea (1890). Afterwards, he assumed command of the
Edward I... ular, and lucrative, than poundage and tonnage before it. Under statutes ofand Edward III, collection of ship money had been authorised only during w ...
Prince Edward... till alive. Catherine retired from court after the crowning of her step-sonon 31 January 1547, to her home at Old Manor in Chelsea
George V... Europe, beating a court team (which included both the future Edward VII and) at Buckingham Palace in 1895. By 1903 a five-team league had been founde ...
Decebalus... aru, Piatra Roşie, Băniţa and Căpâlna - that formed the defensive system ofwere designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999, as well as the se ...
Charles VThoughfought the Reformation, it is no coincidence either that the reign of his ...
Ptolemy V Epiphanes... wrested control of Israel from the Ptolemies for the final time, defeatingat the Battle of Panium in 198 BCE. Seleucid rule over the Jewish parts of ...
Beatrice... trice, was born in 1857 (incidentally Andrew also named his eldest daughter). As the child of the sovereign, Prince Andrew was styled from birth as H ...
Pharaoh... circumcision" (Type III) stems from its practice in Ancient Egypt under thes, and "fibula" (in "infibulation") refers to the Roman practice of pierci ...
Leopold III, Duke of AustriaThe Battle of Sempach in 1386, in whichwas defeated by the Old Swiss Confederacy had important repercussions on T ...
King Charles I... in earnest during the 1630s by the various investors who had contracts withto do so. The leader of one of these syndicates was the Earl of Bedford, w ...
Charles the Bold... nfederation's power and wealth increased significantly, with victories overof Burgundy during the 1470s and the success of Swiss mercenaries
Justinian II... ntificate was his 710/711 visit to Constantinople where he compromised withon the Trullan canons of the Quinisext Council. Constantine was the last p ...
Prince Albert... te. Melbourne's role faded away as Victoria came to rely on her new husbandas well as on herself
Fidel Castro... companies to be sued in American courts if, in dealings with the regime of, they acquired assets formerly owned by Americans
Erik Axelsson Tott... om temporary Swedish regents archbishop Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna and lord. However, Sweden being volatile and split by factions (benefits of union ...
Eudokia MakrembolitissaIn 1067, he had been considered as a possible husband for the empress, widowed wife of Constantine X, but she eventually set her heart on Roman ...
AurangzebThe Mughal power in northern India had been declining since the reign of, who died in 1707; In 1751-52, Ahamdiya treaty was signed between the Mar ...
Melampus... veral daughters. According to Pausanias, Amythaon is the father of Bias and. Their mother was Idomene, daughter o
King Henry VII... 1505 when it was endowed and expanded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of
Sarah FergusonIn 1986, Prince Andrew married; the couple's marriage, subsequent separation and eventual divorce in 199 ...
Philip II Augustus of France... nsept, choir, and the lowest section of the lantern tower. On 24 June 1204,entered Rouen and annexed Normandy to the French Kingdom. The fall of Roue ...
Baal-Eser/Balazeros... in 841 BC, with 𐤓𐤅𐤑𐤏𐤋𐤏𐤁 Ba‘al-‘azor (Phoenician form of the name) or(Greek form of the name), Dido’s grandfather. This lends credibility to th ...
Manuel I... e modern flag of Portugal and has been a national symbol since the reign of
Mary... e of flux. Following a brief Roman Catholic restoration during the reign of1553–1558, a loose consensus developed during the reign of Elizabeth I, th ...
Manuel II... zation, the zenith of Greek influence, In his 1415 and 1418 pamphlets urgedand his son Theodore to turn the peninsula into a cultural island with a n ...
Ariarathes... ucid king: Demetrius defeated and killed Timarchus in 160 BC, and dethroned, king of Cappadocia. The Seleucid empire was temporarily united again. De ...
Maximilian... urgundy to give up his daughter Mary of Burgundy as wife to Frederick's son. With the inheritance of Burgundy, the House of Habsburg began to rise to ...
Stephen of Blois... swear support for the Empress Matilda, just a few days after Henry's deatharrived from France to lay claim to the throne. The importance of the city ...
Theodoric the Great... the fourth-century Tervingian king Athanaric and the Ostrogothic kings fromto Theodahad as the heirs of the Greuthungian king Ermanaric. This interpr ...
Roman EmperorAurelian (; 9 September 214 or 215 – September or October 275), wasfrom 270 to 275. During his reign, he defeated the Alamanni after a devast ...
Queen Elizabeth I... convictions, greatly influenced her stepdaughter Lady Elizabeth (the future)
Magnus the Good... ising the Baltic. As a reprisal, in 1043 it was attacked by the Danish king
Ceawlin... obyrig or Old Sarum, near Salisbury, in 552, and that in 556 he and his sonwon a battle against the Britons at Beranburh, now identified as Barbury C ...
Majorian... prestige gained through their victories, Ricimer and the comes domesticorumrebelled against Avitus; the Emperor was obliged to leave Rome in early au ...
The Duke of Edinburgh... Palace on 19 February 1960, the third child and second son of The Queen and, and third grandchild of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Baptised in th ...
Liu YuLiu Song founderwas originally a leader of the Army of the Northern Garrison (北府军) that no ...
Queen Elizabeth II... tan. He retained that title until his death on 6 February 1952, after whichbecame Queen of Pakistan. Pakistan became an Islamic and Parliamentary rep ...
Pygmalion... ’s translation, with a longer discussion of the Nora stone, is found in thearticle.) If Cross’s interpretation is correct, this presents inscriptiona ...
PharaohDuring the Amarna Period,Akhenaten introduced monotheistic worship of Aton, the deified solar disc, ...
Pope Paul VI... to take command of the ruins on May 18. The Abbey was rebuilt after the war;reconsecrated it in 1964
Joseph II... l ("national Singspiel"), a pet project (1778–1783) of the Austrian emperor. The Emperor had set up the company to perform works in the German langua ...
Eleanor of PortugalFrederick had 5 children from his marriage with
The Queen... of Buckingham Palace on 19 February 1960, the third child and second son ofand The Duke of Edinburgh, and third grandchild of Queen Elizabeth The Que ...
Pope John Paul II... oing stress he endured began to show their effects on Bishop Belo's health.accepted his resignation as Apostolic Administrator of Dili on November 26 ...
Pelias... Proetus's kingdom. Bias and Iphianassa had a daughter Anaxibia who married, to whom she bore Acastus and several daughters. According to Pausanias, ...
Xiao Zhuang... , Emperor Ming, and Emperor Jing), also set their capital at Jiangling, and, who is considered by some historians to be a Liang Dynasty emperor, had ...
Bessus... ee to Bactria but was assassinated by a subordinate lord, the Bactrian-born, who proclaimed himself the new ruler of Persia as Artaxerxes. Bessus was ...
Francis I... 1286 sold it to the crown. It was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1528 by. After the time of Louis XIV the title of duke of Chartres was hereditary ...
MuhammadIt has been recorded thathas said
Ferdinand II of Aragon... ties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, which it had occupied during the conflict.("Ferdinand the Catholic") finally resolved the major grievances of the re ...
Duchess of Kent... s only just breaking free from the domineering influence of her mother, the, and her mother's advisor, John Conroy. Over the next four years Melbourn ...
claim to the French throne... to quarter the French arms until 1801, when George III abandoned his formal
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy... amed with Fascist names. A failed assassination attempt was carried towardsby a local resistance activist during a visit in Tirana. In November 1941, ...
CharlemagneThe town was founded in 789 byin order to guard a ford crossing the narrow Werre river. A century later, ...
Pope Paul VI... nisext Council. Constantine was the last pope to visit Constantinople untildid again in 1967
Athanaric... om Alaric I to Alaric II as the heirs of the fourth-century Tervingian kingand the Ostrogothic kings from Theodoric the Great to Theodahad as the hei ...
Pope Pius XII... cial statehood ceremony in 1959 and being asked for a private audience with
Gustavus Adolphus... hirty Years' War. Forced to retreat from the advancing Swedish army of King, Conti ordered his troops to burn houses, destroy villages and generally ...
The Duke of Gloucester... en Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, the Prince's godparents were:(his maternal granduncle); Princess Alexandra of Kent (his 1st cousin once ...
Tetricus... Aurelian won this campaign largely through diplomacy; the "Gallic Emperor"was willing to abandon his throne and allow Gaul and Britain to return to ...
Richard I of England... er own library. A deep affection existed between Marie and her half-brother, and his celebrated poem J'a nuns hons pris, lamenting his captivity in A ...
Amalric of Lusignan... accidental fall in 1197. Queen Isabella then married for a fourth time, to, who had succeeded his brother Guy, positioned as King of Cyprus. After t ...
King George IICreated by Royal Charter of, "Reading" Township was formed July 15, 1730 from portions of Amwell Town ...
Mary... e, Catherine of Aragon, bore him only a single child that survived infancy,. As England had recently gone through a lengthy dynastic conflict (see Wa ...
Raúl Castro... dent of the option of ending the embargo by executive order until Fidel andleave power and a prescribed course of transition is followed. The bill al ...
Isabella I of CastileFerdinand's 1469 marriage tobrought about a dynastic union of the Crown of Aragon with Castile. In 151 ...
Christopher of Denmark, Sweden and NorwayKingdied in January 1448. His death resulted in the break-up of the union of t ...
King Frederick VI... he recently established University of Berlin. It was originally named afterof Denmark and Norway and received its current name in 1939. After the dis ...
Edward I of England... e battlefields of France and Scotland. Their skill was exercised under King(r. 1272–1307), who banned all sports but archery at the butts on Sundays, ...
Kaiser... nded in 1918 with the defeat of Germany and the abdication and exile of the
Saladin... Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from(Salāh ad-Dīn). It was largely successful, but fell short of its ultimate ...
Emperor Yuan of Liang... as briefly at Jiangling during the reign of Emperor He of Southern Qi), and, as well as the later Western Liang emperors (Emperor Xuan, Emperor Ming, ...
Alexander the Great... had been occupied in turn by Assyria, Babylonia, the Achaemenid Empire, and's Hellenic Macedonian empire (c. 330 BCE), although Jewish religious prac ...
George III... ter of Great Britain) continued to quarter the French arms until 1801, whenabandoned his formal claim to the French throne
Constantine... nciple of "one god, one empire", that was later adopted to a full extent by. On some coins, he appears with the title deus et dominus natus ("God and ...
Cerdic... from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. There he is stated to have been the son of, and also (in the regnal list in the preface) to have been the son of Cer ...
Charles KnutssonMeanwhile, Sweden had on 20 June 1448 electedas king. Norway was now faced with the choice between a union with Sweden ...
Emperor He of Southern Qi... though the Southern Qi capital was briefly at Jiangling during the reign of), and Emperor Yuan of Liang, as well as the later Western Liang emperors ...
Talaus... mpus for more information). Bias married his cousin Pero and had one child,, with her. When Pero died he remarried Iphianassa, daughter of Proetus, a ...
Henry VIII... he separation of the Church of England (or Anglican Church) from Rome under, beginning in 1529 and completed in 1537, brought England alongside this ...
Mao Zedong... nt stage was Japan instead of Chiang. But this received cold shoulders fromand his associates, who ruled CPC and greatly disagreed with Chiang's poli ...
Beatrix of the Netherlands... the parents of three daughters: Catharina-Amalia, Alexia, and Ariane. Whenpasses away, or abdicates the throne, the Crown Prince will take the thron ...
Alaric II... supported by Jordanes. He identified the Visigothic kings from Alaric I toas the heirs of the fourth-century Tervingian king Athanaric and the Ostro ...
Charles I... l Assemblies, moreover, met only at times and places approved by the crown.inherited a settlement in Scotland based on a balanced compromise between ...
Julius Caesar... erely because it is accommodated to the Julian year." This Julian refers to, who introduced the Julian calendar in 46 BC
Demetrios... esoteric beliefs. It came into the possession of Princess Theodora, wife of, despot of Morea. Theodora sent the manuscript to Scholarius, now Gennadi ...
Queen Isabel II... 843 to 1852, who founded Isabel Segunda, the "town of Vieques", named afterof Spain). Vieques was formally annexed to Puerto Rico in 1854
CharlemagneWhendestroyed the walls of Pamplona after a failed attempt to conquest the Mus ...
Isabella#(1214–1241), the wife of Emperor Frederick II, by whom she had issue
Enver Hoxha... by a local resistance activist during a visit in Tirana. In November 1941,founded the Communist Party of Albania. The town soon became the center of ...
Elizabeth IIn 1952, a romanticised version of Thomas Seymour's obsession withsaw Stewart Granger as Seymour, Jean Simmons as the young Elizabeth and sc ...
Erik Axelsson Tott... t tenure as monarch was preceded by regents, Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna andand succeeded by regent Kettil Karlsson Vasa. Also Duke of Schleswig and H ...
Sarpedon# Antíphatês, son of. Who accompanied Aeneas to Italy where he was killed by Turnus
Emperor Frederick II# Isabella (1214–1241), the wife of, by whom she had issue
Alexander the Great... s were, in some scholars' opinions, united under the banner of Philip's and's pan-Hellenic ideals, though others might generally opt, rather, for an ...
Friedrich Wilhelm IIThe Brandenburg Gate was commissioned byto represent peace. The Gate was designed by Carl Gotthard Langhans, the C ...
Queen Elizabeth... ." The period featured various but often disjointed efforts by the court ofto develop a naval and merchant fleet capable of challenging the Spanish s ...
Henry II... own, he entered the household of Henri d'Angoulême, the illegitimate son of, governor of Provence. He served this prince as secretary in Provence, an ...
David... do boats were virtually invisible. The Davids were named after the story ofand Goliath. The CSS Midge and CSS St. Patrick were David-class torpedo bo ...
Louis PhilippeThe French Foreign Legion was created by, the King of the French, on 10 March 1831. The direct reason was that for ...
Marie Antoinette... sources, or any quoted sources at all, which places the priceless jewels of(which are historically missing, save for some specimens in the collection ...
Augustus... n protectorate. The process was completed in 27 B.C. when the Roman Emperorannexed the rest of Greece and constituted it as the senatorial province o ...
Kamakura shogunate... of the Kamakura shogunate Sanetomo was the second son of the founder of theMinamoto no Yoritomo, his mother was Hōjō Masako, and his older brother wa ...
Charles IIFuller's last promotion was that of Chaplain Extraordinary to. In the summer of 1661 he visited the West in connexion with the business ...
Grand Duke Paul... ntative plans were made to perform it at the September visit of the Russian(son of Catherine the Great and heir to the Russian throne). However, it w ...
Ugyen Wangchuck's emergence as the national leader coincided with the realization that th ...
Peter III of Aragon... ulture expanded into the islands of the Western Mediterranean. The reign of("the Great") included the conquest of Sicily and the successful defense a ...
The Prince of Wales... of succession. The present Counsellors of State are: The Duke of Edinburgh,, The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry of Wales and The Duke of York
Alexander the Great... the decisive Battle of Gaugamela in 330 BC against the advancing armies of. The Achaemenids were decisively defeated by Alexander and retreated from ...
Athalaric... ir. This terminology survived in the Byzantine East as late as the reign of, who was called του Ουαλεμεριακου (tou Oualemeriakou) by John Malalas
Prince George... nt at Abigail’s secret wedding to Samuel Masham, groom of the bedchamber to, in 1707, without Sarah’s knowledge
Mehmed II... the Ottoman Empire grew in size and strength, Ottoman rulers beginning withbegan to claim caliphal authority. Their claim was strengthened when the O ...
Henry II... bey and ordered her immediately moved inside. She was finally placed besideand Eleanor of Aquitaine. Afterwards, most of her many Lusignan children, ...
PerseusShe remained faithful to Dionysus, but was later killed byat Argos. In other myths Ariadne hanged herself from a tree, like Erigone ...
John III of Navarre... with France (reinforced by his marriage with Charlotte d'Albret, sister of), in the course of the Italian Wars. Louis XII invaded Italy in 1499: aft ...
Emperor Joseph II... 1787, Clerfayt, as a Walloon by birth, came under great pressure to abandon. But he resisted all overtures, and in the following year went to fight i ...
King Emeric... enice throughout the 12th century, but had rebelled in 1181 and allied withof Hungary and . Subsequent Venetian attacks were repulsed, and by 1202 th ...
Thomas SeymourIn 1952, a romanticised version of's obsession with Elizabeth I saw Stewart Granger as Seymour, Jean Simmons ...
Kamakura shogunate... ber 17, 1192 – February 13, 1219, r. 1203–1219) was the third shogun of theSanetomo was the second son of the founder of the Kamakura shogunate Minam ...
Augustus... to being "a son of god", "a son of a god" or "son of Heaven". Roman Emperorreferred to his relation to the deified adoptive father, Julius Caesar as ...
Cyrus the Great... ka as "Mykians" who were also previously involved in several conquests withand after the conquest of Egypt with Cambyses, they went to Sindh in comma ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... oligarchies, in part through miscegenation with the local elites. In 1532,imposed a vice-king to Mexico, Antonio de Mendoza, in order to prevent Cor ...
Frederick WilliamIn the time of(1688), shortly after the Thirty Years' war and a century before the gate ...
The Duke of York... urgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry of Wales and
Philip IV... he Palatinate, Charles declared war on Spain, which under the Catholic Kinghad sent forces to help occupy the Palatinate
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... 27 August 1979), was a British statesman and naval officer, and an uncle of(the husband of Elizabeth II). He was the last Viceroy of India (1947) and ...
Melampus# Antíphatês, son ofand Iphianeira, the daughter of Megapenthes. He married Zeuxippe, the daug ...
King Charles IIIn 1670granted the islands to the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas, who rented ...
Ludwig I... ll his death as a model constitutional monarch. On 13 October 1825, his sonsucceeded him
Friedrich Barbarossa... ecords dating to as early as 854. The city was declared an Imperial City byin 1181
Ivan the Terrible... Poland. In 1577, Dünaburg castle was captured and destroyed by Russian tsar. That same year, a new castle was built 20 km downriver. In 1582 Daugavpi ...
Catherine of Bulgaria... on November 22, 1059, against the wishes of his brother and of his empress. Like Isaac, his wife and daughter entered a monastery
Elizabeth II... l officer, and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (the husband of). He was the last Viceroy of India (1947) and the first Governor-General ...
OenopionWith Dionysus, she was the mother of, the personification of wine, Staphylus (related to grapes), Thoas, Pepar ...
Prince Francis... y's Cambridge Emeralds from Lady Kilmorey, the mistress of her late brother. See also , Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. In 1924, the famous ...
Megapenthes# Antíphatês, son of Melampus and Iphianeira, the daughter of. He married Zeuxippe, the daughter of Hippocoon. Their children were Oecl ...
Ferdinand II... , had lost his hereditary lands in the Palatinate to the Holy Roman Emperor. Having agreed to help his brother-in-law regain the Palatinate, Charles ...
Petronius Maximus... sianus, one of his collaborators in his embassy to the Visigoths ordered by, as the new magister militum; then he probably went to Gaul (Hydatius say ...
Agamemnon... lled by Orestes, who was their half-brother and the son of Clytemnestra and(this was in revenge for Clytemnestra killing Agamemnon, which she did in ...
King Louis IXIn the reign of(St. Louis) the three petals of the flower were said to represent faith, w ...
Dowager Empress Marie of Russia... . She paid above-market estimates when purchasing jewels from the estate ofand paid almost three times the estimate when buying the family's Cambridg ...
Frederick V... ally confined to Bohemia, was spiralling into a wider European war. In 1620was defeated at the Battle of White Mountain and by 1622, despite the aid ...
Richard IIWhenwas crowned in 1377, he led a procession from the Tower to Westminster Abb ...
AgamemnonIn 1981, Connery appeared in the film Time Bandits as. The casting choice derives from a joke Michael Palin included in the scr ...
Minamoto no Yoritomo... gunate Sanetomo was the second son of the founder of the Kamakura shogunate, his mother was Hōjō Masako, and his older brother was the second Kamakur ...
Emperor Gaozu... eror" (huangdi) at the urging of his followers and is known posthumously as(r. 202–195 BCE). Chang'an was chosen as the new capital of the reunified ...
Kaiser... became one of the most prominent critics of German expansionism and of the's war policies. He publicly attacked the Belgian annexation policy and un ...
Tiberius... tory of Pliny, by Pliny the Elder (Book XIX, Chapter 23), the Roman Emperorhad the cucumber on his table daily during summer and winter. The Romans r ...
Philip II of Macedon... cient sources, especially compared to some of his near contemporaries (e.g., Pelopidas). One principal reason for this is the loss of Plutarch's biog ...
Napoleon IIIHowever, in 1865,allowed them to apply for full French citizenship, a measure that few took ...
Domitian... of the Third Century, earning him the title Restorer of the World. Althoughwas the first Emperor who had demanded to be officially hailed as dominus ...
Judith of Bohemia... me to Sophia, perhaps to distinguish herself from Władysław I's first wife,. She bore her husband four daughters: Sophia (by marriage Princess of Vla ...
Napoleon III... rbances in Italy from 1820 until after unification. The Carbonari condemnedto death for failing to unite Italy, and the group almost succeeded in ass ...
Robert Curthose... mans, Monkchester was all but destroyed. Because of its strategic position,, son of William the Conqueror, erected a wooden there in the year 1080 an ...
James II of Majorca... d Roussillon and the city of Montpellier were left as a kingdom for his sonas the Kingdom of Majorca. This division began a period of struggle that e ...
Kanishka I... i.e. master and god. Outside the Roman Empire, the 2nd century Kushan Kingused the title devaputra meaning "son of God"
Elizabeth I... ised her role as Catherine Parr in Part 1 of a 6-part series on the life ofin 1971, called Elizabeth R with Glenda Jackson in the title role
Sparta... eaux riches. While a general in the Peloponnesian War, he lost Pylos to thens and was charged with treason. According to the Constitution of the Athe ...
Elizabeth I... he reign of Mary 1553–1558, a loose consensus developed during the reign of, though this point is one of considerable debate among historians. Yet it ...
Sparta... . The Peloponnesian War, the large scale Greek civil war between Athens andand their allies, is a case in point
German kingIn 1440 he was electedas Frederick IV and in 1452 crowned Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III by ...
Charles VII... pported the duke of Burgundy, Joan of Arc's royal enemy. The king of Francerecaptured the town in 1449, 18 years after the death of Joan of Arc and a ...
William, Duke of Nassau... rrounded by several outstanding buildings. The ducal palace was begun under. Its foundations were laid in 1837 and it was completed in November 1841 ...
Atahualpa... tage of a recent civil war between the factions of the two brothers Emperorand Huáscar, and the enmity of indigenous nations the Incas had subjugated ...
the King... alth. The defensive war fought by the forces of the Commonwealth ended when, convinced of the futility of resistance, capitulated by joining the Targ ...
Richard... after the King's father, Henry II. He was quickly followed by another son,, and three daughters, Joan, Isabel, and Eleanor. All five children surviv ...
German King... was Duke of Austria as Frederick V from 1424, the successor of Albert II asas Frederick IV from 1440, and Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III from 14 ...
emperors... hly diverse, drawing on several millennia of culinary history. The dynasticof ancient China were known to host banquets with over 100 dishes served a ...
Constantius... singly repressed, often on pain of death. In 342 CE, the Christian emperorsand Constans declared same-sex marriage to be illegal. Shortly after, in t ...
Ugyen Wangchuck... ntial Russian advances in Lhasa, wanted to open trade relations with Tibet., on the advice of his closest adviser Ugyen Dorji, saw the opportunity to ...
Maximilian II... ng the force of public opinion against him, abdicated in favour of his son,
Alexander the Great... ty (c. 1000 B.C.) in China to Jimmu Tenno of Japan (perhaps c. 600 B.C.) to(c. 360 BC) have assumed titles that reflect a filial relationship with de ...
James I... nts and proclaiming Georg Ludwig, Elector of Hanover (the great grandson ofthrough his mother Sophia of Hanover), King George I of Great Britain
Maximilian I... an Emperor as Frederick III from 1452. In 1493, he was succeeded by his sonafter ten years of joint rule
Tokugawa shogunate... later joined Satsuma's Eighth Rifle Troop; in the Boshin War that ended the, fighting at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi and other locations; he was also ...
Louis VI... rue lilies, it was associated with the Virgin Mary, and in the 12th centuryand Louis VII started to use the emblem, on sceptres for example, so conne ...
James VII and II... Abdication Act 1936. The last monarch involuntarily removed from power was, who fled into exile in 1688 during the Glorious Revolution
John of England... and, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and
Ivan Vladislav of BulgariaHe married Catherine (as nun, Xene) of Bulgaria, a daughter of. They had at least two children
Sigismund III Vasa... h century, a number of Italian musicians were guests at the royal courts ofand Władysław IV. These included Luca Marenzio, Giovanni Francesco Anerio, ...
Margaret... interest in the upbringing of her granddaughters, Princesses Elizabeth and, and took them on various excursions in London, to art galleries and muse ...
Hu Jintao... ina by announcing the strategic partnership initiative during PRC President's state visit to Canada in September 2005
Henry Bolingbroke... as in the security of the Tower rather than Windsor as was more usual. Whenreturned from exile in 1399, Richard was imprisoned in the White Tower. He ...
King Alfonso XIII of Spain... , he was released through the secret intervention of Mistinguett's admirer,, the only king of a neutral country who was related to both the British a ...
Minamoto no Yoriie... other was Hōjō Masako, and his older brother was the second Kamakura shogun
Bayan I... Protector mentions a Daurentius (577-579) that slew an Avar envoy of Khagan. The Avars asked the Slavs to accept the suzerainty of the Avars, he howe ...
Henry II... a gave birth to a son and heir who was named Henry after the King's father,. He was quickly followed by another son, Richard, and three daughters, Jo ...
Richard I of England... am IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony,, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and J ...
Emperor of the French... eaty of Fontainebleau stripped Napoleon of his powers (but not his title as) and sent him into exile on Elba
Cyrus the Great... soon fell a prey to the Achaemenian Dynasty during the reign of Achaemenid,(558–530 BC), or in the first year of Darius I. According to Pliny's evide ...
Jeanne of NavarreAt the request of, the queen, he began work on the Histoire de Saint Louis, which he comple ...
Sparta... ncluding their leader Pericles. The balance of power shifted from Athens to, ending the Golden Age of Pericles that had marked Athenian dominance in ...
Sir Thomas Seymour... d many years abroad on command of King Henry himself, Catherine's old love,returned to court. Catherine, who still harbored feelings for Seymour, was ...
Huáscar... nt civil war between the factions of the two brothers Emperor Atahualpa and, and the enmity of indigenous nations the Incas had subjugated, such as t ...
Philip the Fair... in were ruled by the kings of Sicily of the house of Anjou. The French King, who had inherited from his father all the rights of Alphonse de Poitiers ...
Richard the Lionheart... castle probably retained its form as established by 1100 until the reign of(1189–1199). The castle was extended under William Longchamp, Richard's Lo ...
Leopold Joseph... raine, including the capital Nancy, were again occupied by France, but Dukecontinued to reign at the Château de Lunéville
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen MotherThe Comet was a hit with passengers includingand Princess Margaret, who were guests on a special flight on 30 June 1953 ...
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany... rs, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England,, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England
Władysław I HermanIn 1089, Judith married with, Duke of Poland. This union considerably benefitted German-Polish relatio ...
Alexios Komnenos... owned by Patriarch Kosmas I of Constantinople. With the help of his general, he defeated Bryennios and other rivals, but failed to clear the invading ...
Al-Adil... there. He offered to begin negotiations with Saladin, who sent his brother,to meet with Richard. Negotiations (which had included an attempt to marry ...
Ludwig II of BavariaBy 1869, Wagner was living at Tribschen on Lake Lucerne, sponsored by King. He returned to Siegfried, and, remarkably, was able to pick up where he ...
Augustus... the divine one) was specially, but not exclusively, associated with Emperor(as adopted son of Julius Caesar). Later, it was also used to refer to Dom ...
Amulius... hea Silvia (also known as Ilia). Before their conception, Numitor's brotherdeposed his brother, killed his sons and forced Rhea to become a Vestal Vi ...
Pope John XXIII... aint Marcellinus, and on 13 July the feast day of Saint Anacletus. In 1960,, while keeping the 26 April feast, which mentions the saint under the nam ...
Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France (and granddaughter of Count Theobald IV), as ...
Penthilus... troops, kills Aletes, and takes the throne. Orestes is said to have a son,, with his half-sister Erigone, though stories differ as to whether this w ...
Enver Hoxha... Republic, Oskar Fischer. In 1985, Tirana served as the ceremonial venue of's funeral. A few years later, Mother Teresa became the first religious fi ...
Ugyen Wangchuck... the anti-British, pro-Tibetan ponlop of Paro—resulted in the ascendancy of, the Ponlop of Tongsa. From his power base in central Bhutan, Ugyen Wangc ...
William I of the Netherlands... next became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1830), andfounded a new university in 1816 in Leuven as a state university
King ArthurCamelot is a castle and court associated with the legendary. Absent in the early Arthurian material, Camelot first appeared in 12th-c ...
the Duke of Edinburgh... were made for Queen Elizabeth II by the Regency Act 1953, which stated that(the Queen's husband) could act as regent in these circumstances
Edward VII... s. The bridge was opened on 4 March 1890 by the Prince of Wales, later King, who drove home the last rivet, which was gold plated and suitably inscri ...
Conrad IIIn 1033, wheninherited the Kingdom of Arelat, Avignon passed to the Holy Roman Empire. ...
Princess Margaret... t was a hit with passengers including Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother and, who were guests on a special flight on 30 June 1953 hosted by Sir Geoffr ...
Charles I... f Arms Hotel. The hotel was built by Sir Thomas Morgan, during the reign of. Cardiff Arms Park was named after this hotel. From 1803, the Cardiff Arm ...
Archduchess Maria Theresa... ion. The Lorraine duke Francis Stephen, betrothed to the Emperor's daughter, was compensated with the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, where the last Medici r ...
Queen Anne... eached the shore, leading to rumours that she had called them home herself.died on 1 August 1714 at Kensington Palace; the Protestant Whig Privy Coun ...
Julius Caesar... n Emperor Augustus referred to his relation to the deified adoptive father,as "son of a god" via the term divi filius which was later also used by Do ...
Henry the Young King... he was also an older maternal half-sister to William IX, Count of Poitiers,, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of B ...
Louis IXIn 1241, he accompanied Theobald to the court of the king of France,(the future Saint Louis). In 1244, when Louis organized the Seventh Crusad ...
Gizur... Angantyr desperately tried to marshal the defenses, it was the Geatish kingwho answered his call. In fact, no explanation is needed, because there is ...
Prince Charles... a sermon preached on 10 May 1644, at St Mary's, Oxford, before the king and, called Jacob's Vow. The spirit of Fuller's preaching, characterized by c ...
Emperor Huan of Han... (r. 161–180 CE) is recorded in the Hou Hanshu to have reached the court of(r. 146–168 CE) in 166 CE, yet Rafe de Crespigny asserts that this was mos ...
Prince Louis... rons. John was deposed in 1216 and the barons offered the English throne to, the eldest son of the French king. However, after John's death in Octobe ...
Emperor Xuan... ), and Emperor Yuan of Liang, as well as the later Western Liang emperors (, Emperor Ming, and Emperor Jing), also set their capital at Jiangling, an ...
Alexander the Great... the Achaemenid Persian Empire until the fall of the Empire in c. 333 BCE to. The period under Persian rule after the construction of the second Templ ...
Henry V... pped while journeying to France in 1406 and held in the Tower. The reign of(1413–1422) renewed England's fortune in the Hundred Years' War against Fr ...
Theodosius I... e last vestiges of Paganism were crushed with great severity by the emperorRome was seized by Alaric in 410. This led to murmuring that the gods of P ...
John of Lancaster... ital city of English power in occupied France and when the duke of Bedford,bought Joan of Arc from his ally, the duke of Burgundy who had been keepin ...
Thirty Tyrants... democratic movements in Athens opposed to the oligarchic forces behind the
Sophie of WürttembergWilliam III had a rather unhappy marriage with, and his heirs died young. This raised the possibility of the extinction ...
DiocletianUnder the tetrarchy reform of Emperorin 296 AD, Lydia was revived as the name of a separate Roman province, muc ...
Agrippa I... n procurator side by side with the rule of the Herodian kings (specifically41–44 and 50–100)
Philip's... saintliness. Louis VII ordered the use of fleur-de-lis clothing in his soncoronation in 1179, while the first visual evidence of clearly heraldic us ...
Domitian... sar as "son of a god" via the term divi filius which was later also used byand is distinct from the use of Son of God in the New Testament
Sparta... Dioscuri (Helen's twin brothers Castor and Pollux) had taken Helen back to; they had taken captive Aethra and Physadeia, the sister of Pirithous, wh ...
Prince John... rtook its expansion while preparing for war with Richard's younger brother,, who in Richard's absence arrived in England to try to seize power. As Lo ...
Tokugawa shogunate... kahashi was born in Edo (modern-day Tokyo), while Japan was still under the. He was the illegitimate son of a court painter in residence at Edo Castl ...
Selim I... tody and was transported to Istanbul, where he surrendered the Caliphate to
Cosimo de' Medici... d attempt to reconcile the East-West schism. Here Pletho met and influencedto found a new Platonic Academy, which, under Marsilio Ficino, would proce ...
Philip II of France... paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin,and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William ...
Constantine II... in 317, and agreed to a settlement in which Constantine's sons Crispus and, and Licinius' son Licinianus were made caesars
Agesilaus II... s of Epaminondas's life can be found in Plutarch's "Lives" of Pelopidas and, who were contemporaries. There is also a surviving (and possibly abridge ...
Francis Stephen... y Russia and Austria in the War of the Polish Succession. The Lorraine duke, betrothed to the Emperor's daughter Archduchess Maria Theresa, was compe ...
Frederick William IV... my, not Austria. In refusing to agree to the offer of the imperial crown to, Maximilian had the support of his parliament. In withholding his assent ...
Anne Boleyn... line of thinking followed by the late Joanna Denny in her 2004 biography of
Boso... he Franks under Charles Martel for having sided with the Arabs against him.having been proclaimed Burgundian King of Provence, or of Arelat (after it ...
Elizabeth IIOn August 4, 2005, the government announced that Martin had advised Queento appoint Michaëlle Jean as governor general. The reception to the appoin ...
Blanche... , who had been invested as Count of Poitou, their mother, the Queen Dowageropenly snubbed her. This so infuriated Isabella, who had a deep-seated hat ...
William IX, Count of Poitiers... f France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, ...
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom... ous of which is Ptolemaic Egypt. Other states founded by Greeks include theand the Greco-Indian Kingdom in India. Although the political unity of Ale ...
Catherine de' Medici... rst, a simple velvet-covered hoop and plate of iron, was supposedly worn by. The other—said to have been worn by Anna of Austria—is a hinged pair of ...
Louis VII... t was associated with the Virgin Mary, and in the 12th century Louis VI andstarted to use the emblem, on sceptres for example, so connecting their ru ...
Marcus Aurelius... Daqin (Rome) in 97 CE with Gan Ying as emissary. A Roman embassy of Emperor(r. 161–180 CE) is recorded in the Hou Hanshu to have reached the court of ...
Atahualpa... after the death of Huayna Capac in 1527. It was captured by the generals ofin April 1532 in the Battle of Quipaipan. Nineteen months later, Spanish e ...
Prince Albert... oria", which also featured the tenor Ian Partridge singing songs written by
Numitor... ather lived, and refused to live in the city as his subjects. They restoredas king, paid due honours to their mother Rhea and left to found their own ...
Julius Caesar... II of Macedon (336 BC), the father of Alexander the Great, and Roman consul(44 BC) are famous victims. Emperors of Rome often met their end in this w ...
King George III... me a member of the Company of Surgeons. In 1776 he was appointed surgeon to
James I... ied in 1406, regents had to rule the country; the monarch, Robert III's son, had been taken captive by the English. Having paid a large ransom, James ...
Alexios III Angelos... Isaac II Angelos was deposed by his brother in a palace coup. Ascending as, the new emperor had his brother blinded (a traditional punishment for tr ...
Achilles... roy, and attacked their camp in the Iliad. Though when the Myrmidons led byturn the tide of battle and Hector is killed, foreshadowing Troy's imminen ...
Charles I of EnglandSir Owen's descendants includeand Oliver Cromwell; King Juan Carlos of Spain and Elizabeth II, the curre ...
Joseph... João V died on July 31, 1750 in Lisbon, and was succeeded by his son Prince
Charles V... ng of Hungary and Bohemia. This link strengthened in 1546, when the emperorobtained the help of the duke during the war of the league of Schmalkalden ...
Selim I... sans, and scholars were transported to Istanbul from Tabriz and Cairo under(d. 1520). The state mandated Muslim immigration to Rhodes and Cyprus foll ...
King Henry VIII... dover and Anne Boleyn also owned property in the same town. It is said thatmade Aylesbury the county town in preference to Buckingham because Boleyn' ...
Haakon IV of Norway... attle of Largs in 1263 in support of Alexander III of Scotland against King. The Norwegian forces were defeated by the victorious Scots
Óengus mac Fergusa... ship, which had been stable for more than a hundred years since the time of(The accession of Cináed mac Ailpín as king of both Picts and Scots can be ...
Constantine VII... l record of Romanians in the Istria region, however, dates back to 940 whenrecorded the Romance-language speakers in this area in De Administrando Im ...
Huayna Capac... l to the sphere of Huáscar in the division of the empire after the death ofin 1527. It was captured by the generals of Atahualpa in April 1532 in the ...
Amulius... e twins grew up as shepherds. They came into conflict with the shepherds of, leading to battles in which Remus was captured and taken to Amulius, und ...
Henry VI of EnglandAfter defeat at the Battle of Towton,crossed the Solway in August 1461 to land at Kirkcudbright in support of Q ...
Alexander the Great... scribed in the Book of Judges. Philip II of Macedon (336 BC), the father of, and Roman consul Julius Caesar (44 BC) are famous victims. Emperors of R ...
Saruman... ives the translation: "Uglúk to the cesspool, sha! the dungfilth; the great-fool, skai!". However, in a note published in the journal Vinyar Tengwar, ...
Louis the Pious... em was composed by a renowned vernacular poet at the command of the emperor; the text then adds that this poet had known nothing of vernacular compos ...
Henry II... ained pastors to lead congregations in France. Despite heavy persecution by, the Reformed Church of France, largely Calvinist in direction, made stea ...
Isaac II AngelosIt was also in 1195 thatwas deposed by his brother in a palace coup. Ascending as Alexios III Ange ...
Michael II Komnenos Doukas... II defeated the alliance of William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, andof Epirus at the Battle of Pelagonia. In 1263, the emperor sent men (which ...
Francis I... f Dreux and of Rethel, governor of Champagne (d. 1524), who was employed byin many diplomatic negotiations, more particularly in his intrigues to get ...
King Charles I... med by the House of Burgesses in the British Colony of Virginia by order of, in 1634. The county was largely composed of farms and undeveloped land u ...
Qin Shi HuangThe first unified Chinese state was established byof the Qin state in 221 BC. Qin Shi Huang proclaimed himself the "First Em ...
Hadrian... been theorized that Quietus was executed on the orders of the new emperor,, for fear of Quietus' popular standing with the army and his close connec ...
Baldwin III... riarch in Antioch. When Manuel came to Antioch later that year to meet with, King of Jerusalem, Raynald was forced to lead Manuel's horse into the ci ...
Philip II of Macedon... oabite King Eglon, by Ehud around 1337 BC, described in the Book of Judges.(336 BC), the father of Alexander the Great, and Roman consul Julius Caesa ...
Francis IThough he was not personally interested in religious reform,(1515–47) initially maintained an attitude of tolerance, arising from his ...
Brude... ven lived on St Serf's Inch, which had been given them by a Pictish prince,, about 700. In 1093 they surrendered their island to the bishop of St And ...
Alexander III of Scotland... Clan Ross by tradition fought at the Battle of Largs in 1263 in support ofagainst King Haakon IV of Norway. The Norwegian forces were defeated by th ...
Augustus... ell into neglect under the Macedonian kings, and when they were repaired by(Sueton. Aug. 18, 63) Thmuis had attracted its trade and population
Henry IV... , who married Anthony de Bourbon, duke of Vendôme, and became the mother of, king of France
Pope Paul VI... or the Roman Curia to function". (Pastor Bonus, 172). It was established byon 15 August 1967. Its current President is Archbishop Domenico Calcagno s ...
Peter II of Aragon... erritory (the "Reconquista"); to the east, in 1213, the defeat and death of("Peter the Catholic") in the Battle of Muret put an end to the project of ...
Ferdinand... of opposition to the Habsburgs until in 1534 he made a treaty at Linz with, king of Hungary and Bohemia. This link strengthened in 1546, when the em ...
Queen Mary II... in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named for King William III andof England. King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in ...
Petronius MaximusIn the late spring of 455, Avitus was recalled to service by emperorand was elevated to the rank of magister militum, probably praesentalis; M ...
Empress... strong Commonwealth. The nobility's Targowica Confederation appealed to thefor help and in May 1792 the Russian army entered the territory of the Com ...
Louis VII of France... ce, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198) was the elder daughter ofand his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine
Grace Kelly... scheming villain, an ex-tennis pro who tries to murder his unfaithful wifefor her money. When she kills the hired assassin in self-defense, Milland ...
Menen AsfawOn 3 August he marriedof Ambassel, niece of heir to the throne Lij Iyasu
Agnes of Châtillon... 's choice of a husband of such low birth. With Constance he had a daughter,, in 1154 (who later married the Hungarian Prince Béla, who was living at ...
PachacutiAccording to Inca legend, the city was built by Sapa Inca, the man who transformed the Kingdom of Cuzco from a sleepy city-state in ...
Henry Percy, 1st Earl of NorthumberlandThe Percy family were powerful lords in northern England.(1341–1408), rebelled against King Richard II and helped dethrone him. The ...
Shah Alam II... athas under Mahadji Shinde recaptured Delhi and restored the Mughal Emperorto the throne in 1772
Peada... when Saxwulf founded a monastery on land granted to him for that purpose byof Mercia, who was briefly ruler in the Middle Angles. The abbey church wa ...
Attila... led Avitacum, near Clermont. Here he lived until 451, when the Huns, led by, invaded the Western Roman Empire; Avitus used his own influence over The ...
Midwest Division... Mavericks made the playoffs six of seven times from 1983 to 90, winning thein 1986–87 and reaching the Western Conference Finals in 1988. However, th ...
Puyi... Mukden Incident and in 1932, a sympathetic government was established, with, the last Qing emperor, installed as the nominal regent and emperor. Manc ...
Muryeong of Baekje... rean King. Kim has theorized that Emperor Keitai may have been a brother of, and they may be sons of Konchi of Baekje (곤지, 昆支). If so, then this lege ...
Louis XIV... defensive lines in the west. Villars moved after him, under new orders fromto prevent the fall of Mons at all costs – effectively an order for the ag ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... t the piece of fiction was based on a real-life liaison between Giscard and. He later stressed that the story was entirely made up and no such affair ...
William the Silent... ited all his lands. This "William I of Orange" - in English better known as- became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau
known posthumously... e Three Kingdoms (220–280 CE). It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang,as Emperor Gaozu of Han. It was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty (9– ...
Henry the Fowler... ed the Magyars in their 915 campaign against the Duchy of Saxony under Duke
Francis I... 550 before he was born in 1553. By his wife Margaret d'Angoulême, sister of, he had a daughter, Jeanne d'Albret, queen of Navarre, who married Anthon ...
Theodoric II... m, probably praesentalis; Maximus sent Avitus in an embassy to the court of, who had succeeded to his father, at Toulouse: this embassy probably conf ...
Holy Roman Emperor... n the county courts of Franconia. They received their jurisdiction from the, from whom they also received the capacity to pronounce capital punishmen ...
Béla... ughter, Agnes of Châtillon, in 1154 (who later married the Hungarian Prince, who was living at the court of Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus in Co ...
Pope Pius XI... Ratti's expulsion climaxed in Warsaw. Two years later, Achille Ratti became, shaping Vatican policies towards Poland with Pietro Gasparri and Eugenio ...
Afonso... Cristina started off badly. With maturity, patience, and their first child,, their relationship improved. Later Teresa Cristina gave birth to more ch ...
Prince William of Orange... spread. In 1688, a group of politicians known as the Immortal Seven invited, husband of James's Protestant daughter Mary, to invade England and remov ...
Queen Anne... ttlefield victories, Marlborough received no personal letter of thanks from. Richard Blackmore's Instructions to Vander Beck was virtually alone amon ...
King William III... ounty was established in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named forand Queen Mary II of England. King and Queen County is notable as one of t ...
Gia Long... h century a rebellion overthrew the Nguyễn, but one of its members, Emperor, by the aid of a French force, in 1801 acquired sway over the whole of pr ...
HuáscarThe city fell to the sphere ofin the division of the empire after the death of Huayna Capac in 1527. It ...
Robert III... II of the House of Stuart. The reigns of both Robert II and his successor,, were marked by a general decline in royal power. When Robert III died in ...
James IIThe early reign ofwas relatively successful; it was not expected that a Catholic king could ...
Clovis I... e too strong, and motivated his subsequent alliance with the Frankish king,, to counter and ultimately overthrow the Ostrogoths
William IV... maintenance of peace. He died in March 1508, and was succeeded by his son,, whose mother, Kunigunde, was a daughter of the emperor Frederick III
Eleanor of Aquitaine... 11, 1198) was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife,
Pope Benedict XVI... 4, 2010, a report by the New York Times cited the Fr. Murphy case to accuseof a cover-up while he was head of the CDF in 1996.However Father Thomas B ...
AchillesIn Book 6 of the Iliad, Andromache relates thatkilled Eëtion and his seven sons in a raid on Thebe, but in Book 17, Podes ...
Lê LợiIn 1428, a Vietnamese general namedfounded an independent dynasty in Vietnam which lasted till the end of the ...
Henry II... se which could be removed in the event of an attack. It was probably during's reign (1154–1189) that a forebuilding was added to the south side of th ...
Queen Elizabeth II... annel 4 series Mapp & Lucia based on the novels by E. F. Benson. She playedin Alan Bennett's A Question of Attribution. In 1973, Scales teamed with R ...
James I of Aragon... to the project of consolidating Catalan power over Provence. His successordid not fully consolidate his power until 1227; once he consolidated his i ...
Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of SwedenIn 1804 the parish of Volgsjö was renamed Vilhelmina in honour of Queen
Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland... d III through John of Gaunt and his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother). Although this claim was though an illegitimate line, it was no weaker th ...
Sigurd the Mighty... the Sudreys as a vassal of King Harald. His grandson Thorstein the Red and, Jarl of Orkney invaded Scotland were able to exact tribute from nearly h ...
Mary... en invited Prince William of Orange, husband of James's Protestant daughter, to invade England and remove James from power, though the plan became pu ...
Isabel... r relationship improved. Later Teresa Cristina gave birth to more children:, in 1846; Leopoldina, in 1847; and lastly, Pedro, in 1848. However, both ...
Oenopion... otia, his visit to Chios where he met Merope and was blinded by her father,, the recovery of his sight at Lemnos, his hunting with Artemis on Crete, ...
Alexander the Great... depicted barefoot, and the hoplite warriors fought battles in bare feet andconquered half of the ancient world with barefoot armies
Justinian I... a man with legal training. In 527, the first year of Eastern Roman Emperor's reign, he became the adsessor (legal adviser) for , Justinian's chief m ...
David II... nly one year later, Robert died and was succeeded by his five-year-old son,. On the pretext of restoring John Balliol's rightful heir, Edward Balliol ...
William VThe succeeding duke, Albert's son,(called the Pious), had received a Jesuit education and showed keen attach ...
George III... rd (1987) set during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in the reign of, and finally Blackadder Goes Forth (1989) in 1917, set in the trenches of ...
Henry the Lion... of importance only after the division of the duchy of Saxony on the fall of, when the archbishop of Cologne, duke of Westphalia from 1180 onwards, pl ...
Hadrian... ife Pompeia Plotina who hired someone to impersonate him after he had died.'s first act as emperor was to abandon the distant and indefensible Mesopo ...
Henry II... e Wars of Religion. The civil wars were helped along by the sudden death ofin 1559, which began a prolonged period of weakness for the French crown. ...
Sapa Inca... h during the Siege of Cuzco of 1536 by Manco Inca Yupanqui, a leader of the. Although the siege lasted ten months, it was ultimately unsuccessful. Ma ...
Wang Mang... held the title of regent. Following the death of Ai, Wang Zhengjun's nephew(45 BCE–23 CE) was appointed regent for Emperor Ping (r. 1 BCE – 6 CE). Wh ...
Maria of Montferrat... sitioned as King of Cyprus. After their deaths in 1205, her eldest daughter(born after her father's murder) succeeded to the throne of Jerusalem
Richard II... Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (1341–1408), rebelled against Kingand helped dethrone him. The earl later rebelled against King Henry IV and ...
Qin Shi Huang... o well known in ancient China, as in Jing Ke's failed assassination of King(227 BC). In 1192, Conrad of Montferrat, the de facto King of Jerusalem, w ...
Érimón... and was the wife of Míl, that is Milesius, and the mother of Éber Donn and. Míl had given Neferhotep military aid against ancient Ethiopia and was g ...
Emperor NinkenEmpress: Kasuga no Yamada no Himemiko (春日山田皇女), daughter ofSatehime (紗手媛), daughter of Kose no Ohito no Ōomi (許勢男人大臣
Robert IIDavid II died childless in 1371 and was succeeded by his nephewof the House of Stuart. The reigns of both Robert II and his successor, Ro ...
Alexander I... al reform was inaugurated by Queen Margaret and carried through by her sonsand David I. Gradually the whole position passed into the hands of Thurgot ...
Louis IV... policies of his predecessor. He chose to make peace with Holy Roman Emperor, and as far as possible came to terms with the Franciscans, who were then ...
Zeno... he state, such as Stilicho, Constantius III, Aëtius, Boniface, and Ricimer.granted it to Odoacer to legitimize the later's rule in Italy after his ov ...
Xerxes... 0–428). It was said that Democritus' father was so wealthy that he receivedon his march through Abdera. Democritus spent the inheritance which his fa ...
George V... wfoundland Regiment was given the name "The Royal Newfoundland Regiment" byon 28 November 1917. Because of the slaughter, the first day of the Battle ...
King Harald FairhairIn 875,led a fleet from Norway to Scotland. In his attempt to unite Norway, he fo ...
Herod the Great... y crushed by the Romans under Mark Antony and Octavian. The installation of(an Idumean) as king in 37 BCE made Israel a Roman client state and marked ...
Henry IV... ent, turned. He was presented by his countryman, the Cardinal Du Perron, to; and, though that economical prince did not at first show any great eager ...
Adolf of GermanySee also
Macareus... of Helios and Rhode, brothers to Electryone. They were Ochimus, Cercaphus,or Macar, Actis, Tenages, Triopas, and Candalus (Nonnus adds Auges and Thr ...
Canute IV of Denmark... King Canute, who was murdered in the church of St. Alban's Priory in 1086., the son of King Sven Estridsen, was born about 1040 and ruled Denmark fr ...
King of Burma... of the white elephant, and Lord of the twenty-four umbrellas." In 1855 thedirected a letter to the Marquis of Dalhousie in which he styles himself " ...
Pharaoh... e of the town at least as far back as the Naqada II period. Under the firsts, Mendes quickly became a strong seat of provincial government and remain ...
Albert I... m, such as hosting foreign dignitaries. Among these was the King of Belgium, the first European monarch to visit the United States. Edward, Prince of ...
Baybars... l history of Ashkelon was brought to an end in 1270, when the Mamluk sultanordered the citadel and harbour at the site to be destroyed. As a result o ...
Richard I of England... away Byzantine province of Cyprus. But rather than return it to the Empire,sold the island to the Knights Templa
Alfred the Great... pired by the latter city's history. It had been the capital of Wessex under, and boasted the Winchester Round Table, an artifact constructed in the 1 ...
Albert V... many. William, whose death occurred in March 1550, was succeeded by his son, who had married a daughter of Ferdinand of Habsburg, afterwards the empe ...
Muhammad... the Islamic faith. However, the crescent was not a symbol used for Islam byor any other early Muslim rulers, as the Islamic religion is, in fact, aga ...
Anne BoleynIn 1533, More refused to attend the coronation ofas the Queen of England. Technically, this was not an act of treason, as M ...
Emperor Ōjin... etsu died without a successor, at which time a fifth generation grandson of, Keitai, came and ascended the throne
Hadrian... olis, he suddenly died from edema on 9 August. Some say that he had adoptedas his successor, but others that it was his wife Pompeia Plotina who hire ...
MuhammadIslam in China dates to a mission in 651, only 18 years after's death. Muslims initially came to China for trade, becoming prominent in ...
Imru Haile SelassieRas Makonnen arranged for Tafari as well as his first cousin, Rasto receive instruction in Harar from Abba Samuel Wolde Kahin, an Ethiopian ...
Huo Guang... d court politics in Emperor Wu's reign and during the subsequent regency of(d. 68 BCE). The Modernists argued for an aggressive and expansionary fore ...
George II of Great Britain... can Forbes of Culloden, was Lord President of the Court of Session for King's government in London. Duncan Forbes and Alexander Ross the Pitcalnie ch ...
Lord of the Isles... female line, and that later led to dispute between two rival claimants—theand the Duke of Albany. This resulted in the Battle of Harlaw 1411, where ...
Theseus... retan beast that was encountered by Hercules, the Marathonian Bull slain by(and that fathered the Minotaur). Roman mythology adopted the tale of the ...
Achilles... Palladium, brought the bones of Pelops to Troy, and persuaded Neoptolemus (' son by the Scyrian princess Deidamia) and Philoctetes (who possessed Her ...
Ippolito de' Medici... ence, republican enemies of the Medici took advantage of the chaos to exile. Bandinelli, a supporter of the Medici, was also exiled. In 1530 Emperor ...
Queen Victoria... ace, which was also the boundary between Surrey and Kent. Within two years,again performed an opening ceremony. The new site hosted concerts, exhibit ...
Emperor BuretsuIf Emperor Keitai began a new dynasty as some historians believe, thenwould have been the last monarch of the first recorded dynasty of Japan
Henry IV... en 30,000 and 100,000 Huguenots across France. The wars only concluded when, himself a former Huguenot, issued the Edict of Nantes, promising officia ...
Margaret... tful heir. Edward chose Alexander's three-year-old Norwegian granddaughter,. On her way to Scotland in 1290, however, Margaret died at sea, and Edwar ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... hester, and a major hospital, the Countess of Chester Hospital, named afterand Countess of Chester
Alp Arslan... aud, took possession of Merv and Herat. Toghrul was succeeded by his nephew(the Great Lion), who was buried at Merv. It was about this time that Merv ...
Máel Coluim III... ladinit, as Kirkcaldy was then known. Crínán of Dunkeld, the grandfather of, was a lay abbot, and tradition says that even the clerical members were ...
Aurangzeb Alamgir... rd "Urdu" was used by Sirajuddin Ali Khan Arzoo in 1741. The Mughal Emperor(1658–1707) spoke Urdu (or Hindustani) fluently as did his descendents whi ...
Henry VIII... uted to 19th century historian Agnes Strickland's book on the wives of King. Research of documents (including Maud Parr's Will) conducted by Susan Ja ...
King James I... first permanent English settlement in the "New World", Jamestown. Named for, it was founded in May 1607 by Christopher Newport. In 1619, colonists to ...
Bayezid IIBeginning in the reign of(d. 1512), transfers were used to manage the Ottoman state's difficulty wi ...
Xerxes... d with the Chaldean magi. A certain "Ostanes", one of the magi accompanyingwas also said to have taught him
Christian II... e laid to rest after her death in 1521. The son of Hans and Christina, King, with his wife Isabella of Austria, was also interred in the royal family ...
Louis I, Duke of Bavaria... 1195, the Palatinate passed to the House of Welf through marriage. In 1225,obtained the Palatinate, and thus the castle came under his control. By 13 ...
Anne of Brittany... incourt in 1415. Alain the Great, lord of Albret (d. 1522), wished to marry, and to that end fought against Charles VIII; but his hopes being defeate ...
Anne Boleyn... arliamentary Act of Succession. More accepted Parliament's right to declarethe legitimate Queen of England, but he steadfastly refused to take the oa ...
Pompeia Plotina... at he had adopted Hadrian as his successor, but others that it was his wifewho hired someone to impersonate him after he had died
Philip II of Spain... lii suorum de humani corporis fabrica librorum epitome, and dedicated it to, son of the Emperor
Louis XIII... , elle a vécu ce que vivent les roses - the odes to Marie de' Medici and to, are the best-remembered of his works
King Edward... de according to military historian D. J. Cathcart King. It was held againstuntil its surrender in mid-September 1461 after the Battle of Towton. Re-c ...
Mary I of England... o make them look taller or larger than life, such as Catherine de Medici or. By 1580, men also wore them, and a person with authority or wealth was o ...
Aurelian... r. Constantius was an officer in the Roman army in 272, part of the Emperor's imperial bodyguard. Constantius advanced through the ranks, earning the ...
Manco Inca YupanquiThe city was retaken from the Spanish during the Siege of Cuzco of 1536 by, a leader of the Sapa Inca. Although the siege lasted ten months, it was ...
Queen Elizabeth II... e Sybil in the British comedy Fawlty Towers and her award-nominated role asin the British film A Question of Attribution
Xerxes... ed at his tomb was plundered by the satrap Artayctes, under permission from. The Greeks later captured and executed Artayctes, returning the treasure ...
Magneto... he "Acts of Vengeance" conspiracy, but was attacked by the mutant terrorist, a Holocaust survivor who wanted to punish him for his involvement in Hit ...
Napoleon III... arly years of the war, British foreign secretary Lord John Russell, Emperorof France, and, to a lesser extent, British Prime Minister Lord Palmerston ...
Louis XIV... effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army ofentered the city
Empress Jitō... believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of Emperor Tenmu and. Rather, it was presumably Sumeramikoto or Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi ...
Elizabeth Woodville... y Act of Parliament, subsequently repealed, of the marriage of Edward IV tocaused the English people to rally behind the last reasonably legitimate B ...
Henry IV... ng Richard II and helped dethrone him. The earl later rebelled against Kingand after defeating the earl in the Battle of Shrewsbury, the king chased ...
Sahle Selassie... Sahle Selassie, who was an aunt of Emperor Menelik II and daughter of Negusof Shewa. As such, Haile Selassie claimed direct descent from Makeda, the ...
Nero... s going to the Lateran Church between the Colossean Theatre (so called from's Colossus) and St. Clement's her travail came upon her, and she died upo ...
Augustus... rs) was made a Roman citizen (and thus, the tribe a Roman vassal) by eitheror Caligula
AegidiusFrom 457 to 486, underand his son Syagrius, Noviodunum was the capital of the "Kingdom of Soisso ...
Nicholas II of Russia... d Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, the daughter of the murdered Tsar. However, the ultimate test for her is to convince the Dowager Empress, M ...
Alexander I of Russia... Austro-Russian army under the command of Mikhail Kutuzov, with the Emperorpersonally present. On 2 December, Napoleon crushed the joint Austro-Russi ...
Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria... ience and effectiveness of the German army. The German Army Group Commanderstated: "What remained of the old first-class peace-trained German infantr ...
Franz II...  I. His mother was the Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria, daughter of, the last Holy Roman Emperor. Through his mother, Pedro was a nephew of N ...
Genghis KhanIn The Earth Is the Lord's (1941), she fictionalized; in The Arm and the Darkness (1943), Cardinal Richelieu; in A Pillar of I ...
Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark... f Hesse and were given the less exalted Battenberg title. His siblings were(mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), Queen Louise of Sweden, and ...
Charles II... he was one of the commissioners sent to Holland for the purpose of invitingto Scotland, and of settling the terms of his admission to the government. ...
SyagriusFrom 457 to 486, under Aegidius and his son, Noviodunum was the capital of the "Kingdom of Soissons", until it fell t ...
Friedrich V, Duke of Austria... til Sigismund came of age. The Landstände of Tyrol choose Sigismund’s uncle. The contracts of the guardianship were put in Oswald's care. Oswald used ...
Chandragupta Maurya... ssassinations in detail in his political treatise Arthashastra. His student, the founder of the Maurya Empire, later made use of assassinations again ...
OrestesThe story is an update of the Greek myth ofto the family of a Northern general in the American Civil War. Agamemnon i ...
Emperor SujinJien records that Suinin was the third son of, and that he ruled from the palace of Tamaki-no-miya at Makimuku in what ...
King Edward VII... ormed National Battlefields Commission, a group that, following the lead of, began to collect historical data relating to the plains and the battles ...
Queen Elizabeth... ull 552 but when launched, on 27 September 1938, she was named in honour of, who was then Queen Consort and in 1952 became the Queen Mother. With a d ...
Justinian I... yzantine records in the early 6th century. Byzantine historiographers under(527-565), such as Procopius of Caesarea, Jordanes and Theophylact Simocat ...
Emperor Ling... rban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of(r. 168–189 CE), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by militar ...
Constantine... known in the Republic, ceased to have meaning in everyday life. The Emperorreintroduced the term as the empire's senior honorific title, not tied to ...
John Sobieski... is responsibilities and with Poland's quarreling factions. After his death,was elected King of the and crowned as John III
Augustus... s the ancient Etruscan town of Tibur (modern Tivoli). The mythic meeting ofwith the Sibyl, of whom he inquired whether he should be worshiped as a go ...
Karol Wojtyła... reasingly internationalist College of Cardinals, were figures like Cardinal. Over the days following the conclave, cardinals effectively declared tha ...
Erichthonius of Athens... culate fell on the earth, impregnating Gaia, who subsequently gave birth to; then the surrogate mother gave the child to Athena to foster, guarded by ...
Philip IIHarsh persecution of Protestants by the Spanish government ofcontributed to a desire for independence in the provinces, which led to th ...
James I of ScotlandThe title reverted to the crown in 1424. Kingrestored the title to Margaret, whose son was Alexander, 3rd Lord of the I ...
Maximilian IWhatever lustre the international position won bymight add to the ducal house, on Bavaria itself its effect during the next ...
Richard, Earl of Cornwall... diminished territories of Outremer throughout most of the 13th century andreconstructed and refortified the citadel during 1240–41, as part of the C ...
Charles II... parliaments during the Interregnum, but reinstated with the restoration ofin 1660. 1 May 1707 was the day the Act of Union came into effect, joining ...
Amulius... cendant Numitor, who inherits the kingship of Alba Longa. Numitor’s brotherinherits its treasury, including the gold brought by Aeneas from Troy. Amu ...
Emperor of Abyssinia... y deposed the Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and claimed his title,, for the King of Italy (Victor Emmanuel III), not all states recognized t ...
Nero... rowly escaped execution. During the disturbances that followed the death of, he took up arms under pretence of siding with Vespasian and induced the ...
Mary... h in the same year left the Crown in the hands of his six-day-old daughter,. Once again, a regency was established
Napoleon Bonaparte...  II, the last Holy Roman Emperor. Through his mother, Pedro was a nephew ofand first cousin of Emperors Napoleon II of France, Franz Joseph I (Franci ...
King... step-children; a trait which she would again show after her marriage to the. Her teenage stepson, John, proved to be difficult. There is some indicat ...
Prince Albert... nd led a further programme for a comprehensive restoration at the behest of. Salvin was succeeded in the work by John Taylor. When a feature did not ...
Philip II of SpainAfter the Magellan expedition, Kingsent Ruy López de Villalobos and Miguel López de Legazpi in 1543 and 1565 ...
Lordship of the Isles... styled 'King of the Hebrides'. His kingdom was to develop latterly into the
Edward... and Scandinavia has been discussed recently by Timothy Bolton. Emma's sons,and Ælfred by Æthelred and Harthacnut by Cnut, were also claimants to the ...
Maximilian I... summoned to Munich where, in 1638, he became court chaplain to the elector. He remained in Munich till 1650, when he went to live at Landshut and af ...
Saladin... army because of their anger for the massacre at Acre. It was believed thateven told the Crusaders to shield themselves in the Citadel until he had r ...
Napoleon's... me in June 1800, with the Kingdom of Naples's control of Rome threatened by. It contains depictions of torture, murder and suicide, yet also includes ...
elder brother... s the Commonwealth realms; however, after the births of two children to his, and an evolution of the Commonwealth, Prince Andrew is currently fourth ...
Alexander the Great, on his march from Pelusium to Memphis, halted at this city (Arrian, iii. ...
Clovis I... he capital of the "Kingdom of Soissons", until it fell to the Frankish kingin the Battle of Soissons
SibyllaThat year he allied withand Guy of Lusignan against Count Raymond, and his influence contributed t ...
Marcian... both the civil institutions, the Roman senate and the Eastern Roman Emperor, as well as that of the army and its commanders (the generals Majorian an ...
Hugh Capet... the count Borrell II made official in 987 when he failed to swear fealty to, the first Capetian monarch. In those years of the formation of the Catal ...
Diocletian... ' De Mortibus Persecutorum, a political Christian pamphlet on the reigns ofand the Tetrarchy, provides valuable but tendentious detail on Constantine ...
IsildurIn the year , at the Gladden Fields,and his three eldest sons (Ciryon, Aratan and Elendur) were ambushed by Or ...
Olaf I... sure sign that Canute was worthy of veneration. His brother and successor,, was given the nickname Hunger because he was unable to do anything about ...
Edward, Prince of Wales... of Belgium Albert I, the first European monarch to visit the United States., the future monarch of the United Kingdom, spent two days with Marshall a ...
Empress Jitō... believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of Emperor Tenmu and. Rather, it was presumably Sumeramikoto or Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi ...
Cyrus the Great... arpessus near the small town of Gergitha, during the lifetimes of Solon and. Marpessus, according to Heraclides of Pontus, was formerly within the bo ...
John William Friso, Prince of Orange... ench left wing back into the forest behind them. The Dutch under command of, on the Allied left wing, attacked the French right flank half an hour la ...
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor... of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (1683–1754), daughter ofand his third wife, Eleonore Magdalena of the Palatinate-Neuburg, thus str ...
Vespasian... t followed the death of Nero, he took up arms under pretence of siding withand induced the inhabitants of his native country to rebel. The Batavians, ...
Justinian I... Procopius was the author of a history in eight books of the wars fought by, a panegyric on Justinian's public works throughout the empire, and a boo ...
Empress Jitō... believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of Emperor Tenmu and. Rather, it was presumably Sumeramikoto or Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi ...
Liu Penzi... rebels who deposed, assassinated, and replaced him with the puppet monarch. Emperor Gengshi's brother Liu Xiu, known posthumously as Emperor Guangwu ...
Majorian... peror Marcian, as well as that of the army and its commanders (the generalsand Ricimer) and the Vandals of Gaiseric
Queen Elizabeth II... stian Edward; born 19 February 1960), is the second son, and third child ofand Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was sec ...
Seleucus I... empire, Chandragupta Maurya, confronted a Macedonian invasion force led byin 305 BC and following a brief conflict, an agreement was reached as Sele ...
Sparta... invasion followed in 480 BC. Despite a heroic resistance at Thermopylae byns and other Greeks, Persian forces sacked Athens. Following successive Gr ...
Lord of the Isles... ty in England, restored it to the heiress of line, the mother of Alexander,
CharlemagneIn the 8th century, ecclesiastical uses of "Europa" for the imperium ofprovide the source for the modern geographical term. The first use of the ...
Alexander the Great... " appears in the Eastern versions of the Alexander romance, which describesand his servant crossing the Land of Darkness to find the restorative spri ...
Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor... standard from the walls of Acre. He was later transferred to the custody of, and it took a ransom of one hundred fifty thousand marks to obtain his r ...
King Cole... ria Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter ofof Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fict ...
Emperor Xian... ds and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from, the Han Dynasty ceased to exist
Maximilian I... the family for nearly 200 years. In 1597 he abdicated in favour of his son, and retired into a monastery, where he died in 1626
Queen Elizabeth I... dship of the hundred of Nassaburgh, which was coextensive with the Soke, to, who gave it to Lord Burghley, and from that time until the 19th century ...
Emperor Ingyō's... a grandson of Ohi no Kimi, a great-grandson of Ohohoto no Kimi (brother toconsort), a great-great-grandson of Wakanuke Futamata no Kimi, and a great ...
AlexanderIt had takenonly six months to conquer Persia (Iran), but it took him nearly three yea ...
Jérôme Bonaparte... hey survived into the 19th century. They were finally abolished by order of, king of Westphalia, in 1811. The last Freigraf died in 1835
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia... 9 April, between the French and the Piedmontese, and within only two weekswas forced to sign an armistice. On May 15 the French general then entered ...
The Queen... ntended to be complete for the ship to enter service in the spring of 1940.herself performed the launching ceremony on 27 September 1938 and the ship ...
Eric IVDuring the civil war betweenand his brother, Abel, Odense and the cathedral were burned down in 1247. ...
Clovis I... during the rule of the Merovingian kings (A.D. 447-751). After the death ofin 511, Soissons was made the capital of one of the four kingdoms into whi ...
Valentinian III... 441, however it only progressed as far as Sicily. The Western Empire undersecured peace with the Vandals in 442. Under the treaty the Vandals gained ...
Queen Louise of Sweden... s Alice of Greece and Denmark (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh),, and George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
Alfred the GreatDuring the great Viking invasion of England opposed byand various other Saxon and Welsh rulers, the Viking chieftain Hastein in ...
David I... ne was inaugurated around 1072, but was not recorded in the town's records., King of Scotland (reign 1124–53) would later grant this church dedicated ...
Emperor AnkanWhendied, he had no offspring; and succession passed to his youngest brother w ...
Sparta... divination and prophecy. In the visits to various places in Greece – Delos,, Phlius, Crete, etc. which are ascribed to him, he usually appears either ...
Emperor KeitaiAccording to the Kojiki Ankan was the elder son of, who is considered to have ruled the country during the early-6th century ...
King William IV... t acceptable replacement among the Whig leaders, and became Prime Minister.'s opposition to the Whigs' reforming ways led him to dismiss Melbourne in ...
Lord of the Isles... was Alexander, 3rd Lord of the Isles. The earldom of Ross remained with theuntil that lordship was forfeited to the crown in 1476
James V... r noblemen, and hundreds of soldiers were killed. As his son and successor,, was an infant, the government was again taken over by regents. James V l ...
Henry VIII... d his queen. It was rebuilt by Edward I at a cost of over £300 and again byin 1519; the current building dates from this period, although the chapel ...
Harold I... was the first wife of King Cnut of England and Denmark, and mother of Kingof England (1035–40). She served as regent of Norway from 1030 to 1035
Maria Anna of Austria... r 1708 he married his maternal first cousin Archduchess & Princess Imperial, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (1683–1754), daughter of Leopold I ...
Critias... tus, "I understand that he attracted the attention of the most admired men,and Alcibiades who were young, and Thucydides and Pericles who were alread ...
Empress Jitō... believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of Emperor Tenmu and. Rather, it was presumably Sumeramikoto or Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi ...
Joanna, Countess of Provence... d from that time till 1377 was the papal seat. In 1348 the city was sold by, to Clement VI for 80,000 florins
Valentinian III... reiterated this initiative, recalling the treaty subscribed by Gaiseric andin 442 and entrusting the defence of the Empire to the Roman army and its ...
Habte Giyorgis... ing to the movement that deposed Iyasu were conservatives such as Fitawrari, Menelik II's longtime Minister of War. The movement to depose Iyasu pref ...
Diocletian... AD from the Dalmatian island of Rab, then a Roman colony, when the emperorissued a decree calling for the reconstruction of the city walls of Rimini ...
James III... ccident at the age of thirty, and a council of regents again assumed power.was defeated in a battle against rebellious Scottish earls in 1488, leadin ...
Maria Anna of AustriaJohn married Archduchess, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, his first cousin, in 1708. Fr ...
Theodosius II... nt Euphemia, a famous church, which had been chosen by Pulcheria, sister of, for the Council of Chalcedon in 451: this choice was a sign of the bond ...
Edward III... aim to France was only nominal, and was asserted by every English King fromto George III, regardless of the amount of French territory actually contr ...
Andronikos II Palaiologos... the city on 15 August and had himself crowned together with his infant son. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was people, but he su ...
Emperor Yingzong... l documentation for this.) Some distorted accounts claim that in the age of, Song Dynasty (960-1279 A.D.) of China, a poem named "詠冰酪" (Ode to the ic ...
Alaric IIA time of confusion followed the death of, the son-in-law of Theodoric, at the Battle of Vouillé. The Ostrogothic k ...
Emperor YūryakuNinken married to's daughter Kasuga no Ōiratsume no Himemiko, a second cousin of him. Their ...
Theodosius II... , the Western Roman Empire was too preoccupied with war with Gaul to react., emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, dispatched an expedition to deal wi ...
René of Châlon... continue the use of the name Châlon-Orange. History knows him therefore as. After the death of René in 1544 his cousin William of Nassau-Dillenburg ...
Theodosius II... esiastic disputes of Constantine's later reign. Written during the reign of(408–50), a century after Constantine's reign, these ecclesiastic historia ...
The Shah of Iran... I of Ethiopia had an SM, while Ugandan dictator Idi Amin had seven of them.drove an SM. Actors Lorne Greene and Lee Majors, General Secretary of the ...
Simon de MontfortFollowing the Battle of Lewes a year earlier, wherehad gained control of parliament, the Battle of Evesham in August 1265 was ...
Aristobulus II... te c. 139 BCE was later exploited by the Romans themselves. Hyrcanus II and, Simon's great-grandsons, became pawns in a proxy war between Julius Caes ...
George III... was only nominal, and was asserted by every English King from Edward III to, regardless of the amount of French territory actually controlled.) The a ...
King Henry VIII... on period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, withintervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later ...
Valerian... ult was that the Empire could not endure the blow of the capture of Emperorin 260. The eastern provinces found their protectors in the rulers of the ...
Emperor Seinei... s younger brother, Prince Woke, Oyoke was raised to greater prominence whendied without an heir. The two young princes were said to be grandsons of E ...
Alexander III... Kingdom of Man and the Isles, with all territories on mainland Scotland to, through the Treaty of Perth
Padishah Emperor... tories against Beast Rabban threaten to disrupt the trade of the spice. TheShaddam Corrino IV decides to intervene himself and arrives on Arrakis alo ...
Sapa IncaAccording to Inca legend, the city was built byPachacuti, the man who transformed the Kingdom of Cuzco from a sleepy city ...
Philip II of Spain... and the organization of the two books were quite varied. He dedicated it to, son of the Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor... not carry out the policies of his predecessor. He chose to make peace withLouis IV, and as far as possible came to terms with the Franciscans, who w ...
Aisin-Gioro Puyi|爱新觉罗溥仪 Àixīnjuéluó Pǔy
Manuel I Komnenos... nt. However, Myriocephalum's implications were initially limited, thanks to' holding on to power. The same could not be said of Romanos, whose enemie ...
Pulcheria... nearby church of Saint Euphemia, a famous church, which had been chosen by, sister of Theodosius II, for the Council of Chalcedon in 451: this choic ...
Emperor Kammu... early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of(737–806), the 50th sovereign of the Yamato dynasty. The name Suinin-tennō ...
James IV... tle against rebellious Scottish earls in 1488, leading to another boy-king:
Queen Anne of Great Britain... fluential women in British history as a result of her close friendship with
Henry VIII... the Dissolution of the Monasteries, all monastic manors were seized by King. They were sold off or given away to the nobility and landed gentry. Gran ...
Trajan... ng the First Dacian War and rebuilt only to be finally destroyed by fire by's army during the in 106 CE. The Romans then built a military camp (castr ...
Vercingetorix... shows actual military value: during the "Great Gallic War" the Gauls underplanned to lure the Roman armies into Gaul and then trap and obliterate th ...
Agamemnon... h of Orestes to the family of a Northern general in the American Civil War.is now General Ezra Mannon, Clytemnestra is his second wife Christine, Ore ...
King William IIIIn 1702,died, and Anne became Queen. Anne immediately offered John Churchill a duk ...
Peter I... antilist policies were imported by Philip V with some success. Russia under(Peter the Great) attempted to pursue mercantilism, but had little success ...
Magnus the Law-mender... attack that year. Haakon died overwintering in Orkney, and by 1266, his sonceded the Kingdom of Man and the Isles, with all territories on mainland S ...
KangxiHeilongjiang as an administrative entity was created in 1683, during theera of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, from the northwestern part of the Jilin pr ...
Saladin... , citing Richard's alliance with King Guy. He too had been negotiating with, as a defence against any attempt by Richard to wrest Tyre from him for G ...
Morcant Bulc... have been called Bryneich. John Morris surmised that the line of a certainreferred to these monarchs, chiefly because he identified this man as the ...
King Charles IWhen civil war broke out, Peterborough was divided between supporters of(known as Cavaliers) and supporters of the Long Parliament (known as Round ...
Mao Zedong... ation") magazine entitled “Destroy the Ideas of Bourgeois Legal Ownership.”ordered the reproduction of the article in Renmin Ribao ("People’s Daily") ...
Maximilian II EmanuelHis good work, however, was largely undone by his son(1679–1726), whose far-reaching ambition set him warring against the Ottom ...
Camillus... iance with Rome for over 300 years. It eventually fell to the Roman general's army in 396 BC. Veii continued to be occupied after its capture by the ...
Harald I of Denmark... of the Scandinavian Blåtand/Blåtann, the epithet of the tenth-century kingand parts of Norway who united dissonant Danish tribes into a single kingd ...
Prince George, Prince of Wales... s that took place on them. Finally, on 24 July 1908, the King's eldest son,, dedicated the Quebec Battlefields Park at the Plains of Abraham, then pr ...
Mao Zedong... an accompanying “Editor’s Note” giving mild approval. He was seen as one of's full supporters as he was starting a struggle with rival leader Liu Sha ...
Baldwin IVRaynald served as's envoy to Manuel and, because his wife Constance had died in 1163, was r ...
David I... of the church evolved into an Abbey in 1128, under the reign of their son,. Dunfermline Abbey would play a major role in the general romanisation of ...
Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine... ife Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. His maternal grandparents were, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, who was a daughter of Queen Vi ...
Emperor BuretsuNinken was succeeded by his son, who would accede as
Peter IV of Aragon... gon in a new state, this union later being confirmed in the 14th century by("Peter the Ceremonious"). Ramon Berenguer IV used "Aragon" as his primary ...
James II... cution of several of his enemies. He was assassinated by a group of nobles.continued his father's policies by subduing influential noblemen but he wa ...
Augustus... orous writing with little or no real mocking intent. When Horace criticized, he used veiled ironic terms. In contrast, Pliny reports that the 6th cen ...
Joseph Bonaparte... nk the French lines, Wellington caught up with and smashed the army of Kingin the Battle of Vitoria, for which he was promoted to field marshal on 21 ...
Julius Caesar... ristobulus II, Simon's great-grandsons, became pawns in a proxy war betweenand Pompey the Great. The deaths of Pompey (48 BCE), Caesar (44 BCE), and ...
Paul VI... his two immediate predecessors: John XXIII, who had named him a bishop, and, who had named him Patriarch of Venice and a cardinal. He was also the fi ...
Thomas Sankara... the Republic of Upper Volta, it was renamed on 4 August 1984, by President, to mean "the land of upright people" in Mòoré and Dioula, the major nati ...
Nebuchadnezzar... en this vast seaport, the last of the Philistine cities to hold out againstfinally fell in 604 BC, burnt and destroyed and its people taken into exil ...
Helgi HundingsbaneIn stanza 38 of the poem Helgakviða Hundingsbana II, the herodies and goes to Valhalla. In stanza 38, Helgi's glory there is described
Ferdinand Maria... ts effect during the next two centuries was more dubious. Maximilian's son,(1651–1679), who was a minor when he succeeded, did much indeed to repair ...
Hirohito... ntentions on issues of utmost importance to the Japanese, including whetherwas to be regarded as one of those who had "misled the people of Japan" or ...
Numitor... s destruction by the Achaeans. Their maternal grandfather is his descendant, who inherits the kingship of Alba Longa. Numitor’s brother Amulius inher ...
Philip V... coherent economic policy, but French mercantilist policies were imported bywith some success. Russia under Peter I (Peter the Great) attempted to pur ...
Pope John Paul II... ormation, maintained, at the King's mercy, allegiance to the pope. In 2000,declared More the "heavenly patron of statesmen and politicians". In 1980, ...
Emperor Gengshi of Han... nsurgent mob forced their way into the Weiyang Palace and killed Wang Mang.(r. 23–25 CE), a descendant of Emperor Jing (r. 157–141 BCE), attempted to ...
Antoninus Pius... in the south of Scotland were invested with the same rights by an edict of. The Romanized natives received freedom (the burrows, cairns, and remains ...
Flavius Constantius... his rank: he studied law. Before 421 he was sent to the powerful patricius(shortly Emperor in 421), to ask for a tax reduction for his own country. ...
Amalaric... of Vouillé. The Ostrogothic king stepped in as the guardian of his grandson, and preserved for him all his Iberian and a fragment of his Gaul dominio ...
Genghis KhanUnder their commander,, the Mongols conquered Khwarezm and burned the city of Merv to the ground ...
Charles III of SpainIn the 18th century Kingcommissioned Anton Raphael Mengs to paint The Triumph of Trajan on the cei ...
Pachacuti... d to the quarter of the empire in which he had territory. After the rule of, when an Inca died, his title went to one son and his property was given ...
Philibert of Châlon... ené inherited in 1530 the Principality of Orange from his mother's brother,. As the first Nassau to be the Prince of Orange, René could have used "Or ...
James II of England... 77, William married his cousin Mary Stuart, the daughter of the future king. In 1688, William embarked on a mission to depose his Catholic father-in- ...
MaxentiusThe foremost general of his time, Constantine defeated the emperorsand Licinius during civil wars. He also fought successfully against the Fr ...
Leo I the Thracian... ned by J.B. Bury. In 472 Olybrius was sent to Italy by the Eastern Emperor,, ostensibly to mediate between Ricimer and the Western Emperor, Anthemius ...
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah... eet, just south of Bab Al-Futuh (the northern gate). It is named after Imam(985-1021), the sixth Fatimid caliph,16 th Fatimid/Ismaili Imam and the fi ...
Queen of Sheba... and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axum, known in the Abrahamic tradition as the. Haile Selassie is a defining figure in both Ethiopian and African histor ...
King George IIIAlthough her mother was a grandchild of, May was only a minor member of the British Royal Family. Her father, the ...
Louis XV... g scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-Franç ...
Mircea I of Wallachia... idely used in the Romanian Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. Princeused it against the Ottomans in 1395 and prince Stephen III of Moldavia sc ...
Pope Pius XIIshowed high regard for Benedict, who had consecrated him a Bishop on 13 Ma ...
Queen Mary... ard and Elizabeth spent their youth at Hatfield Palace. His eldest daughterlived there between 1533 and 1536, when she was sent to wait on the then P ...
William III... tion; and she promoted her interests during the rule of James's successors,and Mary II. When Anne came to the throne after William's death in 1702, t ...
Teucer... om the former was slain in the Trojan War by Neoptolemus, and the latter by
Inca Roca... tourists. On the street Hatun Rumiyoq ("Of the Old Rock") was the palace of, which was converted to the Archbishop's residence
NumitorWhen Romulus' grandfatherdies, the people of Alba Longa offer him the crown as rightful heir. Romul ...
Raúl Castro... nt of hundreds of enterprises in key economic sectors. The military is also's base. In numerous speeches, Raúl Castro has emphasized the military's r ...
King Louis... , wanted to order Luxembourg to immediately besiege Namur or Charleroi, but, concerned about the dauphin’s forces on the Rhine, ordered Luxembourg to ...
Malcolm Canmore... ll, which it is assumed to be referring to the rocky outcrop as the site of's tower in Pittencrieff Glen (now Pittencrieff Park). The rest of the nam ...
Licinius... first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity, Constantine and co-Emperorissued the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious tolerance of ...
Queen Anne... great contempt. This book offended Prince George of Denmark, the consort of; and the Danish Minister protested
Theodoric the GreatThe greatest of all Ostrogothic rulers, the future(whose name means "leader of the people") of Ostrogothic Kingdom, was born ...
Thomas Sankara... hting developed between moderates in the CSP and the radicals, led by Capt., who was appointed prime minister in January 1983. The internal political ...
Princess Elizabeth... e wrote and arranged three masques, "The Lords' Masque" for the marriage of, an entertainment for the amusement of Queen Anne at Caversham House, and ...
Charles II... store the monarchy. In 1660, the monarchy was restored when Charles I's sonwas declared king
Halfdan... ollowing year the Great Heathen Army led by the Brothers Ivar the Boneless,and Ubbe Ragnarsson, and also by another Viking Guthrum, arrived in East A ...
EdwardHenry VIII's childrenand Elizabeth spent their youth at Hatfield Palace. His eldest daughter Qu ...
King Charles II... y constituted in 1303, by Boniface VIII in a Papal Bull. Boniface VIII, andof Naples should be considered one of the first great protectors and benef ...
Maria Theresa... validity of the Pragmatic Sanction which secured the Habsburg succession to, allied himself with France, conquered Upper Austria, was crowned king of ...
Cyrus the Great... ka is mentioned by Greek historian Herodotus as one of the early satraps of, who successfully united several ancient Iranian tribes to create an empi ...
Alexander the Great... a card game. He gives him a pocket knife and a small statue of Bucephalus,'s horse, from the loot and tells him the story of how Alexander became Bu ...
Pope Pius XII... mission for Latin America is a dicastery of the Roman Curia. Established byon 19 April 1958, it is charged with providing assistance to and examining ...
Roman Emperor... ry 272 – 22 May 337), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, wasfrom 306 to 337. Well known for being the first Roman emperor to convert t ...
MaximilianWhen he was twelve, his kinsman the emperorplaced him among his pages. He remained for seventeen years in the service ...
the Prince of Wales... ey, Archbishop of Canterbury, and her three godparents were Queen Victoria,(later King Edward VII and May's father-in-law), and Princess Augusta, the ...
Gundobad... or was abandoned by his partisans, captured in a church and put to death by, Ricimer's nephew. This version implies that Olybrius was secretly suppor ...
TotilaThe Ostrogoths of kingdestroyed most of the town in 545. Assisi then came under the rule of the ...
Achilles... re names of the tribe (also called "Myrmidones") settled in Pyhthia, led by
Ottokar I... ould return to the title of duke. The title of king became hereditary under(1198). His grandson Ottokar II (king from 1253–1278) conquered a short-li ...
Charles II... ewels of the United Kingdom. From the early 14th century until the reign of, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the cor ...
David I... dedicated to the Holy Trinity which evolved into an Abbey under their son,in 1128. The graveyard of this abbey would become the burial place for man ...
Numa Pompilius... Romans originally considered winter a monthless period. They were added byabout 713 BC. February remained the last month of the calendar year until ...
Queen Anne... r the marriage of Princess Elizabeth, an entertainment for the amusement ofat Caversham House, and a third for the marriage of the Earl of Somerset t ...
Francis I... e Palace of Fontainebleau. This was accomplished by the great builder-king,(1494–1547), who, in the largest of his many construction projects, recons ...
Cestrinus... elenus acquiring the rule of Buthrotum, as king. Andromache bore him a son,, who is identified with Genger or Zenter, a legendary Trojan king and fat ...
James II... she married in 1677. Sarah acted as Anne's agent after the latter's father,, was deposed during the Glorious Revolution; and she promoted her interes ...
Queen Victoria... les Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury, and her three godparents were, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII and May's father-in-law), and ...
Stephen III of Moldavia... rince Mircea I of Wallachia used it against the Ottomans in 1395 and princescorched the earth in his country as the Ottoman army advanced in 1475 and ...
Robert the Bruce... supported Robert the Bruce of Scotland. The Clan Ross fought alongside Kingwhen Earl Fearchar's grandson William led the clan against the English at ...
Prince Henry... 613, issued a volume of "Songs of Mourning: Bewailing the Untimely Death of", set to music by John Cooper (also known as Coperario). The same year he ...
Henry VIII... wings in a square surrounding a central courtyard. The palace was seized bywith other church properties
Leopold I, Holy Roman EmperorJohn married Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, daughter of, his first cousin, in 1708. From that marriage were born six children, th ...
Sparta... Pentapolis after 410, was born of wealthy parents, who claimed descent fromn kings, at Balagrae (Bayda now) near between 370 and 375
Tullus Hostilius... f Alba Longa. The noble Alban families which settled at Rome in the time ofthen formed the nucleus of the gentes minores; these included the Tulii, S ...
Shun... t monuments, including the renowned graves of the ancient sage kings Yu and. Places he visited include Shandong, Yunnan, Hebei, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Ji ...
Julius Caesar... ay. In 1912, Robeson attended Somerville High School, where he performed in, Othello, sang in the chorus, and excelled in football, basketball, baseb ...
Jaromír of Bohemia... The jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire was definitively reasserted whenwas granted fief of the Kingdom of Bohemia by Emperor King Henry II of the ...
Sakthan Thampuran... ter Rama Varma Kunhjipilla Thampuran or Rama Varma IX or popularly known asascended the throne of Kingdom of Cochin (1769 to 1805). He changed the ca ...
Francis IFrom the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, every monarch, fromto Louis XV, made important renovations at the Palace of Fontainebleau, in ...
Hyrcanus II... y the Roman Senate c. 139 BCE was later exploited by the Romans themselves.and Aristobulus II, Simon's great-grandsons, became pawns in a proxy war b ...
Mary II... omoted her interests during the rule of James's successors, William III and. When Anne came to the throne after William's death in 1702, the Duke of ...
Josiah... erusalem in the late 7th and early 6th centuries BC during the time of kingand the fall of the Kingdom of Judah to the Babylonians. The book is writt ...
Charles AlbertUntaught by Maximilian II Emmanuel's experience, his son,(1726–1745), devoted all his energies to increasing the European prestige ...
Charles II... vention Parliament which restored Charles I's eldest son to the monarchy as. Following the Restoration, Oliver Cromwell was exhumed and posthumously ...
Conrad of Montferrat... in 1189. He attempted to take command of the Christian forces at Tyre, butheld power there after his successful defence of the city from Muslim atta ...
Temenus#Medon (Μήδων), a son of Ceisus and grandson of. He was a king of Argos but his powers were limited to the minimum in fav ...
Saladin... used as a prison for captured "Franks" during the Crusades, as a stable by, as a fortress by Napoleon, and as a local school. In 1980 the mosque was ...
Charlemagne... d the Pyrenean portion of Catalonia extending their power as far as Girona.'s son Louis took Barcelona from the Moorish emir in 801, ultimately formi ...
Henry VII... vourite residence of Queen Elizabeth I. Built in 1497 by the Bishop of Ely,'s minister John Cardinal Morton, it comprised four wings in a square surr ...
Augustus III... farms. The reigns of two kings of the Saxon Wettin dynasty, Augustus II and, brought the Commonwealth further disintegration. The Great Northern War, ...
John XXIII... able to have a great deal of influence in all university affairs. In 1413,granted the university extensive special privileges, such as university ju ...
Edward VI... olitical and historic symbolism was considered useful, for instance each of, Mary I, and Elizabeth I briefly stayed at the Tower before their coronat ...
Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of BadenHeidelberg fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1803., refounded the University, named "Ruperto-Carola" after its two founders. ...
Elector of BrandenburgPrince Waldeck had hoped to delay the campaign to enable theto move on the Moselle and tie down Boufflers, but Luxembourg’s early mano ...
King Charles IIHe visited the City as a courtier toin 1671 and described it thus
Queen Margherita... Puccini opera was a national event. Many Roman dignitaries attended, as did, though she arrived late, after the first act. The Prime Minister of Ital ...
Nicholas II... s of the Russian Imperial Family ("Nicky" was particularly used to refer to, the last Tsar) so they changed it to Dickie
Placidia... Rome, along with the Empress Licinia Eudoxia and her daughters Eudocia and
Charles VI... sing the European prestige and power of his house. The death of the emperorproved his opportunity: he disputed the validity of the Pragmatic Sanction ...
Rudolph I of Habsburg... rritory south of the Rhine under their control, aiding their rise to power., who became Holy Roman Emperor in 1273, effectively revoked the status of ...
Licinius... remost general of his time, Constantine defeated the emperors Maxentius andduring civil wars. He also fought successfully against the Franks, Alamann ...
Pirithous#Medon, a Centaur at the wedding ofand Hippodamia
Leo I the Thracian... supporter, but once again his hopes were shattered, as the Eastern Emperorchose the noble Procopius Anthemius. His association with Gaiseric did not ...
Cornelis de Graeff... ble at peace, at the great distress of the regents. When Andries Bicker and, the great regents of the city of Amsterdam refused some mayors he appoin ...
King Edward IIIn the 14th century Napton was granted a market charter byand throughout the Middle Ages it was one of the largest settlements in Wa ...
King Henry II... en Jaromír of Bohemia was granted fief of the Kingdom of Bohemia by Emperorof the Holy Roman Empire, with the promise that he hold it as a vassal onc ...
King ArthurTwelve of's battles were recorded by Nennius in Historia Brittonum. The Battle of T ...
Duke of Savoy... ne. Meanwhile Marshal Catinat led the French forces in Dauphiné against the, whilst Marshal Noailles commanded forces deployed on the border of Catal ...
Kingdom of Cochin... ama Varma IX or popularly known as Sakthan Thampuran ascended the throne of(1769 to 1805). He changed the capital of Cochin Royal Family to Thrissur ...
Queen Elizabeth I... resent house. This palace was the childhood home and favourite residence of. Built in 1497 by the Bishop of Ely, Henry VII's minister John Cardinal M ...
Dost Mohammad Khan... evenge would later be sought and obtained by Fateh Khan's youngest brother,
Mary I... d historic symbolism was considered useful, for instance each of Edward VI,, and Elizabeth I briefly stayed at the Tower before their coronations
Charles I... reat Britain" in 1604—they remained separate kingdoms. James I's successor,, experienced frequent conflicts with the English Parliament related to th ...
Edward I... ases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, andin the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late ...
Charlemagne... III (750 – 12 June 816) was Pope from 795 to his death in 816. Protected byfrom his enemies in Rome, he subsequently strengthened Charlemagne's posit ...
Clovis IAfter the Franks underdefeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac in 496, the Franks eventual ...
SaladinAyyubid Sultanhad conquered most of the Frankish Kingdom of Jerusalem, including the anc ...
King James I... uilt in 1611 by Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister toand has been the home of the Cecil family ever since. It is a prime exampl ...
Licinia Eudoxia... ween the two factions broke down, and in 455 with a letter from the Empress, begging Genseric's son to rescue her, the Vandals took Rome, along with ...
Odin... ain") is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god. Chosen by Odin, half of those that die in combat travel to Valhalla upon ...
Charles Theodore... arian line of the Wittelsbachs became extinct, and the succession passed to, the elector palatine. After a separation of four and a half centuries, t ...
Queen Victoria... ess of Salisbury was three times Prime Minister during the closing years of's reign. The city of Salisbury (now Harare) in the colony of Rhodesia (no ...
Libius Severus... ed, because Ricimer, who had become the Magister militum of the West, choseas new Emperor (461–465). However, Placidia was now free, and re-joined he ...
Cadwallon ap Cadfan... Hatfield Chase on 12 October 633, in which Edwin was defeated and killed byof Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia, Northumbria again was divided into Bernici ...
Acastus... the war in his place. The gods had pity on his widow, Laodamia, daughter of, and brought him up from Hades to see her. She was at first overjoyed, th ...
Trajan... 9 to 116 or 119. Some believe he suffered martyrdom under the Roman Emperoror Hadrian, but this is improbable
Theodoric II... s had a good relationship with the Visigoths, in particular with their king, who was a friend of his and who acclaimed Avitus Emperor, but the possib ...
King Harald... It is the traditional location for the consecration of the King of Norway.was consecrated at Nidaros Cathedral on June 23, 1991
William III... ight of succession was closely guarded. Ultimately, in the conflict between, and James II, it was William, the foreign usurper, who became the popula ...
James I... facto capital of Scotland for much of the period until the assassination ofin 1437. Following her marriage to King Malcolm III, Queen Margaret encour ...
Wallis Simpson... ated the same year in order to marry twice-divorced American socialite Mrs.. She supported her second son, Albert, who succeeded to the throne as Geo ...
Minos... , Orion was likely the son of the sea-god Poseidon and Euryale, daughter of, King of Crete. Orion could walk on the waves because of his father; he w ...
Napoleon III... an claiming to be Napoleon to travel to France. That person turns out to be, the nephew of Hornblower's great nemesis and the future President (and l ...
Arcadius... l praetorian prefect Aurelianus. Synesius composed and addressed to Emperora speech entitled De regno, full of topical advice as to the studies of a ...
Thomas Sankara... zed power in a coup d'état in 1987, betraying his long-time friend and ally, who was killed in the coup
Fidel Castro... as Llosa was initially a supporter of the Cuban revolutionary government of. He studied Marxism in depth as a university student and was later persua ...
Henry II of Englanddied on July 6, 1189 following a defeat by his son Richard I (Lionheart) a ...
Henry VIII... s succeeded by the Scottish monarch James VI, who was the great-grandson of's older sister and hence Elizabeth's first cousin twice removed. James VI ...
Isabella of Austria... th in 1521. The son of Hans and Christina, King Christian II, with his wife, was also interred in the royal family chapel. In 1807 the former Francis ...
Roman Emperor... from 108 or 109 to 116 or 119. Some believe he suffered martyrdom under theTrajan or Hadrian, but this is improbable
Charles of Lorraine... who had succeeded command of Allied forces in the region after the death of. Meanwhile Marshal Catinat led the French forces in Dauphiné against the ...
Fidel Castro... informal control of Revolutionary Armed Forces chief General Raúl Castro ('s brother), and large numbers of army officers were moved into the Minist ...
Sparta... r to avoid going to Troy with Agamemnon and Menelaus to bring Helen back to– pretended to have gone mad and began sowing the fields with salt. Palame ...
Valentinian III... rucial part in the blunders of Rome. Petronius Maximus, the usurper, killedin an effort to control the Empire. Diplomacy between the two factions bro ...
Tiberius... er a portrait of himself on a cloth, with which she later cured the Emperor. The linking of this with the bearing of the cross in the Passion, and th ...
William the ConquerorIn the Harrying of the North,'s brutal conquest and subjugation of the North of England, William's men ...
Solomon... beginning of 2 Chronicles (chapters 1–9) is a history of the reign of King, son of David
Raúl Castro... oved under the informal control of Revolutionary Armed Forces chief General(Fidel Castro's brother), and large numbers of army officers were moved in ...
Augustus II... th most peasant farms. The reigns of two kings of the Saxon Wettin dynasty,and Augustus III, brought the Commonwealth further disintegration. The Gre ...
Frederick I of Prussia... n Prince John William Friso of Nassau-Dietz of the Frisian Nassaus and King, who both claimed the title Prince of Orange. Both descended from Frederi ...
Mary I... atholic heir, and consequent persecution of the Protestant Church (as under), or foreign intervention by the Habsburgs or French, meant that the righ ...
Yuan Shikai... advisors, and Yan was soon recognized as the military governor of Shanxi by, and effectively controlled Shanxi until 1949, when the Communists took c ...
Agamemnon... reason. In Greek mythology, Odysseus – in order to avoid going to Troy withand Menelaus to bring Helen back to Sparta – pretended to have gone mad an ...
Petronius Maximus... out, however, politics again played a crucial part in the blunders of Rome., the usurper, killed Valentinian III in an effort to control the Empire. ...
William the ConquerorWhen, in 1069, Malcolm Canmore andheld a conference respecting the claims of Edgar Atheling to the English C ...
Rudolph II... ries of the Christian world during that period. In 1609, Holy Roman Emperorwho made Prague again the capital of the Empire at the time, himself a Rom ...
James I... Buchan and Ross, at that battle, the Earldom of Ross reverted to the crown.on his return from his long captivity in England, restored it to the heire ...
William II of Sicily... consisted of 650 knights, 1,300 horses, and 1,300 squires to the Holy Land.had died the previous year, and was replaced by Tancred, who placed Joan o ...
Saul... (chapters 1–10) mostly contains genealogical lists, including the House ofand Saul's rejection by God, which sets the stage for the rise of David
John II Casimir VasaFollowing the abdication of Kingand the end of The Deluge, the Polish nobility elected Michael to the Poli ...
Emperor NinkenEmpress: Tashiraka no Himemiko (手白香皇女), daughter ofMenokohime (目子媛), daughter of Owari no Muraji Kusaka (尾張連草香
Elector of Bavaria... (although the Dauphin held honorific command). De Lorge was opposed by the, who had succeeded command of Allied forces in the region after the death ...
Ferdinand... g Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia in the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Archdukeof Austria became King of Bohemia and the country became a constituent sta ...
Valentinian IIIIn an effort to bring the Vandals into the fold of the Empire,offered his daughter's hand in marriage to Genseric's son. Before this tre ...
Christina of Saxony... ng Hans of Denmark (d. 1513) was buried in the cathedral in 1513. His wife,, who lived the latter part of her life in a nunnery in Odense, commission ...
Louis XIV of France... e one of the most powerful sovereigns in Europe, and the only one to defeat. Many members of the House of Orange were devoted admirers of the King-St ...
James IElizabeth's successordid not like the palace much and so gave it to Elizabeth's (and his own) c ...
Earl of Bothwell... ssination in 1567, Mary contracted an even more unpopular marriage with the, who was widely suspected of Darnley's murder. The nobility rebelled agai ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... hed success, and was rewarded by a series of academic appointments. In 1552, appointed him professor of scriptural interpretation in the university. ...
Pope John Paul II... es. The office also settles labour issues which arise. It was instituted byon 1 January 1989 by an apostolic letter in the form of a
Theodemir... lied with the former vassal and rival, the Gepids and the Ostrogoths led bybroke the Hunnic power of Attila's sons in the Battle of Nedao in 454
Charles IV... he Bohemian throne with the crowning of John I of Bohemia in 1310. His son,became King of Bohemia in 1346. He founded Charles University in Prague, c ...
Louis VIIThis hamlet was endowed with a royal hunting lodge and a chapel byin the middle of the twelfth century. A century later, Louis IX, also call ...
Charles the Bald... the title of count). At the end of the 9th century, the Carolingian monarchdesignated Wilfred the Hairy — a noble descendant of a family from Conflen ...
Queen Margaret... nd crossed the Solway in August 1461 to land at Kirkcudbright in support ofat Linlithgow. The town also successfully withstood a siege in 1547 from t ...
Emperor of Japan... ective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of thein pre-Meiji eras
William the Conqueror... the castle built in 1080, by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, the eldest son of. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later bec ...
Ottokar II... e. The title of king became hereditary under Ottokar I (1198). His grandson(king from 1253–1278) conquered a short-lived empire which contained moder ...
James IV... thumberland, in northern England, between an invading Scots army under Kingand an English army commanded by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. It ended i ...
Elizabeth I... and 17th centuries, when many figures who had fallen into disgrace, such asbefore she became queen, were held within its walls. This use has led to t ...
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor... żanka) a Habsburg, born 1653 at Regensburg died 1697 at Vienna, daughter of, by his third wife Eleonora Gonzaga
Prince of Orange... the Duchess of Richmond's ball in Brussels, he received a dispatch from theand was shocked by the speed of Napoleon's advance. He hastily ordered his ...
Emperor KōkōNyōgo: Princess Chūshi/Tadako (忠子女王), daughter of Imperial Prince Tokiyasu(later
King James'... region to Prince Waldeck (William was himself busy in Ireland forestallingattempt to regain his throne). In other theatres Marshal de Lorge commande ...
King George IIIThe Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, byfollowing Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America ...
Louis IX... chapel by Louis VII in the middle of the twelfth century. A century later,, also called Saint Louis, who held Fontainebleau in high esteem and refer ...
Ecgberht... hers Halfdan Ragnarsson and Ivar the Boneless, who installed an Englishman,, as a puppet king. By 870 the "Great Summer Army" arrived in England, led ...
Napoleon IIIWhen Louis Napoleon () seized complete power in 1851, establishing an anti-parliamentary consti ...
Lord Darnley... endancy was established. Mary caused alarm by marrying her Catholic cousin,, in 1565. After Lord Darnley's assassination in 1567, Mary contracted an ...
Queen Mary... . After her two months of imprisonment in the Tower of London by her sister, Elizabeth returned to Hatfield. The Queen Elizabeth Oak on the grounds o ...
Oenopion... to the island of Chios where he got drunk and attacked Merope, daughter of, the ruler there. In vengeance, Oenopion blinded Orion and drove him away ...
Emperor Frederick II... d after the Third Crusade allowed for Christian pilgrims to visit the site.regained the city and the church by treaty in the 13th century, while he h ...
Peter the Great... of Sciences, an honor previously granted to only two other heads of state:and Napoleon Bonaparte. Pedro II exchanged letters with scientists, philos ...
Mao Zedong... s. By then, the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek and the Communists underhad signed a ceasefire to create the Second United Front and fight the Jap ...
Sigismund of Luxembourg... s passed despite the fact that Hus was granted formal protection by Emperorprior to the journey. Hus was invited to attend the council to defend hims ...
Odin... event is described primarily in the Poetic Edda. In the poem Vafþrúðnismál,poses the question to Vafþrúðnir as to who of mankind will survive the Fim ...
Philip the Fair... as "his wilderness", had a country house and a hospital constructed there.was born there in 1268 and died there in 1314. In all, thirty-four soverei ...
Emperor of Ethiopia... st 1975), born Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 andfrom 1930 to 1974. He was the heir to a dynasty that traced its origins to ...
Charles Edward Stuart... Home, Lord Kames. Another descendant was Clementina Walkinshaw, mistress of
James II... n was closely guarded. Ultimately, in the conflict between William III, and, it was William, the foreign usurper, who became the popular defender of ...
Emperor MontokuNyōgo: Minamoto no Seishi (源済子), daughter ofNyōgo: Minamoto no Sadako (源貞子) (?–873
Hadrian... r 119. Some believe he suffered martyrdom under the Roman Emperor Trajan or, but this is improbable
current Prince of Wales... y dim character, with the voice and mannerisms of Charles I's namesake, the). However, due to a misunderstanding between Oliver Cromwell (guest-star ...
Thomas Seymour... ears old, Elizabeth was under suspicion of having illegally agreed to marry, the House and her servants were seized by Edward VI's agent Robert Tyrwh ...
Berengaria of Navarre... l out over the issue of Richard's marriage, as Richard had decided to marry, breaking off his long-standing betrothal to Philip's half-sister Alys. P ...
Huneric... ybrius for the purple; the reason for this decision was that Gaiseric's sonand Olybrius had married the two daughters of Valentinian III (Petronius' ...
Íñigo Arista... of Roncevaux Pass through an ambush of a coaliated vascon and Muslim force.of Pamplona was stepbrother of Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi, by mother
Achilles... e Aegis breastplate, Aphrodite's famed girdle, Agamemnon's staff of office,' armor, Heracles' bronze clappers, Helios' chariot as well as his own due ...
Robert I of Scotland... connotation is still ethnic. This is how it is used, for instance, by Kingand Domhnall Ua Néill during the Scottish Wars of Independence, when Irela ...
Mark of Cornwall... n the Palamedes and other works, the castle is eventually destroyed by Kingafter the loss of Arthur at the Battle of Camlann. However maddening to la ...
Pope Benedict XVIshowed his own admiration for Benedict XV following his election to the Pa ...
Edmund, the Duke of Edinburgh... ower. The series follows the exploits of Richard IV's unfavoured second son(who calls himself "The Black Adder") in his various attempts to increase ...
Oileus#Medon, half-brother of Ajax the Lesser and son of, king of Locris, by Rhene or Alcimache. He resided in Phylace, to where h ...
Emperor... ed Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command ofNapoleon was defeated by combined armies of the Seventh Coalition, an Angl ...
Avitus... as a fast succession of Emperors. After Petronius, the Gallic-Roman senatorwas proclaimed Emperor by the Visigoth king Theodoric II and ruled for two ...
Queen Caroline... John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert Walpole; King George II; and his wife,. The money she inherited from the Marlborough trust left her as one of th ...
Wenceslaus... his wife Drahomíra, a Hevellian princess, Vratislaus had at least two sons,and Boleslaus, both of whom succeeded him as Bohemian dukes. Střezislava, ...
Cercaphus... seven sons of Helios and Rhode, brothers to Electryone. They were Ochimus,, Macareus or Macar, Actis, Tenages, Triopas, and Candalus (Nonnus adds Au ...
Kamehameha III... ventually finished translating the Bible. Missionaries also influenced Kingto establish the first Hawaiian-language constitutions in 1839 and 1840
Agamemnon... winged helmet and sandals, the Aegis breastplate, Aphrodite's famed girdle,'s staff of office, Achilles' armor, Heracles' bronze clappers, Helios' ch ...
Theodoric II... the Gallic-Roman senator Avitus was proclaimed Emperor by the Visigoth kingand ruled for two years, then was deposed by Majorian, who ruled for four ...
Edward... urite of George, who liked a relatively simple life. They had six children:, Albert, Mary, Henry, George, and John
ThrasamundAccording to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia: "While(496–523), owing to his religious fanaticism, was hostile to Catholics, he ...
TitusJews led into captivity after the destruction of Jerusalem byand Vespasian, and, at a later date, translated its Hebrew name into its l ...
Al-Mahdi... ed that the Oghuz Turks had come to Transoxiana in the period of the caliphin the years between 775 and 785. In the period of the Abbasid caliph Al-M ...
Augustus... to Bohemia, where their king Maroboduus established a powerful kingdom thatperceived as a threat to Rome. Before he could act, however, the war in Il ...
Béla III of Hungary... f 2,000 men from the Hungarian prince Géza, the younger brother of the kingalso went with Barbarossa to the Holy Land
John III of Navarre... Castle of La Mota, Medina del Campo, from which he escaped and joined King. He was killed in 1507 while fighting for the Navarrese king in the city ...
Narai... as one of the biggest and wealthiest cities in the East. The court of King(1656–88) had strong links with that of King Louis XIV of France, whose am ...
Emperor Kammu... rincess Hanshi (班子女王) (833–900), daughter of Imperial Prince Nakano (son of
David... ng it the final book of the Jewish bible). Chronicles largely parallels theic narratives in the Books of Samuel and the Books of Kings. In the Roman ...
William of Orange... nown as the Immortal Seven invited James II's daughter Mary and her husbandto depose the king. William obliged, arriving in England on 5 November 168 ...
King George II... architect of Blenheim Palace, John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert Walpole;; and his wife, Queen Caroline. The money she inherited from the Marlboro ...
William the Lion, King of Scotland... as described as "very strong". It was besieged in 1172 and again in 1174 byand William was captured outside the walls during the Battle of Alnwick. E ...
Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... note that the earliest incarnation of Chianti was as a white wine. In 1716issued an edict legislating that the three villages of the Lega del Chiant ...
Edward I... y, there is the outer ward which encompasses the castle and was built under. Although there were several phases of expansion after William the Conque ...
Napoleon... om of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperorwas defeated by combined armies of the Seventh Coalition, an Anglo-Allied ...
Rhys ap GruffyddThe monastery, which was founded byin or about 1185, is in the care of Cadw. In common with Strata Florida Ab ...
Augustus... re the descendants of the "melting pot" of the Roman legionnaires (moved byto eastern Istria to colonize the borders of Italy) and the Aromanian shep ...
Eardwulf of NorthumbriaLeo helped restore Kingand settled various matters of dispute between the Archbishops of York and ...
Frederick II... t of endless intrigues with the Austrian cabinet and the immediate cause of's League of Princes (Fürstenbund) of 1785, was to exchange Bavaria for th ...
Emperor Maximilian... e, the functions of the Fehmic courts were superseded. By the action of theand of other German princes they were, in the 16th century, once more rest ...
Louis XIV... rom great territorial nobles, some of whom were leaders of the Fronde. Whenbecame king in 1643, he was only a child, and though Richelieu had died th ...
Julius Nepos... stris), Ecdicius Avitus (later patricius and magister militum under Emperor), and, clarissima femina (who married the praetorian prefect of Gaul Tona ...
Ochimus... were the seven sons of Helios and Rhode, brothers to Electryone. They were, Cercaphus, Macareus or Macar, Actis, Tenages, Triopas, and Candalus (Non ...
Charles II of England... been made official by law. Virginia was given the title "Dominion" by Kingat the time of The Restoration, because it had remained loyal to the crown ...
Nero... gdom over which the two great empires had shared hegemony since the time ofsome fifty years earlier. Some modern historians also attribute Trajan's d ...
AugustusUnder the reign of, when the capital had grown to almost one million inhabitants, 14 wards w ...
Emperor AnkanAmong his sons,, Emperor Senka and Emperor Kimmei ascended to the throne
Majorian... the Visigoth king Theodoric II and ruled for two years, then was deposed by, who ruled for four years, before being killed by his general Ricimer (46 ...
Louis XIV of France... East. The court of King Narai (1656–88) had strong links with that of King, whose ambassadors compared the city in size and wealth to Paris
Emperor MontokuSeiwa was the fourth son of. His mother was Empress Dowager Fujiwara no Akirakeiko (明子), also called ...
Prince George, Duke of YorkAlbert Victor's brother,, now second in line to the throne, evidently became close to May during t ...
Prince Albert... . It was a commission on behalf of Queen Victoria in memory of her husband,
Richard IIThe idea of trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (Edward II,and Henry VI) had been overthrown and murdered by their successors, but ha ...
Conrad of Montferrat... in Jing Ke's failed assassination of King Qin Shi Huang (227 BC). In 1192,, the de facto King of Jerusalem, was assassinated by hashshashin
Emperor KimmeiAmong his sons, Emperor Ankan, Emperor Senka andascended to the throne
Maximilian I of Mexico... e had also pleaded for Benito Juárez to spare the recently captured emperorbut to no avail. His complete archives (published by Pauvert) show also th ...
Marcus Aurelius... f the ancient world, the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who writes a long letter to, the son and heir of Antoninus Pius, his successor and adoptive son. The ...
John II Casimir... because of large scale internal conflicts (e.g. Lubomirski's Rokosz againstand rebellious confederations), corrupted legislative processes and manipu ...
Queen Mary... l of Empire was held at the building to mark the coronation of George V and
Penda of Mercia... n which Edwin was defeated and killed by Cadwallon ap Cadfan of Gwynedd and, Northumbria again was divided into Bernicia and Deira. Bernicia was then ...
Kingdom of Cochin... ains and left for Mecca to embrace Islam. This place was later ruled by the(Perumpadapu Swaroopam). During the time of the Chera ruler, Kodungallur w ...
Charles I... they had moved to a position in the inner ward. Political tensions betweenand Parliament in the second quarter of the 17th century led to an attempt ...
Judas MaccabeusThe Jordan was crossed byand his brother Jonathan Maccabaeus during their war with the Nabataeans ( ...
Huneric... member of the royal house was to succeed. Thus he was succeeded by his son(477–484), who at first tolerated Catholics, owing to his fear of Constant ...
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria... river, which moved east and reached Höchstädt on 19 September. Villars andmoved their army of 17,000 to intercept this force, ordering another Frenc ...
Antigonus... st themselves over the succession. Lycia fell into the hands of the generalby 304 BC. In 301 BC Antigonus was killed by an alliance of the other succ ...
Henry VIIIOn 22 November 1539 the abbey was surrendered to's commissioners in the Dissolution of the monasteries. It was awarded to ...
James II... st. Richard Jennings came into contact with James, Duke of York (the future, brother of King Charles II) in 1663, during negotiations for the recover ...
Emperor SenkaAmong his sons, Emperor Ankan,and Emperor Kimmei ascended to the throne
the Prince of Wales... ved, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, the eldest son of. The choice of May as bride for the Duke owed much to Queen Victoria's fo ...
Theodoric I... ative of his, Theodorus, was hostage at the court of the King of Visigoths,: in 425/426 Avitus went and met him, thus meeting the King, who let Avitu ...
Queen Victoria... f the Prince of Wales. The choice of May as bride for the Duke owed much to's fondness for her, as well as to her strong character and sense of duty. ...
Antoninus Pius... r Hadrian, who writes a long letter to Marcus Aurelius, the son and heir of, his successor and adoptive son. The Emperor meditates on his past, descr ...
Richard the Lionheart... t to the north, east, and west is the inner ward, built during the reign of(1189–1199). Finally, there is the outer ward which encompasses the castle ...
Alexander I of Macedon... nd thereby block Xerxes's advance. However, once there, they were warned bythat the vale could be bypassed through the pass by the modern village of ...
James II... d with a prebend had not Baker incurred his displeasure by refusing to read's Declaration of Indulgence. The bishop who himself was afterwards specia ...
Gunthamund... onstantinople, but after 482 began to persecute Manichaeans and Catholics."(484–496), his cousin and successor, sought internal peace with the Cathol ...
Rupert of Germany... . In 1401-1402 Oswald participated in the failed Italian expedition of King. In 1407 he and his brother finally agreed on how to split the inheritanc ...
Dowager Empress... reform in reviving monasticism; a negative example would be the role of thein the subjugation of China to European interests). Within nationalist mov ...
Vespasianand, and, at a later date, translated its Hebrew nam
Odoacer... n 488, by commission from the Byzantine emperor Zeno, to recover Italy from. By 493 Ravenna was taken, where Theodoric would set up his capital. It w ...
Murad II... eneral flows back and forth across the Dardanelles continued, the reigns of(d. 1451) and Mehmet II (d. 1481) focused heavily on the demographic reorg ...
Nero... mixture of milk and rice was used in China around 200 BC. The Roman Emperor(37–68) had ice brought from the mountains and combined it with fruit topp ...
Mary... roup of Protestants known as the Immortal Seven invited James II's daughterand her husband William of Orange to depose the king. William obliged, arr ...
Amphictyon... Hellenes , the son of Deucalion (or sometimes Zeus) and Pyrrha, brother ofand father of Aeolus, Xuthus, and Dorus. His name is also another name for ...
Malcolm IV of ScotlandClan Ross is a Highland Scottish clan first named as such by Kingin 1160. The first of the chiefs was Fearchar, Earl of Ross from the O'Beo ...
Triopas... lectryone. They were Ochimus, Cercaphus, Macareus or Macar, Actis, Tenages,, and Candalus (Nonnus adds Auges and Thrinax). They were expert astrologe ...
Joachim Murat... the Kingdom of Naples and granted it to his brother and then (from 1808) to, along with marrying his sisters Elisa and Paolina off to the princes of ...
John... ord of Alnwick, was accused of plotting with Robert Fitzwalter against Kingin 1212. In response, John ordered the demolition of Alnwick Castle and Ba ...
Saul... ic periods. Abraham's Well and the tombs of Abner ben Ner (the commander ofand David's army), Ruth and Jesse are also located in the city
Alfred of Wessex... thern England, where Jorvic had become the centre of the Viking kingdom butmanaged to keep them out of his country. Alfred and his successors continu ...
David I of Scotland... eivers. The castle was first mentioned in 1136 when it was captured by King. at this point it was described as "very strong". It was besieged in 1172 ...
Edward IIThe idea of trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (, Richard II and Henry VI) had been overthrown and murdered by their succe ...
Pope John Paul IIThe visit ofto Ireland in September proved to be a welcome break for Lynch from the da ...
Conrad of Montferrat... reduced by fever. Young Frederick had to ask the assistance of his kinsmanto lead him safely to Acre, by way of Tyre, where his father's bones were ...
Emperor Wu of Han... of China, covering more than two thousand years from the Yellow Emperor to. His definitive work laid the foundation for later Chinese historiography
King Richard III... Middle Ages, the series is written as a secret history which contends thatwon the Battle of Bosworth Field, only to be mistaken for someone else and ...
David... s. Abraham's Well and the tombs of Abner ben Ner (the commander of Saul and's army), Ruth and Jesse are also located in the city
Charles II, Duke of Zweibrücken... dren to the status of princes of the Empire. The protests of the next heir,(Deux-Ponts), supported by the king of Prussia, led to the War of Bavarian ...
George V... , the Festival of Empire was held at the building to mark the coronation ofand Queen Mary
Alexander II of ScotlandFerquhard Ross helped King(1214–1249) crush a rebellion in Moray and Ross-shire. When King Alexander ...
William the Silent... n again in Western Europe. The reigns of King Przemysł II of Poland (1296),of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings Henry III (1589) and Henry ...
Napoleon IWhen French emperorcompleted his conquest of Northern Italy and began to push his armies towa ...
Henry VIII... established during the Dissolution of the Monasteries under the auspices of
Pope Pius XI... was founded by the Roman Catholic Church in 1936 under its current name byand is placed under the protection of the reigning Pope). Its aim is to pr ...
William III... f Indulgence. The bishop who himself was afterwards specially excepted from's Act of Indemnity
Richard II... mes under Edward I and was expanded to its current size during the reign of(1377–1399)
Polycrates... of his birth, Aristoxenus stated that Pythagoras left Samos in the reign of, at the age of 40, which would give a date of birth around 570 BC
Roman Emperor... ted the life and death of one of the great rulers of the ancient world, theHadrian, who writes a long letter to Marcus Aurelius, the son and heir of ...
Augustus... d others) competing with Rome in the 1st century BC. By the time of Emperor, present-day Italy was included in the Roman Italy (Italia) as a province ...
Crown Princess of Sweden... of Cambridge), and wrote to her every week. During the First World War, thehelped pass letters from May to her aunt, who lived in enemy territory in ...
Malcolm III... ance. The town was first recorded in the 11th century, with the marriage of, King of Scotland and Saint Margaret at the church in Dunfermline. As his ...
Alexander III (the Great)... al dynasts the freedom to rule. Persia held Lycia until it was conquered byof Macedon during 334–333 BC
Henry II of England... ristians across Europe. The cry went up for a new crusade to the Holy Land.and Philip II of France ended their war with each other, and both imposed ...
Princess AnneSarah became close to the youngin about 1675, and the friendship grew stronger as the two grew older. In ...
Munju of Baekje... 곤지, 昆支). If so, then this legendary figure would also be the descended from
Roman Emperor... that a frozen mixture of milk and rice was used in China around 200 BC. TheNero (37–68) had ice brought from the mountains and combined it with fruit ...
Prince Edmund... der character: cunning, shrewd and witty, in sharp contrast to the bumblingof the first series. To make the show more cost-effective, it was also sho ...
Louis the Stammerer... relat (after its capital Arles), by the Synod of Mantaille, at the death of(879), Avignon ceased to belong to the Frankish kings
Jérôme Bonaparte... during the 17th and 18th centuries. They were finally abolished by order of, king of Westphalia, in 1811
Louis William, Margrave of Baden-BadenOn 5 September, the main force of the Imperial Army underhad taken the free city of Augsburg, threatening Bavaria from the west. Lo ...
Codrus#Medon, the son of, was the first archon of Athens. He was lame, which was why his brother N ...
Theodemir... hose name means "leader of the people") of Ostrogothic Kingdom, was born toin or about 454, soon after the Battle of Nedao. His childhood was spent a ...
XerxesHerodotus mentions that the leader of the Lycian fleet underin the Second Persian War of 480 BC was Kuberniskos Sika, previously inter ...
Philip II of France... The cry went up for a new crusade to the Holy Land. Henry II of England andended their war with each other, and both imposed a "Saladin tithe" on the ...
Henry I... rt de Beaumont, Count of Meulan held the principal manor of Napton. In 1107made de Beaumont Earl of Leicester and de Beaumont's manor at Napton becam ...
Ranjit Singh... hem, Zaman Shah made the mistake of appointing a forceful young Sikh chief,, as his governor in the Punjab. This "one-eyed" warrior would later becom ...
Charles II... into contact with James, Duke of York (the future James II, brother of King) in 1663, during negotiations for the recovery of an estate in Kent (Agne ...
Charlemagne... first documented use of the name Wiesbaden is by Einhard, the biographer of, whose writings mention "Wisabada" sometime between 828 and 830
Hadrian... nd death of one of the great rulers of the ancient world, the Roman Emperor, who writes a long letter to Marcus Aurelius, the son and heir of Antonin ...
Charles Theodore... ved with joy by the long-suppressed Liberals, and laid siege to Ingolstadt., who had done nothing to prevent wars or to resist the invasion, fled to ...
Emperor Yōzei... ototsune was influential in the process by Kōkō became emperor. At the timewas deposed, Prince Tokiaytsu was already Governor of Hitachi and Chief Mi ...
Babur... ntres of Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad. The autobiography of Mughal emperor, Tuzk Babari was also written in Turkish
Theodoric II... tus enter his own court. Here, around 439, Avitus met the son of Theodoric,, who later became King. Avitus inspired the young Theodoric to study Lati ...
Henry VI... trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (Edward II, Richard II and) had been overthrown and murdered by their successors, but had never been ...
Emperor Ankan... hes of the Yamato, pitting the supporters of sons who would become known asand Emperor Senka against those who were backers of the son who would beco ...
Maximilian IV... gain occupied the country, in preparation for renewing the war with France.Joseph (of Zweibrücken) the new elector succeeded to a difficult inheritan ...
Emperor Wu of Han... logers. His father, Sima Tan, served as the Prefect of the Grand Scribes of(Emperor "Han Wudi"). His main responsibilities were managing the imperial ...
Charles Martel... into the hands of the Saracens and was destroyed in 737 by the Franks underfor having sided with the Arabs against him. Boso having been proclaimed B ...
Prince George of Denmark... treated the Danes and their monarch with great contempt. This book offended, the consort of Queen Anne; and the Danish Minister protested
Hilderic... m the primary religion in North Africa. Generally most Vandal kings, except, persecuted Trinitarian Christians to a greater or lesser extent, banning ...
Al-Ma'mun... Mahdi in the years between 775 and 785. In the period of the Abbasid caliph(813 – 833), the name Oghuz starts to appear in the Islamic historiography ...
Joshua... Numbers ) and the "nine tribes and the half tribe of Manasseh" that, led by, settled to the west (, passim)
Irene of Athens... ditionally been seen as the defender of Rome, but the Eastern Roman Empresswas too weak to oppose Charlemagne. Charlemagne was to intervene in church ...
Otto III... the Pope's temporal power, though it was denounced as a forgery by Emperorand lamented as the root of papal worldliness by the poet Dante Alighieri. ...
Wu Sangui... oncurrently the last Ming pretender had been captured and killed by General, extinguishing any hope Koxinga may have had of re-establishing the Ming ...
SpartaThe polis ofwas the greatest military land power of classical Greek antiquity. During ...
Strophius#Medon, the son of Pylades and Electra and brother of
John III of Navarre... are married Charlotte of Albret (1480 – 11 March 1514). She was a sister of. They were parents to a daughter, Louise Borgia, Duchess of Valentinois, ...
Henry III... asons. The precursor of the Liberties was laid out in the 13th century whenordered that a strip of land adjacent to the castle be kept clear. Despite ...
Barbara Palmer, Duchess of Cleveland... balls. Churchill, who had previously been a lover of Charles II’s mistress,, had little to offer financially, as his estates were deeply in debt. Sar ...
Maria Feodorovna... sia. However, the ultimate test for her is to convince the Dowager Empress,(Helen Hayes), of her authenticity
Emperor Zeno... meaning "table" or "board", was a game mentioned in an epigram of Byzantine(AD 476–481). It was similar to modern backgammon in that the object of th ...
Menelik I... c traditions, which hold that all monarchs must trace their lineage back to, who in the Ethiopian tradition was the offspring of King Solomon and the ...
Euric... alled themselves in Tarraconensis (410) and when in 475 the Visigothic kingformed the kingdom of Tolosa (modern Toulouse, France), he incorporated th ...
Cleisthenes... ted an anti-Dorian policy. Chief of these rulers was the founder's grandson, the uncle of the Athenian legislator Cleisthenes. Besides reforming the ...
Prince of Wales... as the nearest stop to Althorp, it was the final stop on the journey by theand his two sons during the funeral of the Princess of Wales, and was seen ...
Emperor Senka... pitting the supporters of sons who would become known as Emperor Ankan andagainst those who were backers of the son who would become known as Empero ...
Emperor of Japan... ective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of thein pre-Meiji eras
Princess of Wales... e journey by the Prince of Wales and his two sons during the funeral of the, and was seen on television screens across the world as they got off the ...
Charles VIII of France... o had worked at the Milanese court of Ludovico Sforza for many years, untildrove Sforza out of Italy. After Cesare, Leonardo was unsuccessful in find ...
Victoria of the United KingdomHe convinced the government of Queento spare the lives of six Irish people convicted of terrorist activities a ...
Cheraman Perumal... of Kerala with their capital at Vanchi. Kodungallur was also the capital of, the last Chera ruler in the 7th century A.D. The legend is that he abdic ...
Przemysł II... ical reasons—became more common again in Western Europe. The reigns of Kingof Poland (1296), William the Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the Fr ...
Queen of Sheba... I, who in the Ethiopian tradition was the offspring of King Solomon and the
Justinian I... m Palestine. Accompanying the general Belisarius in the wars of the Emperor, he became the principal historian of the 6th century, writing the Wars o ...
James, Duke of York... timate children, and was due to be succeeded by his Roman Catholic brother,. A parliamentary effort to exclude James from the line of succession aros ...
Louis IX... during the 11th Century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers. In 1254,issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. ...
Eric Bloodaxe... d in stanzas of an anonymous 10th century poem commemorating the death of aknown as Eiríksmál as compiled in Fagrskinna. Valhalla has inspired variou ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... about a century later the magistrates of the town obtained permission from, to use part of the convent and nunnery as a parish church. From around 1 ...
Petronius Maximus... soldiers who had served under Aetius, probably instigated by the Patricius, who succeeded to obtain the throne. Petronius, who was a high-ranking im ...
Baibars... Byzantines. He also signed a treaty in 1263 with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan, and the Mongol Khan of Kipchak
Pylades#Medon, the son ofand Electra and brother of Strophius
Emperor Kimmei... r Senka against those who were backers of the son who would become known as
Marguerite de Navarre... River"; and he named Upper New York Bay the Bay of Santa Margarita - after- the elder sister of the king
Holy Roman EmperorThe elderlyFrederick I Barbarossa responded to the call immediately. He took up the C ...
Edwin of Northumbria... of Deira (632–633 or 633–634) in northern England. He was a cousin of king, being the son of Edwin's uncle Æthelric of Deira. Osric was also the fat ...
Henry IV... cousin, Lord Rhys. At the age of seven he was sent to the English court ofas page to the King's Steward. He went on to fight for the English at Agin ...
Sennacherib... syrian vassalage, (despite a disastrous rebellion against the Assyrian king), but in the last half of the 7th century BCE Assyria suddenly collapsed, ...
King William I... f the powers gathered at the Congress of Vienna, William proclaimed himself. He was also made grand duke of Luxembourg, and the title 'Prince of Oran ...
Thutmose III... the bricks were stamped with the cartouche of Menkheperre, the pre-nomen of. A cemetery of sacred rams was discovered in the northwest corner of Tell ...
Princess Augusta of Cambridge... was also close to her aunt, the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (née), and wrote to her every week. During the First World War, the Crown Prin ...
OttonianAfter many changes in ownership between theand Salian noble families, it was the Counts of Sayn, Diez and Wied who fi ...
King Christian XHe was the son ofof Denmark and Queen Alexandrine, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and the fou ...
David I... in the service of Walter fitz Alan, who had been appointed Steward by King
Empress Dowager Longyu... nephew Puyi, who became the Xuantong Emperor. Guangxu's consort became the. In another coup de'tat, Yuan Shikai overthrew the last Qing emperor, and ...
Sancho III of Navarre... ain (1056), and his heirs carried on the tradition. He was a younger son ofand Mayor of Castile, and by his father's will recognised the supremacy of ...
Æthelric of Deira... e was a cousin of king Edwin of Northumbria, being the son of Edwin's uncle. Osric was also the father of Oswine
Pope John Paul IIWith the changes in the canonization process introduced byin 1983, a College of Relators was added to prepare the cases of those dec ...
SemiramisThe figures of King Ninus and Queenfirst appear in the history of Persia written by Ctesias of Cnidus (c. 400 ...
Princess Märtha of SwedenOn 21 March 1929 in Oslo, he married his first cousinwith whom he had one son, Harald, and two daughters, Ragnhild and Astrid. ...
ElessarOn May 1, 3019 King's coronation took place on the plain outside Minas Tirith, he then entere ...
Sancho VII... lians under Alfonso, Aragonese and Catalans under Peter II, Navarrese under, and Franks under the archbishop Arnold of Narbonne all flocked to the ef ...
JogailaBeginning with the Lithuanian Grand Duke(Władysław II Jagiełło), the Jagiellon dynasty (1386–1572) formed the Poli ...
Louis the Stammerer... 6 – 12 December 884), King of Western Francia, was the youngest son of Kingand Ansgarde of Burgundy, and became king, jointly with his brother Louis ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... 5th century, Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchesswith the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who bec ...
Cyrus... gly, one finds scenes of the exploits of Augustus, Alexander the Great, andalluding to the deeds of Louis XIV (Lighthart, 1997; Sabatier, 1999). For ...
AlexandrineHe was the son of King Christian X of Denmark and Queen, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and the fourth Danish monarch of the House ...
Usman dan Fodio... rly an empire in decline, and in 1808 Fulani warriors conquered Ngazargamu.led the Fulani thrust and proclaimed a jihad (holy war) on the irreligious ...
Æscwine... t evidently lost some degree of control over the south as a result; in 675,, one of the kings of the West Saxons, fought him at Biedanheafde. It is n ...
Cadwallon ap CadfanAfter Edwin was killed in battle againstof Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia, Northumbria fell into disarray, with Eanfr ...
Alexander IIIWhen Wallace was growing up, Kingruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stabilit ...
Lucius Tarquinius PriscusIn the early 6th century BC, during the reign of Rome's fifth king, the Sabines attacked Rome. Tarquinius had been preparing to construct a ...
Yuan Shikai... uangxu's consort became the Empress Dowager Longyu. In another coup de'tat,overthrew the last Qing emperor, and forced empress Dowager Longyu to sign ...
Charles VIII... war with the League of the Public Weal. The matter became more urgent after's invasion of Italy (known as the First Peninsular War)
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi... The soba yōnin increased in importance during the time of the fifth shogun, when a wakadoshiyori, Inaba Masayasu, assassinated Hotta Masatoshi, the ...
Charlemagne... The Visigoths ruled in Girona until it was conquered by the Moors. Finally,reconquered it in 785 and made it one of the fourteen original countships ...
Holy Roman Emperor... rand duchy" was the Medici sovereignty of Tuscany under overlordship of thes. They received the title in 1569. Tuscany remained a grand duchy until 1 ...
Richard, Duke of Gloucester... out the alliance between Hastings and the Woodvilles which was formed while, was Protector, before he took the throne as King Richard III. She was ac ...
Servius Tullius... she had a temple on the north side of the Forum Boarium, allegedly built by, destroyed in 506 B.C., and rebuilt by Marcus Furius Camillus in 396 B.C. ...
Pinklao... on during the reign of King Mongkut, Rama IV. It was his brother, Vice-king, who, after watching demonstration of Western dining etiquette by America ...
Pope Paul VIOn 8 May 1969,issued the Apostolic Constitution Sacra Rituum Congregatio, dividing it in ...
Licinius# The status of the lapsed in the persecution underThe council was formally opened May 20, in the central structure of the im ...
Oswald of Bernicia... paganism that it was decided to add that year to the reign of the Christian, who defeated Cadwallon and came to rule both Bernicia and Deira, so as t ...
Louis III of France... ammerer and Ansgarde of Burgundy, and became king, jointly with his brother, on his father's death in 879
Decebalus... Second Dacian War), the Dacian capital, Sarmizegetusa Regia, was destroyed.fled but, rather than being captured by the Roman cavalry, committed suici ...
German Emperor Wilhelm II... Margaret of Prussia, daughter of German Emperor Frederick III and sister of. Nicholas flatly declared that he would rather become a monk than marry t ...
William II... ded to abdicate in 1840. Royal power was curbed during the reign of his sonin a constitution ordered by the King to prevent the Revolution of 1848 fr ...
Alexander the Great... eece played an important role in the art of the western world. In the East,'s conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Centra ...
George II... ow in England. Set in , the house was completed in 1729 during the reign ofand designed by Lord Burlington. William Kent (1685–1748), who took a lead ...
Charlemagne... that had not been accomplished since the days of the Roman Empire (althoughhad nearly done so around 800 CE). However, France's constant warfare with ...
Peter II... gainst the Almohads. Castilians under Alfonso, Aragonese and Catalans under, Navarrese under Sancho VII, and Franks under the archbishop Arnold of Na ...
Holy Roman Emperor... ost Honourable Privy Council. After undertaking a diplomatic mission to the, Charles V, accompanying Thomas Wolsey to Calais and Bruges, More was kni ...
Herod the Great... for 103 years before yielding to the Herodian Dynasty in 37 BCE. Even then,tried to bolster the legitimacy of his reign by marrying a Hasmonean princ ...
Domitian... edman of Titus Flavius Clemens, who was consul with his cousin, the Emperor, this identification, which no ancient sources suggest, then lost support ...
Alfred the Great... dorus Siculus. Ninus continued to be mentioned by European historians (e.g.), even up until knowledge of cuneiform enabled a more precise reconstruct ...
Sun Quan... divided into three spheres of influence, with Cao Cao dominating the north,(182–252 CE) dominating the south, and Liu Bei (161–223 CE) dominating the ...
Muhammad... ion for all those righteous Christians who were there before the arrival of
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen... ilt by Roger II of Sicily around 1131. Destroyed in 1156, it was rebuilt by. The castle now serves as a gallery for a variety of temporary exhibition ...
Louis VIII of France... ring Albi). After the citizens refused to open the gates of Avignon to Kingand the papal Legate, a three month siege ensued starting on 10 June 1226, ...
Harthacnut... lish king. She had returned to England (at least) by 1036, while Emma's sonwas away in Denmark, at war with the Norwegian king Magnus I, and the Swed ...
Mayor of Castile... carried on the tradition. He was a younger son of Sancho III of Navarre and, and by his father's will recognised the supremacy of his eldest brother, ...
Ali az-Zahir... Byzantine Empire in 1027-8 an agreement was reached whereby the new Caliph(Al-Hakim's son) agreed to allowing the rebuilding and redecoration of the ...
Louis XVIII... ater lost this status under Napoleon I, and the song was banned outright byand Napoleon III, only being re-instated briefly after the July Revolution ...
Saladin... 1177, at the head of the army of the kingdom, he helped King Baldwin defeatat the Battle of Montgisard; Saladin narrowly escaped. In 1181 the temptat ...
William IIIWilliam II died in 1849. He was succeeded by his son, King, a rather conservative, even a reactionary man. William III was sharply o ...
Ptolemy I Soter... vity. His fourth wife was Lanassa and fifth wife was Ptolemais, daughter ofand Eurydice of Egypt, by whom he had a son called Demetrius the Fair. He ...
Crown Prince Frederick... was Prince Christian of Denmark (later King Christian X), the eldest son ofand Princess Louise of Sweden (later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise) ...
Wilhelmina... year later, Queen Emma gave birth to their daughter and the royal heiress,
David... up of the United kingdom of Israel (1020 to about 930 BC), created by Saul,and Solomon, which was a union of the twelve Israelite tribes. After the n ...
Anne Boleyn... e for Thomas Kiddell and as a justice of the peace. His father, Sir Thomas,'s chamberlain, also secured a joint patent in survivorship with his son f ...
García Sánchez III of Navarre... e, and by his father's will recognised the supremacy of his eldest brother,. While Ferdinand inaugurated the rule of the Navarrese Jiménez dynasty ov ...
Alexios III Angelos... e delivered this ultimatum to the Lombard envoy who was sent by the Emperor, who was the pretender's uncle and had seized the throne from the pretend ...
Lucius Cornelius Sulla... ilius Lepidus on the site of the Curia Hostilia, which had been restored bybut demolished by Caesar in 44 BC. This temple no longer existed by the ti ...
MuhammadThe Hadith (a collection of sayings attributed toand his companions) includes statements taken as supporting the death pena ...
Septimius Severus... ble of the site's ruins. It is enriched with refined reliefs and sculpture.(193-211) added a pentagonal temple of Venus, who as Aphrodite had enjoyed ...
Richard... vember. Only in the summer of 882, Vienne was taken after being besieged by, Count of Autun
Zeno... s together that he set out in 488, by commission from the Byzantine emperor, to recover Italy from Odoacer. By 493 Ravenna was taken, where Theodoric ...
Henry VII... bourgeois respectability. Lynom lost his position as King's Solicitor whendefeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in August 1485, but he was ...
Juliana... complete extinction until 1909, when Wilhemina gave birth to her daughter,. The Dutch royal house remained quite small until the latter 1930s and th ...
Cyrus the Great... ersians, who incorporated them and their lands into the new Persian Empire., founder of the Achaemenid dynasty, resolved to complete the conquest of ...
Penda of MerciaAfter Edwin was killed in battle against Cadwallon ap Cadfan of Gwynedd and, Northumbria fell into disarray, with Eanfrith taking power in the sub-ki ...
Alexander I... e Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsarconfirmed the new Finnish constitution (which was essentially the Swedish ...
Holy Roman Emperor... English volunteers, had lost his hereditary lands in the Palatinate to theFerdinand II. Having agreed to help his brother-in-law regain the Palatina ...
VespasianConstruction of the Colosseum began under the rule of the Emperorin around 70–72 AD. The site chosen was a flat area on the floor of a low ...
MuhammadThe khutbah originates from the practice of the Islamic prophet,, who used to deliver words of exhortation, instruction, or command at gat ...
King Christian IX... lace in Kongens Lyngby on Zealand during the reign of his great-grandfather. His father was Prince Christian of Denmark (later King Christian X), the ...
Puyi... empty, he was succeeded by Cixi's handpicked heir, his two year old nephew, who became the Xuantong Emperor. Guangxu's consort became the Empress Do ...
Stanisław PoniatowskiIn 1764 Catherine placed, her former lover, on the Polish throne. Although the idea of partitionin ...
Napoleon IIIThe war with Prussia, initiated byin July 1870, turned out disastrously for France, and by September Paris i ...
Henry II... er. In 1157, the abbey was given the manor of Glossop in Derbyshire by King. The hilltop Monks' Road and the Abbot's Chair in Glossop is a reminder o ...
Saul... break-up of the United kingdom of Israel (1020 to about 930 BC), created by, David and Solomon, which was a union of the twelve Israelite tribes. Aft ...
Emperor Charles V... after the birth in Flanders of Joanna and Philip's second child (the future), the succession to the Castilian and Aragonese crowns was thrown into tu ...
Edward, the Black Prince... ar withdraws at the last minute after learning his true identity is that of(who assumed another identity hoping he will get a rare chance to compete ...
Hadrian... demolished by Caesar in 44 BC. This temple no longer existed by the time of, and its site probably lies under the church of Santi Martina e Luca
Constantine IX Monomachos... ing was finally completed with the financing of the huge expense by Emperorand Patriarch Nicephorus of Constantinople in 1048. As a concession, the m ...
Trajan... er ascribed to him) and that he died in Greece in the third year of Emperor's reign, or 101 AD
Taytu Betul... rt. By the first days of January, Emperor Menelik, accompanied by his Queen, had led large forces into Tigray, and besieged the Italians for 15 days ...
Julia Domna... Gaul (now Lyon, France), the son of the later Emperor Septimius Severus and. At the age of seven, his name was changed to Marcus Aurelius Septimius B ...
Queen Margaret... e Lancastrians and the Yorkists. With the mental collapse of King Henry VI,used the Duchy of Lancaster lands in the Midlands, including Kenilworth, a ...
Prince Christian of Denmark... during the reign of his great-grandfather King Christian IX. His father was(later King Christian X), the eldest son of Crown Prince Frederick and Pri ...
Queen Elizabeth I... saoud ben Mohammed Anoun, Moorish ambassador of the Arab King of Barbary toin 1600, was one inspiration for Othello. He stayed with his retinue in Lo ...
Liu Bei... o Cao dominating the north, Sun Quan (182–252 CE) dominating the south, and(161–223 CE) dominating the west. Cao Cao died in March 220 CE. By Decembe ...
Aragorn... ess, nightmares, and eventual death: an effect known as "the Black Breath".used the herb athelas to treat victims of the Black Breath, including Frod ...
Haakon VII of Norway... , Prince of Denmark. He was given the name Olav when his father became Kingin 1905
Holy Roman Emperor... lizabeth would make him a Prince and Field Marshal on becoming Empress. Thewould also make Razumovsky a Count of the Holy Roman Empire
Æthelric... th-century Anglo-Saxon genealogies (of doubtful historicity) was the son ofand grandson of Ida
Edward III of England... ly associated with the status of knighthood. At the Battle of Crécy (1346),sent his son, Edward, the Black Prince, to lead the charge into battle and ...
Queen Anne... nge extinct, and leaving Scotland, England and Ireland to his sister-in-law
Charles, duke of Lorraine... le de Montpensier, while the archduke took more fortresses in Flanders, and, with an army of plundering mercenaries, marched through Champagne to joi ...
Rupert of Germany... Scandinavian king, Eric of Pomerania. Count Palatine John was a son of King. In 1445, Christopher married Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430 – 25 November ...
Pyrrhus of Epirus... nd wife was Eurydice of Athens and his third wife was Deidamia, a sister of. Deidamia bore him a son called Alexander who is said by Plutarch to have ...
Tullus Hostilius... man champion at the time of Romulus. This would make her the grandmother of, the fourth king of Rome
Charles II... e of quo warranto was the action taken against the Corporation of London byin 1683. The King's Bench adjudged the charter and franchises of the city ...
Charles the Fat... on 12 December 884 and was succeeded in the rule by his cousin, the Emperor
Alexander the Great... lity of advanced civilizations in ancient Turkmenistan including finds at .conquered the territory in the 4th century BC on his way to South Asia. In ...
Rehoboam... of the twelve Israelite tribes. After the northern tribes refused to accept, the son of Solomon, as their king. At first, only the tribe of Judah rem ...
Marcus Aurelius... s Antoninus to create a connection to the family of the philosopher emperor. He was later given the , which referred to the Gallic hooded tunic he ha ...
Prince George of Denmark... her out when Anne suffered bereavement. After the death of Anne's husband,in 1708, Sarah arrived uninvited at Kensington Palace to find Anne with th ...
Ludwig I of Bavaria... mples of the latter include the Walhalla temple built by Leo von Klenze forbetween 1830–1847 near Regensburg, Germany, and the Tresco Abbey Gardens V ...
Crown Prince Naruhito... e kitchens, and this budget was further augmented during the two years whenof Japan studied there (1983–85)
Gustav I of Sweden... his deceased sister's, the House of Vasa. His great-nephew the future Kinghad been born a few years before Sten's death. At the time, however, none ...
King George II... ot wishing to see his collection broken up after death, he bequeathed it to, for the nation, for the princely sum of £20,000
Princess Irulan... mperor Paul remains in a political marriage with Shaddam's eldest daughter,, and has yet to beget another child with his true love Chani. His rule is ...
Edward IV of England... abeth "Jane" Shore (c.1445 – c.1527) was one of the many mistresses of King, the first of the three whom he described respectively as "the merriest, ...
Edward, the Black Prince... ghthood. At the Battle of Crécy (1346), Edward III of England sent his son,, to lead the charge into battle and when pressed to send reinforcements, ...
Frederick III... ties of the Franc (Flanders), nor Imperial support from Maximilian's fatherproving decisive. Both sides came to terms in the Peace of Senlis in 1493, ...
Julius CaesarPliny claims that this very painting had been part of the collection of, but was destroyed when Caesar's mansion on the Palatine Hill burned down ...
Baldwin II... Alexios Strategopoulos captured Constantinople from its last Latin Emperor,. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned toget ...
Wilhelm II... elves at the front of the movement, and on 7 November, demanded that Kaiserabdicate. When he refused, Prince Max of Baden simply announced that he ha ...
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich... iblings and a very small number of the otherwise close-knit Romanov family:(husband of Nicholas's sister Xenia), Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovic ...
Domitian... a decade with the unfavourable (and to some, shameful) peace negotiated by's ministers
Henry VII... as a military balance to the nearby castle of Warwick. With the victory ofat Bosworth, Kenilworth again received royal attention; Henry visited freq ...
Cao Pi... CE) dominating the west. Cao Cao died in March 220 CE. By December his son(187–226 CE) had Emperor Xian relinquish the throne to him and is known po ...
Tiberius... dici, or veterinarians. Using these stations in chariot relays, the emperorhastened in 24 hours to join his brother, Drusus Germanicus, who was dying ...
Felipe, Prince of Asturias... na to his first-born son, Alfonso. The title is currently carried by Prince, the first since the 16th century to do so
Solomon... United kingdom of Israel (1020 to about 930 BC), created by Saul, David and, which was a union of the twelve Israelite tribes. After the northern tri ...
Guangxu Emperor... e to become a modern Meiji-style constitutional monarchy was drafted by thein 1898, but was opposed and stopped by the Empress Dowager Cixi, who plac ...
Edward I of EnglandQuo warranto had its origins in an attempt by Kingto investigate and recover royal lands, rights, and franchises in England, ...
Alexandra of Denmark... e was the last surviving grandchild of Edward VII of the United Kingdom and
King Henry II... ly member of the family to Ireland was during 1171, as a Standard Bearer to. The surnames "Wesley" was adopted from a childless wealthy cousin, Garre ...
William, Prince of Orange... should the battle be lost. They were mostly composed of Dutch troops under's younger brother Prince Frederik of the Netherlands
King Louis XIV of France... heir in William III's will. The principality was captured by the forces ofunder François Adhémar de Monteil, Count of Grignan, in the Franco-Dutch W ...
Numa PompiliusFons was the son of Juturna and Janus., second king of Rome, was supposed to have been buried near the altar of ...
Empress Dowager Cixi... drafted by the Guangxu Emperor in 1898, but was opposed and stopped by the, who placed Emperor Guangxu under house arrest in a coup d'état. Further ...
Muhammad... those who denied the truth even after clarification in its ultimate form by(he uses term Itmam al-hujjah), hence, he considers this command for a par ...
Humayun... ammad' during Friday khutbas. Sher Khan, an adversary of the Mughal emperor, was content if Bengal was given to him in return of the emperor retainin ...
Richard III... England, founding the Tudor dynasty, when his supporters defeated those ofat Bosworth Field in 1485. While the Wars of the Roses effectively ended a ...
Julius CaesarAnother temple in Rome was planned byand was erected after his death by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus on the site of ...
Augustus... der the empire, one public and one private. The Cursus publicus, founded by, carried the mail of officials by relay throughout the Roman road system. ...
Peleus... fused with another sea goddess who became the sea-nymph Thetis, the wife ofand mother of Achilles during Classical times. Some myths imply a second g ...
Nero... ited. It was devastated by the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64, following whichseized much of the area to add to his personal domain. He built the grandi ...
Ohthere... wulf as Hrefnesholt, the Geatish hillfort which became the prison of Onela,and their mother until their rescue by Ongenþeow
Xenia... nov family: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich (husband of Nicholas's sister), Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich (the most artistic of the Imperia ...
Iasion... r of Cronus and Rhea. At the marriage of Cadmus and Harmonia, Demeter luredaway from the other revelers. They proceeded to have intercourse in a plou ...
Elizabeth... 's Men during the winter of 1612, in celebration of the wedding of Princessand Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Murad IV... ul. The flight was said to be undertaken at the time of the birth of Sultan's daughter. As Evliya Celebi wrote, Lagari proclaimed before launch "O my ...
Eric of Pomerania... r married Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430 – 25 November 1495), in Copenhagen.was deposed as king of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. As Eric's nephew, Chris ...
DecebalusDuring the following winter, Kinglaunched a counter-attack across the Danube further downstream, but this w ...
Gustav III of Sweden... named after Sten Sture. In 1792 it was a prison, where the murderer of Kingwas jailed before hi
Antigonus II Gonatas... er of Regent Antipater by whom he had two children: Stratonice of Syria and. His second wife was Eurydice of Athens and his third wife was Deidamia, ...
Jehoash of Judah... ise had prophetic powers. And thinking a child of seven – the age of Joas () in the Second Book of Kings – too young to have the part given him in At ...
Tullus HostiliusIn the 7th century BC, during the reign of Rome's third king, the Sabines and the Romans again warred. The pretexts for the war were, ...
Septimius Severus... drian's Wall in the summer and autumn. Constantius's campaign, like that ofbefore it, probably advanced far into the north without achieving great su ...
Casimir IV Jagiellon... tle of Žalgiris) (1410) and in 1466 the milestone Peace of Thorn under King; the treaty created the future Duchy of Prussia. In the south, Poland con ...
Achilles... a goddess who became the sea-nymph Thetis, the wife of Peleus and mother ofduring Classical times. Some myths imply a second generation relationship ...
Philip the Arab... th her consort Adonis ("Lord", the Aramaic translation of "Baal."). Emperor(244–249) was the last to add a monument at Heliopolis: the hexagonal fore ...
BaburThe sovereign's name was also declared in khutbas during the Mughal rule;was styled 'Zahir-ud-Din Bábar Muhammad' during Friday khutbas. Sher Khan ...
Leopold I of Belgium... Bedford in 1825, and The Fountain (Royal Palace, Brussels) commissioned byin 1826. The latter picture likely influenced J. M. W. Turner's major work ...
Henry VI... land on 22 August 1422. The Queen initially lived with her infant son, King, before moving to Wallingford Castle early in his reign and taking Tudor ...
Charles XIII... he Swedish throne because the Swedish royal family was dying out with King. Baron Carl Otto Mörner (22 May 1781 – 17 August 1868), who was a Swedish ...
Emperor Henry III... ed, in Juan de Mariana, who wrote that in 1055, at a synod in Florence, theurged Victor II to prohibit under severe penalties the use of the imperial ...
Frithuwold... en a charter shows Wulfhere confirming a grant made to Bishop Eorcenwald by, a sub-king in Surrey, which may have extended north into modern Buckingh ...
Louis VIII... his son, also named Raymond. In 1223, Philippe II died and was succeeded by. In 1224, Amaury de Montfort abandoned Carcassonne. The son of Raymond-Ro ...
Henry III of Castile... lian expedition led by Juan de Bethencourt conquered the Canary Islands for
Oswiu... t of Deira but of Bernicia as well; Æthelfrith's sons Eanfrith, Oswald, andfled to the north. Thus Æthelfrith's death in battle has been seen as caus ...
ArthurChapter 56 discusses twelve battles fought and won by, here called dux bellorum (war leader) rather than king
Numa Pompilius... n customs, as well as Etruscan, despite the fact that they were espoused by, second king of Rome and a Sabine
Charlemagne... part of Frisia, Groningen became a part of the Frankish Empire around 785.assigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger. In the 11t ...
Fulvia Plautilla... ank space next to Caracalla's. Among those killed were Caracalla's ex-wife,, and her brother and other members of the family of his former father-in- ...
Charles the Fat... the northern parts of Boso's realm. They united their forces with those ofand unsuccessfully besieged Vienne from August to November. Only in the su ...
Trajan... t was banished from Rome to the Chersonesus during the reign of the Emperorand was set to work in a stone quarry. Finding on his arrival that the pri ...
Solomon... te tribes. After the northern tribes refused to accept Rehoboam, the son of, as their king. At first, only the tribe of Judah remained loyal to the h ...
Peter III of Aragon... e 11th century. The ancient countship later became a duchy (1351) when Kinggave the title of Duke to his first-born son, John. In 1414, King Ferdinan ...
Alexander the Great... dence was put to an end. Three years later, heartened by a false rumor thathad been assassinated, the Thebans revolted; Alexander squashed the revolt ...
Haakon VII of Norway... nderburg-Glücksburg, Olav was born in the United Kingdom as the son of Kingand Queen Maud of Norway. At birth Olav was given the names Alexander Edwa ...
Infanta Joanna... rived from a council of Burgundian notables. On 20 October 1496, he married, daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, ...
Claudius... C campaign in Spain. The temple was destroyed by a fire during the reign ofand was never rebuilt
Charles II of SpainIn 1701, following the death in late 1700 of King, war broke out over who should succeed him to the Spanish throne. Althoug ...
Count Roger IAgrigento was captured by the Normans underin 1087, who established a Latin bishopric there. The population declined ...
Queen Victoria... stop on the East Coast Main Line and Cross Country Route. Opened in 1850 by, it was the first covered railway station in the world and was much copie ...
Edward, Earl of March... , Owen led the Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross against. They were defeated. Owen was subsequently executed, beheaded at Hereford ...
LatinusIn Roman mythology, Marica was a nymph, the mother of. Latinus was fathered by Faunus, who was also occasionally referred to as ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile. The son of, Philip inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Burgu ...
Solomon... occurred 143 years and eight months after Hiram of Tyre sent assistance tofor the building of the Temple. Using the 825 date, this Tyrian record wou ...
William III... illiam died of smallpox on November 6, 1650, leaving only a posthumous son,(*November 14, 1650). Since there was no Prince of Orange upon the death o ...
Hezekiah... s that they failed to enforce worship of Yahweh alone. Of the "good" kings,(727–698 BCE) is noted for his efforts at stamping out idolatry (in this c ...
Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich... e). Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle,, and his wife Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, who, during the war, openly ...
Trajan... turn. Nero (54–68 CE) built the tower-altar opposite the Temple of Jupiter;(98-117) added the forecourt to the Temple of Jupiter, with porticos of p ...
William III of Orange... ampton Court Maze; planted in the 1690s by George London and Henry Wise for. The maze covers a third of an acre and contains half a mile of paths. It ...
Henry IIIIn 1585 Pasquier was appointed byadvocate-general at the Paris cours des comptes, an important body having ...
dynasty of Shaka... er a single king and made internal divisions and civil wars inevitable. Thewas deposed, and the Zulu country portioned among eleven Zulu chiefs, incl ...
Louis XIII of France... ld at that point become overwhelming in the empire triggered France, led byand Cardinal Richelieu, to enter the war on the Protestant side. (Louis's ...
Oswiu of Northumbria... father, Penda, was killed in 655 at the Battle of Winwaed, fighting against. Penda's son Peada became king under Oswiu's overlordship but was murdere ...
Henry V of England... p with, and probable secret marriage to, Catherine of Valois, widow of King
Charlemagne... the Frankish court. Thus it would seem to be a case of a building work from's time ("Charlemagne" is "Karl der Große" – "Charles the Great" (740s–814 ...
Mahinthrathirat... der in 1564. The royal family was taken to Pegu, with the king's eldest soninstalled as the vassal king. In 1568, Mahinthrathirat revolted when his f ...
Henry II... 16 against King John, it was Blanche's English ancestry as granddaughter tothat led to Louis being offered the throne of England as Louis I. However, ...
Marcus Aurelius... ctor Hugo told him: "Sire, you are a great citizen, you are the grandson of", and Alexandre Herculano called him: "A Prince whom the general opinion ...
Leopold II... the language of administration. The enlightened absolutism of Joseph II and, who introduced minor language concessions, showed promise for the Czech ...
Sten Sture the YoungerHis first marriage (1490–1495) with Iliana Gädda, produced the son. He married a second time with Mette Dyr
emperor... from 246 BC to 221 BC during the Warring States Period. He became the firstof a unified China in 221 BC. He ruled until his death in 210 BC at the ag ...
Christian I... ied suddenly at Helsingborg in 1448. On 28 October 1449, Dorothea remarried. King Christopher was buried in Roskilde Cathedral. In 1654 his Wittelsba ...
King George VGuisborough has a King George's Field in memory of, and the town's football team Guisborough Town FC plays on the King Georg ...
Archduke FerdinandWorld War I begins with the assassination of. Germany declares war on Russia immediately after Nicholas has ordered th ...
Cadmus... eogony of Hesiod she is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. At the marriage ofand Harmonia, Demeter lured Iasion away from the other revelers. They proc ...
Harald V... died in the evening of a myocardial infarction. An interview given by King, and hints in a biography by Jo Benkow, who was the president of the parl ...
Queen Margrethe IIHe was succeeded by his eldest daughter,. Queen Ingrid survived her husband by 28 years. She died on 7 November 20 ...
Grigori Alexandrovich PotemkinAfter her affair with her lover and adviserended in 1776, he allegedly selected a candidate-lover for her who had the ...
Tokugawa IeyasuThough Christianity was allowed to grow until the 1610s,soon began to see it as a growing threat to the stability of the Shogunate ...
Ferdinand VII of Spain... for a short time as a party nickname in the civil wars during the reign of
Charles IThe sole reasonassembled Parliament in 1640 was to ask it to pass finance bills, since th ...
Maha Chakkraphat... but failed. The second Burmese invasion led by King Bayinnaung forced Kingto surrender in 1564. The royal family was taken to Pegu, with the king's ...
Owain Glyndŵr... ith) had been (together with his two brothers Rhys and Gwilym) stalwarts of's uprising of 1400. When that uprising ebbed away Maredudd lost most of h ...
Alexander the Great... y other general in Greek history (unless the Macedonian kings Philip II andare included), although modern historians have questioned his larger strat ...
Richard the Lionheart... alls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layo ...
Al-Adil I... aged villages up and down the Red Sea, before being captured by the army ofonly a few miles from Medina. Although Raynald's pirates were taken to Cai ...
Theodore II Doukas Laskaris... employment of the emperors of Nicaea. A few days after the death of Emperorin 1258, Michael Palaiologos instigated a coup against the influential bur ...
Gyges... hese in the Greek tradition are associated with Sardis, the capital city of, constructed in the 7th century BC
Charles I... the higher proportion of Calvinists and other Reformed churches, as well as's refusal to take up the case of some Guernsey seamen who had been captur ...
Titus... in 79. The top level was finished and the building inaugurated by his son,, in 80. Dio Cassius recounts that over 9,000 wild animals were killed dur ...
Edward III... ng of the king's eldest daughter; and by a statute of the 25th year of King, sleeping with the king's eldest daughter before her marriage constitutes ...
Queen Alexandra... Wales's Yorkshire Regiment), the British regiment named for his grandmother
Urraca... of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sisterwas betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitai ...
Henry V of England... fe of Henry the Fifth (in the First Folio text). It tells the story of King, focusing on events immediately before and after the Battle of Agincourt ...
Clock King... egion are Lex Luthor, Joker, Cheetah, Weather Wizard, Felix Faust, Chronos,, and Amazo
Peter III... rts during the reign of Catherine. Under her leadership, she completed whathad started; the church’s lands were appropriated, and the budget of both ...
Joseph II... ace German as the language of administration. The enlightened absolutism ofand Leopold II, who introduced minor language concessions, showed promise ...
NeroOther emperors enriched the sanctuary of Heliopolitan Jupiter each in turn.(54–68 CE) built the tower-altar opposite the Temple of Jupiter; Trajan (9 ...
Henry IV of France... ardinal Richelieu, to enter the war on the Protestant side. (Louis's fatherhad once been a Huguenot leader.) In 1635 Ferdinand signed his last import ...
Edward VI... o prominence under Henry VIII and became the leading political figure under. Dudley was a patron of John Shute, an early exponent of classical archit ...
Princess Louisa Maria... ollowing is a complete list of women officially styled as "Princess Royal":(1692–1712), the last daughter of King James II (d. 1701), born after he l ...
Mary of Burgundy... of Burgundy and the Burgundian Netherlands (as Philip IV) from his mother,, and briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen Jo ...
Isaac II Angelos... ilip's brother-in-law and the son of the recently deposed Byzantine emperor. Alexios had recently fled to Philip in 1201 but it is unknown whether or ...
Maximinus Thrax... epended on the support of the military to rule, like his eventual successor
Queen VictoriaIn 1796, the Great Hall was restored and in 1838, during the reign of, the restoration was completed and the palace opened to the public. The h ...
Bayinnaung... ith an invasion in 1548 but failed. The second Burmese invasion led by Kingforced King Maha Chakkraphat to surrender in 1564. The royal family was ta ...
Domitian... odelled further under Vespasian's younger son, the newly designated Emperor, who constructed the hypogeum, a series of underground tunnels used to ho ...
Hong Xiuquan... llion, a civil war which lasted from 1851 to 1862. The rebellion was led by, who was partly influenced by an idiosyncratic interpretation of Christia ...
Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin... uise of Sweden (later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise). His mother was, a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ...
Henry III... were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart,, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout establis ...
Áedán mac Gabráin... antly inland from the coast, and penetrated further into British territory., the Irish king of Dál Riata (to the northwest of Bernicia), was alarmed ...
Mary Stuart... predecessors from the Eighty Years War. In 1677, William married his cousin, the daughter of the future king James II of England. In 1688, William em ...
King David... ownfall, since that title was only to be held by descendants of the line of. The Hasmonean bureaucracy was filled with men with Greek names, and the ...
Stanisław Leszczyński... use of Habsburg and the Lorraine House of Vaudémont: The Duchy was given to, the former king of Poland and father-in-law to King Louis XV of France, ...
AchillesBoth Homer and Hesiod described a flat disc cosmography on the shield of
King George I... James II & VII, and Princess Sophia Dorothea (1687–1757), only daughter of, were eligible for this honour but did not receive it. At the time she be ...
Henry VIII... ntly and had a tennis court constructed at the castle for his use. His son,, decided that Kenilworth should be maintained as a royal castle. He aband ...
Eorcenberht of Kent... nce in Surrey, Essex, and Kent. He married Eormenhild, the daughter of King
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor... he "false emperor" Dietrich Holzschuh, called Tile Kolup, who claimed to be(who actually had already died, in Italy in 1250) came to Wetzlar. When th ...
Henry... 1216, the barons changed their allegiance to John's son, the nine-year-old
Eric of Pomerania... merania-Stolp, and Catherine of Pomerania, sister of the Scandinavian king,. Count Palatine John was a son of King Rupert of Germany. In 1445, Christ ...
Hyrcanus I6., 134–104 BC
Hadrian... le statue from about 200 BCE that was found in the Mausoleum of the Emperor(the Castel Sant'Angelo) and installed at Palazzo Barberini by Cardinal Ma ...
Alyattes... by Mysia, Caria, Phrygia and coastal Ionia. Later on, the military power ofand Croesus expanded Lydia into an empire, with its capital at Sardis, whi ...
Uzziah... Kirjath-jearim to Mount Zion (1 Chr. 13; 15:2–24; 16:4–43; comp. 2 Sam. 6),'s tzaraas (commonly translated as "leprosy") and its cause (2 Chr. 26:16– ...
Pope Benedict XVI... ed in that they are "doing God's work" by ridding the world of LGBT people., the leader of the Roman Catholic Church has stoked this sentiment as wel ...
Theodosius II... inscription records the restoration of various parts of the Colosseum underand Valentinian III (reigned 425–455), possibly to repair damage caused by ...
Caesar Augustus... Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, who flourished during the reign of. His literary style was Atticistic — imitating Classical Attic Greek in i ...
Philip of Swabia... while, had left the fleet before it sailed from Venice, to visit his cousin. The reasons for his visit are a matter of debate; he may have realized t ...
Ferdinand II of León... houses of Lara and Castro both claimed the regency, as did the boy's uncle,. In 1159 the young Alfonso was put briefly in the custody of García Garcé ...
John IV Doukas Laskaris... rat George Mouzalon, becoming joint guardian for the eight-year old Emperortogether with the patriarch Arsenios. Michael was invested with the titles ...
King Charles I... te. This unfortunate quarrel became the fruitful source of infinite evil toand to his government. Two parties were formed in the cabinet, and through ...
Catherine of Valois... dynasty – including his relationship with, and probable secret marriage to,, widow of King Henry V of England
Emperor Xiaowu of Liu Song... thematics. When he was only a youth his talent earned him much repute. Whenheard of him, he was sent to an Academy, the Hualin Xuesheng (華林學省), and l ...
Marie-Louise... apartments were, however, arranged and decorated for the use of the empress. The emperor chose to reside at the Grand Trianon. The château continued ...
Andrei... the Empress. Quite accurately, she considered their sons Kyrill, Boris andto be irredeemably immoral and in 1913 refused Boris's proposal for the ha ...
Uthman ibn Affan... of central Asia. The city of Merv was occupied by lieutenants of the caliph, and was constituted as the capital of Khorasan. Using this city as their ...
Louis XV of France... Stanisław Leszczyński, the former king of Poland and father-in-law to King, who despite French support had lost out to a candidate backed by Russia ...
William of Orange... lowing the Battle of the Boyne, Finglas was used as a camp for four days byen route to Dublin city. He is believed to have camped near the Labour Exc ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. Around 1500,gave Groningen and Friesland to Albert, Duke of Saxony, who could however ...
King Fuchai of WuIn the late Spring and Autumn Period (722–481 BC),, ruler of the State of Wu (present-day Suzhou), ventured north to conquer ...
Ivan III of RussiaIn 1493, the Danish and Norwegian king, Hans, formed an alliance withagainst Sten Sture. From 1495 to 1497, Sten successfully repelled a Russia ...
King James IIPrincess Louisa Maria (1692–1712), the last daughter of(d. 1701), born after he lost his crown in the Glorious Revolution, was gi ...
Lysimachus... admit him into their city. But he soon afterwards ravaged the territory ofand effected a reconciliation with Seleucus, to whom he gave his daughter ...
Oswine... ng the son of Edwin's uncle Æthelric of Deira. Osric was also the father of
Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom)... Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, theand his uncle Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Charles II... handed over to England, as promised, so flying the St George's Cross untilsold it to the king of France in 1662
Josiah... E), revived idolatry, drawing down on the kingdom the anger of Yahweh. King(640–609 BCE) returned to the worship of Yahweh alone, but his efforts wer ...
Sancho III of CastileAlfonso was born toand Blanche, daughter of García Ramírez of Navarre, in Soria on 11 Novembe ...
German Empress Frederick... was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people. Her aunt,, wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very Imperious and will always ins ...
Witch-king of Angmar... sible form. During the assault on Minas Tirith, the leader of The Nine, the, cast back his hood to reveal a crown, but the head that wore it was invi ...
Ecgfrith... poet. However, the next datable event in the Historia ecclesiastica is King’s raid on Ireland in 684 (Book IV, Chapter 26). Taken together, this evid ...
Philip II... and he did not persecute his Protestant subjects on a large scale. His soninherited his antipathy for the Protestants but not his moderation. Under ...
Louis VIII... arch 1188 – 26 November 1252), was a Queen consort of France as the wife of. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX
Charles Martel... 17, had achieved complete independence from the feeble Frankish kings. Whenbecame the virtual ruler of the Frankish realm he brought the Bavarians in ...
John of Denmark... ion to his distant kinsman Sten Sture the Elder, going as far as supporting. Unwillingly he then switched sides and supported Sten Sture in overthrow ...
Antoninus Pius... mple of Jupiter, with porticos of pink granite brought from Aswan in Egypt.(138-161) built the Temple of Bacchus, the best preserved of the sanctuary ...
Leopold I... the Mutual Pact of Succession he had signed during the reign of his father,. Charles sought the other European powers' approval. They exacted harsh t ...
Ferdinand IIAfter Emperorbegan oppressing the rights of Protestants in Bohemia, the resulting Bohem ...
Oswiu of Northumbria... how he converted from Anglo-Saxon paganism. His accession marked the end of's overlordship of southern England, and Wulfhere extended his influence o ...
Baal-Eser II... as the father of Dido in the Aeneid may be a reference to her grandfather,/Balazeros
Ragnhild... ncess Märtha of Sweden with whom he had one son, Harald, and two daughters,and Astrid. As exiles during World War II, Crown Princess Märtha and the R ...
Louis XIII of France... recusants, he promised to do exactly that in a secret marriage treaty with. Moreover, the price of marriage with the French princess was a promise o ...
Theseus... t's historical novel The King Must Die, set in the time of the mythological, who lived - if he existed at all - a thousand years or more before Alexa ...
Justinian... a whose remnants are found along Murat Toptani Street, was built by Emperorin 520 AD and restored by Ahmed Pasha Toptani in the 18th century. The are ...
Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark... holas II of Russia, George I of Greece, Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) and hi ...
Cyrus the GreatThe last events in Chronicles take place in the reign of, the Persian king who conquered Babylon in 539 BCE; this sets an earliest ...
Muhammad... tion from God (Arabic الله‎ Allah), who believe it to have been revealed to, who is believed by Muslims to be the final prophet of Islam
George I... five original towers; Christopher Wren's Lion gate built for Queen Anne and; and the Tudor and 17th-century perimeter walls
Solomonic dynasty... ts acknowledgment of his imperial legitimacy, and announcing the end of the
Phalaris... onies of Magna Graecia. It came to prominence under the 6th-century tyrantsand Theron, and became a democracy after the overthrow of Theron's son Thr ...
Oenopion#### Staphylu
Queen Anne... example of the five original towers; Christopher Wren's Lion gate built forand George I; and the Tudor and 17th-century perimeter walls
Malcolm IV of Scotland... tury, when it was recorded as "Inverlethane". It is said that a son of King(who was staying at Traquair House on a hunting trip), drowned accidentall ...
Lysimachus... he other successors of Alexander, and Lycia became a part of the kingdom of, who ruled until he was killed in battle in 281 BC. By 240 BC Lycia was p ...
Manasseh of Judah... erah, among other traditional Near Eastern divinities), but his successors,(698–642 BCE) and Amon (642–640 BCE), revived idolatry, drawing down on th ...
Henry IV... d at Tours, working steadily at his great book, but he returned to Paris in's train in March 1594. He continued until 1604 at his work in the chambre ...
Henry III... osopher David Hume, in his history of England, recounts how in the reign of(r.1216 - 1272) the English Navy destroyed an invading French fleet, by bl ...
Naresuan... ated Burmese invasions (1584–1593), capped by an elephant duel between Kingand Burmese heir-apparent Mingyi Swa in 1593 in which Naresuan famously sl ...
Eleanor of EnglandWithhe had 11 children
Prince Michael of Kent... named Golden Eagle Trans-Siberian Express was launched on 26 April 2007 by
Elizabeth I... son, Robert, Earl of Leicester, in 1563, four years after the succession ofto the throne. Leicester's lands in Warwickshire were worth between £500–£ ...
emperor... tas as a divine personification was part of the religious propaganda of the, under the name Aequitas Augusti, which also appeared on coins. She is de ...
Harald... arried his first cousin Princess Märtha of Sweden with whom he had one son,, and two daughters, Ragnhild and Astrid. As exiles during World War II, C ...
Cyrus the Great... s of Judah to the time of the Babylonian exile, concluding with the call byfor the exiles to return to their land
Kim Il-sung... mary and secondary schools is greater than the 1,800 taught in South Korea.had earlier called for a gradual elimination of the use of hanja, but by t ...
Al-Hakim bi-Amr AllahOn October 18, 1009, Fatimid caliphordered the complete destruction of the church. It is believed that Al-Hak ...
Princess Louise of Sweden... mark (later King Christian X), the eldest son of Crown Prince Frederick and(later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise). His mother was Alexandrine o ...
Muhammad... al interpretation of Islamic teaching through the Quran, hadith (sayings of), and sharia (law) towards the creation of a more equal and just society. ...
Pope John Paul II... ed rapidly during the 1990s. The city has a redeveloped airport named after, Karol Wojtyła Airport, with connections to several European cities
Valentinian III... s the restoration of various parts of the Colosseum under Theodosius II and(reigned 425–455), possibly to repair damage caused by a major earthquake ...
Queen Mary... egan the process of modernising Kenilworth. Before his execution in 1553 byfor attempting to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne, Dudley had built the ...
Stanisław PoniatowskiSir Charles Hanbury Williams, the British ambassador to Russia, offereda place in the embassy, in return for gaining Catherine as an ally. Poniat ...
Olga... to the tsar, Alexandra gave birth to the couple's first child: a girl named, who was born on 15 November 1895. Olga could not be the heir presumptive ...
Nicholas II of Russia... 1 biographical film which tells the story of the last Russian monarch, Tsar, and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra
Baal-Eser II... e. However, the publication of the Shalmaneser text mentioning tribute fromof Tyre in 841 BC caused a re-examination of this question, since the best ...
Henry I... fonso died at Gutierre-Muñoz and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,, named after his maternal grandfather
King Arthur... nds heavy scrutiny for being the earliest source of any substance regarding, naming the twelve battles he fought (cf. Annales Cambriae which assigns ...
Prince Carl of Denmark... in Appleton House, Flitcham, Sandringham estate, Norfolk, United Kingdom toand Princess Maud of Wales, (daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kin ...
Henry... to Italy in 1605, and during 1611–12 arranged to sell Kenilworth Castle to, the Prince of Wales. Henry died before completing the full purchase, whi ...
SaladinIn 1187invaded the kingdom, defeating the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin. The ...
Ferdinand... g year, leaving a pregnant Joanna behind in Madrid, where she gave birth to, later Holy Roman Emperor. Philip's life with Joanna was rendered extreme ...
Alexander of Pherae... into Thessaly to rescue Pelopidas and Ismenias, who had been imprisoned bywhile serving as ambassadors. The Theban force not only failed to overcome ...
Ptolemy I Soter... skill at drawing the human face is the point of a story connecting him with. This onetime general of Alexander disliked Apelles while they both were ...
Dafydd ap Llywelyn... s under the patronage of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd, and his songave St Winefride's Well to the abbey. The monks harnessed the power of th ...
Qazan... aravan route between Balkh and Bukhara. The Chagatai Mongol khans Kebek andbuilt palaces here on the site of Genghis Khan's summer pasture. In 1364, ...
Philip AugustusIn consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet betweenand John of England, Blanche's sister Urraca was betrothed to Philip's son ...
Hatshepsut... he Cachette Court, the start of the processional route to the Luxor Temple.had monuments constructed and also restored the original Precinct of Mut, ...
Alexios III Angelos... of the Pope if they would sail to Byzantium and topple the reigning emperor, brother of Isaac II. It was a tempting offer for an enterprise that was ...
Ptolemy Keraunos... ely. Antiochus was soon compelled to make peace with his father's murderer,, apparently abandoning Macedonia and Thrace. In Anatolia he was unable to ...
Pol Pot... political killings, gives a figure of 2 million. Former Khmer Rouge leadergave a figure of 800,000, and his deputy, Khieu Samphan, said 1 million ha ...
Eanfrith... Cadfan of Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia, Northumbria fell into disarray, withtaking power in the sub-kingdom of Bernicia and Osric taking power in Deir ...
García Ramírez of NavarreAlfonso was born to Sancho III of Castile and Blanche, daughter of, in Soria on 11 November 1155. He was named after his grandfather Alfonso ...
Augustus... a few Roman remains, which were constructed during the reign of the emperor. There was a military camp at Dorlar and some Roman roadwork. The most im ...
Constantine the GreatThe reign ofsaw the division of the Empire into its Eastern and Western halves, as wel ...
Guy of LusignanThat year he allied with Sibylla andagainst Count Raymond, and his influence contributed to the recognition of ...
Maha Thammarachathirat... The ensuing third invasion captured Ayutthaya in 1569, and Bayinnaung madevassal king
Paul I... uld not be the heir presumptive due to the Pauline Laws implemented by tsar: only a male could succeed to the Russian throne, although there had been ...
Theodoric the Great... of the Black Sea in the 3rd century AD and, in the late 5th century, under, established a Kingdom in Italy
Llywelyn the Great... lesworth in 1328. In the 13th century, the abbey was under the patronage of, Prince of Gwynedd, and his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn gave St Winefride's We ...
Muhammad... ospels as corrupted. The bond extends even further with the Islamic Prophetinstructing Muslims to defend the Christian faith from aggressors in certa ...
Eleanor of England... ncia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
Constantine Porphyrogenitus... rly complete, and the remaining books exist in fragments in the excerpts ofand an epitome discovered by Angelo Mai in a Milan manuscript. The first t ...
Pharaoh... ngholds, along with fortified cities. In the fifth year of Rehoboam's reignShishaq of Egypt, brought a huge army and took many cities. When they laid ...
Saul... han all the great men of the English, insomuch that he might be compared to, once king of the Israelites, excepting only this, that he was ignorant o ...
Sverker II of Sweden... According to genealogical research, Sten Sture's father descended from King(both through family of Vinga and through family of Aspenäs)
Judah Maccabee... xile, however. This Idumean town was said to have been in turn destroyed byin 167 BCE. The city appears to have long resisted Hasmonean dominance, ho ...
Rabbel II SoterAt about the same time, one of Rome's client kings, died. This event might have prompted the ann ...
Rehoboam... petual war between them. Israel and Judah were in a state of war throughout's seventeen year reign. Rehoboam built elaborate defenses and strongholds ...
Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf... 1910–2000) at Storkyrkan in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. She was a daughter of(later King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden) and his first wife, Princess Margar ...
Theodoric the Great... Maximus celebrated his consulship with some venationes, criticised by Kingfor their high cost
Alfonso VIIIShe was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry ...
Edward the Confessor... s The Last English King (2000), by Julian Rathbone (where he is depicted as's catamite), Harold, The Last of the Saxon Kings, by Edward Bulwer-Lytton ...
Joachim Murat... o a major nightlife district. To the south is the Murat quarter (erected by), the modern heart of the city, which is laid out on a rectangular grid-p ...
Heraclius... under Khosrau II, invaded Jerusalem and captured the Cross. In 630, Emperormarched triumphantly into Jerusalem and restored the True Cross to the reb ...
Elizabeth Stuart... ian throne, and was known as the Winter King. Frederick's wife, the popularand subsequently Elizabeth of Bohemia, known as the Winter Queen or Queen ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... m Almogavars became less numerous. In 1502, violating the 1492 peace treatyforced all Muslims in Castile and Aragon to convert to Catholicism or be e ...
Tatiana... . Olga was well-loved by her young parents. Three more girls followed Olga:on 10 June 1897, Maria on 26 June 1899 and Anastasia on 18 June 1901. Thre ...
Sparta... other account mentioned in Dionysius's work, a group of Lacedaemonians fledsince they regarded the laws of Lycurgus as too severe. In Italy, they fou ...
Frederick V... g Bohemian Revolt led to outbreak of the Thirty Years' War in 1618. Electorof the Electorate of the Palatinate, a Protestant, was elected by the Bohe ...
MacrinusCaracalla was succeeded by his Praetorian Guard Prefect,, who (according to Herodian) was most probably responsible for having the ...
Prince of Wales... ing back in Britain and on the King's sixtieth birthday, George was created. The family moved their London residence from St James's Palace to Marlbo ...
Louis IX... wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son,
Atys... the "Meiones" were renamed Lydians after their king, Lydus (Λυδός), son of, in the mythical epoch that preceded the rise of the Heracleid dynasty. T ...
Maxentius... d, until the very last moment, that Diocletian would choose Constantine and(Maximian's son) as his successors. It was not to be: Constantius and Gale ...
Rhys ap GruffyddOwen was a descendant of(1132–1197) via the lineages that follow
Anne Boleyn... ion and had bitterly opposed the king's divorce, his subsequent marriage toand its religious ramifications. In 1536, within two weeks of the riot in ...
Cosimo il Vecchio... asariano. Palazzo Medici Riccardi, designed by Michelozzo di Bartolomeo for, of the Medici family, is another major edifice, and was built between 14 ...
Tokugawa Yoshinobu... an official end in 1868, with the resignation of the 15th Tokugawa Shogun,and the "restoration" (Ōsei fukko) of imperial rule. Despite of this, the ...
Khosrau IIThis building was damaged by fire in 614 when the Persians, under, invaded Jerusalem and captured the Cross. In 630, Emperor Heraclius marc ...
Richard of Cornwall... y period of Ottoman rule. Richard the Lionheart retook the city soon after., brought from England to settle the dangerous feuding between Templars an ...
Queen Henrietta MariaThe title Princess Royal came into existence when(1609–1669), daughter of Henry IV, King of France, and wife of King Charle ...
Li Ban:For the Chinese prince, see(李班). For the country whose French name is Liban, see Lebanon
Malcolm III of Scotland... ted him decisively. Deserted by his men, he fled to his sworn brother, King. Tostig spent the summer of 1066 in Scotland
Charles VIII... the Sture family and Birgitta Stensdotter Bielke, half-sister of the future. He was married to Ingeborg Tott, niece by marriage of Magdalen of Sweden ...
Alfred the Great... unclear, since Truso was at the time little more than a trading center, and, the West Saxon ruler, already kept in close contact with the continental ...
Caroline of Brunswick... uccessful mediation attempts between King George IV, and his estranged wife, who had sought her rights as queen. Nevertheless, Wilberforce still hope ...
Pepin II... rlordship over his brothers' kingdoms and supported the claim of his nephewas king of Aquitaine, a large province in western France. After his brothe ...
Carausius... one. He ruled until he was betrayed by his Pictish allies and overthrown by, who, according to Geoffrey, was a Briton, rather than the historically m ...
Sigehere... helm of the East Saxons also died in 664; he was succeeded by his two sons,and Sæbbi, and Bede describes their accession as "rulers ... under Wulfher ...
Louis VIII of France... unt of Foix and Aragonese crown forces decided the military intervention offrom 1226 with the support of Pope Honorius III
Rhys Gryg... Britons and its southern part soon became Anglicised. In 1215 a local lord,of Deheubarth claimed control of the peninsula, but in 1220 he ceded contr ...
Charles II... which related unfavourable anecdotes about the prospective king of England,. In July 1660, following the Restoration, a royalist tract called The Pic ...
Chakravartin... peared. The king was considered chakkraphat, the Sanskrit-Pali term for thewho through his adherence to the law made all the world revolve around him ...
Napoleon III... tatus under Napoleon I, and the song was banned outright by Louis XVIII and, only being re-instated briefly after the July Revolution of 1830. During ...
Constantine I... s also maintained that exposing a baby to death was a wicked act. In 318 ADconsidered infanticide a crime, and in 374 AD Valentinian I mandated to re ...
King Charles XIII... he received the homage of the Riksdag of the Estates, and he was adopted byunder the name of "Charles John" (Karl Johan). Many honours were bestowed ...
Timur... (1282), during which Abulfeda describes it as a very strong place. In 1400pillaged it
Louis II... English eventually evolved into the modern Lorraine. Lothair's eldest son,inherited Italy and his father's claim to the Imperial title
Prince of Wales... est man in England" and, according to Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, thesaid that he would go anywhere to hear Wilberforce sing. Wilberforce used ...
Henrietta Maria... brother, Charles. When Charles became king, he gave the castle to his wife,; he bestowed the stewardship on Robert Carey, earl of Monmouth, and gave ...
Alexei Nikolaevich... e more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir:was born in Peterhof on 12 August 1904. To his parents' dismay, Alexei was ...
Cearl... s clear that he spent time in Mercia, because he married a daughter of king. Ultimately, he took refuge in East Anglia, where his presence precipitat ...
Charles VIIISture came to power after the death ofand consolidated his position through the victory of Brunkeberg. For a qua ...
Henry IV, King of France... yal came into existence when Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), daughter of, and wife of King Charles I (1600–1649), wanted to imitate the way the el ...
King George VI... he "King of Italy and Emperor of Abyssinia," others to the "King of Italy.", as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, add ...
Caroline... eted in 1717 to the design of John Vanbrugh. Under George II and his Queen,, further refurbishment took place, with the architect William Kent employ ...
Clovis... e command of Clodio the Long-Haired took the town. In the early 6th centuryundertook to unify the Frankish kingdoms by getting rid of his relatives. ...
Sigismund I the Old... e. The European Renaissance currents evoked in late Jagiellon Poland (kingsand Sigismund II Augustus) an immense cultural flowering. Poland's and Lit ...
Allectus... office of Caesar, and dispatched to Gaul to fight the rebels Carausius and. In spite of meritocratic overtones, the Tetrarchy retained vestiges of h ...
Richard the Lionheart... quarter still existed in the town during the early period of Ottoman rule.retook the city soon after. Richard of Cornwall, brought from England to s ...
Wilhelm II... II, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and. The final version shows a swastika
Louis the German... ngian empire. Given at the partition of 817 to the king of the East Franks,, Bavaria formed part of the larger territories confirmed to him in 843 by ...
Perseus... he bore him a son named Oenopion, but he committed suicide or was killed by. In some variants, he had her crown put into the heavens as the constella ...
Olav IV... was the first heir to the Norwegian throne to be brought up in Norway since, and his parents made sure he was given as Norwegian an upbringing as pos ...
Pope Paul VI... o was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886 and canonised with the other 39 byin 1970
Pope John Paul II... antium Cura) is a dicastery of the Roman Curia. The Council, established byon June 28, 1988, is dedicated to the spiritual welfare of migrant and peo ...
Theodosius I... y BCE. The last recorded response was given during AD 393, when the emperorordered pagan temples to cease operation
Victor Emmanuel III... iopia) and claimed his title, Emperor of Abyssinia, for the King of Italy (), not all states recognized this claim (see diplomatic recognition), and ...
Charles August... tive to the Swedish throne had become acute since the previous crown princehad died of a stroke on 28 May 1810, just a few months after he had arrive ...
Emperor Shao... ately two thousand eunuchs were killed. Zhang Rang had previously fled with(r. 189 CE) and his brother Liu Xie—the future Emperor Xian of Han (r. 189 ...
Henrietta Maria of France... t Parliament sanction the marriage between the Prince of Wales and Princess, whom Charles had met in Paris while en route to Spain. It was a good mat ...
Prithviraj ChauhanAs per Bhavishya Purana(Sanskrit-भविष्य पुराणम्),, the King of Indraprastha built a new fort for convenience of all four ca ...
Victoria of Baden... . In particular, he served as the personal physician of the Crown princess,, and he continued in these duties while she was Queen consort, up until t ...
Napoleon I... July 1795, making it France's first anthem. It later lost this status under, and the song was banned outright by Louis XVIII and Napoleon III, only b ...
Queen Elizabeth II... ven the style during the lifetime of another Princess Royal. In particular,never held the title as her aunt, , was in possession of the title
Holy Roman Emperor... g monarch in Spain. He never inherited his father's territories, nor became, because he predeceased his father, but his son Emperor Charles V eventua ...
Sargon of Akkad... powerful role held by a princess, most notably Enheduanna, daughter of King, and was the primary cult role associated with the cult of Nanna/Sin
Lothair II... the county of Cambrai fell into Lothaire's kingdom. However on the death of, who had no heir, king Charles the Bald tried to gain control of his king ...
Haakon IV of Norway... texts such as the Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar. According to the latter, Kinganchored his fleet, including the flagship Kroussden that could carry near ...
Ingrid of SwedenInstead, he married Princess(1910–2000) at Storkyrkan in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. She was a daughter ...
Alfred the Great... ertook a seven-days boat journey from Hedeby to Truso at the behest of king. One possible reason for this expedition was because Alfred needed aid in ...
Wu Sangui... he city fell. The Manchu Qing Dynasty then allied with Ming Dynasty generaland overthrew Li's short-lived Shun Dynasty, and subsequently seized contr ...
Jeroboam... efforts to bring Israel under his control. He waged a major battle againstof Israel and was victorious with a heavy loss of life on the Israel side; ...
Octavian... the Roman Republic. It was a naval engagement fought between the forces ofand the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII. The battle took ...
Christian I... g in 1471, he triumphed against Swedish and Danish forces in the support of. This victory elevated Sture to the position of a national savior. The sc ...
Adolphe... y, by a distant male cousin, Duke Adolf of Nassau who became HRH Grand Duke—an arrangement necessitated by Salic law being applicable to Luxembourg b ...
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg... diately followed by a trip to Spain for the wedding of King Alfonso XIII to, at which the bride and groom narrowly avoided assassination. Only a week ...
Math fab MathonwyAccording to the Fourth Branch, Arianrhod's unclewould die if he did not keep his feet in the lap of a virgin when he was n ...
William the third... all Dutch monarchs have been buried in the same church. His great-grandson, King of England and Scotland and Stadtholder in the Netherlands, was bur ...
Yu the Great... ated it much earlier than the 4th century BC, attributing it to the work of; modern scholars now consider it to belong to the 6th century BC
Tokugawa Iesada#, r. 1853–185
Arthur... a similar story in another work. The speaker relates how he journeyed withand three boatloads of men into Annwfn, but only seven returned. Annwfn is ...
Louis the Pious... dun-sur-Meuse, August 843) was a treaty between the three surviving sons of, the son and successor of Charlemagne, which divided the Carolingian Empi ...
Duke of Cumberland... uding the Queen's Staircase, (1733) and the Cumberland Suite (1737) for the. Today, the Queen's Private Apartments are open to the public and include ...
Maria Theresa... rth to a baby boy in 1716. Unfortunately, he died soon after. A year later,, his elder surviving child, was born. At her baptismal ceremony, contempo ...
Carausius... romoted to the office of Caesar, and dispatched to Gaul to fight the rebelsand Allectus. In spite of meritocratic overtones, the Tetrarchy retained v ...
Baldwin III of Jerusalem... nald in secret in 1153, without consulting her first cousin and liege lord,. Neither King Baldwin nor Aimery of Limoges, the Latin Patriarch of Antio ...
Anne Boleyn... a Jacobean brick-built manor house, and was formerly the home of the young, later to become Henry VIII's second wife
Grand Duke Paul... s a Regent or as an usurper, tolerable only during the minority of her son,. In the 1770s, a group of nobles connected with Paul (Nikita Panin and ot ...
Rajaraja Chola II... which abounds in rare sculpture and architectural workmanship, was built by(1146–73)
Domitian... ns, known as the Clementine literature, where he is identified with Emperor's cousin Titus Favius Clemens. Clementine Literature portrays Clement as ...
Henry VIII of EnglandThe future Kingmet Philip the Handsome on a visit Philip made to Henry's father's court i ...
Centwine... ere defeated and the kingdom reunited, probably by Cædwalla but possibly by. A decade after Wulfhere's death, the West Saxons under Cædwalla began an ...
Marcus Claudius Tacitus... that there was an interregnum between Aurelian's death and the election ofas his successor. Additionally, some of Ulpia's coins appear to have been ...
Charles III of Spain... ssion, the bells have rung faithfully every evening, a promise made to Kingwhen he sent the original bells to the Mission in 1777. He asked that the ...
Camillus... iance with Rome for over 300 years. It eventually fell to the Roman general's army in 396 BC. Veii continued to be occupied after its capture by the ...
Tokugawa Yoshinobu#, r. 1866–186
Otto III... ny-Anhalt). He is rumored to have been a relative of the Holy Roman Emperor. At the age of six he was sent to be educated in Magdeburg, seat of Adalb ...
Diocletian... ragmentation of the decade in which he reigned. 20 years later the reign ofwould fully restore stability and end the Crisis of the third century. The ...
Tokugawa Iemochi#, r. 1858–186
Padishah Emperor... e caught in a plot to destroy them, orchestrated by the Baron Harkonnen andShaddam Corrino IV himself, who is threatened by Leto's rising power and i ...
Svante Nilsson... uently fell out with the majority of the Swedish nobility, most prominently, and the Swedish council of the realm declared him to be deposed as regen ...
Princess Anne... o have a number of prestigious guests on the show, including Angela Rippon,, Cliff Richard, Laurence Olivier, John Mills, the Dad's Army cast, Glenda ...
Sten Sture the Elder... f Sweden no later than 1482, but acted in opposition to his distant kinsman, going as far as supporting John of Denmark. Unwillingly he then switched ...
Louis IX#(Poissy, 25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270, Tunis), King of France as success ...
Charles XIII... ernor of Rome when he was unexpectedly elected the heir-presumptive to Kingof Sweden, who was childless and old
King George VI... usiastic. It was St-Laurent who drafted the London Declaration, recognizingas Head of the Commonwealth as a means of allowing India to remain in the ...
Prince of Wales... rth. Thereafter Gower remained beyond the reach of Llewelyn's successors as; but its population suffered at the hands of Rhys ap Maredudd during his ...
EaldwulfIn 664, Æthelwald of East Anglia died, and was succeeded by, who reigned for fifty years. Almost nothing is known of Mercian relation ...
Alexios III Angelos... kas Komnenos Palaiologos by Theodora Angelina, the granddaughter of Emperorand Euphrosyne Doukaina Kamaterina. Even with our imperfect knowledge of B ...
Empress HeGeneral-in-Chief He Jin (d. 189 CE), half-brother to(d. 189 CE), plotted with Yuan Shao (d. 202 ) to overthrow the eunuchs by ...
Tokugawa Ieharu#, r. 1760–178
Fedlimid RechtmarConn Cétchathach ("of the Hundred Battles", pron. ), son of, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High ...
Magnus I... e Emma's son Harthacnut was away in Denmark, at war with the Norwegian king, and the Swedes under their king Anund Jacob. Emma's other sons, Ælfred a ...
Alexander the Great... ic Greek by king Philip II of Macedon (382-336 BC), father of the conqueror, were the two keys that ensured the eventual victory of Attic over other ...
UrienIn the Welsh Triads, Modron becomes impregnated byand gives birth to Owain and Morvydd
Charles the Fat... ter his death in 880 it formed part of the extensive territories of Emperor. This incompetent ruler left its defence to Arnulf, an illegitimate son o ...
Saladin... Zengi; but after 1145 it remained attached to Damascus and was captured byin 1175. The Crusaders raided its valley more than once but never took the ...
Maria Anna... ed upset at the child's sex. The next year saw the arrival of another girl,
Tokugawa Ienari#, r. 1787–183
Charles I's... ment was regarded as having been automatically dissolved from the moment ofexecution on 30 January 1649. This view was confirmed by a court ruling du ...
Constance of Antioch... joining the Second Crusade in 1147. In the east, he entered the service of, whose first husband had died in 1149. She married Raynald in secret in 1 ...
Æthelwealh... river Meon, on the mainland north of the Isle of Wight, to his godson Kingof the South Saxons. It seems likely that the ruling dynasty on the island ...
TheseusWhenabandoned Ariadne sleeping on Naxos, Dionysus found and married her. She b ...
Tokugawa Ieyoshi#, r. 1837–185
Edwin... unknown. That he gained Deira through conquest is suggested by the exile of, son of the former king Ælla, and Hereric, Edwin's nephew, who were both ...
Otto I... he count, who ruled the city and county, and the bishop, ceased when in 948granted the bishop with temporal powers over the city. In 1007 emperor Hen ...
Grace Kelly... (played by Tippi Hedren) is a thief. In To Catch a Thief (1955), Francie () offers to help a man she believes is a burglar. In Rear Window, Lisa (Gr ...
Valentinian I... act. In 318 AD Constantine I considered infanticide a crime, and in 374 ADmandated to rear all children (exposing babies, especially girls, was stil ...
Queen Louise's... shed the military decoration of the Iron Cross, backdated to March 10, latebirthday. The Iron Cross was awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Libera ...
Frederick IV, Elector PalatineIn 1606,started building the fortress of Friedrichsburg and the adjacent city cent ...
Iestyn ap Gwrgant... went. (Meurig was the son of Ithel, grandson of Rhydd and great-grandson of. Iestyn had been the last King of Gwent (reigned 1081–1091) before its co ...
Sigismund II Augustus... nce currents evoked in late Jagiellon Poland (kings Sigismund I the Old and) an immense cultural flowering. Poland's and Lithuania's territorial expa ...
Alexandros Ypsilantis... egan on 6 March 1821 in the Danubian Principalities under the leadership of, but it was soon put down by the Ottomans. The events in the north urged ...
Princess Margaret of Connaught... nce Gustaf Adolf (later King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden) and his first wife,. They were related in several ways. In descent from Oscar I of Sweden and ...
Pope Paul VI... elopment is part of the Curia of the Catholic Church. It was established byon 15 July 1971 and is based in the Palazzo San Callisto, in Piazza San Ca ...
Charles II... during the 17th and 18th centuries to redeem Shetland, without success, andratifying the pawning in the , explicitly exempting them from any "dissolu ...
Catherine of AragonUsing her late mother's relationship with Henry's first queen, Catherine took the opportunity to renew her friendship with Lady Mary. B ...
Agamemnon... e is the mythological Greek House of Atreus. In Homer's Iliad, the brothersand Menelaus are dubbed "the Atreides," or, sons of Atreus
King Alfonso XIII of Spain... ousin of Alexandra, was also a carrier of the haemophilia gene. She marriedand two of her sons were haemophiliacs. As an incurable and life-threateni ...
Spanish Match... Infanta, Maria Anna of Spain, since Prince Henry's death, began to see theas a possible means of achieving peace in Europe
Catherine of ValoisOwen entered the service of Queenas keeper of the Queen's wardrobe, (essentially her major-domo) after the ...
Duke of Cambridge... donations. Sidney Herbert served as honorary secretary of the fund, and thewas chairman. Nightingale was considered a pioneer in the concept of medic ...
Tokugawa Ienobu#, r. 1709–171
Roger II of SicilyThe Norman(1095–1154), employed a Greek Christian known as George of Antioch, who pr ...
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi#, r. 1680–170
emperorIn the hierarchical social order, thewas at the apex of Han society and government. However the emperor was oft ...
William III... bourg remained in personal union with the Netherlands crown until 1890 when, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, died without leavi ...
Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II... was mentioned in an inventory of specimens in the Prague collection of theto whom Savery was contracted at the time (1607–1611). Savery's several la ...
Philip II of Macedon... inance of the Athenian Empire and the later adoption of Attic Greek by king(382-336 BC), father of the conqueror Alexander the Great, were the two ke ...
Roger II of Sicily... had been ordained and instituted by Anacletus or any of his adherents. Kingwas excommunicated for maintaining what was thought to be a schismatic att ...
Queen Anne... oak reredos in Baroque style carved by Grinling Gibbons during the reign of. Opposite the altar, at first floor level, is the royal pew where the roy ...
King James II & VII... ater Queen Mary II of England and Scotland) (1662–1694), eldest daughter of, and Princess Sophia Dorothea (1687–1757), only daughter of King George I ...
Galerius... 's first appointee for the office of Caesar was Constantius; his second was, a native of Felix Romuliana. According to Lactantius, Galerius was a bru ...
Wilhelmina... ng a male heir, so that in the Netherlands he was succeeded by his daughterand, in the Luxembourgish Grand Duchy, by a distant male cousin, Duke Adol ...
Tokugawa Yoshimune#, r. 1716–174
Heinrich II... athedral of Basel (known locally as the Münster) began under German Emperor
Chongzhen Emperor... g, a minor Ming official turned leader of the peasant revolt. The last Mingcommitted suicide when the city fell. The Manchu Qing Dynasty then allied ...
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia... a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Gra